Articles

 

Page 1 of 1122, showing 50 records out of 56085 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

June 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Inheritance and combining ability study on drought tolerance and grain yield among early maturing inbred lines of maize (Zea mays L.)

Utilization of stress tolerant maize is key to sustainable production and food security. Limited knowledge on genetics of drought tolerance hampers development of drought tolerant varieties. The aim of this study was to study inheritance and combining ability of drought tolerance and grain yield among early inbred lines of maize. Five inbred lines were mated in full diallel in 2015 major season. The resultant 20...

Author(s): Issa Z. M. M., Nyadanu D., Richard A., Sangare A. R., Adejumobi I. I. and Ibrahim D.

June 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Development of two high-yielding, consumer-acceptable apple banana hybrids (Musa species, AAB genome group) with resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense race 1

Fusarium wilt of bananas (Musa species) is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc). Foc race 1 in particular affects dessert bananas in Uganda, causing >60% yield loss. This study was conducted to assess the performance of two new apple banana genotypes for bunch yield, resistance to Foc race 1 and consumer acceptability. The new apple banana genotypes (NAMU1 and NAMU2), along with two check cultivars, one...

Author(s): Henry Buregyeya,, Robooni Tumuhimbise, Jerome Kubiriba, David Talengera, Kephas Nowankunda, Geofrey Arinaitwe, Wilberforce K. Tushemereirwe, Deborah Karamura, Eldad Karamura and Patrick Rubaihayo

June 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Effect of heat stress on common bean under natural growing conditions in three locations in different climate zones in the state of São Paulo, Brazil

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) originated in medium to high altitude regions and is sensitive to high temperatures. Climate changes from an increase in global temperatures are foreseen, and therefore better understanding of the mechanisms of heat tolerance is necessary. In this context, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of heat stress on twelve common bean genotypes under natural growing...

Author(s): Daiana Alves da Silva, Raquel Luiza de Moura dos Reis, João Guilherme Ribeiro Gonçalves, Sérgio Augusto Morais Carbonell and Alisson Fernando Chiorato

June 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic variation of tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] genotypes for reaction to tef shoot fly [Atherigona hyalinipennis Van Emden], at Maysiye, Northern Ethiopia

One of the major biotic stresses that limits tef yield is insect pests attack. Of these tef, shoot fly is sporadically important insect pest in various tef growing areas of Ethiopia. Evaluation of diversity of tef germplasm in Ethiopia for the reaction tef shoot fly might give a chance to get host plant resistance. The main objective of this study was to assess the genetic variation among tef genotypes for their...

Author(s): Chekole Nigus

June 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Success drivers of pig artificial insemination based on imported fresh semen

This study was conducted to assess the factors that affect pig litter size, proportion of live pigs at birth, number of inseminations per conception, and efficiency of artificial insemination. The main factors assessed were sow breed (n = 2), sire breed (n = 3), sow parity (n = 7) and insemination method (n = 2). The sow breeds used were Landrace, LL (n = 27) and Landrace × Pietran crossbreds, LP (n = 37); boar...

Author(s): Vincent Niyiragira, Kugonza Donald Rugira, and Hirwa Claire D’Andre

June 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Relationships between sperm morphology and semen cation concentrations in red sokoto goats (Capra aegagrus hircus)

The study evaluated the relationships between sperm morphology and semen cation concentrations in Red Sokoto bucks. A total of 31 Red Sokoto bucks were used for the study. Semen samples were collected from each animal on weekly basis for 52 weeks using an electro-ejaculator. Sperm morphological traits: detached mid-piece and tail (DMT), detached head (DH), mid-piece droplet (MPD), coiled and bent tail (CBT), and...

Author(s): Ambali A. L., Anoh K. U., and Suleiman I. O.

June 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Feed resources assessment, laboratory evaluation of chemical composition of feeds and livestock feed balance in enset (Ensete ventricosum)-based mixed production systems of Gurage zone, southern Ethiopia

The study was conducted in four districts of Gurage zone, Sothern Nations Nationalities and People’s Region to determine the quantity and quality of available feed resources and to measure the livestock feed balance. A total of 360 households from dega (highland) and weinadega (midaltitude) peasant associations were selected using proportional sample size determination (Cochran, 1909; Thrustfield, 2013). The DM...

Author(s): Dirsha Demam Wonchesa , Ashenafi Mengistu Wossen and Gebeyehu Goshu Negia

June 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Evaluation of the reproductive performance of Holstein Friesian dairy cows in Alage ATVET college, Ethiopia

The objective of this study was to evaluate the reproductive performance of pure Holstein Friesian dairy cows exploring 28 years records (1987 to 2015) in Alage Agricultural Technical and Vocational Education Training (ATVET) College dairy farm. General linear model procedures of SAS version 9.2 was employed to determine the effects of period of birth, season of birth, period of calving, season of calving and parity on...

Author(s): Destaw Worku Mengistu and Kefyalew Alemayehu Wondimagegn

June 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Supplementary value of two Lablab purpureus cultivars and concentrate mixture to natural grass hay basal diet based on feed intake, digestibility, growth performance and net return of Horro sheep

This study was undertaken with the aim to determine the supplementary value of Beresa-55 and Gebisa-17 cultivars and concentrate mixture to a basal diet of natural pasture hay based on growth performance, feed utilization, digestibility and net return of Horro sheep. A total of twenty five yearlings Horro sheep were stratified into five groups based on initial body weight in randomized complete block design and animals...

Author(s): Abuye Tulu, Yadav Ram Khushi, Diriba Geleti Challi

June 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
A longitudinal data analysis on risk factors for developing type-2 diabetes mellitus at the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Gondar, Ethiopia

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic chronic diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels with multi-system complications. The objective of this study was to assess the risk factors for developing type-2 diabetes mellitus over time in their random blood sugar and to obtain better predictive model for type 2 diabetes patients’ random blood sugar (RBS) level in the University of Gondar Comprehensive...

Author(s): Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie and Melkamu Ayana Zeru  

June 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Investigation on the effect of a one-day pharmacovigilance training of healthcare professionals

A key objective of the decentralized pharmacovigilance program is to increase the knowledge of in-service healthcare professionals in pharmacovigilance to enable them develop a culture and practice of adverse drug reactions reporting. It is imperative to evaluate the impact of the training offered, as it is a key component of the national decentralized pharmacovigilance program. Thus the aim of this study was to...

Author(s): Mukesh Dheda, Henry Kambafwile and Frasia Oosthuizen  

June 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Caregiver feeding practices in Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is a basis for developing a community based Early Childhood Development (ECD) programme. Using a set of questions in a household survey, it was found that 92% of children are given breast milk as their first food. However, for 39% of children, breastfeeding stops after 40 days.  46% of the children were not breastfed exclusively until six months. 28% of the children did not get three meals per day, and...

Author(s): Boniface Francis Kalanda and Asseneth Jerotich Cheboi  

June 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence of hepatitis B and C among HIV/AIDS patients attending Bingham University Teaching Hospital Jos Plateau State Nigeria: A retrospective study

The prevalence of hepatitis B and C (HBV and HCV) among HIV infected persons is a major public health problem in Nigeria. The increasing number of people living with HIV in Nigeria has presented the health care system with new co-morbid infections such as HBV and HCV. This study was designed to investigate the prevalence of hepatitis B and C among HIV/AIDS patients attending Bingham University Teaching Hospital Jos...

Author(s): Odjimogho Stella, Agofure Otovwe, Oghenenioborue R. A Okandeji-Barry and Ibrahim Zainab Ladidi  

June 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge, attitude and practice on hand washing and associated factors among public primary schools children in Hosanna town, Southern Ethiopia

The burden of communicable diseases within developing countries is mainly influenced by poor personal hygiene practices Despite substantial evidence about the effectiveness of hand washing, especially using soap at all critical time, the practice is poor in developing countries including Ethiopia. The problem is not researched well on children who are major risk groups for diarrheal diseases, ARI and other hygiene...

Author(s): Alula Seyum Buda, Dejene Ermias Mekengo, Terefe Markos Lodebo, Abinet Arega Sadore and Bazie Mekonnen  

June 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Indigenous breeding practices and selection criteria of sheep breed in central zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

This study was conducted with the aim to generate organized information on traditional breeding practices and selection criteria for indigenous sheep types in three districts of central zone of Tigray, North Ethiopia. A total of 180 households were randomly sampled for the interview. A semi-structured questionnaire and group discussion were further used to gather information on sheep breeding practices and selection...

Author(s): H. Hagos, A. K. Banerjee and Y. Y. Mummed

June 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Chemical composition, functional and organoleptic properties of complementary foods formulated from millet, soybean and African locust bean fruit pulp flour blends

This study was aimed at producing and evaluating the quality of complementary foods from millet, soybean and African locust bean fruit pulp. The millet, soybean and African locust bean fruits were obtained locally in Kaduna, Nigeria. These materials were separately cleaned, dried, milled and sieved into flours. The flours were mixed as follows: Sample A (60% millet, 10% soybean, 30% African locust bean fruit pulp),...

Author(s): Zakari U. M., Hassan A. and Fatima Kida  

June 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Meat quality analysis of Djallonke lambs co-infected with Teladorsagia circumcincta and Trichostrongylus colubrifromis (Trichostrongyloidae) and treated with two medicinal plants

Gastrointestinal nematode infection adversely affects small ruminant productivity all over the world, especially in tropical countries. A study was carried out to evaluate the extent to which concurrent infection with these nematodes may influence lamb meat quality, and how phytotherapy might improve these parameters. During the trial, 24 male Djallonke lambs (Age: 3 to 5 months) were experimentally infected with...

Author(s): Ndah Germaine, Fonteh A. Florence, Tedonkeng Fernand, Mpoame Mbida, Lumofoet Jules, Temgoua I. F. Kengne , Kenmogne A.Tayou , Nzonang N. Douglas, Vemo B. Narcisse and Wabo J. Poné  

June 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Comparison of traditional butter preservation techniques using microbial and organoleptic properties, West Shewa, Ethiopia

The study was conducted in Dire Inchini and Ambo districts of West Shewa, Oromia, Ethiopia to assess traditional butter preservation methods and compare their efficiency. Semi-structured questionnaire was prepared, pretested and used to interview 120 women respondents having experience in butter making. Butter preservation methods identified were ghee making (100%), spicing (98.33%), melted butter (29.17%) and salting...

Author(s): Alganesh Tola, Debela Bayu, Lemma Fita, Bilatu Agza and Sara Birkie  

June 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Mechanism of retained placenta and its treatment by plant medicine in ruminant animals in Oromia, Ethiopia

Retained placenta is the abnormal condition in animal reproduction in which fetal membrane failed to detach from maternal uterine wall after postpartum. The retention of placenta can create some disorders within reproductive organ of animals by allowing microorganisms to grow inside the uterus causing inflammation of uterus, fever, weight loss, decreasing milk yield, longer calving intervals and if the case is severe...

Author(s): Tagesu Abdisa

June 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
A study on gross and histopathological pulmonary lesions of cattle slaughtered at Abergelle Abattoir, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia

Animals in sub-Saharan African countries are used as source of milk, meat, hides and skin where animal diseases are one of the primary constraints in increasing the productivity of food animals. Studies were conducted to examine various respiratory problems of cattle with purpose of identifying the gross and histopathological lesions in lungs of slaughtered cattle at Abergelle Export Abattoir from April 2015 to June...

Author(s): Kidane Workelul Yalew, Nesibu Awol, Yishak Tsegay, Haftay Abraha and Hailesilassie W/mariam

June 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Study on calf coccidiosis in dairy farms in and around Holeta Town, Finfine Zuria Liyu Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

Bovine coccidiosis is a protozoan infection caused by different species of Eimeria which has a worldwide distribution. The disease which mainly affects calves belongs to large herd size where hygiene is not well managed and is associated with poor body condition. A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 to determine the prevalence of bovine coccidiosis and identify the associated risk...

Author(s): Zerihun Adugna Regasa, Belay Mulatea and Temesgen Kassa Getahun

June 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Indigenous knowledge based identification of medicinal plants in Central Zone of Tigray, North Ethiopia

There are many traditional medicine practitioners in every corner of the world, which can be grouped into spiritual healers and herbalists. Both groups do not tell to others about medicinal plants sometimes even to their descendants. This may have many different reasons, some say the medicine becomes functional if it is used in secret and some do not tell others fearing for competition of market as well as the medicinal...

Author(s): Gebrekidan Abrha, Sibhatleab Hintsa and Gebrekiros Gebremedhin

June 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Conservation status of bird fauna of South West of Omo National Park, Ethiopia

A study on the conservation status of bird fauna of South West of Omo National Park (SWONP), South Western Ethiopia was conducted for dry (January - March, 2012)  and wet (April - June, 2012) seasons. The study area was stratified based on vegetation (Riverine Forest land (RFL), Grass land (GL), and Bush land (BL)). Using systematic sampling, data was collected on birds in the morning (6:30 - 10:00 am) and evening...

Author(s): Debebe Dana Feleha

June 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
On-farm description and status of Nuer (Abigar) cattle breed in Gambella Regional State, Ethiopia

This study was conducted in Gambella Regional State (GRS) in order to characterize the Abigar cattle breed phenotypically at its breeding tract. It was done purposively in four selected districts of the region using extensive field surveys, morphological measurements and focused group discussions on the origin, distribution, current status and future threats, production and reproduction characteristics of Abigar cattle...

Author(s): Nakachew Minuye, Girma Abebe and Tadelle Dessie  

June 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Growth and yield of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars as influenced by rates of phosphorus at Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important food and cash crop in southwest Ethiopia with multiple uses. Productivity of the crop is, however, low at national as well as regional levels, mainly due to low soil fertility. Phosphorus (P) deficiency is particularly important in acid soils of southwest Ethiopia affecting growth and yield of seed legumes in general and that of common beans in particular. Therefore, a...

Author(s): Amanuel Alemu, Amisalu Nebiyu, and Merkeb Getachew  

June 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Yield and agronomic performances of desi type chickpea genotypes against acidic soil of Western Ethiopia

Currently, 40% of arable land in Ethiopia is affected by acidity and particularly the soil acidity problem that occurs in central and western zones of Oromia deserves immediate intervention for crop production. The objective of the present study was to examine responses of Desi type chickpea varieties against acidic soil of western Ethiopia. Pooled analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicated significant difference among...

Author(s): Biru Alemu and Dagnachew Lule  

June 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Heavy metals pollution index of surface water from Commodore channel, Lagos, Nigeria

Surface water pollution poses a major risk to all biotic entities dependent on the water body. This study assessed the surface water quality of commodore channel, Lagos lagoon with respect to its heavy metals pollution level using indexing approach to determine the sources of heavy metal and its associated pollution risk. Samples were collected at a depth of 10-15 cm within a distance of 4 km from the shore line. Metal...

Author(s): Charles Izuma Addey, Nubi Olubunmi Ayoola, Adelopo Abdulganiyu Omobolaji and Oginni Emmanuel Tolulope

June 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Assessment of water quality in the lower Nyong estuary (Cameroon, Atlantic Coast) from environmental variables and phytoplankton communities’ composition

The aim of this study was to provide a first-hand water quality assessment of the River Nyong estuary, Southern Atlantic coast of Cameroon. Environmental variables and phytoplankton communities were monitored at four surface stations in the estuary for 2 season cycles from 2014 to 2015. A total of 208 species of phytoplankton, belonging to five (5) groups of microalgae, were identified. The Shannon-Weaver diversity...

Author(s): Anselme Crepin Mama, Gisele Flodore Youbouni Ghepdeu, Jules Rémi Ngoupayou Ndam, Manfred Desire Bonga, Fils Mammert Onana and Raphaël Onguene

June 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Bacterial community changes during composting of municipal crop waste using low technology methods as revealed by 16S rRNA

Bacterial communities are actively involved in composting process but the environment within the compost influences their diversity, abundance and succession. In this study, the authors investigated the bacterial communities in tropical crop waste compost using pyrosequencing. Municipal crop wastes from the tropics (Uganda) were composted under four different low-technology methods. Samples were collected from the early...

Author(s): John Baptist Tumuhairwe and John Stephen Tenywa

June 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Income contribution and adoption potential of apple based agroforestry on homestead farms in West and North Shoa zones of Ethiopia

To reduce the local people high reliance on the remnant forest, the then Forestry Research Center and GTZ introduced and provided Apple tree seedlings for selected residents in the West and North Shoa Zones of Ethiopia two decades ago. However, despite the provision of such variety of seedlings, a study that assessed the contribution of the fruit trees to the household economy improvement, and the various determinant...

Author(s): Lemlem Tajebe and Asfaw Gelan

June 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
A study on prisoner population and food demand in Malawi prisons

While Malawi’s per capita cereal production may be higher than her per capita cereal consumption, Malawi is a net cereal importer and thus food insecure. The food situation is much worse in Malawi’s prisons because inmates generally eat one meal per day. The general objective of this study was to project prisoner population and food demand for ten years, from 2015 to 2025. Using structured questionnaires in...

Author(s): Hastings B. Moloko, Davis H. Ng’ong’ola, Joseph Dzanja and Thabie Chilongo

June 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Assessment of the factors affecting the performance of micro and small scale enterprise: The case of Wolkite town, Guraghe zone, Southern Ethiopia

Currently, the Ethiopian government gives a great emphasis on the growth of micro and small-scale enterprises. Besides, some empirical studies were conducted to identify the factors affecting the performance of micro and small-scale enterprises in this town. For the sake of achieving this goal most important primary sources of data were collected through survey questionnaire from samples of 30 peoples by means of the...

Author(s): Deksiso Guye Gelgelu

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Qualitative traits variation in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) landraces from the Southern highlands of Ethiopia

Thirty six barley landraces were collected from three districts of the southern highlands of Ethiopia and evaluated for 11 morphological traits to assess the extent of qualitative trait variations based on morphological traits. The results showed that 42% of the 36 barley landraces were found to have six kernel row numbers for the three collection districts. The distribution of four kernel raw number was found to be...

Author(s): Addisu Fekadu, Fantahun Woldesenbet and Shumet Tenaw  

May 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Quality attributes of homemade tomato sauce stored at different temperatures

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is processed into different products including tomato sauce. The aim of this study was to determine the quality attributes of homemade tomato sauce during storage at 6 and 30°C for 8 weeks. At 4 weeks, there were no significant changes in sensory attributes during storage at both 6 and 30°C. There were significant differences (P˂0.05) of sensory attributes after 6 weeks. Sauce...

Author(s): Smith Gilliard Nkhata and Emmanuel Owino Ayua

May 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Quality of porridge from sub-Saharan Africa evaluated using instrumental techniques and descriptive sensory lexicon. Part 2: Thin porridge

Thin porridge is a popular nourishment drink for adults and complementary food for children in sub-Saharan Africa. It is made from straight (unblended) or composite flours of maize, sorghum, finger millet and cassava in neutral or chemically-acidified media, or after spontaneous fermentation of the flours. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of type of composite flour and pH on the sensory quality of...

Author(s): Calvin Onyango and George W. Wanjala

May 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Two withanolides from Withania somnifera (solanaceae) and activity of methanolic extracts against fungal and bacterial pathogens that affects food crops

Methanolic extract obtained from the dried leaves of Withania Somnifera was subjected to column chromatography leading to the isolation of two withanolides. Their structures were elucidated using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. The isolated withanolides were determined to be 5α, 17β-dihydroxy-6α, 7β-epoxy-1-oxo-witha-2, 24-dienolide (1) and 4, 5, 6, 15-tetrahydroxy-1-oxo-witha-7-enolide (2). The...

Author(s): Regina Chepkorir, Josphat Clement Matasyoh and Isabel N. Wagara

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
How far can climate changes help to conserve and restore Garcinia kola Heckel, an extinct species in the wild in Benin (West Africa)

A study was conducted to assess how well climate changes can help to conserve and restore Garcinia kola Heckel in the Protected Area Network (PAN) and in urban areas in Benin. To achieve this, occurrence data from GBIF was used and the environmental data from AfriClim was used in order to model the species’ potential habitat under current and future climates. The maximum entropy modeling approach of MaxEnt was...

Author(s): Akotchiffor Kévin G. DJOTAN, Augustin Kossi N. AOUDJI, Sylvie Akouavi F. CODJIA, Alain J. GBÈTOHO, Kourouma KOURA and Jean Cossi GANGLO

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Habitat biophysical and spatial patterns assessment within Oti-Keran-Mandouri protected area network in Togo

Oti-Keran-Mandouri (OKM) is part of the elephant historical range and one of the priority corridors proposed for elephant conservation in West Africa. However, its potentialities to be a functional corridor are yet to be evaluated in a context of increasing anthropogenic pressure. This study aims at assessing habitat biophysical patterns and fragmentation level. A multicriteria evaluation using fuzzy logic was performed...

Author(s): Aniko Polo-Akpisso, Fousseni Folega, Ouattara Soulemane, Wouyo Atakpama, Mamadou Coulibaly, Kpérkouma Wala, Achim Röder, Koffi Akpagana and Tano Yao

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Effects of bush encroachment on plant composition, diversity and carbon stock in Borana rangelands, Southern Ethiopia

Bush encroachment is reducing rangeland productivity in Borana rangelands. This study was conducted in Teltele Woreda of Borana zone, to evaluate the effects of bush encroachment on plant species composition, diversity and its contribution to carbon stock. Bush encroached, non-encroached and bush thinned rangeland types were selected for the study. Nested plots for collecting tree, shrub, herbaceous and soil data were...

Author(s): Siraj Kelil Gobelle and Abdella Gure

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Study of floral diversity from rural pockets of Odisha, India: Plants for fun and games

In earlier days, children used to play in outdoors with plant parts and their products for fun making and games. However with modernity and advancement in science and technology, this indigenous knowledge is vanishing day by day. There is no scientific documentation of plants being used for fun and games by children. The present study carried out in different tribal and non-tribal village schools of Koraput and Khordha...

Author(s): Mahendra K. Satapathy, Sidhanta S. Bisoi and Sanjeeb K. Das

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors affecting implementation of integrated community case management of childhood illnesses in South West Shoa Zone, Central Ethiopia

Integrated community case management (ICCM) is a program that allowed Health Extension Workers (HEWs) treat the three most common childhood illnesses: pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria through delivering a closer and accessible care. In Ethiopia, this proven strategy was being implemented in selected districts of the regions but there were no sufficient evidences to decision-makers for improvement interventions....

Author(s): Wase Benti Hailu, Waju Beyene Salgedo and Ayinengida Adamu Walle  

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors associated with sputum conversion in a multinational population of tuberculosis patients

Various factors had been related with sputum conversion in tuberculosis patients, which constituted an essential indicator of the effectiveness of treatment and the infectivity of patients. The study evaluates the factors related with smear sputum conversion in pulmonary tuberculosis. A retrospective cohort study of newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis was performed from January 2013 to September 2016 in Cuban...

Author(s): Humberto Guanche Garcell, Ariadna Villanueva Arias, Francisco Gutierrez García, Victor E. Ramírez Zenón and Ramón N Alfonso Serrano

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Satisfaction of maternal care among women delivered at Asrade Zewude Memorial Primary Hospital, Bure, West Gojjam, Amhara, Ethiopia: A cross sectional study

Maternal satisfaction is a means of evaluating quality of maternal health care given in health facilities. The objective  was to assess the level of maternal  satisfaction and associated factors  at  Asrade Zewude Memorial Primary Hospital. Cross-sectional study was conducted on 420 clients by systematic sampling method from February 8, 2017 to September 25, 2017. Structured questionnaire that was...

Author(s): Gizew Dessie Asres

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Maternal dietary and nutritional characteristics as predictor of newborn birth weight in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia, 2017

Maternal nutrition plays a major role in influencing fetal growth and birth outcomes. It is a modifiable risk factor which drags a significant public health consideration to avert adverse birth outcomes, specially, in low and middle income countries. Suboptimal dietary and nutritional characteristics and low birth weight are prevalent in the present study setting. This study was conducted to assess the association of...

Author(s): Hawi Goshu, Melese Sinaga Teshome and Kalkidan Hassen Abate  

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Socio-demographic determinants of health support services among orphans and vulnerable children in Nigeria

Worldwide, the population of orphans and vulnerable children is estimated to be around 160 million with sub-Sahara Africa accounting for 80% of these children owing largely to the effect of HIV/AIDS, civil wars, road accidents, sectarian violence, terrorism, and other factors. Efforts have been made over the years by governments and development partners to mitigate the effects of orphanhood, but these efforts have...

Author(s): Chima Victor

May 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Biotransformation and detoxification of reactive black dye by Ganoderma tsugae

In this study, the decolourization potential of the white-rot fungus Ganoderma tsugae, which is capable of producing laccase was investigated to degrade reactive black dye. Biodegradation of reactive black dye was analyzed by using spectrophotometer at an absorbance of 585 nm. Laccase, manganese peroxidase and pH were served as biodegradation indices. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and gas chromatography mass...

Author(s): Zubbair N. A., Ajao A. T., Adeyemo E. O. and Adeniyi D. O.

May 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Screening of hydrocarbon degrading fungi in crude oil polluted soil isolated in the Niger Delta

Bioremediation has been argued to be cheaper and more environmental friendly when compared to other remediation technology. Bioremediation make use of the ability of bacteria and fungi to biodegrade organic compound to cleanup hydrocarbon pollution. Many fungi have been shown to biodegrade simple and complex polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. In this study, petroleum hydrocarbon degrading fungi have been isolated and...

Author(s): Egbo, W. Mansi, Onyewuchi Akaranta and Gideon Abu

May 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Combining ability assessment in Helianthus annuus L. through line × tester analysis for quantitative traits and quality parameters

The cross combinations of different lines and testers (L×T) for high yielding sunflower (Helianthus annuus) hybrids were evaluated. Plant materials were utilized by L×T mating design of 7 lines and 3 testers and their 21 hybrids were sown in the field during 2015 autumn season in RCBD design with 3 replications. Genetic variability, general combing ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) among...

Author(s): Muhammad Azeem ur Rahman Khalid, Dr Muhammad Ahsan Iqbal, Muhammad Zubair, Amanullah Zafar, Asad Butt, Sulman Abid, Yasir Shahzad, Muhammad Ajmal and Ali Adnan Liaqat

May 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic variability and diversity studies in Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) genotypes based on cluster analysis using agronomic and quality traits in Southern Ethiopia

Genetic diversity is worthwhile for durum wheat breeding and consequently results in production of more efficient varieties under different conditions. Cluster analysis based on Euclidean distances was carried out with 21 durum wheat genotypes to assess the genetic diversity for agronomic and quality traits. The Unweighted Pair Group Average using Arithmetic Mean as linkage rule was used for the analysis of the...

Author(s): Yonas Shimelis, Wassu Mohammed and Tesfaye Letta

May 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Post-harvest evaluation of selected inbred lines to maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais resistance

Maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky) is a major maize (Zea mays L.) storage insect pest in the tropics which reduces the quantity and quality of maize hence facilitating establishment of aflatoxin and other mycotoxins. The objective of this study was to evaluate maize weevil resistance on selected inbred lines. Twenty eight inbred lines with 2 checks (MTPO701-reistant and Duma 41-susceptible) were used in this...

Author(s): Khakata S., Mbute F. N., Chemining’wa G. N., Mwimali M., Karanja J., Harvey J. and Mwololo J. K.

Page 1 of 1122, showing 50 records out of 56085 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50