Accelerating Discovery

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Latest Published Articles

Temperature effects on cooked food in the tropics: A case study of local soups in Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria

September 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 9

This study examined the effects of temperature on cooked food in Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria. It utilized the survey research design. Primary data about cooked food conditions between hours of reheating were generated from women in the area using copies of checklist. Temperature data were collected for a period of one...

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A comparative study on stability of different types of coconut (Cocos nucifera) oil against autoxidation and photo-oxidation

September 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 9

This study aimed to compare the stability of five types of coconut (Cocos nucifera) oil available in Sri Lanka. The types of coconut oil studied were coconut pairing oil (CPO), white coconut oil (WCO), refined bleached and deodorized coconut oil (RBDCO), virgin coconut oil (VCO) and coconut oil (CO). Oils were exposed to...

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Isolation and identification of probiotic Lactobacillus species from traditional drink kunun-zaki fortified with paddy rice and sweet potatoes

September 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 9

The present study was conducted to determine the probiotic properties of the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from Kunun-zaki processed with different thickeners. Kunun-zaki was processed using 50:50 and 80:20 millet and sorghum. A total of seven isolates that is, Lactobacillus (Lb.) lactis, Lactobacillus casei,...

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Proximate composition, physical characteristics and mineral content of fruit, pulp and seeds of Parinari curatellifolia (Maula) from Central Malawi

September 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 9

In this study, proximate composition, physical characteristics and mineral content of fruit, pulp and seeds of Parinari curatellifolia (Maula) fruits from Bunda forests in Central Malawi were determined. Proximate composition included crude protein, crude fat and crude fiber, while physical characteristics included mass,...

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Popularization of Koekoek poultry breed for enhancing livelihood of poor households: A case of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 8

Demonstration of Koekoek breed was conducted at Raya-Azebo and Enda-Mehoni Woredas with 10 poor households with the objective of increasing the productivity of poultry thereby improving livelihood of the resource poor farmers in Ethiopia. Koekoek breed had significantly (P<0.05) superior on number of eggs laid per...

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Aflatoxin B1 contamination in raw peanuts sold in Maputo City, Mozambique and associated factors

August 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 6

Peanut seeds (Arachis hypogaea L.) are consumed worldwide including Mozambique, due to good taste, high nutritional value and easy accessibility. When found in suitable conditions of humidity and high temperature, a fungus of the genus Aspergillus can contaminate peanuts and produce toxic secondary metabolites called...

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Genotype × environment interaction and stability of oil content of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) genotypes in Northern Ethiopia

August 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 3

The experiment, for oil content analysis, was conducted for two growing seasons under rain fed condition (2012-2013) in Humera and Dansha, and in a single year (2013 cropping season) in Sheraro (a total of five environments). The experiment, comprised of 13 sesame genotypes, laid out in randomized complete block design of...

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Comparative evaluation of short and long term in vitro antibacterial activity of white and gray mineral trioxide aggregate and calcium enriched mixture cement"

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 2

The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the short and long term antibacterial effects of white and gray mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium enriched mixture (CEM) on Streptococcus Sanguinis and Enterococcus faecalis which are commonly associated with endodontic infections. The test materials,...

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Focused antenatal care: Re-appraisal of current practices

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 8

Focused antenatal care has been viewed to be a better option to the previously existing orthodox model of antenatal care. The orthodox antenatal care otherwise known as traditional model of antenatal care requires a number of routine and frequent visits by pregnant women to the healthcare facility. This traditional model...

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Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound scans for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease keeping laboratory high vaginal swab/urine microscopy culture as gold standard in Anambra State, Nigeria

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 8

Ultrasound scanning (USS) and high vaginal swab culture and urine microscopy culture and sensitivity (m/c/s) tests are the most common investigations used for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in our locality. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of...

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Outlier based selection and accuracy updating of digital elevation models for urban area projects

August 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 8

Continuing degradation of urban environments of developing economies results from failure to make decisions based on scientific methods that employ accurate digital elevation models (DEM) in modelling environmental phenomena such as flooding and erosion. Data dumping and wastage occur if fresh DEM are required for every...

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Management status and perception of post quarried sites in Ndarugu Kiambu, Kenya

August 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 8

In recent times, rapid changes in buildings and infrastructural development have increased demand for construction materials. Ndarugu quarries located about 35 km north of Nairobi CBD are among the main sources of building materials in Kenya. The visible evidence of stone mining are the post-quarried sites scarred along...

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Optimization of bio gas production from slaughterhouse wastes

August 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 8

This study focuses on the production of biogas from slaughter house waste to generate optimal methane yield which has high calorific value under optimum temperature, pH and substrate proportion (blood, manure and undigested food material). In this study, two different kinds of experiment were done. The first experiment...

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Evaluation of socio-economic factors influencing exploitation of non-timber forest products in Tanzania

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 8

Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) constitute an important source of livelihood for millions of people from forest fringe communities across the world. This study was conducted to identify main NTFPs used by local communities around Nyanganje Forest Reserve (NFR) which is within the Eastern Arc Mountains in Kilombero...

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Perception, attitude and impacts of local communities on Senkele Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary, Ethiopia

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 8

This study aimed to investigate perception, attitude and impacts of local communities on Senkele Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary. Questionnaire survey, focus group discussions, key informant interviews and observation were employed to collect data. A total of 196 households participated in the questionnaire survey....

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The effect of variation of dimensions of solar reflectors on solar enhanced model pond

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

Waste water stabilization pond is a simple way of treating waste water but one of its limitations is that it requires large area of land to be efficient. This study employed the use of solar reflectors to improve the efficiency of waste water stabilization pond by investigating the effect of variation of solar reflectors...

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Quantifying the impact of integrated watershed management on groundwater availability in Gerduba watershed, Yabello district, Ethiopia

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

Integrated watershed management has a positive impact on groundwater balance. However, most parts of the study area particularly, Borana is the one which is suffering from severe rangeland degradation. Among others, heavy grazing, bush encroachment, gully expansion, topsoil fertility loss, sedimentation and less adequate...

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The Importance of financial reporting to capital market development in Ghana

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 8

The finance literature suggest that investment decisions are largely influenced by the quality of corporate financial information released by firms in their financial statements, and that capital market participants use corporate financial information released by firms for investment decisions. Factors that influence the...

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Drivers of economic growth in Ethiopia: Does foreign aid and policy complementarity matter?

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 8

The main research question here is to address drivers of economic growth in Ethiopia using the time series data from 1970 to 2016 where the complementarity of aid and policy index is critically assessed. The empirical result from cointegration test confirms the existence of long run relationship among the variables...

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Effects of marketing costs on gross margin: Evidence from guinea corn retailers in Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 8

This study assessed the effects of marketing costs on the gross margin of guinea corn retailers in Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria. The main aim of the study is not to only obtain precise costs and margins estimates for the conventional marketing functions of guinea corn, but rather to make the result of the analyses usable...

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