Status of modern contraceptive use among married women in Debre Birhan District, Ethiopia

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

  Unless evidence based decisions are made based on local contexts, the low prevalence level of contraceptive use and the corresponding higher total fertility rate will make Ethiopia to remain the most populous country in Africa. The purpose of this study was to assess the status of modern contraceptive use among married women in Debre Birhan district, Ethiopia. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among married women of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Institutional factors as predictors of students’ academic achievement in colleges of education in South western Nigeria

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

The enhancement of the academic achievement of the Nigerian students has continued to engage the attention of educational practitioners and policy makers.  This paper investigated institutional factors as predictors of students’ academic performance in Colleges of Education in South-Western Nigeria.  The study employed the ex post facto design using a survey design and a multiple regression model.  The samples used for the study... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Which change, what change? Glamourising social misfits in selected Nigerian home movies

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

  Nigeria is Africa's most populous nation with a vibrant emerging theatre culture; the home movies. Currently, Nigeria is ranked the second largest producer of films in the world. Nollywood, as the home movies industry is called, has produced films in their thousands reflecting various aspects of the Nigerian culture and tradition. Prominent amongst such pre-occupations of directors and producers of Nollywood is the presentation of a... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 8

E-governance: An imperative for sustainable grass root development in Nigeria

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

This paper aims to put forward the importance of e-governance in achieving sustainable grassroots development in Nigeria. The emergence of information communication technology has provided opportunity for borderlessness, interconnectedness and de-territorialization of government policies and programmes within the global village. Information communication technology is a necessary political tool set out to reconcile traditional barrier of distance in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Neo-colonialism or De-colonialism? China’s economic engagement in Africa and the implications for world order

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

In recent two decades, China's economic involvement in Africa was accused of colonialist actions by many Western observers. However, most of these accusations have no basis. In this article, after comprehensively exploring China’s trading and investing relations with Africa based on data and case studies, it argues that China’s engagement in Africa in recent decades has nothing to do with neocolonialism. On the contrary,... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 7

Fifty years after: Rethinking security/national security discourse and practice to reinvent its future

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

Fifty years after independence, the discourse and practice of security/national security in Nigeria needs re-examination. Security is a contested terrain amongst nation at different stages of development. At the moment, the contest is over the referent-state or people. Have Nigerians ever face national security threat of the scale in countries of the North that threatened the existence of the state in the last fifty years? Have not we faced national... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Combining ability and heterosis for different agronomic traits in maize (Zea mays L.) under drought stress in the Sudan Savanna of Borno State, Nigeria

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Combining ability variances were estimated for grain yield and its related traits in maize (Zea mays L.). Nine maize varieties consisted of five IITA open pollinated varieties (OPVs) and four local varieties were crossed in line x tester mating design. During the 2007 cropping season to determine the general combining ability (GCA), specific combining ability (SCA) effects and heterosis. Parents and hybrids were evaluated in Damboa during the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Determinants of farmers’ adoption decisions for improved pearl millet variety in Sahel savanna zone of northern Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Millet is a staple food mainly from local varieties, throughout the Sahel and in parts of the Sudan Savanna. Improved millet varieties are higher yielding and of better quality than the local varieties. This study was carried out after the Yobe State Agricultural Development Program had carried out series of extension services to assess the determinants of adoption of the improved varieties. Multistage systematic and purposive random sampling... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Isolation and identification of aerobic bacterial species from upper respiratory tract of cart horses in Central Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A cross sectional study to isolate and identify aerobic bacterial species from upper respiratory tract of horses was conducted from October, 2009 to April, 2010. Forty eight apparently healthy horses (APHH) and 56 horses with respiratory tract diseases (HRTD) brought to Society for protection of animals abroad (SPANA) clinics in Central Ethiopia were randomly selected. Swab samples were collected aseptically from nasopharynx of the horses. Isolation... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

An evaluation of an English as Second Language (ESL) Pakistani college textbook: Meeting the needs of the Pakistani students

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

  This study investigated how textbooks influence learning experiences and aims to highlight the pedagogical implications of the incorporation of materials as the backbone of language-teaching programme.  It analysed and evaluated a prescribed textbook (“Prose and Heroes” – a Compulsory English course book for intermediate classes in Pakistan), and explored the degree it benefited and challenged both the learners and... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 7

Women aspiring to administrative positions in Kenya municipal primary schools

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

  Even though female teachers in Kenya municipal primary schools are majority and highly qualified, they fill fewer administrative positions than men. This study assesses the extent of women's participation in leadership positions, society's perception of female leaders, selection criteria of educational administrators, and barriers that affect or hinder them from participation in leadership positions. Findings of this study reveal... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Reasons for admission and mortalities following admissions in the intensive care unit of a specialized hospital, in Ethiopia

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

Many studies have been conducted in the intensive care unit (ICU). But little is known about the outcomes of ICU admissions. This is particularly the case in the ICU of developing countries. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess reasons and outcomes of admissions in the ICU of Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH). A longitudinal study was conducted in the ICU of JUSH from February 7 to April 15, 2011. All patients admitted to the ICU... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Corruption and development administration in Africa: Institutional approach

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

  At the post 1990s, African countries undertook some democratic reforms following the end of one party authoritarian regimes and return to multiparty elections, which resulted in a more competitive political system. However, the central clog to economic transformation namely, public corruption remains germane. The paper explores some of the theoretical issues raised by the dynamics of socio-political change in Africa within the context of... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 6

The effect of communicative grammar on journalism students’ writing skills

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

  Language skills are taught at all levels with varying degrees of attention. The teaching of grammar is, however, contested although one can hardly find an English lesson without grammar at all. However, the efforts to explain grammar in English as a foreign language classes is an arguable issue on whether a writing class involving grammar lessons that pertain to the kind of text students want to produce is worth practicing. In this study,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Public administration reform in Eritrea: Past trends and emerging challenges

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

Public administration has always been the tool available to African governments for the implementation of developmental goals and objectives. It is seen as being crucial to the growth and development of African economies. To this end efforts have been made in many African countries to increase efficiency through decentralization, restructuring and privatization. This study presents Eritrea’s public administration reform experience, and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

When the music moves you: Revisiting the classics in the company of neuroscience

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

  When the music moves you, you dance. The bodily movement that develops in response to music is what is here considered “dance.” Philosophers have long understood music as possessing the power to move us. This paper employs Heinrich Wolfflin’s theory of “sympathetic modeling”—a theory recently validated by neuroscientists’ discovery of mirror neurons in humans—and Antonio Damasio’s... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 2

Effect of processing on the quality of flour, abacha slices and its flour derived from cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) TMS 97/4779

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of processing methods on the quality of abacha slices. Abacha slices were produced from cassava (TMS 97/4779) roots by four different methods. The abacha processing methods investigated were of different peeling, boiling, slicing and soaking methods. Also, raw cassava flour, which was peeled, sliced and dried (PSD) was produced. The sensory properties and yield of abacha, the chemical and physical... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Mitigating potential and antioxidant properties of aqueous seed extract of Leea guineensis against dichlorovos-induced toxicity in Wistar rats

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.

  This work was carried out to access the mitigating potential of Leea guineensis aqueous seed extract against dichlorovos (DDVP)-induced toxicity in Wistar rats for ten days. Twenty Wistar albino rats (weighing 90 to 106 g) were divided into four groups (Normal, DDVP-induced untreated, DDVP-induced treated with 200 mg/kg of L. guineensis seed and DDVP-induced treated with 400 mg/kg L. guineensis seed by oral gavage). DDVP was induced in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Relationship of individual and work related factors with obstructive type lung function disorder of underground coal miners: A spirometry study

Journal of Geology and Mining Research

J. Geol. Min. Res.

In this study, an attempt is made to correlate the presence or absence of FEV1 < 80% predicted as measured by spirometry, with a number of individual and work related factors. This is a cross-sectional study involving 341 workers of an underground coal mine situated in the southern part of India. The data used in this investigation were collected from the Periodical Medical Examination (PME) center of the case study mine and through a... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Physico-chemical characteristics of surface and groundwater in Obajana and its environs in Kogi state, Central Nigeria

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

The present work was aimed at assessing the surface and groundwater quality of the area within and around Obajana using physico-chemical characteristics. Surface and groundwater samples were collected at the peak of dry season in March, 2013, from 24 locations within Obajana and its surrounding areas and were subjected to a comprehensive quality analysis. The following parameters were considered; pH, total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity,... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Cultural values influence on learning style preferences: A case of Leribe Senior Secondary School, Lesotho

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

This study was conducted with senior secondary schools Form Four learners doing science in the Leribe District of Lesotho. It sets out to probe the possibility of the influence of cultural values on students’ learning style preferences and their possible differences by gender. Filled questionnaires were collected from the eleven schools from which the study was conducted. Also, focus group discussions, with equal representation of both... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Safety evaluation for multispecies probiotics in a 28-day feeding study in Sprague-Dawley rats

African Journal of Biochemistry Research

Afr. J. Biochem. Res.

This experiment evaluated the 28-day feeding study in rats after they were continuously fed with multi-species probiotics dosages in the low-dosage, medium-dosage, and high-dosage groups: 2,000 mg/kg body weight (B.W.), 4,000 mg/kg B.W., and 6,000 mg/kg B.W., respectively, for 28 days as a reference for the safety of its repeated usage. Each group consisted of 10 male and 10 female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and the test substance was administered for... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 7

The market impact of mergers and acquisitions on acquiring firms in the U.S.

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Previous studies have examined acquiring firms undergoing mergers and acquisitions along with the impact that these events have on firm security prices.  These studies have had mixed results. Some indicate negative impact on stock prices while others conclude that there is a positive effect. This study extends these previous studies by increasing both the number of firms sampled and the years evaluated. The first finding indicates that when... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

The paradox in environmental determinism and possibilism: A literature review

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

This article provides in-depth review of the prevailing controversy among environmental determinists and possibilists, and searches the linkage among them. The issue of environmental determinism and possibilism is still being debated for more than a century among both geographers and non-geographers, which is a paradox. This work was  analyzed based on  content and document. The article tries to analyze the thesis differently, looks for... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Fashion marketing: Strategies in the garment-making micro and small enterprises in Nakuru, Kenya

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

Fashion is very dynamic and way of life for humans in many consumer products, clothing included. In Kenya, the clothing industry is characterized by a dynamic environment and intense competition caused mainly by enlarged globalization, trade liberalization and importation of second-hand (mitumba) clothes. In this kind of environment, it is becoming increasingly difficult for an enterprise to maintain long-term success. Thus, the clothing enterprises... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

A study of availability and utilization of library electronic resources by undergraduate students in private universities in Ogun State, Nigeria

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

The degree of availability and utilization of e-resources in any university library may influence the information services provision to students. The main objective of the study was to investigate the availability and utilization of e-resources by undergraduate in selected private university libraries in Ogun State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was adopted and the study population consisted of 9700 undergraduates from Babcock and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Why we cannot afford to lose CTE in schools

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

Career and Technical Education (CTE) is a vital part of our nation’s education system.  Despite a myriad of positive outcomes related to CTE, such as creativity, problem solving, manual dexterity, and spatial perception, CTE participation, funding, and emphasis have declined in recent years.  This paper discusses the history of CTE as well as the current status of CTE in education.  Positive outcomes linked with CTE are... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

The practice of Almajiri: Prospect and socio-medical challenges in Northern part of Nigeria

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

The main purpose of the study is to identify the practice of Almajiri: prospect and socio-medical challenges in Sabon Gari Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria. A descriptive survey method was adopted using a cluster and sampling method. Questionnaire was used to collect the data, from three hundred male Almajiri. The study revealed that most of the respondents were between the ages of 8-14 years while very few were 15 years and above. Also,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Determination of some mineral and heavy metals in Saudi Arabia popular herbal drugs using modern techniques

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

  The contents of 22 essential mineral elements and trace, heavy and toxic metals in 14 herbal drugs collected from the local markets of the western province of Saudi Arabia have been determined. All investigated elements were detected using inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES) after pretreatment of the tested samples with microwave digestion system. The levels of the most dangerous heavy metals Cd and Pb... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 36

Attitudes of pre-service music teachers towards the teaching profession in Turkey

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The aim of this study is to analyze the attitudes of pre-service music teachers towards the music teaching profession in terms of diverse variables. Students who enrolled in music teaching department were examined in respect to their different attitudes towards the teaching profession, their genders, grade levels and willingness to enroll in the department, the high schools they graduated from, why they chose music teaching profession and whether... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 18

Technological development and evaluation on sialagogue activity of a spray-like liquid formulation of pilocarpine

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

Xerostomia is a common condition in patients undergoing oncological treatment. As a result of adverse effects of drugs or as an answer to radiotherapy radiation, the salivary glands of mouth stop or reduce the production and secretion of saliva. This leads to severe consequences such as caries, infections, difficulty in swallowing, and sensory loss. Thus, this work aimed to develop a new product to be used in patients suffering from xerostomia and... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 35

Effect of solvent type on the yields and mineral compositions of the leaf extracts of Moringa oleifera L.

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.

The present study was conducted for the leaves extract of Moringa oleifera L (Moringeaeae) in different solvents: Fermented maize marsh (Omidun /FMM), hot water (HW), cold water (CW), palm-wine (PW), ethanol, dichloromethane (DCM) and n-hexane to determine the effects of solvent properties on the extraction yields and the compositions of dietary minerals (k, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu, and Fe) for M. oleifera. The observed yields follow the trend: PW > CW... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Relevance of Mary Kaldor’s ‘new wars’ thesis in the 21st century

Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution

J. Law Conflict. Resolut

The nature and characteristics of war in the post-cold war era have been the focus of academic debates in the field of Peace and Conflict studies in recent years especially with regard to whether or not a distinction should be made between ‘old’ and ‘new’ wars. Mary Kaldor’s ‘new wars’ thesis, a very significant contribution to these debates, argues that there is a distinction given that the actors, goals,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Analysis of creditworthiness and loan repayment among bank of agriculture loan beneficiaries (Poultry farmers) in Cross River State, Nigeria

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

Due to the high rate of defaults amongst loan beneficiaries in Nigeria and Cross River State in particular, this study examined creditworthiness and loan repayment of poultry farmers in Cross River State. Specifically, the study assessed credit worthiness of borrowers, identified factors that discriminate between credit worthy and non credit worthy farmers and analyzed factors that influence the farmers' ability to loan repayment. A total of 120... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 9

Response of durum wheat varieties to water in semi-arid Algeria

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Irrigation and varietal improvement are two major ways of increasing and stabilizing durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) production in semi-arid Mediterranean countries. A 3-year study was conducted in Khemis-Miliana (Upper Chelif, Algeria) to evaluate the yield response of six durum wheat genotypes to deficit irrigation. Grain yield in the unirrigated treatment ranged from 2.0 t.ha-1 (2008) to 2.8 t.ha-1 (2009). In rainfed conditions, the local... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 38

Applying robust variance components models in the analyses of major gene effects within fragile X families

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

The effect of the fragile X allele on ridge breadth, height and testicular volume was examined using robust statistical techniques for the data collected from 8 families from Ibadan, south west Nigeria, afflicted with this disorder. There is the presence of outliers, an estimated 6.5% for testicular volume and 1.3% for ridge breadth and height data respectively. It is shown that fragile X affects ridge breadth, height and testicular volume in a... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 17

Cytotoxic effects of two edible bivalves Meretrix meretrix and Meretrix casta

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

  Liver cancer is the fifth most common cancer in worldwide cancer mortalities. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the anticancer properties of two edible bivalve species Meretrix meretrix and eretrix. casta on human hepatoma cell line HepG2. The anticancer properties of bivalves have been evaluated by using the Trypan blue exclusion assay, lactate dehydrogenase activity (LDH), caspase 3 activity, glutathione level (GSH) and DNA... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 34

Disclosure of risk management practices in the top South Africa’s mining companies: An annual/integrated report disclosure analysis

African Journal of Business Management

Afr. J. Bus. Manage.

South Africa’s mining companies are facing many challenges, ranging from industrial actions, uncertainty in legislation, weaknesses in global export markets, and lack of access to capital. Accordingly, sound risk management and adherence to corporate governance principles and practices are essential to the sustainability of these companies. The objectives of this article are twofold: firstly, to provide a brief overview of the risk management... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 17

How learning techniques initiate simulation of human mind

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

  The simulation of human mind often helps in the understanding of abstract concept by representing it in a realistic model and simplistic way so that a learner develops an understanding of the key concepts. Bian (1873) and James (1890) in their work suggested that thoughts and body activity result from interactions among neurons within the brain. This paper explains how the usage of synectic technique helps in experiencing and exploring a... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 17

Inducing and identifying artificially-induced polyploidy in bananas

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

In the present work, polyploidy was induced in the diploid banana varieties 'Malbut', 'Gold', 'Lidi', and 'Thong Dok Mak' through the use of colchicine and oryzalin, and that condition was identified through stomatal analysis, flow cytometry, and chromosome counts. Shoots produced in vitro were treated with colchicine at concentrations of 0, 2.5, 7.5 and 12.5 mM for 24 and 48 h, and with oryzalin at 0, 10, 30 and 50... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 37

Fatty chemical composition and antioxidant activities of coconut oils (Cocos nucifera L)

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research

J. Med. Plants Res.

Fixed oils from two cultivars (green and yellow) of solid albumen in the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), were obtained by a solvent extraction using hexane in three different maturation stages, such as: unripe; ripe and dried. The aforesaid oils were saponified and methylated. Fatty acids and methyl esters were analyzed by the gas chromatography, mass spectrometry (CG-MS). The oils from unripe (green and yellow) coconuts, as major constituents, were... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 34

Gross margin analysis of rubber based cropping systems in Nigeria

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The study aims at determining the economic impact of the rubber based cropping system introduced to rubber farmers in Nigeria by Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria under the sponsorship of the Common Fund for Commodity (CFC) project in Nigeria coded CFC-IRSG 21. Thirty three farmers were randomly selected in five states in Nigeria (Edo, Delta, Ogun, Kaduna and Akwa Ibom) using interview schedule. The profitability of rubber based cropping systems... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 37

Challenges in research and development of phytomedicines in semisolid pharmaceutical forms

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

The research and development of new drugs is a slow process that involves costs, requires physical, material and qualified human resources. The purpose of this study was to examine the research of recent years exposed on the challenges and obstacles to production and design of semisolid pharmaceutical forms from extracts or isolated compounds from medicinal plants. This study is an integrative review. The sample consisted of scientific articles... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 33

Molecular characterization of Trichoderma sp. isolated from rhizospheric soils of Uttar Pradesh (India) based on microsatellite profiles

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The objectives of this research were to characterize isolates of Trichoderma collected from rhizospheres of chickpea, pigeonpea and lentil crop from different places of Uttar Pradesh, India, using microsatellite-primed polymerase chain reaction (MP-PCR) and ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequence analysis and to combine these results with morphological characteristics for clas­sification. Thirty isolates of Trichoderma sp. obtained from rhizosphere soil... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 36

Activities of Guatemalan medicinal plants against cancer cell lines and selected microbes: Evidence for their conservation

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research

J. Med. Plants Res.

Medicinal plants are important components in the primary health care of villagers in Guatemala.  However, an area often overlooked is the effect of medicinal plants on oral hygiene.  Acetone and methanol extracts from 63 medicinal plant species from 31 families were bioassayed against breast, cervical, skin and tongue cancers, and the following microorganisms: Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 33

Biochemical factors and enzymes governing resistance in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) against Sclerotinia stem rot (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum)

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

Four mustard cultivars possessing different degrees of resistance to Sclerotinia stem rot (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) were used to study the biochemical and enzymatic basis of resistance. These include two moderately resistant cultivars (RGN-13 and RRN-505) and two susceptible cultivars (Bio-902 and T-59). Phenol content in all the mustard cultivars tested was found to increase at all three stages of inoculation, that is, 60, 75 and 90 days after... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 36

Effect of precision land levelling and permanent raised bed planting on soil properties, input use efficiency, productivity and profitability under maize (Zea mays) – wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Precision land leveling with permanent raised bed planting with recommended dose of NPK can be used to improve crop yield, water and nutrient use efficiency over the existing traditional land leveling with flat beds planting with recommended dose of NPK practices. The objective of the present study was to establish an understanding of maize-wheat rotation yield and input use efficiency can be improved and how land leveling and crop establishment... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 36

Effects of yield components on yield potential of some lowland rice (Oyza sativa L.) in coastal region of Southern Nigeria

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

The coastal region of Nigeria has abundant water naturally good for rice production, which is untapped due to oil exploration. The study was conducted to access the relationship between grain yield (GY) and its components of twenty-six segregating lines for the coastal region of Southern Nigeria. The experiment was conducted at the University of Port Harcourt teaching and Research Institution of Faculty of Agriculture and replicated three times in a... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

A Focus Group approach to exploration of the dynamics of farmers’ groups in Trinidad, West Indies

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

As part of its agricultural development strategy, the Government of Trinidad and Tobago plans to promote the development of Producer Organizations. Historically, the sustainability of farmers’ groups in Trinidad has been poor, with several unsuccessful interventions. This study seeks to do a preliminary exploration of some of the issues which could impact group sustainability, as perceived by the two main stakeholders - farmers and extension... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Assessing the extent and determinants of adoption of improved cassava varieties in south-western Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

This paper investigates the determinants of adoption of improved cassava varieties in south- western Nigeria. The data come from a farm household survey of 841 households selected using a three-stage stratified random sampling procedure. The data collection was conducted in 2011 by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria. Empirical estimates of a Double-Hurdle model revealed that adoption increases with the age of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Seasonal variation of enrichment and contamination of heavy metals in the surface water of Qua Iboe River Estuary and adjoining creeks, South-South Nigeria

Journal of Oceanography and Marine Science

J. Oceanogr. Mar. Sci.

Seasonal variation of the distribution pattern, enrichment and contamination of some heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Fe, Pb, Zn, Ni and Cu) in surface water of Qua Iboe river estuary and adjoining creeks were investigated using physicochemical parameters. The results of wet season mean concentrations (mg/l) were: Cd (0.09 ± 0.02), Cr (0.05 ± 0.02), Cu (0.05 ± 0.01), Fe (10.68 ± 1.91), Pb (0.06 ± 0.01), Zn (0.08 ±... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 6

Co-infection of HIV and malaria parasites in pregnant women attending major ante-natal health facilities in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

Malaria and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in pregnancy are the major factors contributing to adverse maternal and perinatal outcome. HIV increases pregnant women’s chances of contracting malaria, increases the risk of developing anaemia, delivering a low birth weight infant and premature delivery. This study was designed to investigate the level of co-infection of malaria parasite and HIV in pregnant women in State Specialist Hospital,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Factors associated with endemicity of Yersinia pestis in Namwala District of Zambia

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Plague which is a flea borne zoonotic disease of mammals caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis has occurred in Eastern and Southern parts of Zambia as epizootics. This study was conducted to determine factors associated with these outbreaks. The study was done in Namwala district of Zambia and a cross-sectional study design was used. The two stage cluster sampling technique was used. The first stage involved conveniently identifying the 8 villages... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Anatomical variants, clinical presentation and pathological findings in patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

In this study, we investigated the different anatomical variations and clinical modes of presentation of chronic rhinosinusitis and their association with final histopathological diagnosis. This prospective randomization research was conducted on a total of 284 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery from March, 2009 to September, 2012. The study population (284 patients) included 170 males (59.8%) and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Use of media as an instructional tool in English Language Teaching (ELT) at undergraduate level

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

The present scholar’s experiments in the class room related to the media using the print media while teaching English at the undergraduate level and the students’ enthusiastic response has been the source of inspiration for the present paper.  Here is an effort to concretize unplanned language teaching experiment into a well planned, syllabus-oriented and academically productive package. Key words: English Language Teaching,... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 6

Mastitis in camels (Camelus dromedarius): Past and recent research in pastoral production system of both East Africa and Middle East

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Udder infection was considered as one of the main constraints for camel rearing. During the last decades the disease has been reported from a number of camels-rearing countries in Africa and Asia such as Egypt, Somalia, Sudan, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and United Arab Emirate. An attempt was made in this paper in order to review the status of camel mastitis (Camelus dromedarius) research in pastoral production system of both East Africa and Middle... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

The views and suggestions of Social Studies teachers about the implementation of drama method

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

Associating knowledge with daily life leads to permanent knowledge, which increases students’ success in school. Drama is viewed to be one of the most effective methods that serves a purpose, and many researchers have determined that this method must be included at all levels of education. There are not much studies on social studies teachers’ knowledge, opinions and suggestions about drama method. Hence, the purpose of this study is to... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 15

Coffee farmers’ attitudes toward the 4C process in Chumphon province, Southern Thailand

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

4C is the private sector standard implemented in Thailand since 2010 which aimed to improve the sustainability of coffee farmers. The present study seeks to investigate the farmers’ attitude towards 4C and QGAP satisfaction and examine the critical role of the private sector towards achieving success following 4C guidelines which it has actively supported. Structured questionnaires were distributed to 128 coffee farmers in seven villages... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Prevalence of common childhood illnesses and immunization status in infants and young children in two districts of Zambia

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Scaling-up the Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) strategy, Expanded Programme of Immunization (EPI) and improved infant feeding practices have contributed to a decline in child mortality in Zambia. Despite this progress, documentation on EPI and common childhood illnesses that are addressed in IMCI in the two districts where the study was conducted are scanty. The report below highlights findings on immunization and health status... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Finding the impact of foreign debt servicing on per capita income growth rate: A case study of Pakistan

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

  Among the wide array of macroeconomic problems confronted by Pakistan, foreign debt servicing, has occupied a substantial place. Persistent fiscal deficit since the independence, turned out to be the ground for various governments to rely on the internal or external borrowings. The acquisition of more external debt instead of internal resource mobilization results in higher level of debt stock. Due to soaring level of debt, Pakistan has... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

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