Growth performance and immunological response to Newcastle disease vaccinations of broiler chickens fed lysine supplemented diets

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

The effect of supplementing varying concentration levels of dietary lysine on growth performance and immune response to Newcastle disease (ND) vaccinations of broiler chickens was assessed. A total number of 180 day-old broiler chicks of mixed sex were used for the experiment. The birds were divided into 4 treatments (Treatment A, B, C and D), in which each treatment was replicated 3 times with 15 birds per replicate. Diet A was the control diet... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

A decision framework for resource poor smallholder farmers on maize production based on results from empirical studies in the coastal lowlands of Kenya

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Maize is a principal food crop in Kenya and the coastal lowlands. Choice of the enterprise at household level is influenced by the social position maize commands both as a staple food and trade facility or good while production patterns are dictated by various factors among them being resource endowment. Research in the recent past has provided technological recommendations that include fertilizer and pesticides use along with yield data with... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

The role of small arms and light weapons proliferation in African conflicts

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

Africa is transiting through a trying phase in the history of its evolution as a major world civilization. These trying challenges are characterized by the extremes of hunger, the conditions of massive refugee flow and internally displaced persons occasioned by the gruesome phenomenon of violent conflicts and wars. The paper sets out essentially to establish the connection between the massive flow of small arms and light weapons (SALW) since the end... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 3

Reinterpreting some key concepts in Barthes’ theory

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The paper makes clear some basic concepts in semiotic studies like signifier, signified and referent and core concepts in Roland Barthes’s theory are restudied with new developments especially in connotateurs, meta-language and meaning transfer, which play a key role in understanding how myth is constructed with the two mechanisms of naturalizing and generalizing. With the new understanding, the paper studies the representative signs from... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Real wages and labour productivity in Tanzania: How do they link?

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

Using data from national level surveys, the present paper undertakes an empirical analysis of the linkage between labour productivity and real wages in Tanzania. After making tabular presentations of growth in labour productivity and real wages by industry and sector (public and private), regression analysis is undertaken to examine the factors that influence incomes. Granger causality test is applied to examine the nature of the relationship... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Review: Health literacy intervention and their consequences

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Health literacy is one of the most critical issues threating the public health today and there are significant gaps behind the discipline of health literacy. Low health literacy was found to threaten the health and welfare of people. The past decades witnessed a revolutionary alteration in the health patterns and disease spread among the community from infectious diseases to chronic diseases such as, heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Effect of different bleaching methods on stained composites

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

This study aims to examine the whitening effect of three different bleaching methods on three different stained composite resins. Forty discs (5 mm diameter × 2 mm thick) from each tested material (ESTHET.X HD micro-matrix Restorative, Dentsply, Paradigm Nano-Hybrid Universal-Restorative, 3M/ESPE, and Artiste Nano-Composite, Pentron-Clinical) were made. The 40 discs of each tested material were immersed in coffee, 3 h a day for 21 days in... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Perceived psycho-social and school factors contributing to malpractices in internal examinations among secondary school students in Kakamega-Central Sub-county: Implications for counseling

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

Examination malpracticeis rated as one of the greatest problems that undermine the foundation of educational practicein Kenya today. The magnitude of the problem and the dangers posed bythe phenomenon have been identified by stakeholders as national malady that requires drastic solution.  Thus, this study attempted to investigate the view of students about the psycho-social and school causes of and roles of guidance and counselling in... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Financial ratios between fraudulent and non-fraudulent firms: Evidence from Tehran Stock Exchange

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Fraud is a broad concept with two basic types seen in practice. The first is the misappropriation of assets and the second is fraudulent financial reporting. Fraudulent financial reporting usually occurs in the form of falsification of financial statements in order to obtain some forms of benefit. The current research compares the financial ratios between fraudulent and non-fraudulent firms for the companies listed on Tehran Stock Exchange. The... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

NGUGI WA THIONG ‘O and his ‘Mathe-logic’ of revolution in Matigari: Re-introducing militia struggle

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

I once heard a story being told to my children by one of my sisters. The story, so simple, is of a man who has an incurable wound and is in search of a cure. He is told of a medicine man whose name is Ndiiro, but he does not know the way to Ndiiro's place. He encounters different people and asks each one of them the way to Ndiiro's. The story depends on a repetition of the song that describes Ndiiro. I used the same structure in the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Determining the causes for the exodus of technical teachers from teaching in technical and vocational institutions to other jobs in Katsina State, Nigeria

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The study aimed to determine the causes for the exodus of technical teachers from teaching in TVET to other jobs in Katsina State, Nigeria. For convenience of data collection, research questions were formulated.The survey questionnaire was developed with 15 items and used to question technical education administrators, technical education principals/vice principals and technical teachers in TVET institutions who constituted the sample. A total of 10... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Use of electronic information resources at College of Dry Land Agriculture and Natural Resources, Mekelle University, Ethiopia

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

This study aims to examine the use of electronic information sources (EIS) by the teaching faculties. The survey was administrated among the academic community along with the observation and informal interviews at the College of Dry Land Agriculture and Natural Resources, ‘Mekelle University’ Ethiopia in the year 2014. Pre structured questionnaires were sent to 176 teaching faculties to know how they elaborate the various aspects of EIS... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

States creation since 1967: An imperative of the military contribution to nation-building in Nigeria

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The structural defects in the creation of the Nigerian state by the colonialists which suited their interest of continued subjugation and exploitation of Nigeria were inherited by the civilian leadership. This class that appropriated state power to further their economic interest played down the prospects of nation-building. It is against this background that this work assesses the role of the military in tackling the problem of nation-building in... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Neighbours and drug addicts: An interface

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

Drug addiction is a phenomenon by which all communities and countries are regularly affected. This has been an ever growing problem which has confronted each one of us within our families, at school, in work place or within our society in general. The present paper focuses on neighbours’ role in drug addict’s life. The area of study was in and around Chandigarh where community based de-addiction clinics were held by Post Graduate... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Physical and chemical quality of raw cow's milk produced and marketed in Shashemene Town, Southern Ethiopia

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences

ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.

The aim of this study was to assess physical and chemical quality of raw cow’s milk produced and marketed in Shashemene town, Ethiopia. A total of 48 samples of raw cow’s milk were collected in the morning. All of the samples were collected using proportional random sampling method. The means for temperature, pH, specific gravity, titratable acidity, total solids, fat, solids-not-fat, protein, ash and lactose contents of milk samples... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 2

Proximate, anti-nutrient and sensory properties of ogi, a millet based gruel supplemented with treated African oil bean (Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth.) seed flour

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

The proximate, anti-nutrient and sensory properties of millet ogi supplemented with treated African oil bean flour were evaluated. Millet ogi was produced using traditional method which involved soaking, wet milling, fermentation and drying. African oil bean seeds were decoated, roasted, fermented and defatted under controlled experiment. Flours obtained were substituted with millet ogi at 10 and 20% levels. The results show that there was... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 3

Modeling Jambo wastewater treatment system to predict water re-use options

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

The harmful nature of chemicals used in the tannery industries and the disposal of wastes from facilities is well documented. In this study, Jambo tannery which is located in Busia District, (Uganda) with a daily processing capacity of 6.6 tonnes of hides and skin utilises 20 m3 of water to produce 17 m3 of wastewater/day. The generated wastewater is treated on site in the wastewater treatment plant whose performance was assessed. The main objective... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 3

Optical properties of ZnO thin films deposed by RF magnetron

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

We have grown ZnO thin films on glass substrate by R.F magnetron sputtering using metallic zinc target. The influences of some parameters on thin film optical properties were assessed. They exhibited extremely high resistivity of 1012 Ω.cm, an energy gap of 3.3 eV at room temperature. It was found that a R.F power of 50 W, a target to substrate distance of 70 mm, very low gas pressures of 3.35 x 10-3 Torr of argon and oxygen mixed gas atmosphere... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 5

The problem-solving skills of the teachers ın various branches

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The aim of this study was to determine the problem-solving skills of the teachers in various branches in Çat town of  Erzurum Province in Turkey, using some variables. A total of 153 teachers (84 females, 69 males and age: 1.6536±0.72837) from different departments participated in the study. Problem Solving Inventory, developed by Heppner and Peterson (1982), was used to measure the problem solving skill level of the individual.... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 5

Microbiota of two species of commercially important fish in the Amazon region (Belém-Pará-Brazil): Butterfly peacock bass (Cichla ocellaris) and piramutaba (Brachyplatystoma vailantii)

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

The Amazon offers great potential for fishery activities but the fish fauna’s specific microbiota is not yet known. This paper identified the bacterial flora composition and the influence of this process on the microbiological spoilage in economically important fish species in the Amazon region: butterfly peacock bass (Cichla ocellaris) and piramutaba (Brachyplatystoma vailantii). To this end, microbiological characterization was performed:... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 9

Genetic diversity of sweet yam “Dioscorea dumetorum “(Kunth) Pax revealed by morphological traits in two agro-ecological zones of Cameroon

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Genetic diversity of 43 Dioscorea dumetorum accessions and two of Dioscorea cayenensis Lam as out-group species was evaluated for qualitative and quantitative traits in two different agro-climatic zones Baham (05°20.040' N/010°22.572’ E and 1634±3 masl, agro-ecological zone III with rainfall of 1500 to 2000 mm, and mean annual temperature of 19°C) and Ekona (04°12.773'N/009°19.425'E and 445±3 masl,... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 9

The effect of plant growth regulators and their concentration in vitro on mass poropagation of Myrobalan 29C rootstock

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

Myrobalan 29C is one of the most important rootstocks that is widely used for plum and apricot trees. This study was conducted to determine the most suitable media culture and regulators of plant growth for micropropagation of Myrobalan 29C in Khorasan Natural Resource and Agricultural Research Centre Mashhad, Iran. 10 explants treated were sterilized in 70% Ethanol for 1 min, Mercuric chloride (0.1%) for 1, 2 and 3 min and sodium hypochlorite (3... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Stability of resistance to cassava brown streak disease in major agro-ecologies of Uganda

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) is the most devastating disease of cassava in southern,   eastern and cntral Africa, and can cause up to 100% yield loss. Limited progress has been made in breeding for host plant resistance due to limited knowledge on the resistance variability to the disease. Reaction of promising cassava genotypes to CBSD in multi-environments are also unknown. Therefore, this study intended to: (1) Identify... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Inter-ethnic relation among Awi and Gumuz, Northwestern Ethiopia since 1974: A shift from hostile to peaceful co-existence

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

Longstanding relationship (amicable and hostile) has existed between Awi andGumuz nationalities since Aksumite era. Their early relationship had been full of pain because of the fact that the successive highland kings had appointed Awi chiefs to run state affairs in Gumuz community, which left bad seed on the future relation between two generations.  As time went on, a shift from hostile to friendly relation marked since the change of politics... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Evaluating the social contract theoretical ideas of Jean Jacques Rousseau: An analytical perspective on the state and relevance to contemporary society

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This paper evaluates the social contract theory from the view point of Jean Jacques Rousseau and applies the relevance to contemporary society. It is found that the social contract theorists traced the origin of the state to a social contract by individuals after an experience from the state of nature. Rousseau’s state of nature initially guaranteed freedom and good life for the individuals until the institution of private property ushered... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

The relativity of heterosexual norms and gender power on young people’s sexuality in Africa

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

Within sociological discourse, young people’s sexual practices have become an area of particular interest as sociologists attempt to contextualise sexuality as multifaceted social experiences rather than as psychological or psychoanalytic processes. This study introduces a conceptual framework for investigating young people’s sexuality and sexual practices in African context. It was achieved through a critical review of the conceptual... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

A comparative analysis of technical efficiency of smallholder tobacco and maize farmers in Tabora, Tanzania

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

The study presented here considers the relative efficiency of planting tobacco and maize in the tobacco-producing Tabora region of Tanzania. The study used a 2013 survey that was conducted among smallholder farmers in the Tabora region. The aim was to investigate whether farmers are better off planting tobacco or maize. The paper briefly reviews the importance of agriculture in general and tobacco planting in particular on the Tanzanian economy. The... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Mediatizing security operations: An ethical and professional assessment of Media coverage of insecurity in Kenya

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

This study sought to establish the adherence to professional and ethical principles of reporting insecurity matters by journalists in Kenya. Kenya has continuously grappled with national security issues since the 1998 US embassy bomb attack. Terrorist attacks have become a frequent and major cause of insecurity. This has been aggravated by the frequent sectarian, religious and ethnic violence in various parts of the country. Notably, some of the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Health impact assessment of community-based solid waste management facilities in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State, Nigeria

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Adverse inter-relationships between man and his environment has been the main cause of disequilibrium, which usually result in negative effects to man himself, his environment and his survival as epitomized by the current global climate change phenomenon. This study applied the concept of Health Impact Assessment (HIA), an evolution of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) to predict the health impact of the proposed community-based solid waste... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 2

Morphological diversity and association of traits in ethiopian food barley (Hordeum vulgare l.) landraces in relation to regions of origin and altitudes

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

One hundred and two barley accessions and five checks were evaluated using augmented design consisting of four complete blocks in 2012 main cropping season at holetta agricultural research center. Ten quantitative and six qualitative characters were recorded. Analysis of variance showed significant difference (p<0.01) among accessions for plant height, awn length, peduncle extrusion, thousand seed weight, number of seeds per spike, days to 50%... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Innovative ways of English language teaching in rural India through Technology

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

We live in a global world where our existence depends solely on our felicity of using English most often. Thus, getting well versed in English has become quite mandatory. While this does not pose a problem in metropolitan cities and towns, people in rural areas lack the skills to converse in English. There is still a major chunk of civilization devoid of the developments in terms of language and technology. English teachers teaching in rural areas... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Particulating broiler finisher feeds into forms and diameters for nutritional and economic benefits (part 2)

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

A study was conducted to examine the nutritional and economic effects of using pellet diets at various pellet diameters of 2, 4 and 6 mm pellet for broiler finisher birds in an experiment using Arbor Acre broilers chickens. Two hundred and forty Arbor Acre birds at the finisher phase (28-56 days) of broiler production were used in a 2 x 4 factorial experiment using completely randomized design. Diets in this study had same quantities of ingredients... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

Gift tax compliance in Ghana: Evidence from Kumasi Metropolis

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

The study examined the awareness and level of compliance of gift tax among taxpayers in Kumasi Metropolis in Ghana. Two hundred and fifty-two respondents were sampled for the study using the purposive sampling method. Questionnaire and interview guides were used to solicit data and information from the respondents. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with the help of excel package. The results of the study... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Performances of elite amaranth genotypes in grain and leaf yields in Northern Tanzania

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

Amaranth is one of the most commonly produced and consumed indigenous vegetables on the African continent. In Tanzania amaranth constitutes about 5.3% of total vegetable hectarage planted annually. Most cultivated varieties of amaranth are landraces with relatively poor leaf and grain yield. This study was conducted to identify genotypes with potential for dual purpose (leaf and grain) use for promotion or further cultivar development. An experiment... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

The effects of communal land sub-division and land use changes on household waste production in the Southern rangelands of Kenya

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies

Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud

In the past few decades, the inhabitants of now Kajiado County in the southern rangelands of Kenya have experienced changes in land tenure and in land use that have impacted other aspects of their livelihoods as well as the environment. The study sought to examine these changes within the context of their potential influences on the household production and management of solid waste. Local residents from three different study areas were interviewed... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Internal and external parasites of camels (Camelusdromedarius) slaughtered at Addis Ababa Abattoir, Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A cross-sectional study was undertakento estimate the prevalence of internal and external parasites of camels slaughtered at Addis Ababa abattoir, Ethiopia. A total of 384 of camels originating from Borena and Metehara areas were examined during the study period and all (100%) of them were found to harbor at least two parasite species. In this study,the prevalence of tick, gastrointestinal parasites, Cephalopinatitillator,Hydatid cyst, and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Clinical benefits to pregnant women on the use of rapid diagnostic test to microscopy in malarial diagnosis in Jigawa State, Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

The study was aimed at comparing rapid diagnostic test kits (RDTs) and microscopy in detecting sequestered placental malaria or deep tissue malaria from pregnant women and the clinical benefits that can be derived. About 300 pregnant women were enrolled in the study. Five (5) ml of venous and placental blood was collected into an ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) tube, respectively. The blood samples were tested for malaria using microscopy and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Triglyceride lowering by chromium picolinate in type 2 diabetic people

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

In some studies in diabetic people, chromium picolinate supplementation has lowered readings for both plasma triglycerides and blood sugar. In the present study, relatively low dose supplementation (200 µg chromium) did not lower blood sugar readings, but did lower triglyceride values in people with the following characteristics: type 2 diabetes, moderately elevated blood sugar, and not using insulin therapy. These results support the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Medical Case Studies

Med. Case Stud.

Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Effect of skill level and indirect measurements in the attack situations in handball

Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health

J. Neurosci. Behav. Health

The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of visual search and skill-level on the spatial occlusion anticipation in handball players. Thirty skilled and thirty unskilled handball players aged 20 to 35 years anticipated the situation of seven handball attack video movies. Visual search behavior was measured by using validated researcher made questionnaire. The results of anticipation illustrated that, skilled players were better than... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Effect of poultry manure and NPK on yield and storability of orange-and white-fleshed sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam]

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences

ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.

Sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] is amongst the most commonly grown root crops in Sub-Saharan Africa. Comparatively,orange-fleshed cultivars of sweet potato are richer in beta carotene, a precursor to dietary vitamin A than white-fleshed ones. In spite of their health benefits, yields have been low in Africa due to low soil fertility. Studies were therefore conducted to determine the effect of amending soils with poultry manure and NPKmineral... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 1

Information Technology (IT) for teaching and learning

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

The present research discusses the challenges to learning and its methodological principles posed by the new technologies. It will be argued that the integration of new media into learning is a necessary step ensuring the acquisition of the kind of teaching and learning needed for living and working in the knowledge society. In response to a growing dependency on IT technology, learning how to use the IT has become part of many public educational... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Characterization of partially purified cysteine protease inhibitor from Tetracarpidium conophorum (African walnut)

African Journal of Biochemistry Research

Afr. J. Biochem. Res.

Cysteine protease inhibitors (CPIs) have been known to be present in a variety of seeds of plants, and have been intensively studied as useful tools for potential utilization in pharmacology. This study reports the isolation of CPI from Tetracarpidium conophorum by 65% ammonium sulphate saturation, followed by ion exchange chromatography; further purification was by gel filtration chromatography. The molecular weight of the partially purified... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

Elevation of oxidative stress markers in Type 1 diabetic children

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology

J. Diabetes Endocrinol.

Children’s diabetes is represented by the Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). In T1DM, the persistence of hyperglycemia has been reported to cause increased production of oxygen free radicals through glucose autooxidation and nonenzymatic glycation. The aim of this study was to evaluate markers of oxidant/antioxidant status in diabetic children of Western Algeria. This study included 40 children with T1DM with mean age of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Computerized tomography scan and head injury: The experience in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria: A cross sectional study

Medical Practice and Reviews

Med. Pract. Rev.

Trauma is the leading cause of death in all age groups, and head trauma is the cause of death in more than 50% of cases. Head injury reduces the level of physical and mental health of a community, ultimately increasing the socioeconomic burden. In our resource limited country, skull x ray was the main mode of investigating head trauma until recently when computerized tomography (CT) scans became the modality of choice in the initial work up of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

The sociology and social science of ‘evil’: Is the conception of pedophilia ‘evil’?

Philosophical Papers and Review

Philos. Papers Rev

This paper approaches ‘evil’ from sociological and social science perspectives, using them to increase our insight into the concept of ‘evil’ since they have long neglected direct analyses of ‘evil’. For example, sociology has focused on questions of the good, treating its other as an absence or a residual category. Durkheim suggested to avoid using common sense categorisations, without exploring their social... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Perfection of unused Ni-Ti endodontic files, myth or reality? A scanning electron microscope (SEM) study

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

Endodontic rotary files have been developed to improve the quality of root canal preparation. However, such instruments have a risk of separation. In most cases, the files are not checked for quality before use. Instead, they are often removed from the packages, sterilized and used without being examined for the presence of imperfections or debris. Practitioners were always to be blamed of such mishaps, but recently there has been some... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Dearth of literature on barriers to provision of psychiatric nursing care in Nigeria: Findings from a literature review

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

The literature review was conducted to review barriers to provision of psychiatric nursing care in the world. The literature search highlighted a dearth of literature in Nigeria on barriers to provision of psychiatric nursing care, highlighting a gap in knowledge base that needs to be filled. The aim of publishing this literature review is to fill the gap in knowledge highlighted. The literature review was discussed under four headings namely:... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Exposure to ZnO-NPs enhanced gut- associated microbial activity in Eisenia fetida

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.

With advent of the nanotechnology era, the environmental risk has continuously been receiving engineered nanomaterials, as well as their derivatives. Our current understanding of the potential impact of nanomaterials and their effect on soil organism is limited. The present study fills the gap between effect of manufactured nanomaterials (NPs) and their available natural scavengers. In the study,  earthworm Eisenia fetida (EW), which occupies... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Kinetics study of copolymerization of 2-anilinoethanol onto chitosan by ammonium peroxydisulfate as a initiator

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

Graft copolymerization of 2-anilinoethanol (2AE) onto chitosan (Chit-g-P2AE) was carried out by using ammonium peroxydisulfate (APS) as a long initiator under nitrogen atmosphere. Evidence of grafting was confirmed by comparison of FTIR spectrum of chitosan and the grafted copolymer. The grafting kinetics in the different conditions was studied as well. The effects of concentration of APS, 2AE, reaction time and temperature on graft copolymerization... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 4

Herbal medicines use among diabetic patients in Oriental Morocco

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of herbal medicines (HM) use among diabetic patients in Oriental Morocco, in order to establish an updated inventory of HM consumption and determine the predictive factors of their use in our patients. We conducted a cross-sectional study during three months from March, 2013 to May, 2013 including all diabetic patients consulting at the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism of Mohammed VI... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Relative consequences due to absence of corporate governance in nationalized and private commercial banks in Bangladesh

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

This study produces weak and ineffective corporate governance practices in both state owned and privately owned commercial banks in Bangladesh. The paper presents key aspects requiring reforms: the role, constitution and accountability of board, risk management, and transparency. To analyze the corporate governance practices of the private commercial banks (PCBs) and State owned commercial (SCBs), this study focused on four aspects of corporate... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Gender inequality in reproductive health services and sustainable development in Nigeria: A theoretical analysis

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

If policies for the promotion of gender equality are to be realizable their goals must include equitable distribution of health related resources in line with MDG goals 3 and 5 which focus on promoting gender equality, empowerment of women and family planning. This requires careful identification of the similarities and differences in the use of family planning as a component of reproductive health. It also necessitates an analysis of the gendered... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Antimicrobial activity of endophytic fungi isolated and identified from salt marsh plant in Vellar Estuary

Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials

J. Microbiol. Antimicrob.

The purpose of this work was to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of endophytic fungi isolated from leaves and stems of Suaeda maritima and Suaeda monoica. Many endophytes were isolated by using potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium. All the endophytic isolates were identified by using standard taxonomic keys and monographs. From a total of 16 isolates, nine potent strains were taken for further study. The fungal culture was extracted with ethyl... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Genetic diversity of sesame germplasm collection (SESAMUM INDICUM L.): implication for conservation, improvement and use

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research

Int. J. Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Res.

Genetic diversity assessment of genetic resources maintained at Gene-Banks has important implication for future improvement, conservation and collection activities. However, such information is not available for sesame collected by IBC, Ethiopia. Inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) marker was used to assess the level of genetic diversity, genetic structure and genetic distance, and to indirectly estimate the level of gene flow among populations of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Hybrid diagnosing techniques for analyzing dissolved gases in power transformers

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research

J. Eng. Technol. Res.

Safe operation of elements of power systems plays a crucial role in maintaining the reliability and safety of the system. Transformers being a key element in power systems need to be maintained and monitored on a regular basis. Dissolved gas analysis has been used as a reliable tool in maintaining the safe operation of transformers for a long time. Analysis of dissolved gases is analytical and often interpreted differently by different users and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Influence of different concentrations of CO2 in the postharvest conservation of peaches 'Aurora-1'

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research

J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of different concentrations of carbon dioxide associated with a fixed concentration of oxygen in the postharvest conservation of peaches 'Aurora-1'. Experiment was based on a complete random split plot design, five atmosphere conditions, five analysis dates with three replications, each consisting of five fruits. The treatments were based on five atmospheres of CO2, that is, 1, 3, 6... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Review on convectional and advanced diagnostic techniques of human tuberculosis

Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis

J. Med. Lab. Diagn.

Tuberculosis is a major health problem throughout the world causing large number of deaths, more than that of any other single infectious disease. Accurate and early diagnosis of tuberculosis is important for its effective management. The continued development of affordable, sensitive, and specific diagnostic tools will be required for use in resource-poor settings, where the incidence of disease is the highest like Ethiopia. This paper was done to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Coffee leaf damaging insects’ occurrence in the forest coffee ecosystem of southwestern Ethiopia

African Journal of Plant Science

Afr. J. Plant Sci.

Insects are diverse and abundant in forest ecosystems, but poorly documented in afromontane rainforests in Southwestern Ethiopia where Coffea arabica L. originated and is distributed worldwide. Therefore, the present study was initiated to study the occurrence of coffee leaf damaging insect pests in the afromontane rainforest of southwestern Ethiopia. Accordingly, surveys on insect pest of coffee were conducted to investigate pest status and; their... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

Incidences of fetal deaths in rescued female leopards (Panthera-pardus) of Shivalik Hills in Northern India

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation

Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.

Twelve adult female leopards trapped in snare traps were rescued from Shivalik Hills areas of Himachal Pradesh. Of the 12 female leopards, 33.33% (4) leopards were found pregnant while others 66.67% (8) female leopards were non pregnant. Of the eight dead female leopards, 62.5% of trapped female leopards died because of body gripper trap injuries while in 37.5% of female leopards the cause of mortality was feet trap injuries. The maximum of the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

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