Role of body mass index (BMI) on the oxygen saturation and apneic spells in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

Data from the sleep disorder institute showed that subjects with similar apnea hypopnea index (AHI) but different body mass index (BMI) had no difference in oxygen saturation in rapid eye movement (REM) or non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Only 6 pairs of subjects were evaluated in the study and they were not age-matched. The objective of this study was to evaluate, in age-matched subjects, if there are any differences in oxygen saturation and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Assessing healthy diet affordability in a cohort with major depressive disorders

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Although, the cost of food is commonly described as a barrier to consuming a healthy diet, the evidence for this viewpoint has been inconsistent to date. The purpose of this study was to assess whether a healthy diet is affordable for a sample population with major depressive disorder and current unhealthy eating patterns, enrolled in supporting the modification of lifestyle in lowered emotional states (SMILES) trial. The first 20 participants of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

A review on trypanocidal drug resistance in Ethiopia

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

Trypanosomosis is a major constraint to livestock production in sub Saharan Africa. The distribution of the disease is influenced by the existence of tsetse and biting flies. Tsetse transmitted trypanosomosis is encountered in many part of Ethiopia. Trypanocidal drugs remain the principal method of animal trypanosomosis control in the country. However, there is growing concern that their future effectiveness may be severely reduced by widespread... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Correlation between age, weight, scrotal circumference and the testicular and epididymal parameters of Red Sokoto bucks

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

The effect of age, weight and scrotal circumference on the testicular and epididymal parameters was studied in the Red Sokoto bucks. Thirty-six testes from Red Sokoto bucks were used for this study. The animal’s age, weight, and scrotal circumference were determined and correlated with testicular weight, testicular diameter, testicular length, epididymal length, gonadal and extra-gonadal sperm motility and viability. All parameters were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Client’s satisfaction with family planning services and associated factors among family planning users in Hossana Town Public Health Facilities, South Ethiopia: Facility-based cross-sectional study

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

Client satisfaction is considered as one of the desired outcomes of health care and it is directly related with utilization of health services. It reflects the gap between the expected and the experience of the service from the client’s point of view. The objective of this study was to assess clients’ satisfaction with family planning services and associated factors. Facility-based cross-sectional study that involved an exit interview... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Patients’ awareness of the relationship between smoking and periodontal diseases in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The aim of this study was to investigate the patients’ awareness of the effects of smoking on periodontal health in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), and to compare with similar studies in UK and Nigeria. This cross-sectional survey was conducted on a convenience sample of 600 patients attending dental clinics of Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy in 2014 using anonymous, self-completed, questionnaires. The questionnaire included mainly... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Health-care access and utilization among rural households in Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

This study examined healthcare access and utilization among rural households in Ogun state, Southwestern Nigeria. Primary data were collected through the use of structured questionnaires. Multistage sampling technique was employed for the selection of 200 rural households. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and health care accessibility index. The results show that the mean age of the respondents was 46 years with an average... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The road to a better life: A critical perspective on human trafficking, global inequalities and migration from Mozambique towards Europe

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

This work discusses the root causes behind human trafficking in the sex industry, from Mozambique to South Africa and, eventually, Europe. With examples taken from younger Mozambican women called curtidoras since 2007, social obligations towards poor families, awareness of global inequalities and dreams of going to Europe are major drivers of migration northwards and that current anti-trafficking policies do not take this into account. Instead,... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The technical reviews of Ligeti Piano Etude No.4 Fanfares

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

Ligeti’s etude Fanfares extends the technical skills demanded of the modern pianist and many incorporate completely new techniques. This etude, which was composed around 1985 consists of some of the most technically demanding issues composed for the piano in the last decades of the 20th century. Through the study of this work the pianist is pushed in new directions as Ligeti extends the limits of the pianistic borders. Key words: Ligeti,... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Thrombocytopenia and bleeding manifestations among patients with dengue virus infection in Port Sudan, Red Sea State of Sudan

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity

J. Infect. Dis. Immun.

Dengue is a global endemic and most prevalent human arbovirus disease. This study aimed at evaluating thrombocytopenia and to find out platelet activation in dengue across the spectrum of the disease. A prospective study was conducted from February, 2013 to June, 2014 at Port Sudan Teaching Hospital, Red Sea State, Sudan. 334 cases of dengue caused by dengue virus along with 101 cases of control were enrolled. Laboratory-positive dengue cases were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Evaluation of antifungal activity of snake venoms from the Amazon forest

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research

J. Yeast Fungal Res.

In recent years, many antimicrobial peptides have been found in the venoms of animals from different sources and have been intensively studied to elucidate their ability to inhibit the growth of potential pathogenic microorganisms. The aim of this study was to characterize and evaluate the in vitro antifungal activity of crude venom from two amazonian snakes: Bothrops atrox and Crotalus durissus ruruima. The molecular profile of representative... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Purification and characterization of tryptophan and indole-3-acetic acid produced by Serratia marcescens strain MCB associated with Oscheius sp. MCB (Nematoda: Rhabditidae) obtained from South African soil

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) of the genera Steinernema and Heterorhabditis are lethal to insect pests that attack plants. These EPNs are associated symbiotically with the two enterobacteria Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus sp., respectively. The bacteria synthesize a range of insecticidal and antimicrobial metabolites which may be useful as agricultural pest control and medical disease control. Recently, EPNs characterization and explanation have... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Lead uptake of water plants in water stream at Kiteezi landfill site, Kampala (Uganda)

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

The purpose of this study was twofold: (i) to quantify the lead (Pb) uptake by two water plants reeds (Phragmites australis) and papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) in water stream at Kiteezi landfill site, Kampala (Uganda) and (ii) to compare the two species in Pb uptake downstream. As such, leachate samples were collected at the inlet and outlet of the waste water treatment plant (WWTP) at Kiteezi landfill site. A total of 6 plant samples of both plant... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Suitability assessment of soil for cassava production in the coastal and hinterland areas of Southern Cross River State – Nigeria

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

Nutrient deficiencies and imbalances are the main constraints of crop production in Nigeria and thus, assessing the suitability of the lands for agricultural production, especially in developing countries to boost crop yield is very urgent and timely. The study is aimed at examining the suitability assessment of soil for cassava production in Southern Cross River State, Nigeria. Soil samples were randomly collected from nine peasant cultivated... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Epidemiological study on ectoparasite infestation of small ruminants in Sodo Zuria District, Southern Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate magnitude of small ruminant ectoparasite infestation in Sodo Zuria district from November, 2013 to March, 2014. Out of the total 758 small ruminants, 51.5% sheep and 48.9 % goats were found infected with ectoprasite infestation (p=0.471). Standard identification of 383 ectoprasite specimens demonstrated ticks (34.6%), lice (7.1%), fleas (6.1%) and mange mites (2.8%). Tick and flea infestation were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Reproductive health needs and service utilization among youths in West Badewacho Woreda, Hadiya Zone, South Ethiopia

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Youths are facing different sexual and reproductive health problems. Most  health  services  for  youth  are  designed  for adults  and  do  not  always  have  favorable  conditions  to meet  the  special  needs  of  youths. As well, youths have been characterized by low sexual and reproductive health service utilization. Identifying and integrating... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Microbiological assessment of meat contact surfaces at abattoir and retail houses in Jigjiga town, Somali National Regional State of Ethiopia

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences

ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.

This study was conducted to determine the microbiological quality and hygienic levels of meat contact surfaces at abattoir and retail houses in Jigjiga town, Ethiopia. A total of ninety pooled swab samples were taken from abattoir floor surface, butchers’ hands, hooks and knives and cutting boards to assess the presence and load of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, aerobic bacteria (aerobic plate counts... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Combining ability and heterosis estimate of extra-early quality protein maize (QPM) single cross hybrids

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Six extra-early quality protein maize (QPM) inbred lines from IITA were investigated using a partial diallel cross design. The objectives were to assess the hybrids and their parents for their agronomic performance. The six parents along with their hybrids (15) were evaluated using a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications per site in four locations. General combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) effects... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Audit expectation gap and MBA accounting students’ knowledge on auditor(s)’ responsibilities: Evidence from a public university in Kumasi Ashanti Region of Ghana

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Auditing has become a critical indispensable part of business and corporate life in today’s world and it is receiving great entrenchment in national legal status of almost every nation. However, there are evidences that suggest that users of financial statements and the public at large do not have knowledge about auditors’ responsibilities and this has resulted in what has become known as audit expectation gap. This study sought to... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Agriculture – Industry linkages in the economy of Jammu and Kashmir India

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Agriculture serves as a primary sector of an economy which laid foundation for other sectors of an economy and with the support of industry sector the territory sector came in to existence. Thus the collective support of Agriculture and industry sector uplifts the economy and a sustainable growth of an economy is governed. The inter-linkage between Agriculture and industry sector from different aspects not only bring growth to these two sectors but... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Culture in society, society in culture: Understanding threads of cultural-social dialectic

Philosophical Papers and Review

Philos. Papers Rev

This paper aims at exploring the provinces of social and cultural dialectical threads. In doing so, it offers an account of (1) why it is quite often confusingly believed that there is a methodological and epistemological “difference” between social and cultural ones[i], and (2) how this belief cloaks some inherent weaknesses and obstacles to change. It is, therefore, within this rationale that this paper locates both its hypothesis and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Three-year follow-up: Healing of a large periapical lesion related to a maxillary central incisor and two canalled lateral incisor after a single visit root canal treatment

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

In this study, a patient with a large periapical lesion related to the maxillary left central incisor and two canalled lateral incisors was presented. A single visit non-surgical root canal treatment was performed for both teeth. A three-year follow-up radiograph revealed complete healing of the periapical lesion. This report confirms that the large size of a periapical lesion neither mandates surgical removal nor the placement of intra-canal... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Captions resources and library patronage by hearing impaired students in university libraries of South-south Nigeria

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

This study investigated the availability of Captions Resources and Library Patronage by Hearing Impaired Students in University Libraries of South-South Nigeria. One research question and one hypothesis were formulated to guide the study and were tested at .05 level of significance. Survey research design was employed. The population for the study was 57 hearing impaired students from 10 universities in South-south Nigeria. Purposive sampling... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Undergraduate students use of mobile phones: Exploring use of advanced technological aids for educational purpose

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

As India has the world’s second largest mobile phone user base (over 893.3 million users, May 2011) and Wireless communication has emerged as one of the fastest diffusing media on the planet, fuelling an emergent ‘mobile youth culture’, it will be interesting to explore the attitude of undergraduate students towards the use of mobile phones for educational purposes. We all know that mobile phones provide multitude of features and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Trace metals in intertidal sediment of mangrove-sheltered creeks in Niger Delta, Nigeria: Variability before and after crude oil spillage

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

Trace metals (Zn, Cu and Pb) fluxes were studied in five intertidal flats at Bodo Creek, Eastern Niger Delta, Nigeria in 2006, and re-evaluated in 2010 following two major oil spills that occurred in the creek. This study is the first to look at trace metal loads in the interstitial sediments of Bodo creek. Standard methods were employed in the sampling campaign and analysis. The concentration of all metals under study were higher than stipulated... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

Particulating broiler feeds into forms and sizes for nutritional and economic benefits (part 1)

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

A study was conducted to examine the nutritional and economic effects of using mash, crumbs and pellet diets for broiler starter birds using Arbor Acre broilers chickens. The study examines the starter phase (0-28 days) of 288 Arbor Acre broiler chickens fed mash, 2 mm pellet size diet and feed crumbs. All diets had identical nutrients composition and the study was conducted under similar environmental conditions and management practices. Data on... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

New host record of Abbreviata baltazardi (Nematoda: Physalopteridae) from the lizard, Laudakia (Agama) nupta in Rawandoz mountains, Kurdistan Region

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

This study investigation represents the first on parasites of the lizard, Laudakia nupta nupta not in Iraq but all over the world. An intestinal nematode, Abbreviata baltazardi has been recovered from the lizard, L. nupta nupta caught from Rawandos mountains in Kurdistan region, Iraq. The main characteristics of this nematode are: mouth with large simple triangular lateral lips armed with one tooth or more, two amphids were also observed in addition... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses toward pressure ulcer prevention in University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Borno State, North-Eastern, Nigeria

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

Pressure ulcers are areas of localized injury to the skin, underlying tissue or both, usually over a bony prominence, as a result of pressure or in combination with shear. They are common problem in health care and represent a significant burden on patients, their relatives and caregivers. Pressure ulcer prevention is of the quality indicators to reduce the incidence of pressure ulcer in acute care setting. The study assessed nurses’... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Influence of demographic variables on business education students’ choice of secretarial option in colleges of education in the North-west geo-political zone, Nigeria

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The paper examined the influence of demographic variables on business education students’ choice of secretarial option in colleges of education in the North-west geo-political zone, Nigeria. Three null hypotheses were generated for the study. The descriptive research design was used for the study. A self-designed questionnaire was used to elicit responses from the respondents. Section A of the instrument dealt with the demographic data of the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Antiprotozoal and cytotoxic activities, and the acute toxicity of extracts from of Brucea sumatrana Roxb. (Simaroubaceae) leaves collected in Mai-Ndombe, Democratic Republic of Congo

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

Results from the in vitro evaluation of the antiprotozoal activity of the aqueous extract, the 80% methanol extract and its fractions from the leaves of Brucea sumatrana against Trypanosoma brucei brucei, Trypanosoma cruzi, Lesihmania infantum, the multidrug-resistant K1 and chloroquine-sensitive NF54 strains of Plasmodium falciparum indicated that all samples from the leaves extract presented interesting antiprotozoal activity at different extents.... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Effect of high temperature on viability of Lactobacillus casei and analysis of secreted and GroEL proteins profiles

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

The bacterial heat shock response is characterized by the elevated expression of a number of chaperone complexes including the GroEL and the rate change of synthesis of certain proteins (total and secreted). In this work, after incubation at 45°C, total and secreted proteins profiles of stressed bacteria were found to be altered when analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). In addition, the level... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Back in the U.S.S.R: A Case Study of English/Russian bilingualism using the model of a flexible bilingual spectrum

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

The fields of Second Language Acquisition (SLA) and bilingualism are combined in this study to describe language experience using a flexible bilingual spectrum model in which political, economic and social factors are used to analyze levels of bilingualism. A native Russian speaker who learned English in the U.S.S.R. is interviewed and the results are analyzed in a case study, showing the language experience analysis may be enhanced using impact... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Martyrs or terrorists: Suicide bombing in Islamic hermeneutics

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

The contemporary world order has been created by non Muslim powers through the infiltration of the Muslim world by colonialism and neo-colonialism. The ummah of Islam was parceled into states by imperial powers thereby weakening the solidarity of the ummah. The collapse of the communist bloc no doubt made Islam to be the only challenging system to the remaining super power. There was no doubt from the statements of leaders of the West that Islam... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Tourism: A viable option for pro poor growth in Gamo Gofa Zone? Southern Ethiopia

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

The research ‘Tourism: A Viable Option for Pro Poor Growth in Gamo Gofa Zone?  Southern Ethiopia’ attempted to uncover how far tourism development is emerged to be a viable option for pro poor growth. The study is confined to Arba Minch town, Nech Sar National Park, Crocodile Ranch and Dorze Cultural Village. Qualitative and quantitative research strategies; household survey design, multi stage, purposive and simple random sampling... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Democratisation process and governance crisis in contemporary Nigeria: A re-examination

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

The minimalist conception articulated in the advanced democracies of the West, and typified by liberal political theory and thereafter im(ex)ported to Africa hook, lines and sinkers have not produced the desired ‘fruits’. Going by the waves of democratic upheavals in most part of the continent, the kind of procedural, formal or institutional democracy, which stresses political rights, focusing on elections and multi-partyism has been... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

The work concerns of the faculty at midlife: A phenomenological case study

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

Midlife as a phenomenon is truly enigmatic. Oftentimes, it is associated with changing images and myths that include midlife crisis, change of life, the empty nest and many more. On the other hand, some revealed midlife to be simply a calm transition. This study then sought to explore the work concerns of the faculty midlifers of one of the prestigious universities of Cebu City, Philippines. Concerns at work are the aspects and events in their job... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Agricultural extension reforms and development in Uganda

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

This study was done with the objective of contributing to the policy debate on the changing landscape of agricultural rural services in Uganda. The study examines the perception of Agricultural Extension providers on the new changes in provision of agricultural extension services. Data was collected from twenty two key informants. Result show that political interference is negatively affecting the image of the National Agricultural Advisory Services... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Influence of occupational work movement on traditional dance motifs: A survey of the Zaria Hausa ethnic group in northern Nigeria

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

Historically, a greater understanding of the role of dance in society has superseded the exact meaning of the symbolic movement of each dance motif. This paper intends to relate movements used in daily activities to the dance motifs prevalent within traditional Hausa society in Zaria. Data were collected through interviews and physical observations of Hausa dance in Zaria. Findings indicated a definite relationship between everyday movement and... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 2

The Kamerun society: A missing link in the independence struggle in the British Southern Cameroons, 1956–61

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The history of the liberation struggle in Cameroon is a half written story. Like in the history of Africa, many of the actors in this struggle have been deliberately or inadvertently written off and/or forgotten. This explains why the Kamerun Society (KS) is seldom mentioned in most colonial Cameroon historiography. In passing, some actors in the politics of the period made reference to the KS dismissing it as a group having nothing but mischief to... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

The contribution of savings and credit cooperative societies to income poverty reduction: A case study of Mbozi District, Tanzania

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

This paper explores the contribution of Savings and credit cooperative societies (SACCOS) in reduction of rural households’ income poverty. Specifically, the paper looks at; activities undertaken by SACCOS that can lead to reduction of income poverty; comparing income levels between SACCO’s members and non-members; determining the impact of SACCOS to household’s income poverty reduction, and  exploring  community’s... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Politics and the paradox of power in Femi Osofisan’s Many Colours Make the Thunder-King

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

The dominant trend in the world of politics today is a radical and spontaneous move towards a state of terrorism in a bid to show a big line between the strong and the weak nations; between the powerful and the powerless individuals in a postcolonial state, and the paradox of this action is that it gradually leads to self destruction, and a rape on human dignity and pride which the perpetrators of this act seek to redeem and protect. In this study,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Idiopathic oligospermia treatment: An alternate approach

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

One of the factors of male infertility is idiopathic oligospermia in which the causative factor is not known. A direct case control, two-centers, prospective, randomized controlled two-arm parallel group trial was carried out to investigate the safety and efficacy of trialed medicine in Shifa-ul-Mulk Memorial Hospital for Eastern Medicine at Madinat-ul-Hikmah, Hamdard University Karach-74600, Pakistan. An assessment was conducted on the coded herbal... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

A new ethanol-based macrochemical test combined with a cultural character in the process of identification of the cosmopolitan wood-decayer, Ganoderma resinaceum Boud. (Basidiomycota)

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research

J. Yeast Fungal Res.

A new macrochemical test using ethanol drops was set up and described here as a safer, quicker and more reliable substitute for the previously used match flame to reveal yellow resin on the pileus of Ganoderma resinaceum, no matter its geographical origin. Four concentrations (30, 70, 90 and 99%) of ethanol (CH3-CH2OH) were tested with distilled water as negative control, as a substitute to the old match flame test in the process of identification... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Water quality index of fresh water streams feeding Wular Lake, in Kashmir Himalaya, India

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.

The quality of drinking water is of vital concern for human health and life. The present investigation was aimed at assessing the water quality index (WQI) of five fresh water streams feeding Wular lake. Analysis of the data revealed that the WQI values ranged from a minimum of 45.4 to a maximum of 48.9. Among the study sites, Makdhoomyari stream showed higher values of WQI while as lowest was shown by Madhumati. Pearson matrix revealed that... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Application of high gravity fermentation worts to the brewing of industrial opaque beer

Journal of Brewing and Distilling

J. Brew. Distilling

Fermentation of worts with high concentrations of fermentable sugars has become common practice in large clear beer breweries that use high gravity worts containing 16-18% (w/v) dissolved solids to obtain high alcohol contents. Normal and high gravity worts, ranging from 12 to 20% (w/v) initial dissolved solid contents were used in industrial opaque beer brewing and the biochemical characteristics of the brews were determined. Characteristics of the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Available iron distribution in Nigerian soils - A review

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

Enhancement and maintenance of soil available iron (Fe) in a continuous cropping system such as practiced in Southeast Nigeria is critical to producing iron rich food crops and sustaining agricultural productivity. This review focused on the distribution of Fe in Nigerian soils and factors affecting its availability. It is understood that the amount of Fe in soils depends on soil texture, pH, calcium carbonate (CaCO3) level, organic matter content,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Effect of seedling age and spacing schedule on the productivity and quality traits of rice under system of rice intensification (SRI)

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds

J. Cereals Oilseeds

Studies on the effects of seedling age and spacing schedule on the productivity and quality traits of rice adopted under system of rice intensification (SRI) was taken up at Seed Research and Technology Centre, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad during kharif, 2008 and 2009 using popular rice cultivar, Swarna (MTU 7029). 16 days seedlings planted at 20 × 20 cm, 12 days / 20 × 20 cm (56.2 q/ha) and 14 days / 20 × 20 cm (53.4 q/ha), 12 days /... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Fatigue evaluation of Iraqi asphalt binders based on the dissipated energy and viscoelastic continuum damage (VECD) approaches

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology

J. Civ. Eng. Constr. Technol.

Bituminous materials in roads are subjected to short-term loading each time a vehicle passes. If sufficiently high, the loading results in a loss of rigidity of the material and can, by accumulation in the long term, lead to failure. The resulting fatigue deterioration is of great importance in pavement construction and must be correctly understood in order to ensure adequate structural design. The binder property plays a major role in determining... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Effects of mass transfer resistance and coking on yield during fluid catalytic cracking of heavy hydrocarbon fractions

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science

J. Chem. Eng. Mater. Sci.

A transient model for an industrial fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) riser is here presented. The FCC riser models of previous researchers were mostly based on the assumption of negligible mass transfer resistance. This assumption reduced the accuracy of the models. In this work, the effects of mass transfer resistance and coking on the yield of FCC reactions were modeled and simulated. A five-lump reaction scheme was used to model the cracking... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Benefits derived from National Fadama Development Project II by fish farmers in Lagos State, Nigeria

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture

Int. J. Fish. Aquac.

This study assessed the benefits derived by fish farmers from Fadama II project in Lagos State by interviewing 185 fish farmers who participated in Fadama II project from 9 Fadama Community Associations (FCAs) through a multistage sampling technique. Data collected with the aid of structured interview guide were analyzed with descriptive statistics and Chi-square. Majority of the fish farmers were male (71.89%), Christians (53.51%), married (41.62%)... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Studies on the calf mortality pattern in Gir breed

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

This study aims to investigate calf mortality pattern in Gir breed. Research data were collected from the records of Gir herd, maintained at Kasturba Gandhi National Memorial Trust, Dairy Farm Kasturbagram Khandwa Road, Indore M.P., covering a period of 16 years (from 1994 to 2009). The period-wise distribution of calf mortality showed that highest mortality rate (18.9%) was recorded in period P4 (2006 to 2009) and the lowest (9.8%) in period P2... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Surface and thermodynamic studies of micellization of surfactants in binary mixtures of 1,2-ethanediol and 1,2,3-propanetriol with water

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

Surface physico-chemical and thermodynamic studies of some aqueous surfactant solutions were carried out by employing conductance, surface tension and dye solubilization (UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy) techniques. From conductivity and surface tension measurements, critical micelle concentration (CMC), counter-ion association constant (α), equivalent conductance at infinite dilution (λo), surface exess concentration (Гmax ), minimum... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 8

Estimation of the refractive indices of some binary mixtures

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.

Refractive index is a useful fluid characterization parameter with widespread industrial applications. The values for many pure liquids are known or readily available in literature. However, when experimental data are not available, the refractive indices of binary and multi-component liquids are often estimated from the pure components using mixing rules which are sometimes not accurate. This study was designed to measure the refractive indices and... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 4

Comparative study on the antibacterial and chemical constituents of Pennisetum glaucum (pearl millet) and Zea mays (maize)

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

The use of indigenous foods dates back to the colonization of Africa. The shift from the use of indigenous foods to the use of nutritiously inferior non-indigenous cereals is a common trend in many developing countries. The adoption of global food systems has led to simplification of East African cultural practices adversely affecting peoples’ health. The current study compared the antibacterial activity and phytochemical composition of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Economic growth and environmental degradation in Ethiopia: An environmental Kuznets curve analysis approach

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

This study aimed to study the relationship between economic growth and environmental degradation in Ethiopia by questioning the existence of environmental Kuznets Curve. The study uses time series data from 1969/70 to 2010/2011 in a VECM analysis approach. The finding indicates existence of EKC hypothesis in Ethiopia. Like any agrarian country economic growth in Ethiopia inevitably contribute for environmental degradations at the early stage. Later... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Lepidium sativum population collected from Ethiopia

African Journal of Plant Science

Afr. J. Plant Sci.

Lepidium sativum L. (family Brassicaceae), is underutilized medicinal plant with worldwide distribution. In Ethiopia, L. sativum occurs in all regions and agro-ecologies at different altitudinal ranges. The study was conducted to assess the genetic diversity of L. sativum populations from Ethiopia using molecular marker and agronomic traits. Molecular data generated from inter simple sequence repeat bands recorded was used for computing gene... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma: Magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosis and patient management in two cases

Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health

J. Neurosci. Behav. Health

As far as operative indications for spinal epidural hematoma are concerned, symptoms and duration from onset are thought to be quite important. However, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) intensity of the hematoma could be a key factor in determining the need for operative intervention. Here, we discuss two cases of spinal epidural hematoma. One was the operative case of a 71-year-old man who presented with left leg paresis. On the initial spinal MRI,... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Trend analysis of malaria prevalence in Arsi Negelle health center, Southern Ethiopia

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity

J. Infect. Dis. Immun.

Malaria is an issue in Ethiopia of which there is still no “Magic bullet”, no quick or easy solution, apart from extensive progress in its control over the past years. Analysis of documents on malaria data from health care system is essentially important to assess achievement or failure of malaria control programmes. The aim of this study was to investigate the five year trend of malaria prevalence in the southern Ethiopia. A... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

The status of key large mammals in the Kenya – Tanzania borderland: A comparative analysis and conservation implications

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation

Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.

Wildlife populations in Africa are declining rapidly because of natural and human – induced causes. Large animal aerial counts were done in 2010 and 2013 wet and dry season in Mid Kenya/ Tanzania borderland. These counts came after the severe droughts of 2007 and 2010 and so they were critical also in establishing the effects of droughts on large mammal populations. Of the 15 common large mammals seen in the borderland, the five most abundant... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Detection of DNA damage in lead (Pb) exposed city traffic wardens in Pakistan

African Journal of Biochemistry Research

Afr. J. Biochem. Res.

Lead (Pb) is one of the toxic metals and is commonly used in industries. It affects multiple systems and has role in the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The objective of the present study was to determine Pb levels and to detect DNA damage in traffic wardens of Lahore, Pakistan. A total of 90 subjects were selected including 60 traffic wardens working in field and 30 working in administrative zones. The wardens who were working in field... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

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