Globalization, Culture mutation and new identity: Implications for the Igbo cultural heritage

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The paper engages in globalization debate to explore culture mutation and resurgent new identity in the periphery societies of Africa. It focuses on the Igbo of Eastern Nigeria. The study of Igbo culture mutation is particularly interesting because 'traditional' scholarship presents the people as 'acephalous','egalitarian' and “republican”. It locates culture mutation within a social organization of culture... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Knowledge, attitudes and participation of community pharmacists in Lagos State, Nigeria towards primary health care (PHC)

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

The general objective of this study was to evaluate community pharmacists’ participation in primary health care as well as to assess community pharmacists’ knowledge of primary health care and determine their level of participation in health promotion, disease prevention and curative primary health care activities in Lagos, Nigera. A total of 120 community pharmacists were used for this study. Data was collected through the use of a self... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Genetics of drought tolerance in common bean genotypes adapted to Ugandan conditions

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important source of food and income for majority of households in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, bean production in Uganda is being affected by drought which has resulted from recent changes in climate. Developing high-yielding and drought-tolerant bean cultivars would significantly contribute to increased and stable yields in drought-prone environments. However, prior research was not focused on breeding for... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Ethnocentrism: Significance and effects on Kenyan society

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This study investigates the significance and effects of ethnocentrism in the Kenyan society. The usual concept of ethnocentrism combines the belief that one’s culture is superior to other cultures with the practice of judging other cultures as inferior to one’s own culture. This concept does not address the underlying issue of why people do this but emphasizes that people make false assumptions based on their own limited experience about... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Co-infections with Schistosoma haematobium and soil-transmitted helminths among school-aged children in Saki, Oyo State, Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and urinary schistosomiasis and the co-infection of these intestinal helminths among school children in Saki town, Oyo state, Nigeria. Early morning stool samples were collected and a Kato-Katz thick smear technique was used to examine and count parasitic load.Urine samples were also collected and examined for Schistosoma haematobium ova... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Nutritive composition of omega-3 fatty acids-rich Ricinodendron heudelotii and its potential for nutrition

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

Njangsa (Ricinodendron heudelotii), a tropical tree that grows in the forest of West and Central Africa, produces fruits that are manually shelled to collect oil seeds and dried. A compositional analysis of njangsa revealed a unique nutrient presence of long chain omega-3 fatty acids not usually associated with plant materials. The seed had 31.4% crude protein and 44.7% lipid. Of this lipid, about 73% was composed of polyunsaturated fatty acids... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

An Abattoir Survey on the Prevalence and Monetary Loss of Fasciolosis Among Cattle Slaughtered at Dangila Municipal Abattoir, Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Bovine fasciolosis is an economically important parasitic disease of cattle in tropical and subtropical countries responsible for considerable economic losses in the cattle industry, mainly through condemnation of fluke-infected liver. A cross sectional study was conducted between October, 2013 and March, 2014 to determine the prevalence and monetary losses associated with bovine fasciolosis and comparing coprology and post mortem techniques of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

The comparative analysis of feminism thought in works of Shahrnoush Parsipour and Marguerite Duras

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

Shahrnoush Parsipour and Marguerite Duras are both Iranian and French contemporary writers. There are similarities in their works for reasons such as  being a woman, being writer, being intellectual, living in 20th century, being familiar with various approaches of feminism, experiencing Eastern life. The question is, what is the ideological and intellectual coordination that exists in Parsipour and Duras? The premise of this research is based... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 10

Application of ICTs in family planning and birth control in Awka-South L.G.A, Anambra State, Nigeria

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The power of information and communication technology in information dissemination cannot be overemphasized. ICTs are the new technologies that have significantly changed today’s landscape by being a driving force that stimulates developmental change in digital age. This great transformation has served as a tool for information dissemination in the world and has carried information on family planning and birth control to Nigerian citizens.... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Comprehending rural market environment

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

Rural markets are gold mines paved with thrones. With mammoth size of 833 million populations residing in 640867 villages, rural India offers huge untapped potentiality for any marketer. There is wide disparity in village population range from less than 200 to more than 10000. The main occupation of majority of rural population is agriculture and allied activities that signify main source of income. Rural consumers spend more on food items as... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

The era of empire or globalization? The impact of the global shift on development thinking and society

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies

Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud

This study is a literature review with the ambition to answer the question, what is globalization? The myriad of perspectives, both for and against globalization theses makes it an elusive concept and can be confusing both for undergraduate students and laypersons. Hence, in this paper globalization theses reconsidered, pulling together diverse perspectives in order to provide an alternative way of understanding globalization debate, according to... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 1

Mycoflora associated with Masakwa sorghum (sorghum bicolor (L) moench) in the North Eastern part of Nigeria

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research

J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.

A laboratory study was conducted at the Department of Crop Protection, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria to assess the incidence of seed-borne fungi and their effects on seed germination of Masakwa sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Three varieties (Bulwana, Adjaama and Buruu) used were collected from different locations namely Bama, Dikwa and Konduga of Borno State, Nigeria. About 34.9% of the seeds were infected by different species of fungi obtained from... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

Basic biology and therapeutic application of stem cells in various human and animal diseases

Journal of Cell Biology and Genetics

J. Cell Biol. Genet.

Stem cells are a population of precursor cells that are capable of developing into many different cell types in the body. They are unspecialized cells that can give rise to specialized cells and capable of dividing and renewing themselves for long periods. Based on the potency, stem cells can be totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent, oligopotent, unipotent and based on source it can be divided as embryonic, fetal, adult, amniotic fluid, cord blood,... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 4

Effect of infection by Metarhizium anisopliae isolate ICIPE 51 on developmental stage, fecundity and intrinsic rate of increase of Rhopalosiphum padi and Metopolophium dirhodum

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

This study assesses the pathogenicity of Metarhizium anisopliae isolate ICIPE 51 against different nymphal instars and adults of Rhopalosiphum padi and Metopolophium dirhodum and investigates effects of fungal infection on fecundity and intrinsic rate of aphid increase. To obtain different developmental stages, adult aphids were inoculated onto fresh leaf discs, reproducing parthenogenetically. Rearing was carried out to ensure different... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Geothermal Energy

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research

J. Eng. Technol. Res.

The term Geothermal originates from two Greek words 'GEO' and 'THERM'. The Greek word ‘geo’ means the earth whilst their word for ‘therm’ means heat from the earth. Geothermal energy is energy derived from the heat of the earth. The earth’s centre is a distance of approximately 4000 miles and is so hot that it is molten. Temperatures are understood to be at least 5000°C. Heat from the centre of the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

An active form of calcium and calmodulin dependant protein kinase (ccamk) of Medicago truncatula

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The DMI3 gene of the model legume Medicago truncatula encodes a calcium and calmodulin dependent protein kinase (CCaMK) involved in the signalling pathways leading to the establishment of both mycorrhizal and rhizobial root symbiosis. The removal of the auto-inhibitory domain that negatively regulates the kinase activity in M. truncatula results in a constitutively-active form, inducing symbiotic responses in the absence of bacterial signals. In... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 52

Ethiopian beef carcass characteristics

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

This study was conducted to evaluate beef carcass characteristics of cattle slaughtered at local abattoirs in Ethiopia. About 10% of carcasses (3080) were collected from Adama, Hawassa, Mekelle and Kombolcha abattoirs between August 2013 and January 2014. The results of the study showed that 98.56% of cattle slaughtered were indigenous cattle while 1.44% was Holstein Frisian. The average carcass weight of indigenous cattle was 135.90 + 0.69 kg.... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 51

Characterization of pathogen responsible for infection in bhindi plant by using phytoplasma specific universal primers

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Infection in bhindi plant (Abelmoschus esculentus, Family-Malvaceae) is very common in Gorakhpur district of Eastern U.P. region of India. To detect the pathogen, genomic DNA was isolated from the infected bhindi plant sample and amplified through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) by using P1 forward primer and Tint reverse primer, which were phytoplasma specific universal primers. Obtained PCR amplicons were cloned and sequenced. BLAST analysis... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 51

Construction of some new exact structures for the nonlinear lattice equation

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

In the present work we examine a generalized coth and csch functions method to construct new exact travelling solutions to the nonlinear lattice equation. The technique of the homogeneous balance method is used to handle the appropriated solutions. Some exact solutions obtained are new.   Key words: Nonlinear lattice, travelling wave solutions. Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 23

Effect of welding parameters in flux core arc welding (FCAW) with conventional and pulsed current in the efficiency and fusion rate of melting coating

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

This study was conducted over the welding parameters associated with three levels of pulse to lead to important data for the deposition of metal on martensitic stainless steel, through tubular electrode EC410NiMo MC – ESAB by the conventional and pulsed flux core arc welding (FCAW) process in SAE 1020 steel. Were applied three current levels, 170A, 200A e 230A with welding speed of 300 mm/s, 350 mm/s and 400 mm/s, respectively and distance... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 23

Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, antimicrobial, phytotoxic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal activities of fixed oil from Viburnum grandiflorum

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

The present paper deals with the proximate chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial, phytotoxic and insecticidal activities of fixed oil isolated from aerial parts of Viburnum grandiflorum. The fixed oil was subjected to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis which displayed the presence of saturated and unsaturated fatty acid. Palmitic acid, methyl ester was found in highest concentration (24.22%) among the recognized... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 46

Socio-economic and family planning aspects of rural people in Bangladesh: A case study of Comilla District

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The main focus of this study is to investigate the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of some villages in a particular area of Bangladesh. Since Bangladesh is a rural based country, it is essential to study a village in particular to conclude on the socio-economic characteristics and family planning of Bangladesh as a whole. For this study, some villages have selected from Comilla District. Initially, the study was planned to cover all... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Agronomic biofortification of maize, soybean and groundnut with selenium in intercropping and sole cropping systems

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Agronomic biofortification of staple food crops with micronutrients important for human nutrition, such as selenium (Se), is currently being advocated to address widespread deficiencies in the diets of populations in sub-Saharan Africa. Previous research has shown that there is likely to be widespread dietary Se deficiency in Malawi due to low concentration of Se in edible parts of the staple crops, such as maize (Zea mays L), on low-pH soils, but... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 50

Screening of onion genotypes against Thrips tabaci Lind. in Central India

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation

Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.

Twenty-two (22) genotypes of onion (Allium cepa Lin.) was screened against Thrips tabaci Lind. in the experimental field of Department of Horticulture Maharajpur, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India during late wet season in the year 2010-11. The incidence of T. tabaci was observed from 45th standard metrological week (SMW) to 3rd SMW, that is, from transplanting till harvesting, in all the 22 genotypes. The... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

The effect of hidden curriculum on the criteria parents use to select schools and teachers

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

A framework of school and teacher qualities has been established by research. The need to identify families’ school and teacher selection criteria, in particular, is the main motive behind the present study. It mainly aims to identify the criteria parents use when selecting schools and teachers, or the influence of hidden curriculum on school and teachers’ selection. The study adopted the descriptive scanning model, and employed... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 23

Antidiabetic activity and acute toxicity evaluation of aqueous leaf extract of Vernonia amygdalina

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The present study was aimed to explore the therapeutic dose for antidiabetic activity and toxicological evaluation of Vernonia amygdalina (Va) aqueous extract in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Aqueous extract of leaves of Va was administered to alloxan induced diabetic rats in a dose of 150 and 300 mg/kg (orally) daily for 14 days. After this period, blood glucose level, haematological parameters and liver enzymes activities were evaluated. Also... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 50

Drug use pattern in Dessie Referral Hospital, North East Ethiopia

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

Rational drug use requires that patients receive medication appropriate to their clinical needs, in doses that meet their individual requirements, for adequate period of time and at lowest cost to them and their community. The study was designed to assess rational drug use using World Health Organization (WHO) core drug use indicators in Dessie Referral Hospital, North East Ethiopia. Cross sectional study design was employed to conduct the study... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 45

Production practices and constraints of pig farms in N’Djamena area, Chad

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

Practices and constraints of pig farming in the area of N'Djamena were submitted to transversal and retrospective and longitudinal investigation. The study concerned a sample of 176 farmers, divided in 4 of the 5 districts where pigs are raised in N'Djamena and 12 surrounding villages. The survey rate was 12% in N’Djamena and 20% in the suburban area. The monitoring concerned 8 farms in the city and 7 at its periphery during one year.... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 12

Growth, yield, quality and nutrient content of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) as influenced by sunflower stover and nutrients management under pigeonpea-sunflower (Helianthus annuus) cropping system

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

A fixed plot field experiment was carried out during 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 at New Delhi, to evaluate the ‘‘effect of sunflower stover and nutrient management on pigeonpea under pigeonpea-sunflower cropping system’’. The results indicates that sunflower stover incorporation reduced the plant growth parameters viz., plant height, leaf area index (LAI), dry matter accumulation (DMA), crop growth rate (CGR), grain and stover... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 49

Antioxidant activity, phenols and flavonoids contents and antibacterial activity of some Moroccan medicinal plants against tomato bacterial canker agent

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Medicinal and aromatic plants (MAP) belonging to 16 species, currently used in southern Moroccan traditional medicine, were evaluated here, firstly, for the action of their aqueous extracts against the bacterial canker agent of tomato in vitro. Then the phenolic contents, flavonoids contents and antioxidant capacities of these MAP extracts were estimated. Results obtained show that tested species exhibited biological activity toward the pathogen... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 49

Combining ability for yield and yield components in six parents and their 15 F1 hybrids of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) in half diallel mating design

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Combining ability estimates were studied for seed yield, yield components and other morphological traits in six sesame parental lines and their 15 F1  hybrids crossed in half diallel for two consecutive seasons 2012/2013 - 2013/2014 at Gadaref University Farm, Gadaref, Sudan. Combining ability analysis revealed that both additive and non additive types of gene actions were important in the studied traits. For days to 50% flowering and days to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Economic analysis of factors influencing adoption of motor pumps in Ethiopia

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

The Ethiopian economy depends heavily on smallholder agriculture, and this sector directly affects the country’s economic development, food security and poverty alleviation efforts. The adoption of smallholder irrigation technologies as a means to tackle these challenges has become an important policy issue in the development agenda of the country. The lack of access to low-cost irrigation technologies is, however, one of the major bottlenecks... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Achieving rational pesticide use in outdoor tomato production through farmer training and implementation of a technical guideline

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

Smallholder farmers were trained by frontline extensionists and local experts on how to apply Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in outdoor tomatoes, Solanum lycopersicum, during farmer field schools in Northern Tanzania between 2005 and 2008. Farmers were also organised into newly-established vegetable producer clubs within which they developed a technical guideline defining the minimum requirements for integrated tomato production. Unaligned,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

The Role of women in Tebhaga movement in Jalpaiguri District and to preserve their identity

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The roots of the Indian women’s movement go back to the 19th century male social reformers who took up issues concerning women and started women’s organizations. Women started forming their own organization from the end of the nineteenth century first at the local and then at the national level. In 1946, the two main issues they took up were political rights and reform of personal laws. Women’s participation in tebhaga movement... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Telling Stories in a World That Doesn’t Fit Them: Michael Ondaatje’s The English Patient

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

This paper explores the tension between the human need for the form of story and the lack of structure in reality, and how such tension is presented and dealt with in Michael Ondaatje’s The English Patient. Proceeding in a fragmented, discontinuous, and cyclical narrative pattern, this late-twentieth-century postmodern novel shows no intention to tell a coherent, structured, meaningful story but confronts its readers with the ways in which... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 9

Elites and exclusive politics in Sub-Saharan African

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This paper examines democracy as a major and popular form of government which is finding ground across the African continent. The study also examines the degree to which political power is concentrated in the hands of elites while the ordinary citizens are relegated to voting alone when elections are due shortly after which they are soon forgotten in the governance of state affairs. Conducted with the use of secondary sources of data collection, the... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 8

Seroprevalence of brucellosis in small ruminants in pastoral areas of Oromia and Somali regional states, Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

  A cross-sectional study was conducted from November, 2013 to April, 2014 in pastoral areas of Oromia and Somali regional states to determine the prevalence of brucellosis in small ruminants and assess associated risk factors. The multistage sampling technique was used on total population in the selected district during the study period. A total of 420 serum samples were collected from 129 sheep and 291 goats in extensive management... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Epidemiology of malaria among children aged 1 to 15 years in Southeast Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

An epidemiological survey was conducted on prevalence of malaria among children aged 1-15yrs in south east Nigeria. A total of 498 children were surveyed for malaria and other morbidity indicators. Out of these, 369 which include 195 (52.8%) males and 174 (47.2%) females were from experimental household and 129, including 66 (51.2%) males and 63 (48.8%) females from control household. Before the deployment of Lambdacyhalothrin-treated household... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Profit efficiency of dairy farmers in Kenya: An application to smallholder farmers in Rift Valley and Central Province

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

The dairy industry in Kenya is an important source of livelihood among the smallholder farmers who supply over 70% of the total milk. However, there is a growing concern on rising costs of milk production among farmers. The study assessed profit efficiency of smallholder dairying in the Rift Valley and Central Provinces of Kenya using stochastic frontier analysis for estimating farm level profit efficiency and identifying the specific determinants... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

An appraisal of climate change and agriculture in Nigeria

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Climate change is a phenomenon that has the potential of affecting all natural and human systems and may be a threat to human development. This is particularly the case in developing countries. This paper is a theoretical article that uses secondary sources of data including weather events that occurred recently to appraise climate change and agriculture in Nigeria. The results have shown that human activities are largely responsible for climate... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 9

Anatomy of the periodontium: A biological basis for radiographic evaluation of periradicular pathology

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

  The periodontium surrounds and supports the teeth and consists of four major components; gingiva, periodontal ligaments, cementum/dentin, and alveolar bone/lamina dura, with collective function of keeping the tooth in position despite varying changes and responses during mastication. A near-normal radiograph of periradicular tissues was used as the basis for evaluation of some common periradicular radiographic pathologies. Apical... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Building craftsmanship skill development and Nigeria’s vision 20:2020: Imperatives and daunting challenges

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

Nigeria’s commitment to improving the living standard of its citizens has led to the introduction of a long-term economic programme tagged Vision 20:2020. The vision consists of a set of objectives and programmes designed to launch the nation into the league of the 20 most developed economies of the world by the year 2020. A large quantum of professionals and skilled workers, especially in the building sector has been identified by several... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Access and comprehension of information by profound deaf youngsters in Brazil

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The deaf community is less well informed compared to hearing groups and this communication difficulty hampers not only the acquisition of accurate general information but also puts the deaf community at a health risk. When profound deaf students were asked about their sources of information, a younger group mentioned friends and family, and an older group answered newspapers, television, and internet as their first sources of information. However,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Effect of plant bed type on nematode density and yield of cabbage in two regions of Ghana

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

Cole crop production in general and cabbage in particular is constrained by pest infestation, reducing the farmer’s profit margin considerably. In this study, the effects of three plant bed types: flat, ridges and raised beds were investigated in 2012 and 2013 at Asiwa and Dormaa Ahenkro in Ghana, respectively to study their effects on plant parasitic nematodes and the yield of cabbage. Treatment effects on nematode density/200 cm3 soil,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

A statistical study on higher educational institutions in India

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

This study aims to observe the increased effectiveness of Higher Educational Institutions in India and its competitiveness. It proposes to develop the interest in enhancing the quality in Educational Institutions. It is monitored and evaluated through rapid growth of information technology, which makes sophisticated data collection possible. This study aims to create an awareness or self competitiveness among educational institutions to implement... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Development of genodynamic metrics for exploring the biophysics of DNA polymorphisms

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research

J. Comput. Biol. Bioinform. Res

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) represent an important type of dynamic sites within the human genome. These common variants often locally correlate within more complex multi-SNP haploblocks that are maintained throughout generations in a stable population. Information encoded in the structure of SNPs and SNP haploblock variation can be characterized through a normalized information content metric. Genodynamics is being developed as the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Attenuation of allergic airways inflammation by an extract of Hymenocardia acida

Journal of Physiology and Pathophysiology

J. Physiol. Pathophysiol.

Tracheal hyperresponsiveness, airway mucus production and bronchoalveolar inflammation are the major components of asthma. Here, we aim to investigate the role in the control of asthma of a bioactive plant extracted from Hymenocardia acida in a physiological and pathophysiological model. The effect of H. acida crude extract (HACE) on total cellular components of bronchoalveolar (BAL) fluids was performed on ovalbumin (OVA) and lipopolysaccaride... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Biosecurity practices in Central Ethiopian cattle feedlots: Its implication for live cattle export

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

Biosecurity is the implementation of measures that reduce the risk of the introduction and spread of disease agents. Biosecurity is a cornerstone of herd health maintenance in export-oriented feedlots. The aim of this study was to document current biosecurity practice in export-oriented cattle feedlots in Central Ethiopia and to discuss its implication for live cattle export. In this study 31 export-oriented cattle feedlots found in central Ethiopia... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 11

Impact of computer technology on health: Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS)

Medical Practice and Reviews

Med. Pract. Rev.

In today’s society, the use of computer as a tool at workplaces, academic institutions, recreation facilities and homes has become very common. It is estimated that globally, about 45 to 70 million people spend hours staring into a video display terminal, popularly known as computer screen. Several studies, mainly in developed countries, have shown an association between computer use and visual health related symptoms (Computer Vision... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Runge kutta to precise the detection of lesion for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) image

Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research

J. Electrical Electron. Eng. Res.

In this paper, we translate non linear model to linear one and used numerical analysis: “Runge kutta4 (RK4)” is mathematical solutions to study the approximation’s solutions of ordinary differential equations, then pass to the statistical study for multiple regression to applied anova technique and with it, we extract the place of the lesion on medical image MRI by two ways: Distribution of gaussien curve (hypothesis test of ho)... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

The relationships between motivation type and sport participation among students in a South African context

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

Reasons for participation in sport differ and intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and even amotivation can influence the decision. In the South African context, little research has been done on the differences of motivation among male and female students to participate in sport. This study sought to understand the relationship between certain motivation drivers and sport participation. It also explored the gender variable and whether there... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 6

Teachers’ views on the new measurement and assessment approaches with regard to Mathematics curriculum reform

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The aim of this study is to investigate teachers’ views on the new measurement and assessment approaches within the context of secondary school mathematics education reform. With this purpose, the factors which affected the implementation process were determined. The research data were obtained from two teachers via in-depth interviews, observations, and researcher’s notes and case study throughout an education year. As a result of the... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 22

Vaginal colonization and resistance profile of group B Streptococcus among pregnant women in Yaoundé Gynecology, Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital in Cameroon

Journal of Clinical Medicine and Research

J. Clin. Med. Res.

In order to obtain reliable data on vaginal carriage of Streptococcus agalactiae in pregnant women and to formulate a prevention program of neonatal Group B Streptococcus (GBS) disease, we carried out a prospective cross sectional study for 6 months. The general objective of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of vaginal carriage and the resistance profile of GBS. The study involved 142 pregnant women presenting for antenatal care in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Cost effectiveness analyses of influenza A (H1N1) vaccination programs: How accurate were they?

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity

J. Infect. Dis. Immun.

Three economic evaluations of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) vaccination campaigns in North America concluded that the mass vaccination campaigns would be, or were, highly cost-effective, if not cost-saving. This paper re-assesses each study's analysis and presents three arguments: 1) prediction of vaccine program cost-effectiveness is unrealistic, if not impossible, unless quality surveillance data is available; 2) even when surveillance data is... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Comparision between the effects of dietary suplements of sun dried or sulfur fumigated apricots on the telomerase activity and oxidatıve stress parameters in azoxymethane administered rats

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of organic and sulfur treated apricot on the azoxymethane-induced carcinogenesis by antioxidant markers and telomerase activity. Spraque Dawley rats (n = 35) were fed with  two kinds of  dried apricots (sun-dried or sulfur fumigated), with or without azoxhymethane (AOM). Rats were sacrificed after seven weeks for measurement of reduced  glutathione,  malondialdehyde,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Multivariate analysis of genetic divergence among Ethiopian mustard (Brassica Carinata A. Braun) landraces in Ethiopia

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology

Int. J. Genet. Mol. Biol.

Characterization of existing genetic variability is a prerequisite for further crop improvement activity. This study was designed to assess genetic variability among randomly selected Ethiopian mustard (Brassica Carinata A. Braun) genotypes from different agro ecology of Ethiopia. The present study was undertaken to determine nature of association of agronomic traits of 36 Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata) genotypes at Adet Agricultural Research... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Nitrogen compounds in brewing wort and beer: A review

Journal of Brewing and Distilling

J. Brew. Distilling

Traditionally, beer is obtained from the treatment and processing of three raw materials (barley malt, hops and water). From it, brewing wort fermented by the action of yeasts is obtained. Wort composition depends on the quality and type of raw materials used, as well as the control of the various processing steps. Wort composition also depends on the concentration and profile of nitrogen compounds, such as proteins, polypeptides and amino acids. In... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 2

Evaluation of the effects of the combination of NPK fertilizer, cow dung, humus soil and poultry droppings with sawdust on the number of days to primordia formation, maturity and harvest of Pleurotus ostreatus

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research

J. Yeast Fungal Res.

This study on the effects of combination of NPK fertilizer, cowdung, humus soil and poultry droppings with sawdust on the number of days to primordia formation, maturity and harvest of P. ostreatus was carried out in the Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Imo State University, Owerri. The objectives of the study were to identify the most suitable substrate combination in the determination of the number of days to the formation of... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 9

Impact of service marketing on healthcare management in Nigeria

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

The paper examined the impacts of service marketing on health care management in Nigeria. For this paper, simple random technique was used in selecting 200 patients from General Hospital, Ogbomoso. Data were collected with the use of both primary and secondary data and were subsequently analyzed by regression analysis through statistical package for board sciences. The results showed that service marketing has significant impact on the management... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Surname change among some Yorùbá Christians

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

In this paper, we react to the claim that surname modification or change by some Yorùbá Christians is a violation of God’s law or a recent development among the Yorùbá people and that it encourages semantic ambiguity in language use or word formation. The data collected include data drawn from previous studies on Yorùbá personal names, the lists of staff of three Nigerian universities, copies of sworn... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

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