African Journal of Agricultural Research
Subscribe to AJAR
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - A05DC3E42807


Vol.9(5), pp. 577-587 , January 2014
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2013.7008
ISSN: 1991-637X



Full Length Research Paper

Bio fuel production and its implication on food security: Case study from Zambia



Teweldemedhin M. Y
  • Teweldemedhin M. Y
  • Department of Agriculture, Polytechnic of Namibia, Namibia.
  • Google Scholar
Mwewa L.
  • Mwewa L.
  • Department of Agriculture, Polytechnic of Namibia, Namibia.
  • Google Scholar







 Accepted: 18 December 2013  Published: 22 January 2014

Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The objective of this paper is to present a comprehensive review of the status quo of bio-fuels developments and the policy regimes including support measures driving the social, environmental and economic impacts of bio-fuels development. As it has been promoted by national policies markers, there is still no common consciences on its implication in achieving food security. The case study was based on a Meta evaluation carried out in Zambia; the key findings indicated that there is possible diversion of labour, land, extension service to bio-fuel and competition of input use might lead to reduction of food production and high food prices if the biofuel market proves lucrative. However the price of bio-fuel feedstock from Jatropha in Zambia was not attractive enough to encourage farmers to grow more Jatropha and this has raised major concerns by both farmers and policy makers.

Key words: Zambia, meta evaluation, Jatropha and policy implications.

Amigun B, Musango J, Stafford W (2011). Biofuels and sustainability in Africa. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 15:1360–1372
Crossref
 
Amigun B, Sigamoney R, Von Blottnitz H (2008). Commercialisation of biofuel industry in Africa: A review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 12:690–711.
Crossref
 
Biswas WK, Bryce P, Diesendorf M (2001). Model for empowering rural through renewable energy technologies Bangladesh. Environ. Sci. Policy 4:333-344.
Crossref
 
Chileshe A (2005). Land Tenure and Rural Livelihoods in Zambia: Case studies of Kamena and St. Joseph, PhD thesis. University of Western Cape, South Africa.
 
Department for International Development (DFID) (2001). Assessment of Trends in the Zambian Agricultural Sector, the In Development Ltd Group, UK.
 
Duvenage I, Taplin R, Stringer L (2012). Bioenergy project appraisal in sub-Saharan Africa: Sustainability barriers and opportunities in Zambia. Natural Resources Forum, 36(3):167-180.
Crossref
 
German LA, Schoneveld G (2012). Biofuel Investments in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review of the Early Legal and Institutional Framework in Zambia. Rev. Pol. Res. 29:467-491.
Crossref
 
Gough D, Martin S (2012). Meta-evaluation of the Impact and Legacy of the London 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games Developing Methods Paper INTERIM REPORT – November 2012. View
 
IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute) (2008). Biofuels and grain prices: impacts and policy responses. Mark W. Rosegrant. Testimony for the US Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. 7 May 2008. Washington, DC.
 
Jumbe CBL, Msiska FBM,Madjera M (2009). Biofuels development in Sub-Saharan Africa: Are the policies conducive? Energy Pol. 37:4980–4986.
Crossref
 
OPEC Fund International Development (OFID) (2009). BIOFUELS and FOOD SECURITY Implications of an accelerated biofuels production Summary of the OFID study prepared by, March 200Vienna, Austria IIAS, available on http://www.ofid.org/
 
Rajagopal D, Zilberman D (2007). Review of environmental, economic and policy aspects of biofuels. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Washington, DC, World Bank. P. 4341.
 
Republic of Zambia Ministry of Energy and Water Development (2008). Zambian National Energy Policy, Republic of Zambia Republic of Zambia Ministry of Energy and Water Development (2011). Press Statement on Government Programme for Blending of Biofuels with Petroleum Products by Permanent Secretary Teddy Kasonso, Ministry of Energy and Water Development Republic of Zambia (2008). Zambian National Energy Policy;, Ministry of Energy and Water Development.
 
Singh KJ, Sooch SS (2004). Comparative study of economics of different models of family size biogas plants for state of Punjab, India. Energy Convers. Manage. 45:1329–1341.
Crossref
 
Thomas V, Kwong A (2009). Ethanol as lead replacement: phasing out leaded gasoline in Africa. Energy Policy 29:1113–1143.
 
World Bio-energy association (2010). Bioenergy in Zambia: Report from WBA mission to Zambia, June 2010 www.zambiatourism.com
 
[accessed on 01-August-2013].

 


APA Teweldemedhin, M. Y., & Mwewa, L. (2014). Bio fuel production and its implication on food security: Case study from Zambia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9(5), 577-587.
Chicago Teweldemedhin, M. Y. and Mwewa, L.. "Bio fuel production and its implication on food security: Case study from Zambia." African Journal of Agricultural Research 9, no. 5 (2014): 577-587.
MLA Teweldemedhin, et al. "Bio fuel production and its implication on food security: Case study from Zambia." African Journal of Agricultural Research 9.5 (2014): 577-587.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJAR2013.7008
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/AJAR/article-abstract/A05DC3E42807

Subscription Form