Parasitic occurrence in the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii from coastal West Bengal, India

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

In recent years, culture of Macrobrachium rosenbergii is expanding in India and West Bengal state in particular, due to its relatively fast growth rate, high market price and export demand. However, the detail study on parasitic diseases has received less attention on cultivable M. rosenbergii compared to the penaied prawns. The present parasitic survey on M. rosenbergii from coastal West Bengal state in India encountered 14 species of parasites.... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Sino-Africa economic and Chinese foreign direct investment in Africa on bilateral trade relations

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of Sino-Africa economic and Chinese FDI on Africa trade relations. China’s phenomenal economic growth rate has made the country rise to world leadership status, causing many analysts to ponder over its regional and international intentions and goals. Its investment is paying off now mainly in oil and other raw materials imports and manufactured goods. We used a panel data to analyze... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in cattle slaughtered at Gombe township abattoir, Gombe State, Nigeria

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A study to determine the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in cattle slaughtered in the Gombe township abattoir was conducted from March to July, 2009. Three hundred and twenty (320) cattle comprising of four breeds, slaughtered at the abattoir were examined post mortemly for bovine tuberculosis. The four breeds and number of each examined were White Fulani (155), Red Bororo (92), Sokoto Gudali (53) and Muturu (20). Eighty five (26.6%) cattle were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

The epidemiology of congenital heart diseases in Saudi Arabia: A systematic review

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Several studies have been conducted on congenital heart disease in different regions of Saudi Arabia. However, no recent systematic review has examined the growing scientific evidence with respect to the epidemiology of CHD in the Kingdom. The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive summary of CHD incidence, prevalence, burden and impact on the Saudi population. A literature search was conducted through PubMed and Google Scholar using... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Moving beyond ‘Illiberal Democracy’ in Sub-Saharan Africa: Recalling the significance of local governance

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

The developmental history of today’s liberal democratic states demonstrates a clear parallel between liberal state practice and functioning local government institutions.  This simple fact has implications for today’s policymakers interested in the political liberalization of sub-Saharan Africa’s newly declared “democracies.”  Yet, among the many debates taking place in developmental politics, local governance... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 7

A comparative study of the effectiveness of direct feedback and indirect feedback methods for Urdu EFL learners’ writings

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

The current study is designed to find the comparative effects of direct feedback method and indirect feedback method of error treatment on Urdu EFL learners’ writings at intermediate level. To find out the comparative results about these two treatment methods, 46 students having Urdu as their mother tongue were divided into two groups. Errors in writings of one group were treated by direct feedback method while indirect feedback method was... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Factors influencing smallholder farmers’ decisions to participate in livestock markets in Namibia

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Across the world, sustained integration of smallholder farmers into commercial agriculture has empowered resource poor smallholder farmers to diversify their livelihoods into non-farm enterprises. The new enterprises have crystallized into socioeconomic development hubs. Associated with the growth of the agricultural sector in developed nations has been the development of highly market-integrated agribusinesses manned by few commercial farmers.... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

The contributions of Ilorin scholars to Islam in West Africa: A study of Alfa Salaudeen (a.k.a. Alfa Parakoyi) in Ijesha land

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

Despite the fact that, the actual date of the introduction of Islam to the Yoruba speaking people of south western Nigeria is not known, it is believed that the Muslim empires in West Africa knew of Yoruba land long before its introduction to Islam. The spread of Islam to other areas is very important in Islam and this serves as a challenge to all Islamic scholars to champion the course of evangelizing the non-believers or idol worshippers as the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Knowledge and attitude of Saudi mothers towards health of primary teeth

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The aim of this study was to assess Saudi mothers’ knowledge and attitude towards primary teeth health and dental caries and the impact of level of education on their knowledge and attitude. Four hundred, self-reported questionnaires were distributed to mothers of children aged 1 to 6 years. They contained questions expressing knowledge and attitudes towards the health of primary teeth and the effect of educational level on knowledge and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Environmental and health hazards associated with exploration of barite from Bukkuyum (Zamfara State), Nigeria

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences

ISABB J. Health Environ. sci.

Barite is barium sulfate with the chemical formula of BaSO4. Unlike barite witherite (BaCO3) it is not chemically inert, it can dissolve in water and, when dissolved, can cause an environmental hazard. Barite forms in many geologic environments with both metallic and nonmetallic minerals. Minerals associated with the ore are a main concern when mining and processing barite. In many barite deposits, silica is present,if the level of SiO2 is high... Read more

Vol. 2 Num. 3

More than two decades of climate change alarm: Farmers’ knowledge, attitudes and perceptions

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

We conducted a questionnaire survey to assess farmers’ knowledge, attitudes and perceived threats of climate change. The findings show that the farmers are generally aware of direct and observable causes of climate change and the main impacts of climate change on agriculture but are not clear about the interconnections between the natural environment and farm management activities that result in climate change. This observation maybe explained... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 27

Variation in nutrient concentrations of basement complex and sedimentary rock of teak plantations in Ogun State, Southwest Nigeria

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

This study examined the differences in the nutrient concentration of the parent material of teak plantations under basement and sedimentary rocks in south western Nigeria. Systematic line transect was employed to establish 18 plots (30 m x 30 m), each in Ilaro (sedimentary rock) and Olokemeji (basement complex rock) plantations which were 37, 40 and 42 years old while twelve rock samples each from 3 quadrants each of 30 m2 were selected for rock... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Prevalence and impact of bovine trypanosomiasis in Mayo Rey division, a Soudano-Sahelian zone of Cameroon

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

For several years, pastoralists in Mayo Rey division have reported the presence of trypanosomiasis within their herds, and have used trypanocides in the complete absence of laboratory diagnosis. This present study aimed to establish the prevalence of trypanosomiasis and its impact on local cattle. A parasitological survey was carried out in 24 herds for a total of 270 cattle selected and followed-up for a period of one year. Blood samples were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

A synthesis of the impact of the ever evolving information and communication technologies on the economic development of Togo

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

The Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can play an important role in accelerating the economic growth potential of a country. The exponentially rapid spread of ICT is deeply affecting the social, political, economic and cultural spheres in even in poor countries like Togo. We evaluated the appropriation of ICT in Togo to determine its potential to integrate its economy into global production networks through a techno-economic paradigm... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

India’s Foreign Policy-Retrospect and prospect

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

A country relation with other countries of the world is known as her external relations. The external relations of a country are based on certain principles and policies. They are collectively called foreign policy. Thus foreign policy is the totality of actions of a state in dealing with external environment consisting of national, international and regional actors. In other words, foreign policy is the sum total of a country’s relationship... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 6

Susceptibility pattern of aerobic bacteria isolated from septicemic cattle in Adama, Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

From November, 2011 to March, 2012 a total of 586 cattle were examined for febrile conditions. From these animals, 62 (10.6) animals were found to be febrile. So the study was conducted on these animals with the objective of identifying and carrying out antibacterial susceptibility testing on the isolates. From the total of 62 blood cultures processed, only 37 cultures gave bacteria while the remaining 25 cultures were discarded because of absence... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

A stochastic frontier analysis on farm level technical efficiency in Zimbabwe: A case of Marirangwe smallholder dairy farmers

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

This study empirically investigates farm level technical efficiency of production and its associated determinants for Marirangwe smallholder dairy farmers, in Manyame district, Mashonaland east province in Zimbabwe. Using a stochastic production frontier model and a two step estimation approach, results for a sample of 27 smallholder farmers indicates that for the agricultural season 2013/2014, the average efficiency level was 54.9% particularly... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Forms and content of sesquioxides in soils on basement complexes of northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

The forms and content of sesquioxides (Fe and Mn) were studied in soils developed on basement complex rocks within Northern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria. The study showed that variation in parent materials and pedogenetic development significantly influenced content of dithionite, oxalate extractable forms of iron and active iron ratio in these soils. The mean values of active sesquioxides (Fe and Mn) ratios between the soils varied in the order of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

How Green are our Stories? Explorations of ecological subjectivities in Ethiopian children’s literature

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

This study explores the place given to ecological crises in Ethiopian children’s literature. Through examining ecological subject positions in the works, it attempts to investigate values ascribed to nature. More than fifty narratives in fifteen children’s literature books published in Amharic have been considered for the investigation. An Ecocritical approach has been used as a framework to analyze the works. The analysis reveals that... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Posturedontics in dentistry: A review

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

Dentistry is a profession that generally produces muscular pain and soreness, they are usually harmless and slow to appear; consequently, the symptoms are usually ignored until they become chronic and permanent lesions are present. When practicing, dentists sometimes are forced to adopt unhealthy postures which depend mainly on factors related to the working conditions. Also, they are exposed to biomechanical risk factors, which indicates that work... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

The role of social media, user generated platforms and crowd sourcing in the development of tourism destinations

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

The paper aims to investigate the status and progress of scientific research and innovation in the tourism industry, with special reference to studies that have been conducted on tourism destinations and social media channels. The research involved the analysis of 50 papers in the last 5 years from the highest cited journals, regarding methods and benefits of adopting new technologies on tourism destinations. This article makes an overview of the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Assessment of entrance surface air kerma in patients undergoing chest X-ray from conventional diagnostic radiology in Ogun State, Nigeria

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

Due to the universality and high percentage demand of chest X-rays and the importance of this examination in diagnostic radiology, there is a strong need for the assessment of its entrance surface air kerma. Entrance surface air kerma (ESAK) has been measured for a total of 60 patients undergoing posteroanterior chest x-ray from conventional diagnostic radiology in three diagnostic centers in Ogun State, Nigeria. ESAK was measured based on the x-ray... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Evaluation of the minerals, heavy metals and microbial compositions of drinking water from different sourcesin Utagba-Uno, Nigeria

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences

ISABB J. Health Environ. sci.

The presence of heavy metals in drinking water is of public health significance because of their toxicity at even low concentrations. Water should also be free of microorganisms.The quality of drinking water from tap, rain,river and bottled water within Utagba-Uno, a rural community in Ndokwa, Delta State was evaluated by determining the minerals, heavy metals and microbial compositions. The nine water samples analyzed included three bottled water... Read more

Vol. 2 Num. 2

Profiling of community directed distributors on key household practices in resource-poor setting: A case study of Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Improving malaria control, hygiene and sanitation in households is a challenge in the health system. Hence, several countries have used community directed distributors (CDDs) to assist in delivering health information and services. Despite their use there is little attempt to profile this group of workers. This was a cross sectional study conducted in 2014 involving 297 CDDs from 3 rural communities in Anambra Central Senatorial Zone of Anambra... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Impact of information leaflet on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) related information and self management in HIV positive adolescents

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research

J. AIDS HIV Res.

This study evaluates the effectiveness of a peer support intervention on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) related information and self-management in HIV positive adolescents. Adolescents in this study referred to children in the age group 11 to 16 years. An intervention study, with outcomes assessed the intervention and immediately post-intervention.  Participants aged 11 to 16 years (N = 114) were recruited from three antiretroviral... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Leisure attitude, perceived freedom in leisure within married couples

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

Studies show that most people see marriage and children as an important part of their future, and view marriage as playing a crucial role in meeting their needs for companionship and emotional security.  One of the factors found to play an important role in marriage is leisure which may influence and strengthen married couples interaction. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between Perceived Freedom in Lesiure and Leisure... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Gas chromatography mass spectrum and fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy analysis of methanolic extract of Rosmarinus oficinalis leaves

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

The aims of the study were to investigate the presence of phytochemical compounds from the leaves of Rosmarinus oficinalis, using methanolic extraction and report the main functional components by using FT-IR. The phytochemical compound screened by GC-MS method. Seventeen bioactive phytochemical compounds were identified in the methanolic extract of R. oficinalis. The identification of phytochemical compounds is based on the peak area, retention... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Medication-related factors of non adherence among patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: Outcome of a cross-sectional survey in Maiduguri, North-eastern Nigeria

Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health

J. Neurosci. Behav. Health

Pharmacotherapy is the cornerstone in the symptomatic treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, but non-adherence to the medications constitutes major obstacles to optimal outcome in their management. This study assessed the prevalence of and exclusively x-rayed medication-related factors of non-adherence among patients with these disorders in a resource-poor setting. Three hundred and fifty eight (358) patients with schizophrenia and bipolar... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Blood tissue cytological status of prognosis and predictive markers in the natural history of solid cancer development

Journal of Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology Research

J. Clin. Immunol. Immunopathol. Res.

Cancer is the major burden of disease worldwide. Each year, tens of millions of people are diagnosed with cancer around the world, and more than half of the patients eventually die from it. In many countries, cancer ranks the second most common cause of death following cardiovascular diseases. With significant improvement in treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases, cancer has or will soon become the number one killer in many parts of the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

An autopsy case of Group A Streptococcus meningoencephalitis

Journal of Clinical Pathology and Forensic Medicine

J. Clin. Pathol. Forensic Med.

Group A Streptococcus (GAS), which frequently colonizes the oropharynx, causes significant morbidity worldwide due to invasive infections such as pneumonia, necrotizing fasciitis, bacteremia and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. However, this organism does not usually invade the central nervous system. Here, we report the autopsy of an adult Japanese patient who died from a fulminant infection, and examination of her cerebrospinal fluid and blood... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

The main themes in Lord of the Flies

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

This research deals with the main themes in the novel Lord of the Flies written by the British novelist William Golding. It shows how the theme plays an important role in every literary work; it reflects the central idea of the writer or author. This research shows how Golding displays his characters to present different themes and ideas in order to show his readers the experience and performance of each character to give more understanding about... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Comparison between the Widal test and culturing technique in the diagnosis of enteric fever in Khartoum State, Sudan

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

Salmonella infection is a common bacteria disease that causes enteric fever in humans. Presently, Widal test, stool, blood and urine cultures are the most diagnostic means of confirming Salmonella infection in humans since they are based on the isolation, identification and demonstration of the presence of antibodies in the serum. However, the stool and serum sample of an infected patient against the (O) and (H) antigens of the bacteria requires... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Globalisation, religion and religiosity in Tanzania

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

This article examines the impact of globalisation on religion and religiosity in Tanzania in the face of the neo-liberal ideology taking hold of the country. It focuses mainly on christian groups and denominations influenced by  pentecostalism in Tanzania. Thus, the discussion does not include other religions because since 1980s, it is evident that there has been an increase of new churches within christian groups. The main argument is that... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Yield and nutrient uptake of wheat (Triticumaestivum L) as influenced by different levels of nitrogen and foliar spray of nutrient mixture

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences

ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.

A field experiment was conducted to study the “Yield and nutrient uptake of wheat (Triticumaestivum L) as influenced by different levels of nitrogen and foliar spray of nutrient mixture” during rabi2007-2008 and 2008-2009 at Crop Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, Allahabad Agricultural Institute-Deemed University Allahabad- India. The results show that highest grain and straw yield and nutrient content and uptake (NPK) was recorded... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

The influence of vocational education training image on students’ loyalty: Case study in Vietnam

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

A model of the dimensions that measure the way students perceive and think about the image of vocational education training (VET) was developed together with an instrument to measure the impact of VET’s image on students’ loyalty towards the VET sector in the Vietnamese context. The data were collected from 900 students: 300 in lower secondary school, 300 in upper secondary school and 300 in vocational education and training using a... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The impact of colonial rule on the agricultural economy of Mbaise, Imo State, 1500-1960

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

At present, there is no reasonably full account of the economic history of Mbaise in Imo State, Nigeria. The reason for this is obvious. Among others, enough attention has not been given to economic and social developments of mini-polities that dot Igbo land, east of the Niger. Existing historical studies in the area though valuable, are politically biased as early scholars on African past concentrated on documenting political developments in... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Influence of environmental variables on the relative abundance and habitat use of two sympatric notobranchiid fishes in a tropical stream

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture

Int. J. Fish. Aquac.

Effect of environmental variables on the population dynamics of two sympatric notobranchiid fishes, Epiplatys bifasciatus and E. spilargyreius in the seasonal Monai Stream of the Kainji Lake Basin in Nigeria were studied for 24 months. In all, 2,544 and 937 specimens of E. bifasciatus and E. spilargyreius were collected respectively. E. bifasciatus was more abundant of the two species throughout the study period. For both species, monthly abundance... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Evaluation of raw water quality of Bosso Lake in North-Central Nigeria

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology

J. Civ. Eng. Constr. Technol.

This study focuses on the quality of water at Bosso Lake during the rainy season months of August to October. Water samples collected each month were examined for their physiochemical and bacteriological attributes. All the samples were obtained during the peak of the rainy season while traits such as nitrate concentration, pH values, total dissolved solids (TDS), total hardness, iron concentration, suspended solids, calcium hardness, total coliform... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Isolation, identification of Staphylococcus aureus from bovine milk and its antibiotics susceptibility

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

The isolation, identification of Staphylococcus aureus from bovine milk and its antibiotic susceptibility was studied. One milliliter of each freshly drawn milk sample was inoculated into 9 ml of sterile peptone water and incubated overnight. A loop full of peptone water broth was streaked on blood agar base enriched with sheep blood using the quadrant streaking method for each quarter. Blood agar plates were incubated aerobically at 37°C for 24... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Geospatial mapping of Srinagar City

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Mapping has remarkably become an essential tool to represent the land surface processes, utility sites and the interactions of the human activities with the environment. The rapid evolution of geographic information data management and the automation of satellite image interpretation through remote sensing techniques are providing increasingly abundant ways of mapping. Geospatial approach is very useful tool to demonstrate the spatial disparity of... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 6

A synchronic study of semantics in selected Akan choral compositions in Ghana

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

In the performance traditions of choral music in Ghanaian community, understanding the text of the music is but one facet of extremely important aspects in performance. Unfortunately, some of the texts of some recent choral music compositions lack linguistic semantic representations. Performers are only mindful of the rhythm, melody and its associated harmony without even if the meaning of the song is not clear to them. Some of these songs lack... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

Science and technology capacity in Africa: A new index

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

In 2001, the RAND Corporation´s Science and Technology Policy Institute created an Index of Science and Technology Capacity for the World Bank, which ranked 150 countries on their potential to innovate and collaborate with more scientifically advanced nations. At that time, the African nation that ranked highest on the list was Mauritius, at number 59, and of the bottom 20 countries, 14 were African. In the ensuing years, some African nations... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Euthanasia: A fight for respect and autonomy

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

This study discusses an ethical dilemma on “Euthanasia”. The purpose of this study is to analyze the ethical controversies associated with euthanasia. This study will present an in-depth analysis of a clinical scenario with regard to the concept of health-related quality of life, patient’s autonomy, and other legal, social, and religious perspectives. A four quadrant approach is performed to analyze the scenario.   Key... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Performance of summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) cultivars under varying dates of sowing in prevailing agro-climatic condition of North Bengal

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

To study the effect of dates of sowing and improved cultivars on growth and yield of summer sesame in North Bengal five different dates of sowing (10th February, 20th February, 2nd March, 12th March and 22nd March and three cultivars of sesame (Rama, Savitri and Tillotama) with three replications.  The highest (114.66 and 115.83 cm) plant height was recorded when sesame sown on 12th March (D4) and which was statistically at par with 2nd March... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 12

Malassezia pachydermatis presence in canine external otitis and dermatopathies

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research

J. Yeast Fungal Res.

Malassezia pachydermatis is a commensal yeast of the skin and external ear canal of dogs and cats that may become an opportunistic pathogen under some conditions. The aim of this paper was to research the diseases which predispose to the development of opportunistic M. pachydermatis in dogs with external otitis or dermatopathies. The samples were collected by sterile swabs or by the carpet technique. Samples were obtained from the external ear canal... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Professional development needs of school principals in the context of educational reform

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

Retraining and upskilling of human resources in organizations are deemed vital whenever a reform takes place, or whenever a huge policy is being implemented on a comprehensive scale. In an education system, officers, principals, and teachers need to be retrained so as to enable them implement and manage new changes, which are manifested in the form of new policies and strategic development plan mooted by the government. This article presents a study... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Pancreatic response after treatment with 1,5-Bis(3,5- dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-3-oxapentane diacetatocopper in rats

Journal of Cell Biology and Genetics

J. Cell Biol. Genet.

3,5-Dimethylpyrazole (U-6245) is a hypoglycemic and antilipolytic agent used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Complex 1,5-Bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-3-oxapentane diacetatocopper was prepared in 2009. This study indicated that 1,5-Bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-3- oxapentane-diacetatocopper has hypoglycemic properties by decreasing glucose level in blood but caused histopathological changes in the pancreas rats. Rats treated with... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 1

Bioactivity of fractionated indigenous medicinal plant extracts of Phlomis damascena Born. and Ranunculus myosuroides against the cotton whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

Two bioactive methanol (MeOH) extracts of two indigenous medicinal plant species Phlomis damascena Born. and Ranunculus myosuroides Boiss. & Kotschy were tested for insecticidal activity of their fractions against the cotton whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) adults under controlled conditions. This study is within bio-prospection context, in form of utilizing local plant species as an alternative in sustainable agriculture development. Organic... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Creep deformation of fracture surfaces analysis in a hydraulically fractured reservoir using the finite element method

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering

J. Petroleum Gas Eng.

In this study, we develop a Galerkin-type finite element (FE) solution to assess the creep deformation of fracture surfaces. These surfaces are treated as comparatively compliant rocks which are separated by a comparatively stiff proppant pack. Viscoelastic properties of fracture surfaces are assessed by the temperature and deformation dependent modulus. The key challenge is to appropriately develop the creep and the relaxation functions which are... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Effect of sunflower stover and nutrients management on soil biological properties and available nitrogen and phosphorus at different stage of pigeonpea growth under pigeonpea-sunflower cropping system

African Journal of Plant Science

Afr. J. Plant Sci.

A fixed plot field experiment was carried out during 2008-09 and 2009-10 at New Delhi, India to study the “effects of sunflower stover, nitrogen and phosphorus management on soil health under pigeonpea-sunflower cropping system’’. Kharif season experiment in the first year was laid out in split-plot design, assigning sunflower stover incorporation (8 t/ha) and no stover incorporation (control) to main plots and combination of P... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 6

Population growth and gender time distribution in a small-open growth model

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

This study proposes an endogenous population economic growth model with gender time distribution between work, children fostering and leisure. It deals with nonlinear dynamic interdependence between the birth rate, the mortality rate, the population, wealth accumulation, and time distribution. We model the production side and wealth accumulation on the basis of the Solow model. The population dynamics is influenced by the Haavelmo population model... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Aflatoxin management in Northern Ghana: Current prevalence and priority strategies in maize (Zea mays L)

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research

J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.

The production and utilization of maize have increased tremendously across all regions of Ghana in recent times. However, aflatoxin (AF) contamination in grain maize has remained a critical food safety concern. The study was conducted in 6 districts in the Upper East and Upper West regions of Ghana to assess farmers’ knowledge on AF, and determine AF levels under farmer storage conditions. A total of 240 respondents from 24 communities were... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

RNA Interference – A fine tuner of gene regulation: a Review

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research

Int. J. Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Res.

The discovery of RNA interference by Fire and Mello has opened up a new arena for research in molecular biology. The interfering RNAs (iRNAs) are 21-23 nucleotide RNA duplexes, which have the ability to reduce or abolish gene activity, and this property is being used in reverse genetics. Dicer and RISC (RNA-induced silencing complex) play important role in mechanism of RNA interference. The specificity, efficiency and potency make RNAi an attractive... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Effect of distortionary and non-distortionary taxes on economic growth: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African countries

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Studies on economic growth have provided insights into why states grow at different rates over time. Most recently, endogenous growth economics asserts that government expenditure and taxation will have both temporary and permanent effects on economic growth. The debate on the effectiveness of taxes as a tool for promoting growth and development remains inconclusive. Against this background, this study sought to determine the effect of distortionary... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Social marketing for women's health campaigns

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

The social marketing orientation seeks to potentialize public health campaigns using five principles: customer focus; focus on the benefits to customers; endeavouring to create value; involving the whole organisation in the process; being aware of customers’ difference. This article aims to identify the Social Marketing principles (and practices) in women’s health programme in the ABC Region, located in the Greater São Paulo,... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Sensory profile of fermented milk drinks flavored with fruits from the Brazilian Cerrado

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

The Brazilian cerrado has several fruit species with great potential for agro-industrial use including the production of milk drinks. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the sensory profile and purchase intent of fermented milk drinks added in increasing levels of fruits from the Brazilian cerrado. Four formulations of milk drinks were processed with concentrations of 4, 8, 12 and 16% of Araçá (Psidium cattleianum),... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 6

The reproductive and feeding ecology of rodents in Sekoru district, Southwest Ethiopia

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment

J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.

A study on reproductive and feeding ecology of rodents was conducted in agricultural areas of some selected kebeles (the smallest administrative unit in Ethiopia) of Sekoru district from February 2014 to December 2014. Rodents were captured by snap trapping using rat traps. During the whole study period, four rodent species, namely, Rattus rattus, Mastomys natalensis, Arvicanthis dembeensis and Lemniscomys barbarus were identified from a total of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Interaction between pro-inflammatory cytokines and brain oxidative stress biomarkers of khat, cathinone and pseudoephedrine hydrochloride intoxication in male mice

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

Cathinone is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant found in khat leaves. Cathinone and synthetic cathinone have become popular recreational drugs in recent years, commonly marked as "legal highs". Pseudoephedrine more commonly known as cathine closely related to phenyl alkylamines that have been isolated from the Catha edulis "khat". The present study aimed to examine the potency differences between cathinone, khat... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 23

Inhibitive and adsorptive effect of Parinari polyandra on mild steel corrosion in aqueous sulphuric acid

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.

The inhibition of mild steel corrosion in 0.5 M sulphuric acid solution by ethanol extracts of Parinari polyandra as an eco-friendly inhibitor was studied at different temperatures by weight loss technique and linear polarization. The test plant extracts has a promising inhibitory action against corrosion of mild steel in the sulphuric acid media. The inhibition efficiencies increase with a corresponding increase in the concentration of the... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 6

Enterprise architecture maturity stages: A cluster analysis in Brazilian small businesses

African Journal of Business Management

Afr. J. Bus. Manage.

Enterprise Architecture - EA encompasses the core business processes, Information Technology infrastructure (IT), systems, and technologies, as well as the level of integration and standardization of data and processes. Companies that develop EA tend to migrate from local applications to systems that share infrastructure and data. In this context, the aim of this study is to identify how the SMEs –Small Enterprises from Southern Brazil are... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 12

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