A survey of common gut helminth of goats slaughtered at Ankpa abattoir, Kogi State, Nigeria

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

The survey of common gut helminth of goat in Ankpa Local Government Area (L.G.A), Kogi State was carried out between August, 2013 and November, 2013. Faecal samples of 248 goats were collected from Ankpa abattoir, and screened using floatation and sedimentation methods in the Biological Sciences Laboratory, Kogi State University, Anyigba. The result revealed that out of 62 samples of adult males examined, 47 were positive with a total of 76%... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The geopolitics and human security of the Afar in the post-cold war period

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This paper draws attention to the new geopolitical dynamics of the Afar-Horn states in the Post Cold War period with respect to its effects on sub regional human insecurity (among the Afar people) in the Afar-Horn. Contrary to hitherto held assumptions about the nature of conflict in the Horn region as central of inter-state relations, the Post Cold War period has brought the Afar people in three political constellations that set the condition for... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 6

Prevalence of bovine fasciolosis in and around Inchini town, West Showa Zone, Ada’a Bega Woreda, Centeral Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

The study was conducted from November, 2008 to March, 2009 in six kebeles of Ada’a Berga Woreda, West Showa Zone, in and around Inchini town and indicated that bovine fasciolosis is widely spread with high prevalence, inducing economic loss to livestock production in the region. From a total of 573 cattle coprologically examined during the study period, 291 animals were found positive for liver fluke infection with an overall prevalence rate... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Bio-economic modelling of the influence of family planning, land consolidation and soil erosion on farm production and food security in Rwanda

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Rwandan agriculture is not able to meet its population’s food needs from its own production, which results in food insecurity. Land degradation is a serious problem which contributes to a low and declining agricultural productivity and consequently to food insecurity. The objective of this paper is to develop a bio-economic model capable of analysing the impacts of soil erosion, family planning and land consolidation policies on food security... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Effects of soil conservation technologies in improving soil productivity in northern Ghana

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

A four year study was carried out to ascertain the usefulness of conservation agriculture (CA) technologies in improving biomass cover as well as the physical and chemical properties of the soil across 6 communities in northern Ghana. The conservation agriculture introduced include: Zero tillage, cover cropping, crop rotation and intercropping. Bunding was also introduced as a means of moisture retention. After four years of successful introduction... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

The ignored Dardic culture of Swat

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

The Greek historian Herodotus of the fifth century BC used the term “Dadikai” for people now known as Dards or Dardic. He placed the land between Kashmir and Afghanistan as Darada. “Darada” is the Sanskrit term used for the inhabitants of the region. In Pakistan the region is rarely called Dardistan or the people Dard, a Persian word derived from the Sanskrit “darada.” A linguistic and ethnic mystery shrouds the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Factors’ affecting mother’s brushing technique of less than five years age children in Pakistan

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

Proper tooth brushing technique may help to protect the accumulation of plaque and reduce the prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis in children. The mothers play an important role in uptake of encouraging dental health practices. A cross sectional study was conducted among mothers in Karachi, Pakistan from October to December, 2014. A total of 281 mothers were selected by using consecutive sampling technique. Data were collected by using a semi... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Development of community based ecotourism in Wenchi Crater Lake, Ethiopia: Challenges and prospects

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

This study examines the challenges and prospects of Community Based Ecotourism development in Ethiopia with special focus on Wenchi Crater Lake. Descriptive research design was employed with 194 sample representatives selected through simple random sampling technique and purposive sampling for quantitative and qualitative data respectively. The data were collected through key informant interview, informal discussion, questionnaire survey and field... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Role of body mass index (BMI) on the oxygen saturation and apneic spells in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

Data from the sleep disorder institute showed that subjects with similar apnea hypopnea index (AHI) but different body mass index (BMI) had no difference in oxygen saturation in rapid eye movement (REM) or non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Only 6 pairs of subjects were evaluated in the study and they were not age-matched. The objective of this study was to evaluate, in age-matched subjects, if there are any differences in oxygen saturation and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Internet-based interventions for pain management: A systematic review of randomised controlled trial (RCTs) conducted from 2010 to 2014

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Limited access to pain management programs was identified as one of the hindering factors in pain treatment. Several internet-based interventions have been developed to improve accessibility. A systematic review of trials of such programs in 2010 documented a preliminary promising effect.  A PubMed electronic search was used to identify a systematic randomized controlled trail (RCTs) published 1 January, 2010 to 4 November, 2014 that examined... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

A review on trypanocidal drug resistance in Ethiopia

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

Trypanosomosis is a major constraint to livestock production in sub Saharan Africa. The distribution of the disease is influenced by the existence of tsetse and biting flies. Tsetse transmitted trypanosomosis is encountered in many part of Ethiopia. Trypanocidal drugs remain the principal method of animal trypanosomosis control in the country. However, there is growing concern that their future effectiveness may be severely reduced by widespread... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

A review on major bacterial causes of calf diarrhea and its diagnostic method

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Calf diarrheic diseases result from complex interactions of the environment. Infectious agents and the calf itself are the major constraints for raising replacement stock. Calf diarrhea is a multi factorial disease entity that can have serious financial and animal welfare implications in both dairy and beef sucker herds and is one of the most common diseases reported in calves up to 3 months old. Among the bacterial causes of diarrhea in neonatal... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Client’s satisfaction with family planning services and associated factors among family planning users in Hossana Town Public Health Facilities, South Ethiopia: Facility-based cross-sectional study

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

Client satisfaction is considered as one of the desired outcomes of health care and it is directly related with utilization of health services. It reflects the gap between the expected and the experience of the service from the client’s point of view. The objective of this study was to assess clients’ satisfaction with family planning services and associated factors. Facility-based cross-sectional study that involved an exit interview... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Quality of root canal filling performed by undergraduate students in a Saudi Dental College

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of teaching endodontics to undergraduate students at Riyadh Colleges. This study was undertaken by assessing the technical quality of root canal obturation and the presence of procedural errors in root canal treatment cases performed by the final year dental students in clinics. All of the root canal treatment cases performed by the final year dental students in the 2nd semester of 2012 to 2013 were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The effect of olive mill effluent and organic compost on evaporation and temperature in medium and coarse textured pot soils

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

The effects of olive mill effluent on evaporation assessed from the surface of two kinds of soil sandy loam and loam textures with two different temperatures. In the other hand five treatments for each texture were prepared in three replicates, including wastewater treatment stained with olives in a value and two percent, compost mixture treatments, mulch amount equal to 50 tons/h, control and water. Eleven treatments were used. Treatments only to a... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Issa-Afar re-membering, re-presentation and dramaturgy of violence

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

This paper presents the phenomenology of Issa-Afar protracted violence in Ethiopia from hitherto unexplored vintage points of remembering (subjective memory), re-presentation (narrative construction and re-construction of remembering), and dramaturgy (the discursive and performative utility) of violence. Issa-Afar violent conflict is one of the most protracted violent conflicts in the Horn of Africa that unabatedly perpetuated at least since the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The technical reviews of Ligeti Piano Etude No.4 Fanfares

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

Ligeti’s etude Fanfares extends the technical skills demanded of the modern pianist and many incorporate completely new techniques. This etude, which was composed around 1985 consists of some of the most technically demanding issues composed for the piano in the last decades of the 20th century. Through the study of this work the pianist is pushed in new directions as Ligeti extends the limits of the pianistic borders. Key words: Ligeti,... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Thrombocytopenia and bleeding manifestations among patients with dengue virus infection in Port Sudan, Red Sea State of Sudan

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity

J. Infect. Dis. Immun.

Dengue is a global endemic and most prevalent human arbovirus disease. This study aimed at evaluating thrombocytopenia and to find out platelet activation in dengue across the spectrum of the disease. A prospective study was conducted from February, 2013 to June, 2014 at Port Sudan Teaching Hospital, Red Sea State, Sudan. 334 cases of dengue caused by dengue virus along with 101 cases of control were enrolled. Laboratory-positive dengue cases were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

The effects of cultural knowledge on Iranian EFL students’ reading comprehension across male and female learners

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

Reading comprehension is the most important skill in the absence of oral communication opportunities in foreign language teaching situation. So, the effect of different factors on reading comprehension has been studied. One of these factors is "cultural familiarity" of a text. Is readers' comprehension influenced by "cultural familiarity" of a text? What is the difference between different gender groups in comprehension of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Causes of science and technical teachers’ attrition and strategies for retention in Adamawa State Secondary Schools

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

This study investigated the causes of science and technical teachers’ attrition and strategies for retention in Adamawa State Secondary Schools. Attrition refers to exit of teachers without replacement. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Three research questions guided the study and hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The sample of the study was 785. The entire population of principals and technical teachers... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Sheikh Mujibur Rehman: Founder of Bangladesh

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

Charismatic leaders are the gifts and mercy from God. They are torch bearers of knowledge and revolution. Every nation in one way or the other has been and is endowed with leaders and same is the case of Bangladesh nation which was fortunate enough to have a leader like Sheikh Mujibur Rehman who guided them in the times of freedom struggle, and thrusted them into the region which dawned tranquility of mind and unshackled boundaries. It is in fact an... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Influence of different dates of sowing and spacings on growth and yield of scented rice cv. pusa sugandh-3 under temperate conditions of Kashmir

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds

J. Cereals Oilseeds

A field experiment was conducted during kharif seasons of 2013 and 2014 to determine the effect of different dates of sowing and spacing on growth and yield of scented rice (Pusa sugandh -3) under temperate condition of Kashmir. The soil of the experimental field was silty clay loam in texture with neutral pH, low in available nitrogen and medium in available phosphorus and potassium. The experiment comprised of 9 treatments, viz D1S1 (15th... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Prevalence of occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections in haemodialysis patients in Khartoum State, Sudan from 2012 to 2014

Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis

J. Med. Lab. Diagn.

This study was carried out to detect occult hepatitis B virus (OHB) among haemodylsis patient in Khartoum State, Sudan. Antigen capture enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), competitive ELISA to detect Hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) antibodies and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA were used to analyze 100 plasma samples collected from patients in 3 hospitals... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Examining decision-making levels of athletes in team environment of socio-demographic variables

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

The purpose of the present research is to examine decision-making levels of athletes of various branches in team environments in terms of socio-demographic variables. Research group consisted of 128 females, 178 males; a total of 306 athletes who play various sports. In order to collect data, 4-question “Personal Information Form” and “Melbourne Decision Making Scale” developed by Mann et al. (1998) were used. Collected data... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Induction and regeneration of somatic embryos from Vitex doniana (Lamiaceae) leaf explants

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research

Int. J. Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Res.

The present study was conducted with the aim of evaluating some of the factors that influence induction and regeneration of somatic embryos in Vitex doniana since there are no available reports on tissue culture of this tree species. Leaves from plants growing under temporary shed were cultured on Murashige and Skoog supplemented with silver nitrate and four amino acids (proline, tryptophan, lysine and leucine) at varying concentrations, 0.11 mg/l... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Evaluation of anti-oxidant properties in essential oil and solvent extracts from Tagetes minuta

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.

Synthetic antioxidants such as butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) are toxic and carcinogenic, thus they induce DNA damage. This calls for the need to find alternative antioxidants from natural products. Tagetes minuta (Asteraceae) is an annual herb that belongs to the Asteraceae family. It is used in common medicine and grows in temperate regions of South America, some parts of Africa and Asia. Essential oil from T.... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Optimizing the monthly crude oil price forecasting accuracy via bagging ensemble models

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

The study investigates the accuracy of bagging ensemble models (i.e., bagged artificial neural networks (BANN) and bagged regression trees (BRT)) in monthly crude oil price forecasting. Two ensemble models are obtained by coupling bagging and two simple machine learning models (i.e., artificial neural networks (ANN) and classification and regression trees (CART)) and results are compared with those of the single ANN and CART models. Analytical... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The politics of theory: What is the basis for comparative literature?

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

It is a serious matter of concern in the studies of Comparative Literature today as the politics of theory continues to play up against other literatures of the world. At the institutionalization of the discipline in the United State after the World War II, the American Comparative Literature Association was founded in 1960 to the exclusion of African literature and other literatures. It was intended to work across the boundaries of language(s)... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Theophanu Evangelium: Greco-Egyptian treasure of the North

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

In the Frankish period of the 7th and 8th centuries, settlements along the Dussel (thusila or Doson) included farming and fishing outposts where the tributary flowed into the Rhine. The women's community in Gerresheim, Dusseldorf was a foundation of the Frankish nobleman Gerricus, established towards the end of the 9th century. The Magyar invasion of Gerresheim in 919 led to a transition of leadership of the female monastic community there to... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Analysis of potential flow around two-dimensional body by finite element method

Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research

J. Mech. Eng. Res.

The paper presents a numerical method for analyzing the potential flow around two dimensional body such as single circular cylinder, NACA0012 hydrofoil and double circular cylinders by finite element method. The numerical technique is based upon a general formulation for the Laplace’s equation using Galerkin technique finite element approach. The solution of the systems of algebraic equations is approached by Gaussian elimination scheme.... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Pedagogic possibilities of ICTs and technology affordances in an increasingly networked environment in support of sustainable development

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

The research project seeks new opportunities/ directions of learning and teaching in an increasingly networked world, and how they can benefit people in developing countries in support of sustainable development. The research agenda is aimed at studying how interconnected information and communication technologies (ICTs) can expand the reach of educational opportunities and improve learning outcomes as technology affordances. The main research... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Employees’ compensation: Do taxes play any role? Evidence from the compensation-taxation literature

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Compensation incentive schemes are mainly driven by the need to align owner-manager interests in the real corporate world of separation of ownership and control. We find that the role of taxes and its implication for employees’ compensation is, at best, evidently inconclusive in the compensation-taxation literature. Using a literature review/synthesis of the existing research approach, we begin by identifying three distinct forms of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Revisiting uncertainty and price forecast indicators in corn and wheat markets

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

The purpose of this paper is twofold: First, we look at the fundamentals of spot prices of corn and wheat and analyse several measures of dispersion, arguing that the use of the standard deviation of prices is more instructive for regulators and world food organisations than volatility, that is, standard deviation of returns. Second, we look at alternative predictors of corn and wheat spot prices and exhibit that the average value of the forward... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Determinants of deforestation in Western Oromia region of Ethiopia: The case of Komto Forest

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

Deforestation and poverty are challenging problems in Ethiopia. The deforestation-poverty nexus is complicated by the institutional failures related to management of natural resources. This study was conducted to analyse the determinants of deforestation in Ethiopia, Western Oromia, the case of Komto Forest in East Wollega Zone, employing primary cross-sectional data on sampled households. Multistage sampling technique was used in selecting 150... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Dimensions of spatial inequalities in Ghanaian cities

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

In many African countries, spatial inequalities in the provision and distribution of social services can be explained by a myriad of factors including the development approaches adopted in their colonial history. This paper explores the spatial inequality among cities in Northern and Southern Ghana as evident in the availability of infrastructural facilities such as health, education, telecommunication, and potable water. Using secondary data from... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 5

Evaluation of antifungal activity of snake venoms from the Amazon forest

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research

J. Yeast Fungal Res.

In recent years, many antimicrobial peptides have been found in the venoms of animals from different sources and have been intensively studied to elucidate their ability to inhibit the growth of potential pathogenic microorganisms. The aim of this study was to characterize and evaluate the in vitro antifungal activity of crude venom from two amazonian snakes: Bothrops atrox and Crotalus durissus ruruima. The molecular profile of representative... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Molecular and biochemical study of Anaplasma marginale in cattle in Wassit Province of Iraq

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

This study was designed to investigate the prevalence of bovine anaplasmosis among cattle from various areas in Wassit governorate; the investigation was performed on 184 blood samples collected from suspected cattle suffering from fever (41°C), severe anemia, pale mucus membrane, progressive emaciation and drop in milk yield, including 85 male and 99 female cattle, aged from < 1 year to > 2 years, the samples were collected during the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Antibacterial attributes of extracts of Phyllantus amarus and Phyllantus niruri on Escherichia coli the causal organism of urinary tract infection

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

In view of the prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) worldwide, the increasing resistance of pathogenic bacteria to conventional antibiotics and their side effects, the aerial part and root of Phyllanthus amarus (Schum. and Thonn.) and Phyllanthus niruri (L.) were analysed for mineral and phytochemical constituents, and their ethanol extracts screened against five clinical isolates of Escherichia coli associated with UTI, to ascertain their... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Exploring the critical success factors (CSF) and limitations of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems: The case of Egyptian hotels

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

In recent times, service establishments have invested considerable resources in the implementation of Enterprise Resource. Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems are highly complex information systems. Many ERP implementations have been classified as failures because they did not believe in the importance of the key success factors of achieving a competitive advantage. This paper has the objective of getting insight into the major Critical... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Computational sequence analysis and in silico modeling of a stripe rust resistance protein encoded by wheat TaHSC70 gene

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research

J. Comput. Biol. Bioinform. Res

TaHSC70 gene of Triticum sp. is an associate of the heat shock protein family and plays a significant role in stress-related and defense responses educed by contagion with stripe rust fungus through a Jasmonic acid dependent signal transduction pathway. Hence, understanding molecular structure and function of the protein coded by this gene is of paramount importance for plant biologists working on stripe rust. The present study was aimed at sequence... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Isolation and sequence analysis of a putative MerR-type-transcriptional regulator and a multidrug efflux protein of Bacillus circulans ATCC 21588: As potential targets of therapeutics

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology

Int. J. Genet. Mol. Biol.

Mercury-type transcriptional regulators (MerR-transcriptional regulator) and major facilitator superfamily (MFS) transporters usually form an important sensor-response transport system in many microorganisms. This system has been shown to be involved in the regulation and transport (efflux) of a wide and diverse array of secondary metabolites including antimicrobial agents, dyes, chemicals, metals and evem harmful oxygen radicals. Inhibition or... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Investigations on the photoconductivity studies of ZnSe, ZnS and PbS thin films

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Zinc selenide (ZnSe), zinc sulphide (ZnS) and lead sulphide (PbS) thin films were prepared by chemical bath deposition (CBD) method. In this paper we report results on the photoconductivity behaviour of ZnSe, ZnS and PbS thin films. Photoconductivity measurements were carried out at room temperature by connecting it in series with a picoammeter (Keithley 480) and a dc power supply. Photoconductivity processes may be the most suitable technique for... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 10

Geology and petrography of the rocks around Gulani Area, Northeastern Nigeria

Journal of Geology and Mining Research

J. Geol. Min. Res.

Geological mapping of the Gulani area revealed that the area consists of Precambrian Basement Complex rocks, Cretaceous sediments and the Tertiary/Quaternary basalts of the Biu plateau. The Basement Complex rocks are represented by diorite and granites while the sediments include the Bima, Yolde, and Pindiga Formations. Epigenetic baryte-copper mineralizations occur with the baryte veins restricted to the Bima and Yolde sandstones while the Copper... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The production activities of sugar factories in Turkey and Malmquist total factor productivity analysis

African Journal of Business Management

Afr. J. Bus. Manage.

In this study, total factor productivity (TFP) with variance in its components as well as the technical efficiency levels of 25 active sugar factories in Turkey are surveyed via Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Malmquist Total Factor Productivity method using the panel data from Turkish Sugar Factories Corporation’s annual activity reports. The aim of the study is to determine the comparative production performances of active sugar... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 10

Numerical simulation of groundwater recharge from an injection well

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.

This paper presents the numerical simulation of groundwater recharge from a point source, that is, injection well using Explicit Finite Difference Model (FDFLOW) and Galerkin Finite Element Model (FEFLOW). The proposed model aims at simulation of groundwater flow in two-dimensional, transient, unconfined aquifer for a chosen synthetic Test Case. These models are validated with reported analytical solutions for a test run period of 210 days. It is... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Code compliant behaviour of palm kernel shell reinforced concrete (RC) beams in shear

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology

J. Civ. Eng. Constr. Technol.

This paper evaluates the shear strength of simply supported palm kernel shell (PKS) concrete and normal weight concrete (NWC) beams subjected to four-point loading. The primary variable of the investigation was evaluation of shear capacity of reinforced PKS concrete and NWC beams with and without shear reinforcement. Four pairs of reinforced concrete (RC) beams with similar geometrical properties were designed and tested with two replicate beams per... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Differential effect of behavioural strategies on the management of conduct disorder among adolescents in correctional centres in Lagos State, Nigeria

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

Adolescent period is a significant phase in human development. Empirical evidences from diverse nations revealed that the period is characterized by a number of misbehaviours of which conduct disorder is paramount. Conduct disorder is a repetitive behaviour that violates the rights of others. It entails rule violation, aggression, hostility, and deceitfulness. There are adolescents in correctional centres in several nations of the world because of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Nutritional potential of yam chips (Dioscorea cayenensis and Dioscorea rotundata Poir) obtained using two methods of production in Togo

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

Yam is one of the most staple foods in West African countries and provides an important part of the energetic for people. This study examines chemical composition of Dioscorea cayenensis and Dioscorea rotundata Poir species dried yam chips obtained using two methods of production in Togo. Three local varieties of yams (Koukou, Kéki and Laboco) were processed in chips and were sun dried (at 28-30°C) or oven-dried (at 50°C).... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Is giving scholarship worth the effort?Loyalty among scholarship recipients

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

To stay ahead of competition, a significant factor has now become of significance; student loyalty towards higher learning institutions. Hence, scholarship recipients have the expectation to demonstrate a certain degree of loyalty towards their education sponsor. In addition, they play an important role as opinion leaders and walking advertisement for these institutions. However, the challenge that is plaguing scholarship programmes is the... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 10

Curricular greening is deficient in universities

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The objective is to describe the environmental awareness of undergraduate courses at Federal Institute of Education in Goias State, Brazil. The data are described using qualitative and quantitative approaches. It is a non-experimental descriptive research. Among the 201 disciplines from courses of Animal Science, Chemistry and Biology and Bachelor Degree areas, only 17 were found, that is, 8.4% had features that characterize the concern with the... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 21

The Niger Delta wetland ecosystem: What threatens it and why should we protect it?

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

The Niger Delta wetland ecosystem is of high economic importance to the local dwellers and the nation in general. The region is rich in both aquatic and terrestrial biodiversity and serves as a main source of livelihood for rural dwellers as well as stabilizing the ecosystem. Tremendous changes have occurred recently in the Niger Delta wetlands due to anthropogenic activities, thus raising awareness on the need for effective monitoring, protection... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Variability for yield, yield related traits and association among traits of sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor (L.) Moench) varieties in Wollo, Ethiopia

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Sixteen sorghum varieties were tested in a randomized complete block design with three replications at Sirinka Agricultural Research Center and Kobo sub-center in 2010 with the objectives of estimating the genetic variability, associations among the traits and determining the direct and indirect effect of the traits on grain yield of varieties across the two locations. Analysis of variance revealed that there were statistically significant... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Acute toxicity and behavioral changes of Caspian kutum (Rutilus frisii Kutum Kamensky, 1991) and Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus caspicus Jakowlew, 1870) exposed to the fungicide hinosanan

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Pesticides are used in agriculture to control pest and protect human health and animals. Excessive use of pesticides caused risk for human health and threated non-target organisms, polluted water, soil and air. Hinosan is a component of organophosphate pesticide which is used as a fungicide in agricultural fields. In the study, lethal concentration (LC50) of Hinosan was calculated for Rutilus frisii kutum and Rutilus rutilus caspicus with a mean... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 20

Study on laser etching mechanism of aluminum thin film on polyimide

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

In order to study the laser etching mechanism for aluminum thin film on polyimide substrate, the etching process was simulated by the finite element analysis software ANSYS, and etching profile was predicted. A theoretical model was established by comparing the simulated etching results with calculated ones; it was presumed that the etching process was firstly a thermal dominant one, then a photochemical interaction dominant one, and finally a... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 9

Agriculture germplasm resources: A tool of conserving diversity

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Three major physical resources in the world comprise land, water and the biological diversity. Agricultural biodiversity is an important component of biodiversity, which has a more direct link to the well being and livelihood of mankind than other forms of bio¬diversity. In fact, it is one of our most fundamental and essential resources, one that has enabled farming systems to evolve since the birth of agriculture about 10,000 years ago. Food... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 9

Geographical indication in the process of creating knowledge to develop new competences

African Journal of Business Management

Afr. J. Bus. Manage.

The protection of geographical indication is considered to be strategic for Brazil. The state of Santa Catarina, especially Goethe Grape Valley, was acknowledged as the first Geographical Indication (GI) to encourage various disciplinary studies, mainly from the view point of law, economy, intellectual property and regional impact. However, there is no evidence in interdisciplinary studies aimed to understand the influence of GIs development with... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 9

Sero-epidemiological survey on toxoplasmosis in cattle, sheep and goats in Algeria

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease with worldwide distribution and a major public health problem. In Algeria, human toxoplasmosis is screened in pregnant women and immunosuppressed persons; however, no information is available on the animal infection and a probable implication of the parasite in abortions occurring in the field. This sero-epidemiological cross-type survey on toxoplasmosis in cattle (332), sheep (276) and goats (106) revealed the... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 20

Molecular identification of tsetse fly (Diptera: Glossinidae) species based on mitochondrial DNA (COII and CytB) sequences

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Tsetse fly (Diptera: Glossinidae) anti-vector measures are reliant upon accurate identification of species and their subpopulations. Two species were studied, Glossina palpalis palpalis and Glossina morsitans submorsitans using two mitochondrial DNA: cytochrome oxidase subunit II (COII) and cytochrome b (CytB). Sequencing data were used to perform phylogenetic analysis of the two reared species together with other Glossina species’ sequences... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 19

Difficulties encountered by both teachers and students in teaching and learning Turkish as a second language

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The objective of this research is to identify and suggest solutions to the problems experienced by students learning Turkish as a second language according to the opinions of both teachers and students evaluated. The research has been conducted among the classroom teachers, Turkish language teachers and the students attending the schools in districts and villages of Batman city. Descriptive model has been used during the research. Data considering... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 9

Impact of invasion: A case study on the ecological and socioeconomic impact of Lantana camara (L.) in Abay Millennium Park (AMP), Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment

J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.

This study was carried out to quantify ecological distribution, abundance and effects of Lantana camara on different land uses and to assess the perception of local community concerning its impacts on environment and biodiversity of the study area, Abay Millennium Park, Bahir Dar.  To do so, 20 m x 20 m (trees) inside which is 5 m x 5 m nest plots (shrubs and saplings), and 2 m x 2 m (seedlings) were laid. Vegetation data were collected using... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

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