Genetic diversity in Tepary bean (Phaseolus acutifolius) landraces grown in Botswana

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

A field experiment was conducted at Department of Agricultural Research in Sebele in the 2012 to 2013 season using nine accessions that were sourced from the National Plant Genetic Resource Centre (NPGRC), Gaborone, Botswana. Multivariate statistical procedures such as clusters and principal component analysis were used on 15 selected characters to assess agro-morphological variability among tepary bean landraces collected in Botswana. Few... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Education nexus politics in Agame Awraja during the imperial regime

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

During the imperial regime of Emperor Haileslasie, there were only three secondary schools in Tigray Province. These were Atse Yohannis of Enderta, Nigiste Saba of Adwa and Agazi of Agame Awrajas. These secondary schools were centers of dissent. Linguistic oppression, maladministration and lack of adequate social institutions created very strong dissatisfaction among the people of Tigray Province. As what was happening in other parts of the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

The taxonomy of Nigerian varieties of spoken English

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

  The dream of a Nigerian English dictionary has recently been actualized. The academic body of teachers and researchers known as NESA recently published a dictionary of the Nigerian English. The corpus of words and expressions in the dictionary represents the meaning and pronunciation of words as used by Nigerians.As a headlamp into the major and minor languages spoken by a vast population of Nigerians, this article seeks to stratify the... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 9

National power and the search for a generalized theory of terrorist target selection: An introduction to the Uyo School

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

The assumption that terrorist organizations (TO) select their target(s) putting into consideration its own limited resources and the impact of the selected target on the national power of the victim state has been the underlying assumption of the Uyo School. In the face of the increasing search to uncover the determinant of terrorist target selection which has become central in terrorism literature does the Uyo School provide a generalized theory on... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 8

Prevalence of malnutrition among preschool children (6-59 months) in Western Province, Kenya

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

  Malnutrition being one of the major public health problems in developing countries, it is still unacceptably high and progress to reduce it in most regions of the world is low. In Eastern Africa region, stunting and being underweight is estimated at 48 and 36% and are expected to increase over the next decade. There is limited information available on the prevalence of malnutrition in this area. This study determined nutritional status,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Comparative economic analysis of tomato (Lycopersicon esculenta) under irrigation and rainfed systems in selected local government areas of Kogi and Benue States, Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

The study compared the economic performance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculenta) under irrigation and rain fed systems in Bassa and Makurdi Local Government Areas of Kogi and Benue States of Nigeria, with the aim of assessing the determinants of its profitability. Primary data obtained from a sample of 120 farmers by stratified and multi-staged random sampling from four villages were analyzed using percentages, means, gross margin, net profit,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Genetic variation and heritability of yield and related traits in promising rice genotypes (Oryza sativa L.)

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

A study was conducted during 2008 to 2009 in 12 environments in Nigeria, Benin Republic and Togo to evaluate genetic variation and heritability of yield and related traits in 48 rice genotypes. The experiments were laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Genotypes differed significantly at p > 0.001 for all the traits studied, which implies that the genotypes contain adequate genetic variability. Phenotypic... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Status of modern contraceptive use among married women in Debre Birhan District, Ethiopia

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

  Unless evidence based decisions are made based on local contexts, the low prevalence level of contraceptive use and the corresponding higher total fertility rate will make Ethiopia to remain the most populous country in Africa. The purpose of this study was to assess the status of modern contraceptive use among married women in Debre Birhan district, Ethiopia. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among married women of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Does the organizational structure affect the management of universities in Uganda? An empirical analysis

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

The organisational structure of universities follows particular models that distinguish them from other learning institutions. This research investigated the effect of the organisational structure on the management of universities in Uganda using a sample of 361, 44 % of whom were members of academic staff, and the rest contained university top management officials, administrative and support staff of universities. The subjects were selected using... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

(Re) writing postcolonial Bildungsroman in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

The paper will explore what is Bildungsroman and its history and how this genre has been tackled distinctively by the third generation African woman novelists. Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie is unique in using the genre Bildungsroman. The political- historical background of the text Purple Hibiscus will be focused on as well as the development of the protagonist Kambili both physically and psychologically in each stage of the changing environment, the... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 8

Touching the poor: Re-thinking on millennium development goals by promoting participatory governance and local development

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

Is there any commitment made to reduce poverty? This is evident because 1.) The concept of poverty is vague, 2.) the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) mostly stop at the national level and not sub national level where there are needs. Less attention is devoted to local institutions and traditional authorities, which are the real agents of local development. In African development, less attention is devoted to grassroots’ perspective and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Neo-colonialism or De-colonialism? China’s economic engagement in Africa and the implications for world order

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

In recent two decades, China's economic involvement in Africa was accused of colonialist actions by many Western observers. However, most of these accusations have no basis. In this article, after comprehensively exploring China’s trading and investing relations with Africa based on data and case studies, it argues that China’s engagement in Africa in recent decades has nothing to do with neocolonialism. On the contrary,... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 7

Contributions of Ilorin scholars to Arabic and Islamic studies in Yoruba land: Focus on Shaykh Adam Abdullah Al-Iluri

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

Ilorin, the haven of Arabic and Islamic scholars, is multi-lingual and multi-ethnic community popularly known to some people as “GerinAlimi” (the town of Alimi) and to many others as “Ilorin Afonja” (Ilorin of Afonja); it has contributed and still contributing in no small measure to development of Arabic and Islamic studies not only in Yorubaland but also in Nigeria and beyond. As one of the Arabic and Islamic Centres in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Access and attrition of female students in secondary schools in Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

The study investigated access of female students to secondary education and the completion rate of those that were enrolled in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). It also determined the factors responsible for the attrition of female students with a view to promoting the education of the girl child in the FCT. Twenty two public secondary schools were randomly selected from three area councils of the FCT. Documentary information on enrolment and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Origin and development of ‘Directing’ in juju music performance

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

Juju music as a unique Nigerian popular genre has so many African phenomena inculcated into its performance though it has some western touches in its scale and some other features. Hence this paper examined one of the African phenomena – directing, in the performance of juju music. This write up was based on the conducted research and in order to present a genuine report, live performances and the recordings of juju exponents such as King... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 3

The use of libraries among children in primary schools in Makurdi Metropolis, Benue State, Nigeria

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

This study investigated the use of libraries among primary school children in the public, private and missionary schools in Makurdi metropolis. Using a survey design method and structured questionnaire, data were collected from a total of 366 participants. The findings showed that generally, there was a high level of reading interest and proficiencies among the children which are good indicators of use of library resources; but a low level of volume... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Value creation: A catalyst to job satisfaction of vocational educators in tertiary institutions in selected states of Nigeria

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The study assessed the influence of value creation on job satisfaction of vocational educators in tertiary institutions in Edo and Delta States. One research question was raised and one hypothesis was formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a survey research design. A sample of 189 (one hundred and eighty nine) vocational educators was used for the study. The instrument was validated by three experts. Cronbach Alpha... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Ethno- medicine of Bhotia tribe in Mana village of Uttarakhand

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

The present paper is based on field work conducted in village Mana in Joshimath subdivision of the District Chamoli, Uttarakhand, among Bhotias. The group of Bhotias residing in this village belongs to the Marcha Bhotia category and is transhumant in nature. The paper gives an ethnographic background of the Bhotias and then focuses on the major ethno-medicines which are used by these people. These medicines have been in use through the ages. This... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in cane rat (Thryonomys swinderianus) in Ogun State, Nigeria

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.

Wild animals have provided complimentary protein for human populations across the world over the centuries. This study investigated on bioaccumulation of heavy metals in different organs of cane rat (Thryonomys swinderianus) and the health implications of its consumption. Four carcasses were collected from each of the four ecotomes (Mosinmi, Agbara, Omo forest reserve and Ibese) and concentrations of 7 heavy metals (Fe, Cu, Cd, Pb, Mn, Cr, Zn) were... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Effect of orally administered bitter leaf (Vernonia amygdalina) extract on the growth performance and haematological parameters of broiler chicken

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

The effect of administering graded concentration levels of Vernonia amygdalina (bitter leaf) extract to broiler birds for growth performance and health promoter potential (haematological parameters) was evaluated. The birds were randomly distributed into six treatments with three replicates per treatment, each replicate having 10 birds. Treatment 1 is the control treatment given only water, treatment 2 were given Neocyrl® antibiotics (1.5 g at... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

An assessment of the impact of the fast track land reform programme on the environment: The Case of Eastdale Farm in Gutu District, Masvingo

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Through the indigenisation programme, the government of Zimbabwe embarked on fast track land reform which to some extent had both positive and negative impacts. The aim of the programme was to empower the local Zimbabweans economically and to improve on food security. On the other hand, this initiative had negative implications to the environment. The research explored how the new farming communities endeavoured to protect the environment through... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 8

Millenium development goals and combating agricultural child labour in Nigeria

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

A simmering crisis in the Nigerian agriculture today involves labour and the crisis manifests itself in the degree of labour availability, labour demand and labour productivity. One of the major products of this crisis is the increased participation of children in paid, non-familiar agricultural jobs. They are frequently employed as farm labourers, bird scarers, food crop harvesters, processors and hawkers. More than 132 million children work in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

The prevalence of intestinal helminthic infections and associated risk factors among school Children in Lumame town, Northwest, Ethiopia

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

This study was conducted on prevalence of intestinal helminthes infection and their associated risk factors among school children from a rural and a semi urban setting in Lumame town, Northwest, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional parasitological study was conducted to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of intestinal helminthes infection. A total of 402 students’ stool samples were taken and processed with direct wet mount and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Somatic embryogenesis in two Nigerian cassava cultivars (Sandpaper and TMS 60444)

Journal of Evolutionary Biology Research

J. Evol. Biol. Res.

The embryogenic ability of two cassava cultivars (Sandpaper and TMS 60444) was investigated by culturing their young leaf lobes on an induction medium (DKW2 50P). The explants formed organized embryogenic structures regardless of the concentration of picloram in the medium. Organized embryogenic structures induction was enhanced by increasing the concentration of picloram in the induction medium for both cultivars. The optimum level of picloram at... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

The integration of technology and aesthetics when student teachers undertake blended learning in adolescent psychology: An interdisciplinary approach

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

To have an understanding of aesthetics and technology in blended learning, student teachers’ descriptions of their learning experiences were interpreted using action research. The reported ‘impact on progress and achievement’ provides insight into what is unique about the integration of aesthetics and technology and how it can link theory and practice, as well as promote self-awareness and reflection. The findings were considered... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 20

Evaluation of the anti-ulcer property of aqueous extract of unripe Musa paradisiaca Linn. peel in Wistar rats

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

  This study investigated the antiulcer activity of aqueous extract of unripe Musa paradisiacal (plantain) peels in rats using ethanol, aspirin, indomethacin and pyloric ligation-induced ulcer models. Fresh peels of M. paradisiaca were extracted in hot water and the yield lyophilised. Distilled water, standard drugs and extract were injected intraperitoneally before inducing ulcer. Lethality test and quantitative phytochemical analyses were... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 39

A comparative analysis of the agronomic characteristics and economic benefits of using certified seed and farmer saved seed of rice (Oryza sativa L.) at different nutrient management regimes: Evidence from on-farm testing in the Guinea Savanna rice growing ecologies of Ghana

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The agronomic performance and economic benefit of rice seed from two sources (farmer-saved and certified seed) at different nutrient management regimes in the Guinea Savanna agro-ecological zone of Ghana were evaluated. A total of 14 on-farm multi-locational trials were established in 2011 and 2012 cropping seasons using Participatory Learning and Action Research (PLAR-IRM) approach to technology dissemination. Regression analysis shows... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 43

Comparison of oral to intranasal administration of midazolam in children for dental surgery

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

The current study compares intranasal and oral midazolam for effect on sedation for patients requiring dental procedure. Eighty subjects between the ages of 5 and 12 years were received randomly either intranasal (0.2 mg/kg) or oral (0.5 mg/kg) midazolam. The observer assessed the children for sedation level at the following time points: Immediately before the drug was administered, and 20 and 30 min after drug administration. There were significant... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 19

Simultaneous determination of valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide in a tablet dosage form by liquid chromatography

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

A selective, rapid and accurate liquid chromatographic method is described for the simultaneous determination of valsartan (VAT) and hydrochlorothiazide (HTZ) in a solid dosage form. The chromatographic separation of two drugs were achieved on Lichrosphere CN column 250 mm × 4.0 mm,5 µm, Merck-India. The mobile phase consisting mixture of methanol, isopropyl alcohol and n-hexane in the ratio of 50:25:25 v/v was delivered at a flow rate... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 38

Volatile compounds produced in two traditional fermented foods of the Congo: Nsamba (palm wine) and bikedi (retted cassava dough)

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The "nsamba" (palm wine) and "bikedi" (retted cassava dough) are respectively produced by fermentation from the sap of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jack) and lactic acid fermentation from cassava root (Manihot cassava Crantz). The study is focused on the determination of volatile compounds present in these two traditional fermented foods of Congo at the end of fermentation. The characterization of these volatile compounds at... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 42

Can training and career development be considered best practices using the universal and contingency approaches?

African Journal of Business Management

Afr. J. Bus. Manage.

  Because human resource management is a challenge for mostorganizations, many companies seek practices that will enable them to compete with other companies. In our work, we examine the study of training and career development and their consideration as high-performance practices by considering the universal and contingency approaches for a sample of 560 companies. If practitioners know the effects of these practices, they can apply it in... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 19

Overview of soil subsurface flow in hydrological perspectives

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

With respect to chemical and biological perspectives, runoff generation mainly includes surface flow, subsurface flow and groundwater flow. Subsurface flow as a pivotal phenomenon has been studied for many years. Research on subsurface flow is a long-term challenge due to its complicated water flow at the soil profile scales. In general, subsurface flow has two typical patterns: preferential flow (vertical flow) and matrix flow (horizontal flow). In... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 42

Molecular profiling of different morphotypes under the genus Rhynchophorus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Central and Southern Philippines

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier and Rhynchophorus schach Olivier have long been reported as the two most common species of palm weevils in the Philippines. In 2008, surveys conducted in Agusan del Sur, Davao del Sur, Davao City and Cebu revealed more erstwhile unreported palm weevil morphotypes which led to perplexity in taxonomic classification. This study was conducted to determine and ascertain the genetic variation and phylogenetic... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

The relationship between power distance and organizational commitment in primary schools

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between organizational commitment and power distance. The study has a correlational survey research model. The population of the study consists of a total of 4838 teachers working in the primary schools in the center of the city of Balıkesir and in the centers of its districts in the 2012-2013 educational year.  The sample of the study consists of 1506 teachers that were selected using the... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 19

Creating animal welfare assessment method for backyard goat production in the Philippines using stockmanship competence as proxy indicator

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

Measuring animal welfare is a newly emerging area of research and it needs a multi-disciplinary approach do it. Due to the diversity of what constitute the definition of animal welfare, different methods and models were developed, and mostly were implemented in semi-intensive and commercial farms in developed countries. There are hardly any studies of animal welfare assessment conducted in developing countries and in backyard livestock operations.... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 10

The effect on potency of adding (-)-epicatechin to crude extracts of Elephantorrhiza elephantina and Pentanisia prunelloides

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

  Elephantorrhiza elephantina (Ee) and Pentanisia prunelloides (Pp) are two medicinal plants which are widely used by traditional healers to remedy various ailments including diarrhoea, dysentery, inflammation, fever, rheumatism, heartburn, tuberculosis, haemorrhoids, skin diseases, perforated peptic ulcers and sore joints in Southern Africa (South Africa, Swaziland, Botswana and Zimbabwe). Often, decoctions and infusions from these two... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 37

Effect of UV-C irradiation on antioxidant activities, total phenolic and flavonoid contents and quantitative determination of bioactive components of Moringa oleifera Lam. shoot culture

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Effect of UV-C irradiation on the antioxidant activities of shoot cultures of Moringa oleifeira Lam. was investigated. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents and the antioxidant bioactive components were determined. The shoots of M. oleifeira were cultured for 6 weeks on Murashige and Skoog (MS) mediums containing 0.5 mg/L 6- benzyladenine (BA) for multiple shoot formation. Multiple shoots were treated with UV-C irradiation for 0 min (for the control... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 41

In vitro antimicrobial evaluation of two indigenous functional food-plants (Chenopodium album and Solanum nigrum) used in the Oliver Reginald (O.R.) Tambo district municipality of South Africa

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

Plants have long been the source of important products with nutritional and therapeutic properties. African indigenous functional food-plants such as Chenopodium album and Solanum nigrum may constitute important sources of phytochemical constituents for the synthesis of antimicrobial compounds against infectious organisms. The objective of this study was to determine the antimicrobial properties of C. album and S. nigrum leaves used as functional... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 41

Sources of resistance in mungbean genotypes to Cercospora leaf spot disease and its management

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Sixty-five mungbean genotypes were screened for resistance against Cercospora leaf spot under disease epiphytotic condition. The disease symptoms initiated on the lower side of the old leaves of susceptible genotypes and progressively spread all over the plant. Considerable variations among the genotypes were observed with respect to disease reactions. Among the sixty-five genotypes, one genotype LGG-460 was found highly resistant while GM-02-08,... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 41

A study of some systems of nonlinear partial differential equations by using Adomian and modified decomposition methods

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research

Afr. J. Math. Comput. Sci. Res.

In this paper, we introduce the solution of systems of nonlinear partial differential equations subject to the general initial conditions by using Adomian decomposition method (ADM) and Modified decomposition method (MDM). The proposed Adomian and Modified decomposition methods was applied to reformulated first and second order initial value problems, which leads the solution in terms of transformed variables, and the series solution will be... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Phytochemical screening and study of antioxidant and analgesic potentials of ethanolic extract of Stephania japonica Linn.

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research

J. Med. Plants Res.

The present study was conducted to evaluate the possible phytochemicals present, antioxidant activity and analgesic potential of ethanolic extract of leaves of Stephania japonica (Linn.). For investigating the antioxidant activity, four complementary test systems, namely 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging, reducing power assay, Fe++ ion chelating ability and total phenolic content were used. Analgesic activity of the... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 37

Effect of culture filtrate of Curvularia inaequalis on disease control and productivity of grape cv. Isabel

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a culture filtrate of the saprophytic fungus Curvularia inaequalis on the control of the foliar diseases downy mildew and isariopsis leaf spot of grapevine and on the incidence and severity of grape fruit mildew under field conditions. This study also analyzed the physical and physicochemical characteristics of fruits that were treated preharvest during standard season production and off season production.... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 40

Crop nutrition studies on grain filling and chalkiness in rice

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Rice grain chalkiness can reduce crop quality resulting in lower grades and returns. It is as a consequence of loose starch and protein particles packing during grain filling and maturation, and may due to nutritional, biochemical, physiological and environmental conditions particularly in varieties with high inheritable chalkiness. This study set out to evaluate the response to varying levels of nitrogen and potassium [N:K] fertilizer combinations... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Economic and technical efficiency of cassava production in Ika North East Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Cassava production seems to be economically viable but there seems to exist no empirical documented evidence to this effect in Ika North East L.G.A of Delta State, Nigeria. In view of this, the study analyzed the economic and technical efficiency of cassava production in Ika North East Local Government Area of Delta State. A multistage random sampling was used to select a total of 120 respondents used for the study. Data used for the study was from... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Characterization of a barley-based farming system in the Arsi Highlands, Ethiopia

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

In order to minimize the gap between the demand for barley, particularly malt barley, and its supply, this study was initiated to assess the existing farming systems of the selected agro ecologies in order to develop appropriate malt barley technologies and major production constraints. In line to this, two districts with a potential in barley production were purposively selected from the Arsi highlands of Ethiopia and totally 120 farmers were... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Efficacy of phytoremediation potential of aquatic macrophytes for its applicability in treatment wetlands: A review of developments and research

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.

Improving water quality through aquatic macrophytes has made them an essential component in constructed wetland systems (CWS). Experiments worldwide revealed that they do have a role to play in the treatment, but by and large it varied from region to region and species to species. CWS are proven to be an effective, low cost and sustainable alternative to the conventional methods of water treatment. This review included the study of 34 different... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Effects of fermentation and extrusion on the proximate composition and organoleptic properties of sorghum-soya blend

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The effect of extrusion and fermentation on the proximate composition and organoleptic properties of six combinations (100:0, 90:10, 80:20, 70:30, 60:40 and 50:50) of sorghum - soya blend were investigated. A total number of 19 microorganisms were isolated during the fermentation of sorghum-soya extrudates; these comprise of twelve (12) bacteria, four (4) yeast and three (3) moulds. They include Flavobacterium rigense, Micrococcus icristinae,... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 40

Seroprevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 in Saudi women with normal and abnormal early pregnancy: A case control study

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

This work measured the seroprevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus-1 and 2 in Saudi women with normal and abnormal early pregnancy. This is a case-control study; serum samples were collected from 250 women as follows: 100 normal pregnancies, 70 ectopic pregnancies and 80 spontaneous abortions. IgG and IgM antibodies against candidate organisms were measured using enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA). The... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 40

Isolation and identification of aerobic bacterial species from upper respiratory tract of cart horses in Central Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A cross sectional study to isolate and identify aerobic bacterial species from upper respiratory tract of horses was conducted from October, 2009 to April, 2010. Forty eight apparently healthy horses (APHH) and 56 horses with respiratory tract diseases (HRTD) brought to Society for protection of animals abroad (SPANA) clinics in Central Ethiopia were randomly selected. Swab samples were collected aseptically from nasopharynx of the horses. Isolation... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

An evaluation of an English as Second Language (ESL) Pakistani college textbook: Meeting the needs of the Pakistani students

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

  This study investigated how textbooks influence learning experiences and aims to highlight the pedagogical implications of the incorporation of materials as the backbone of language-teaching programme.  It analysed and evaluated a prescribed textbook (“Prose and Heroes” – a Compulsory English course book for intermediate classes in Pakistan), and explored the degree it benefited and challenged both the learners and... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 7

Assessment of instructional and administrative strategies applied by principals to improve academic performance

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

  The study is based on the assessment of instructional and administrative strategies applied by principals to improve academic performance of students in schools. This simply means that the individual talents of everyone in school needs to be maximized for the effective benefit of the school, students, parents, and the society at large. It is therefore obvious that principals should apply numerous administrative strategies that suit the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Reasons for admission and mortalities following admissions in the intensive care unit of a specialized hospital, in Ethiopia

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

Many studies have been conducted in the intensive care unit (ICU). But little is known about the outcomes of ICU admissions. This is particularly the case in the ICU of developing countries. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess reasons and outcomes of admissions in the ICU of Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH). A longitudinal study was conducted in the ICU of JUSH from February 7 to April 15, 2011. All patients admitted to the ICU... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Corruption and development administration in Africa: Institutional approach

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

  At the post 1990s, African countries undertook some democratic reforms following the end of one party authoritarian regimes and return to multiparty elections, which resulted in a more competitive political system. However, the central clog to economic transformation namely, public corruption remains germane. The paper explores some of the theoretical issues raised by the dynamics of socio-political change in Africa within the context of... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 6

Correlations among attitudes about aging, willingness to communicate, communication satisfaction, and self-esteem of Filipino elders

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

  With the aim of understanding how Filipino elders function in the communication context, this study sought to determine their attitude about aging, willingness to communicate, and communication satisfaction, and how these variables correlated with their self-esteem. Eight hundred and one willing and able elders from different sectors of society were included in the study.  Mixed methods such as survey, interview, and observation were... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Public administration reform in Eritrea: Past trends and emerging challenges

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

Public administration has always been the tool available to African governments for the implementation of developmental goals and objectives. It is seen as being crucial to the growth and development of African economies. To this end efforts have been made in many African countries to increase efficiency through decentralization, restructuring and privatization. This study presents Eritrea’s public administration reform experience, and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

When the music moves you: Revisiting the classics in the company of neuroscience

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

  When the music moves you, you dance. The bodily movement that develops in response to music is what is here considered “dance.” Philosophers have long understood music as possessing the power to move us. This paper employs Heinrich Wolfflin’s theory of “sympathetic modeling”—a theory recently validated by neuroscientists’ discovery of mirror neurons in humans—and Antonio Damasio’s... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 2

Effect of processing on the quality of flour, abacha slices and its flour derived from cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) TMS 97/4779

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of processing methods on the quality of abacha slices. Abacha slices were produced from cassava (TMS 97/4779) roots by four different methods. The abacha processing methods investigated were of different peeling, boiling, slicing and soaking methods. Also, raw cassava flour, which was peeled, sliced and dried (PSD) was produced. The sensory properties and yield of abacha, the chemical and physical... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Identification and quantification of heavy metals in local drinks in Northern Zone of Nigeria

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.

  Nine heavy metals were studied in locally prepared drinks, namely, “Zobo” and “Kunnu Zaki”. The samples were prepared from the outer covering (calyx) of the fruits of roselle Hibiscus sabdariffa and cereals (millet or guinea corn), respectively. Twenty samples of “Zobo” coded Zb1-Zb20 and twenty samples of “Kunnu Zaki” coded Kz1-Kz20 were bought from different parts of Samaru-Zaria, Nigeria.... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Relationship of individual and work related factors with obstructive type lung function disorder of underground coal miners: A spirometry study

Journal of Geology and Mining Research

J. Geol. Min. Res.

In this study, an attempt is made to correlate the presence or absence of FEV1 < 80% predicted as measured by spirometry, with a number of individual and work related factors. This is a cross-sectional study involving 341 workers of an underground coal mine situated in the southern part of India. The data used in this investigation were collected from the Periodical Medical Examination (PME) center of the case study mine and through a... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Removal of azo dye from water by adsorption using waste residue from alum manufacturing process

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

Adsorption techniques are widely used to remove certain groups of pollutants such as dyes which are not amenable to biodegradation and environmentally very problematic. Although commercial activated carbon is a preferred sorbent for color removal, its widespread use is restricted due to high cost. As such, alternative non-conventional sorbents should be investigated. It is well-known that natural materials, waste materials from industry and... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

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