A Short Political Biography of Kibur Ato Haddis Alemayehu

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The main purpose of this paper is to reconstruct the political biography of Kibur Ato Haddis Alemayehu who was one of the senior officials of Ethiopia during the reign of Emperor Haile Selassie I and the author of the most accomplished Amharic novel, Feqer Eska Meqaber (“Love unto Grave”). In order to undertake this study, both primary and secondary sources were used. The source analysis revealed that after the liberation of Ethiopia... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Knowledge, attitudes and participation of community pharmacists in Lagos State, Nigeria towards primary health care (PHC)

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

The general objective of this study was to evaluate community pharmacists’ participation in primary health care as well as to assess community pharmacists’ knowledge of primary health care and determine their level of participation in health promotion, disease prevention and curative primary health care activities in Lagos, Nigera. A total of 120 community pharmacists were used for this study. Data was collected through the use of a self... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Traumatic urinary bladder injuries in small animals

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Traumatic urinary bladder injuries in the recent times are considered to be of great importance in veterinary medicine, as they can lead to significant morbidity and subsequent mortality when diagnosed late or left untreated. However, the true incidence rates, absolute treatment recommendations and prognoses of lower urinary tract traumas are not available in literatures as the majority of specific information regarding lower urinary tract injuries... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

An alternative perspective: Islam, identity, and gender migration of Sudanese Muslim women in the UK

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This article is yet an attempt to provoke and stimulate minds, to seek an alternative understanding - an accurate one to the multiple nature of Islam. This is done by situating knowledge and mapping history, and including a minority of minorities. African Islam needs more articulation. Muslim women of Africa exist in Europe in silence. They face double/triple jeopardy generated from the interplay of racism and sexism and dominant policies that need... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Genuine leadership and the global financial crisis

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies

Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud

Since the primitive era, mankind is facing repeated crises and wars at increasing levels. One of the main reason might be a continuous misunderstanding of the leaders’ activities and goals. For instance the 2007 Global Financial Crisis was the result of high risk lending, failure of regulators, inflated credit rating and investment bank abuses. Hopefully, contemporary researches focus on the behaviors that constitute effective... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Income distribution in rural Egypt—A three-village case

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

Using household survey data, this paper examines the case of three villages in rural Egypt to shed light on the determinants of income distribution. We first employ decomposition techniques to identify the contribution of farm and non-farm income to overall household inequality. We then use regression analysis to identify the role of different factors in determining the level of farm and non-farm income. Based on the analysis of household income... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Emergence of discursive voices and simulation of polyphony: The identity of science in a Brazilian magazine

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The aim of this paper is to analyze the construction of identity of science in a Brazilian magazine that covers science. We take identity as a discursive construction and use theories of Discourse Analysis and polyphony of Bakhtin to unfold which discursive voices are present in the magazine’s discourse. Our analysis is divided in three stages: 1) localization of speakers and enunciators, 2) description of ideological formations that originate... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Urban-rural differentials in child undernutrition in Ethiopia

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

Empirical evidence on the impacts of household poverty and other socio-demographic factors regarding child undernutrition is essential in targeting resources appropriately to raise the health of the poor and most vulnerable groups. There is a paucity of such evidence in Ethiopia. The present study identified urban-rural differences in the magnitude and determinants of under-five child undernutrition in Ethiopia. Complete anthropometric data for... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Critical thinking through translated literature in the EFL Omani Class

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

This paper rests on the hypothesis that critical thinking could be fostered through the use of translated literature in the EFL tertiary classroom. Narrative research methodology is used in the study, with twenty Advanced Academic Writing Course, English for English Specialists Credit program of Omani students of the Language Center, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman. While responding through reflective journal entries to the given prompts about the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

An investigation of teacher candidates’ metacognitive skills according to their year of study at Canakkale

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the differences in teacher candidates’ metacognitive skills analyzed according to the year of study in their undergraduate program they were in. The research methodology in the study was survey. Among survey types, the cross-sectional design was used. The sample of the study included a total of 1072 students (322 male and 750 female) who studied in the Elementary Education, Science Education, and... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 1

Factor analysis of soil spatial variability in Akoko Region of Ondo State, Nigeria

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Variability in soil properties is a critical element across wide areas of researches especially in several aspects of agriculture and environment. The objective of this study was to examine the spatial variability of soil properties and factors contributing to the general pattern of variability in Akoko Region. Observations were carried out largely from sampling points and twenty soil samples were collected for laboratory analysis to determine the... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 1

Effect of climate change on food crop production and vulnerability assessment in Oyo State

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

The study assessed household vulnerability to climate change and its effect on yam and cassava production in Oyo state, Nigeria. Primary and secondary data were used for the study. Data on yam and cassava yield between 1990 and 2009 were obtained from the Oyo State Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) while data on climate variables between 1976 and 2010 were obtained from the Nigeria Institute of Meteorology, Oshodi. Primary data on the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Effect of oxygen plasma treatments on the structural and optical properties of polyimide films

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research

J. Eng. Technol. Res.

A detailed study of some physical properties of Polyimide films after exposing them to oxygen plasma is presented. The structure of the sample has been analyzed by X-ray diffraction technique (XRD) and is found to be semi crystalline. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) studies revealed that the thermal stability of polyimide films have improved after being exposed to oxygen plasma, at different time intervals, ranging from 1 to 5 min. Optical... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

An assessment of flood vulnerability on physical development along drainage channels in Minna, Niger State, Nigeria

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

The occurrence of floods and its effects on human existence as well as the general environment has unfortunately been on the increase owing to human-induced climate change. Consequently, the vulnerability of the poor and the downtrodden has also increased; therefore the need to embark on sustainable human settlement development as well as awareness creation on the effects of flooding. As a result of this, this paper set out to analyze the causes of... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Immunomodulatory effects of carbohydrates and advanced glycation end products

Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews

Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Rev.

Carbohydrates which comprise of monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides are heterogeneous complex structure in living systems and are found to bind to other organic molecules such as proteins and lipids. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are also heterogeneous group of molecules that accumulate in plasma and other body fluids and in cell and tissues. This review focuses on the impact of polysaccharides and AGEs on immune function. A... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 1

Nutritional evaluation of cashew (Anacardium occidentale, l.) nut protein concentrate and isolate

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

This study evaluated the nutritional qualities of a protein concentrate and an isolate produced from cashew nut. The nutritional qualities were evaluated by determining amino-acid composition, in vitro digestibility and anti-nutritional factors (tannins, trypsin inhibitor activity-TIA and phytic acid content) in the protein concentrate and isolate using standard analytical methods. The amino-acid with the highest concentration in defatted cashew nut... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Improvement in cocoon yield induced by phytojuvenoid on the multivoltine mulberry silkworm (Bombyx mori Linn.)

Journal of Evolutionary Biology Research

J. Evol. Biol. Res.

Impact of phytojuvenoid on commercial parameters in Bombyx mori, a monophagous insect, was studied. The variation in the phytojuvenoid concentration significantly influenced the length of cocoon and the number of larval treatment did not cause significant influence on the length of cocoon of B. mori. The length of cocoon increased from 2.88 cm (control) to the maximum level of 3.65 cm in 30% phytojuvenoid concentration - triple treated larvae and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Population structure of rodents in Alage, Southern Ethiopia

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment

J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.

An ecological study on population structure of rodents was conducted in Alage, Southern Ethiopia. Sherman live traps were used to capture rodents in four habitats and trapping sessions. A total of 684 rodents that represented 11 species were captured. Regarding population size and density, Mastomys natalensis was the dominant species followed by Arvicanthis dembeensis while the least was observed in Graphiurus murinus in the study period. The... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Development of a scale for evaluating the pedagogical formation program implemented with Turkish prospective teachers

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The current study aims to develop a scale to evaluate the Pedagogical Formation Program implemented at a Turkish state university. Participants were 221 prospective teachers enrolled in the Pedagogical Formation Program in the 2010-2011 academic year. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted on the scale items which revealed four factors sheltering 26 items. The scale was administered again to 215 participants at the end of the 2011-2012... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 2

Field experimentation based simulation of yield response of maize crop to deficit irrigation using AquaCrop model, Arba Minch, Ethiopia

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

This experiment was conducted during February to June 2012 in Demonstration farm of Arba Minch University located in the central rift valley of Ethiopia. The aim was to investigate the effects of different levels of deficit irrigation imposed at different growth stages of maize (BH-140) crop on its development, grain yield and water use efficiency. AquaCrop model was calibrated and validated using field experimentation data. The crop water... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 4

Physiological properties of facultative and obligate alkalophilic Bacillus sp. strains isolated from Saudi Arabia

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Isolation and identification of new alkalophilic Bacillus strains have increasing interest due to their possessing valuable and commercially interesting enzymes. To date, several researchers have studied the identification and characterization of alkalophilic Bacillus strains based on the phenotypic characterization as phylogenetic analysis of 16SrRNA. In the present study, six obligate and facultatively alkalophilic isolates were purified from... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 3

Correlation between milling time, particle size for stabilizing rheological parameters of clay suspensions in ceramic tiles manufacture

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

Several parameters governed the rheological properties as well as the nature of the constituents, to the process of implementation. One of the major solution is to master the milling time which is responsible for the fineness of the grains, which in turn, conditioned the correct handling of the sintering mechanism, and allows highlight of the correlation between the size of the powders and the rheological properties. The introduction of a powder in... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 1

Isolation and characterization of a steroidal compound from the hexane extract of the leaves of Artabotrys odoratissimus

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.

Artabotrys odoratissimus has been investigated by many workers for its constituents. Previous phytochemical studies have revealed this genus to be rich in secondary metabolites including phenylcoumarins, xanthones and triterpenoids. So far, not many studies have been carried out on this genus but there are some reports on this plant. Our recent study on the hexane extract  of  the  leaves  of  A. odoratissimus, ... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

An efficient hybrid distributed document clustering algorithm

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Recent advances in information technology have led to an increase in volumes of data thereby exceeding beyond petabytes. Clustering distributed document sets from a central location is difficult due to the massive demand of computational resources. So there is a need for distributed document clustering algorithms to cluster documents using distributed resources. The greatest challenge in this area of distributed document clustering is the clustering... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 1

Effect of nitrogen fertilization associated with inoculation of Azospirillum brasilense and Herbaspirillum seropedicae on corn

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The growing interest in the use of inoculants with diazotrophic bacteria that promote plant growth, providing increase in crop productivity, occurs because of the high costs of chemical fertilizers and the concern about environmental quality. Given the above, this study aimed to evaluate, in field conditions, the effect of nitrogen fertilization and inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense and Herbaspirillum seropedicae on the productivity,... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 3

Evaluation of extracts of Coleus species for antibacterial activity

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Antibacterial activity of 50%-methanol, water and absolute methanol extracts of Coleus species (whole plant) was evaluated using agar, and macro-broth dilution methods. The test microorganisms were strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The yields achieved with extracts were 24% for absolute methanol, 22% for the water and 39% for the 50% methanol extracts, respectively. The phytochemical... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 2

Eucalyptus grandis and Tagetes minuta leaf powders effectively protect stored maize against Sitophilus zeamais without affecting grain organoleptic properties

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Use of plant compounds in grain protection has shown great potential as an alternative to synthetic insecticides in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigated the efficacy of Eucalyptus grandis and Tagetes minuta ground leaf powders as grain protectants against Sitophilus zeamais in stored maize. Effect of leaf powders were evaluated on percent germination, percent weight loss of grain, insect infestation, grain colour and odour over 192 days... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 2

Phytochemical profile, antibacterial, antioxidant and cytotoxicity activities of Euphorbia cotinifolia

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

The aim of this study was to determine the content of phenolic compounds and flavonoids, the antibacterial, antioxidant and cytotoxicity activities of hydroethanolic extracts of root, stem, leaf and fruit of Euphorbia cotinifolia. Phytochemical screening was performed using spectrophotometric methods (phenolic and flavonoid content) and liquid cromatography. The antibacterial activity was determined by agar diffusion and broth microdilution... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Comparison of fatty acid profile of wild and farm reared freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) brooders for broodstock diet formulation

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Fatty acid profiles of midgut gland (MG), ovary and eggs of Macrobrachium rosenbergii of wild and farm reared brooders indicate a significant variation of their components during the sexual maturation and spawning. In both groups, major fatty acids found in the chosen tissues were 14:0, 16:0, 18:0, 18:1n-9, 18:2n-6, 18:3n-3, 20:4n-6, 20:5n-3 and 22:6n-3. Of these, saturated fatty acids dominate over the mono-unsaturated (MUFA), polyunsaturated... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 1

Effect of Aloe vera gel coating on postharvest quality and shelf life of mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruits Var. ‘Ngowe’

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

  Mango is a highly perishable fruit and high post-harvest losses occur in Africa. In order to address this problem, 4 concentrations of Aloe vera gel (AG) (0, 25, 50 and 75%) and chitosan (1%) were tested at two temperature levels (room temperature 15-22°C and 13°C) to determine their effect on the postharvest life of mango (var.’Ngowe’). The experimental design was a 5 by 2 factorial experiment embedded in a complete... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Determining factors of the strategies for diversifying sources of income for rural households in Burkina Faso

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

This article has used a multinomial logit model to analyze the determinants of diversification strategies of rural households' income sources in Burkina Faso. The main results have enabled the identification of three strategies of the income-source diversification, all carried out around agriculture. They are low, average, high diversification strategies. The outcomes reveal that the age of the household head, household size, dependency ratio,... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Introgression of root protein and yield traits from backcross hybrids between cassava and its wild progenitor (Manihot esculenta ssp flabellifolia)

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Manihot esculenta spp flabellifolia is a potential progenitor for cassava root protein content and yield improvement. Storage roots of cassava landraces are low in protein content due to the fact that past breeding objectives concentrated mainly on yield and resistance to diseases. The improvement of cassava through its wild progenitor is of importance for the full utilization of the potential of the wild progenitor. An interspecific F1 was crossed... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Mathematical modeling and thermodynamic properties for drying soybean grains

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The aims of this work were to adjust different mathematical models to experimental data describing the drying of the Valiosa cultivar soybean grain, to determine and to evaluate the effective diffusion coefficient and to obtain the activation energy and the thermodynamic properties of the drying process under different air conditions. The Valiosa cultivar soybean grains, with an initial moisture content on a dry basis of 0.56 (d.b., decimal), were... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 1

The legitimacy challenge of market governance in Botswana

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This paper examines the economic policy implementation in Botswana, a country where the state is actively engaged in the management of the economy in partnership with organized interests in the private sector, to bring about a diversification of the market away from dependence on mining. The discussion looks at the institutional mechanisms of state-market “partnership”, examining how the weak legitimacy of the government’s... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Co-infections with Schistosoma haematobium and soil-transmitted helminths among school-aged children in Saki, Oyo State, Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and urinary schistosomiasis and the co-infection of these intestinal helminths among school children in Saki town, Oyo state, Nigeria. Early morning stool samples were collected and a Kato-Katz thick smear technique was used to examine and count parasitic load.Urine samples were also collected and examined for Schistosoma haematobium ova... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Nutritive composition of omega-3 fatty acids-rich Ricinodendron heudelotii and its potential for nutrition

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

Njangsa (Ricinodendron heudelotii), a tropical tree that grows in the forest of West and Central Africa, produces fruits that are manually shelled to collect oil seeds and dried. A compositional analysis of njangsa revealed a unique nutrient presence of long chain omega-3 fatty acids not usually associated with plant materials. The seed had 31.4% crude protein and 44.7% lipid. Of this lipid, about 73% was composed of polyunsaturated fatty acids... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

An Abattoir Survey on the Prevalence and Monetary Loss of Fasciolosis Among Cattle Slaughtered at Dangila Municipal Abattoir, Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Bovine fasciolosis is an economically important parasitic disease of cattle in tropical and subtropical countries responsible for considerable economic losses in the cattle industry, mainly through condemnation of fluke-infected liver. A cross sectional study was conducted between October, 2013 and March, 2014 to determine the prevalence and monetary losses associated with bovine fasciolosis and comparing coprology and post mortem techniques of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

The comparative analysis of feminism thought in works of Shahrnoush Parsipour and Marguerite Duras

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

Shahrnoush Parsipour and Marguerite Duras are both Iranian and French contemporary writers. There are similarities in their works for reasons such as  being a woman, being writer, being intellectual, living in 20th century, being familiar with various approaches of feminism, experiencing Eastern life. The question is, what is the ideological and intellectual coordination that exists in Parsipour and Duras? The premise of this research is based... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 10

Application of ICTs in family planning and birth control in Awka-South L.G.A, Anambra State, Nigeria

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The power of information and communication technology in information dissemination cannot be overemphasized. ICTs are the new technologies that have significantly changed today’s landscape by being a driving force that stimulates developmental change in digital age. This great transformation has served as a tool for information dissemination in the world and has carried information on family planning and birth control to Nigerian citizens.... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Physical architecture and customer patronage of banks in Nigeria: An empirical study

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

This study assesses the impact of physical architecture on customer patronage of quoted banks in South-south zone of Nigeria. 14 quoted banks at the Nigeria Stock Exchange Market were used for the study. The research considered firm level of analysis and top managers unit of analysis. Customers of the chosen banks were also used. By this arrangement, 42 managers and seven customers randomly selected constituted our respondents for the study.... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

The era of empire or globalization? The impact of the global shift on development thinking and society

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies

Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud

This study is a literature review with the ambition to answer the question, what is globalization? The myriad of perspectives, both for and against globalization theses makes it an elusive concept and can be confusing both for undergraduate students and laypersons. Hence, in this paper globalization theses reconsidered, pulling together diverse perspectives in order to provide an alternative way of understanding globalization debate, according to... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 1

Mycoflora associated with Masakwa sorghum (sorghum bicolor (L) moench) in the North Eastern part of Nigeria

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research

J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.

A laboratory study was conducted at the Department of Crop Protection, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria to assess the incidence of seed-borne fungi and their effects on seed germination of Masakwa sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Three varieties (Bulwana, Adjaama and Buruu) used were collected from different locations namely Bama, Dikwa and Konduga of Borno State, Nigeria. About 34.9% of the seeds were infected by different species of fungi obtained from... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

Basic biology and therapeutic application of stem cells in various human and animal diseases

Journal of Cell Biology and Genetics

J. Cell Biol. Genet.

Stem cells are a population of precursor cells that are capable of developing into many different cell types in the body. They are unspecialized cells that can give rise to specialized cells and capable of dividing and renewing themselves for long periods. Based on the potency, stem cells can be totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent, oligopotent, unipotent and based on source it can be divided as embryonic, fetal, adult, amniotic fluid, cord blood,... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 4

Isolation and identification of Mannhemia and Pasturella species from pneumonic and apparently healthy cattle and their antibiogram susceptibility pattern in Bedelle District, Western Ethiopia

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

The study was conducted from October 2012 to April 2013 at Bedelle district, Western Ethiopia. The aim was to isolate Mannheimia and Pasteurella species, and to assess the associated risk factors from pneumonic and apparently healthy cattle, and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of the isolates. Out of 329 samples from animals (185 nasal swabs from clinic and 144 lung tissues abattoir) examined, 50.2% was found to be positive to the disease. The... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Characteristics of excellent Islamic education lecturers in Teaching Education Institute of Malaysia

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

This article aims to discuss the excellent attitude that is practiced by Excellent Islamic Education Lecturer (EIEL) in Teacher Education Institute of Malaysia (TEIM). This excellent attitude is identified through one of a case study that was conducted earlier. This case study is implemented in Teacher Education Institute of Malaysia, Dato’ Razali Ismail Campus (TEIMDRIC) that involved comprehensive interview and observation with two EIEL and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Assessing the surgical anatomy of the ethmoid sinus in adult Nigerians using computerized tomography scan

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

We undertook this study to describe the morphology and anatomical variations of ethmoidal sinus in adult Nigerians using computerized tomographic scan, bearing in mind the significance of this sinus in inflammatory pathologies of the other paranasal sinuses and endoscopic sinus surgery. This was a descriptive study of computerized tomographic scans of the paranasal sinuses of 114 subjects constituting 228 ethmoids. All the slides were examined to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Management and development of the human resource of Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Greece: Utopia or reality?

International NGO Journal

Int. NGOJ

The presence of Civil Society in Greece is lean even though the cultivation of the values of social solidarity and volunteerism they are notably developed.  It is necessary to avoid jeopardizing the main traits of Civil Society, which are independence, diversity and their effectiveness.  According to professor D. Dimitrakos, the Civil Society is the intermediary space between the state and citizen, the retainer in the state and at the same... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

Medical students’ reflections on first clinical experience

Medical Practice and Reviews

Med. Pract. Rev.

Reflection is an important skill, as it supports both individual and lifelong learning. It can be used as a learning method in medical education for professional development at all stages. This study aims to evaluate reflective skills of third-year medical students in primary care experience.  Physicians from affiliated primary health care centers supervised students during their clinical practice. Student reports was the main documents to... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

Shelving, shelf reading and the challenges of shelving staff in academic libraries in Ekiti State, Nigeria

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

This study takes a look at shelving, shelf reading and the challenges faced by shelving staff in four (4) academic libraries in the government owned tertiary institutions in Ekiti State, Nigeria. These institutions are the Federal University, Oye-Ekiti, the Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti and the College of Education, Ikere-Ekiti. A questionnaire was developed and used to elicit data from the various respondents in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Identifying salt stress-responsive transcripts from Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) roots by differential display

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

No previous study has been reported on the salt-modulated gene(s) of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.). Identifying the potentially novel transcripts responsible for salt stress tolerance in roselle will increase knowledge of the molecular mechanism underlying salt stress responses. In this study, differential display reverse transcriptase PCR (DDRT-PCR) was used to compare the overall differences in gene expression between salt-stressed and control... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 53

The mediating effect of competitive balance on the relation between foreign players and performance of the Greek National Basketball Team

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

The purpose of the present study is to initially investigate the association between the presence and number of foreign players and the competitive balance indices in the Greek National Basketball League; it subsequently determines whether the competitive balance mediates a positive effect on the performance of the Greek National Basketball Team, as evidenced by its rankings in the EuroBasket Championships. The study examines 47 seasons of the Greek... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 7

Digital painting evolution: A multimedia technological platform for expressivity in fine art painting

Journal of Fine and Studio Art

J. Studio Fine Art

As an emerging art form of the twenty first century, digital painting has gained acceptance as a two-dimensional art form, paralleling major traditional forms of painting in the art world. However, this aspect of the visual arts, rather underexplored, has not received the same degree of global acceptance and recognition accorded to well known fine art forms such as sculpture, painting and drawing. In spite of the proliferation of graphic application... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 1

Effect on naphtha and residue yield through different operating and design variables in atmospheric distillation column

Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels

J. Pet. Technol. Altern. Fuels

HYSYS process modeling software was used to analyze the effect of number of trays, feed tray position, and reflux ratio on naphtha and also on atmospheric residue yield. Analysis of data showed that liquid volume percentage yield of naphtha decreased with number of trays and reflux ratio increased. Whereas, in atmospheric residue, the yield increased with the number of trays and the reflux ratio decreased. In addition, the results demonstrated that... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

Studies on phytochemical screening, antimicrobial and toxicity effect of the shoot system of Acalypha segetalis Müell. Arg.

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.

The dried and pulverized shoot system of Acalypha segetalis was extracted with hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol using cold extraction technique. The three extracts were subjected to phytochemical, toxicity and antibacterial screening. Phytochemical studies revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, phenols, glycosides, steroids and resins. The toxicity activity was investigated using brine shrimp (Artemia salina) lethality... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 12

Oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) in women from Ghana

Journal of Cancer Research and Experimental Oncology

J. Cancer Res. Exp. Oncol.

Gynaecological or cervical cancer remains a significant public health problem worldwide, a situation from which Ghana is not exempt. Human papilloma virus (HPV) is an important agent of pre-invasive and invasive cervical cancer. Currently, over 70 genotypes of the virus have been identified, of which twenty or more have actually been isolated from or are reportedly associated with female genital lesions. Anecdotal evidence suggest that clinical... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Crying newborns: The colic and reflux situation in New Zealand as depicted by online questionnaire

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

Infantile colic is prevalent among newborns and typically defined in terms of repeated bouts of inconsolable crying occurring several days of the week.  There appears no universal cause for colic and none of the multifarious behavioural, dietary and pharmaceutical treatments are of benefit in all cases.  This study collected data from 154 New Zealand parents with colicky and reflux infants by online questionnaire.  Male and female... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Rule of law in Africa and Asia: Solving the principal-agent problem

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

One may look upon the now unfolding events in Burkina Faso from the point of view of rule of law, interpreted with the so-called principal-agent model in the social sciences. Why, then, do many countries in Africa and Asia score low on rule of law, not resolving the principal-agent problem successfully? Is this a legacy from Western colonialism or oriental despotism and tribal forms of power? The principal-agent problem in politics and public... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Distribution, chemical composition and medicinal importance of saffron (Crocus sativus L.)

African Journal of Plant Science

Afr. J. Plant Sci.

Crocus sativus L. is native to Iran and Greece, and is now cultivated largely in Southern Europe, Tibet and other countries. In India, it is mainly cultivated in Kashmir. C. sativus is an important medicinal plant with aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, expectorant, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-depressant, anticancer and anti-tumor activities. Phytochemical investigations of the species have revealed the presence of a number of... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 12

Anthropometric data of Bahirdar City’s adult men for clothing design

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The aim of this study is to establish anthropometric data for garment industries in Bahir Dar City for the design and manufacturing of clothing. Date were collected from nine Bahir Dar City tailors’ adult men measurement for shirt and trouser making. Totally, about 350 and 1000 measurements were collected for shirt and for trouser. Data purging process has been carried out before using it for developing standards. Data collected were analysed... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Dividend announcement on share prices in a bull and a bear market phase

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

The information content of dividend hypothesis has been a controversial debate for a number of decades. This research therefore examines the validity of information content of dividend hypothesis and the reaction of share prices to dividend change announcements that contradict the market phase. That is, observing the reaction of the market to the announcements of dividend decrease (increase) when the market is in a bull (bear) market phase. This is... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

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