Articles

 

Page 1 of 1128, showing 50 records out of 56379 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Potential in a collection of adapted and exotic tropical maize inbred lines as resistance source for stem borers

Lepidopteran borers are the most devastating field pests of maize in West and Central Africa. In view of the rapidly changing climate which favours an upsurge of more destructive biotypes of insect pests, diverse sources of resistance from different genetic backgrounds need to be harnessed for crop improvement purposes. Forty tropical maize inbreds comprising adapted and exotic lines from International Institute of...

Author(s): Qudrah Olaitan Oloyede-Kamiyo, Sam Oyewole Ajala and Anthony Oluwatoyosi Job  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Agro-morphological characterization of some taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott.) germplasms in Ghana

Taro (Colocasia esculenta (L) Schott.) is one of the underutilized crops in Ghana which has great potential in terms of food and nutritional value. Eighteen (18) accessions collected from Samoa (8), Malaysia (2), Indonesia (2) and Ghana (6) were studied under field conditions to collect data on their agro-morphological characteristics and yield potential for the development of the crop. The study was conducted at...

Author(s): R. Boampong, L. M. Aboagye, D. Nyadanu and M. Esilfie  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Varietal screening for resistance against field and storage crop pests: An implication for Ethiopian crop variety development

Food security in developing countries like Ethiopia has been a challenge for many years due to pre and post-harvest losses of agricultural products which are caused by different biotic and abiotic factors.  Grain losses from pest infestation prior to harvest and during storage are a serious problem, particularly in developing countries like Ethiopia. More than 70% insect pests have been identified; they attack...

Author(s): Muez Berhe Gebremdein  

August 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Antioxidants activity of the cyanobacterium, Arthrospira (Spirulina) fusiformis cultivated in a low-cost medium

Spirulina species are known to have a good nutritional profile and antioxidant properties against reactive oxygen species. However, little is known about the antioxidant contents and the scavenging ability of Arthrospira fusiformis, cultivated under various conditions. This study aimed at evaluating the content of antioxidants (total phenols, total flavonoids, β-carotene, and lycopene) and the activity of A....

Author(s): Angelina Michael, Margareth S. Kyewalyanga, Matern S. Mtolera and Charles V. Lugomela  

August 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Nutritional potential of underutilized gum arabic tree seeds (acacia nilotica) and locust bean seeds (Parkia biglobosa)

Acacia nilotica seed (ANS) and Parkia biglobosa seed (PBS) are underutilised legume found to have health benefits and functional properties. This study determined nutrient composition of A. nilotica and P. biglobosa seeds. ANS and PBS were collected and processed properly for chemical analysis. The proximate, minerals, vitamins, essential amino-acids, and antinutrient composition were analyzed to ascertain nutritional...

Author(s): Ajayi K., Adepoju O. T., Taiwo O. M., Omojola S. T. and Aladetuyi M. E.  

August 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Physicochemical, microbiological and sensory characteristics of cashew milk formulated yoghurt

Cashew yoghurt was formulated using cashew kernel milk. The physicochemical, microbiological and organoleptic assessment of the resulting product was examined and compared with commercial yoghurts. Results indicated that crude protein of 16.8% for cashew milk yoghurt compared favorably with 14.82% of commercial yoghurt. Caloric value of cashew yoghurt (133.06 kJ) was higher than that obtained for commercial yoghurts...

Author(s): Jayeola Olayinka, Yahaya Eugene, Ogunwolu Olalekan, Igbinadolor Richard and Mokwunye Chuka  

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Small ruminant production and constraints in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

The study was conducted in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia with aim of assessing the production and challenges of small ruminant animals. Data was collected via questionnaire, interview and group discussion. For the study, 4 Kebeles were taken randomly and from each kebele, 20 households were selected purposively based on the experience and involvement of small ruminant production. The result indicated that...

Author(s): Shigute Etalema and Anja Abera

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Ethiopian native chicken productivity, aims of production and breeding practices across agro-climatic zones

This study was conducted to characterize flock size, composition, productivity, motivational drivers, and breed selection criteria in village chicken production systems of lowlands, midlands, and highlands of Ethiopia. Data were collected at 360 rural households of which 120 were from lowland, 160 midland, and 80 highlands. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect the data using person to person interview...

Author(s): Zemelak Goraga, Cassio Wilbert and Luizinho Caron

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Determination of bee spacing and comb cell dimensions for Apis mellifera Scutellata honeybee race in western Ethiopia

A study was conducted at Assosa and Mao-komo districts of Benishangul-gumuz regional state, western Ethiopia, aiming to determine the bee spacing and cell dimensions of honeybee race Apis mellifera scutellata. The measurement of bee spacing and cell dimensions were taken from 20 traditional hives at each agro-ecology. Assosa and Mao-komo districts were purposively selected to represent mid-altitude and highland...

Author(s): Mulisa Faji, Alemayehu Abebe, Diribi Mijena, Fekadu Begna and Alayu Tarekegn

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Potential risk factors associated with carcass contamination in slaughterhouse operations and hygiene in Oyo state, Nigeria

Avoiding meat contamination at slaughterhouses is crucial for food safety; consumers’ awareness and concern for the type of food they eat has attracted global attention and redirected research interests towards food safety. The practical hygiene in the slaughterhouse operations play key role in the safety and wholesomeness of meat. A cross sectional survey was carried out on 60 slaughterhouses in Ibadan, Oyo and...

Author(s): Fasanmi O. G., Makinde G. E. O., Popoola M. A., Fasina O. F., Matere J., Kehinde O. O, Balogun F. A. and Ogundare S. T.

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Determinants of modern contraceptive use among fertile women in Debark districts, North West Ethiopia

This study examined and identified the determinants of modern contraceptive use among fertile women in Debark district. In order to meet the objective descriptive, multiple logistic regression and multilevel logistic regression statistical techniques were used for data analysis. The results of multiple logistic regressions showed that health center, place of residence, marital status, access to media, environmental...

Author(s): Mebetu Gebre Demozie, Kidanemariam Alem Berhie and Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie

August 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Review on the epidemiological features of equine Endoparasites in Ethiopia

Equines contributed a lot to the livelihood of Ethiopian people in terms of income generation, public transport, ploughing, threshing and ambulatory service for sick humans and animals, however various health problems hamper their contributions and of which endoparasitism is the major one. A number of epidemiological studies conducted in different part of Ethiopia point out the burden and type of endoparasites...

Author(s): Dagim Berhanu Gebresilassie and Bamlaku Andarge  

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Statistical model of weight outcome among college students

The issue of weight outcome is a common problem across all ages in the world, regardless of being a male or female. Studies show  that its cause is more associated with insufficient physical activities due to technological addicts and improper eating habits. However, this study sought to find out whether the predictors by authorities are in existent among college students in this part of the country. In a cross...

Author(s): Maxwell Seyram Kumah, Awuitor Godwin Kofi, Dorkenoo Bridget Aku and Kumi John Newton

August 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Evaluation of metacestode of Taenia solium antigens for detection of anti-cysticercal IgG among patients with epilepsy in three districts of Northern Uganda

Neurocysticercosis causes serious public health and socioeconomic problems in developing countries including Uganda. The aim of the study was to evaluate the metacestodes of Taenia solium (T. solium) antigens for detection of anticysticercal Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies among patients with epilepsy in three districts of Northern Uganda. Three hundred (300) random samples were screened for anticysticercal IgG using...

Author(s): Simon Peter Alarakol, Moses Lotokome Joloba, Walter Onen Yagos  and Emmanuel Odongo Aginya  

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors associated with birth preparedness and complication readiness among antenatal clinic attendants in selected public Hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Institution based cross sectional study

Birth preparedness and complication readiness is a comprehensive strategy aimed in promoting timely access to skilled maternal and neonatal services. It also facilitates active preparation and decision making for delivery by pregnant women. The aim of this study was to assess birth preparedness and complication readiness plans of antenatal clinic attendees in selected public Hospitals of Addis Ababa. Institution based...

Author(s): Hawi Chala, Sahilu Asseged, Demelash Woldeyohannes and Yohannes Tekalegn

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Cancer survival in Brazil: Estimate through the mortality to incidence ratio

Information about cancer incidence, mortality and survival is one of the pillars for disease monitoring. In Brazil, only a few studies show population-based survival. The mortality to incidence ratio (M:I) is an indirect measure of cancer survival and can be used to estimate a population cancer survival. To calculate the mortality to incidence ratios (M:I), an official information for incidence and mortality rates in...

Author(s): Rejane de Souza Reis and Alfredo José Monteiro Scaff

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Health problems related to algal bloom among seaweed farmers in coastal areas of Tanzania

There is a scarcity of research-based data on the factors associated with skin irritation due to algal blooms in seaweed farming. Changes in temperature with an increase in nutrients levels lead to the growth of harmful algal blooms, which produce many active metabolites, some of which induce toxic responses in human including skin irritation. The objective of this study was to identify health problems experienced by...

Author(s): Aziza, H. Said, , , Flower, E. Msuya, Margareth, S. Kyewalyanga, Aviti, J. Mmochi, Evalyn, W. Mwihia, Eystein Skjerve, Helena, A. Ngowi and Jan, L. Lyche

July 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Biochemical changes in superchilled storage of salmon (Salmo salar) fillets

Biochemical changes of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fillets during superchilled storage were evaluated. Due to the significant differences in ice crystal sizes observed, the biochemical changes were evaluated both at the top and centre parts of the superchilled samples. No significant differences were found in biochemical changes between top and centre parts of the superchilled samples. The amount of cell tissue fluid...

Author(s): Lilian Daniel Kaale, Trude Johansen and Turid Rustad

July 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Cytotaxonomic study of the larvae of blackfly (Diptera: Simuliidae) from River-Ose, Ondo State, Nigeria

A study of the cytotaxonomy of the larvae of blackfly was undertaken at three sites, Imeri A, Imeri B, and Ose-oba, along River Ose in Ondo State, Nigeria. Based on the morphology of the larvae and the resultant pupae, three species of blackflies were identified. These included Simulium damnosum complex, Simulium alcocki, and one yet to be identified (YI). Investigations on the polytene chromosomes from the salivary...

Author(s): Ajayi, O. J. and Olusi, T. A.  

July 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Effects of L-Arginine supplementation of drinking water on the kidney and liver of Sasso chickens

The present study was conducted to determine the effects of L-arginine supplementation of drinking water on the kidney and liver of Sasso chickens. The study comprised 297 mixed sex Sasso chickens of twelve-weeks old raised in floor pens, the birds were randomly distributed into three treatments and three replicates with thirty-three birds per replicate. The design of the experiment is the completely randomized design...

Author(s): Alabi, O.O., Shoyombo, A.J., Animashahun, R.A., Olawoye, S.O., Abdulazeez, J.O., Faduhunsi, O.O and Oladehinbo, D. O.

July 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Livestock-feed balance in small and fragmented land holdings: The case of Wolayta zone, Southern Ethiopia

Ethiopia owns immense but largely untapped livestock resources scattered over diverse agro-ecologies. Feed scarcity is one of the major technical constraints in livestock production and thus challenges the economic contribution of the livestock sub-sector. For optimum and sustainable livestock productivity, the available feed resource should match with the animal population in a given area. This study was aimed at...

Author(s): Tibebu Kochare, Berhan Tamir and Yisehak Kechero

July 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Phenotypic characterization of pigs and their production system in Liberia

Native pig farming is an important component of rural farming systems in Liberia but the population has recently stagnated, due to the absence of a comprehensive improvement and conservation program. A survey was conducted to measure the phenotypic morphometric parameters and production system of native and exotic pigs of Liberia. The survey was carried out in 15 Counties of Liberia and covered 545 animals from 264...

Author(s): Arthur Bob Karnuah, Richard Osei-Amponsah, Gregory Dunga, Arthur Wennah, Walter T. Wiles and Paul Boettcher

July 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Incidence of pre-pregnancy and pregnancy-related illnesses in rural women accessing antenatal care services in Awka, south-east, Nigeria

Nigeria accounts for a considerable proportion of maternal deaths that occur annually worldwide. The study investigated the incidence of pre-pregnancy and pregnancy-related illnesses in women accessing antenatal care services at health facilities in Awka South Local Government Area, Anambra State. The study adopted cross-sectional research design. The population comprised 3,207 registered pregnant women from January to...

Author(s): Ugoma Deborah Ezeani, Olaoluwa Samson Agbaje, Chucks E. Ezedum, Prince Iheanachor Christian Umoke, Cylia N. Iweama and Kiloh A. Nfor

July 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Precision health contributions to public health: An integrative review

Precision health is an all-encompassing term, which can describe a type of care that shows the intersectionality of genomics, precision health or medicine and public health. This integrative review aimed to investigate how precision health strategies could contribute to the public health and improve health-related outcomes among populations. The search strategy included 5 main keywords combined with other 63...

Author(s): Vineeth Amba, Marina Celly Martins Ribeiro de Souza, Carole Kenner and Carolina Marques Borges

July 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Malaria outbreak and contracting factors in Afar Region, Ethiopia, 2016

On July 5, 2016, Amibera District Health office was alerted of excess of malaria cases in two villages. Within July 5 to 17, 2016 malaria outbreak and associations factors were investigated. A malaria case is when a person with fever or fever with headache is confirmed either microscopically to have Plasmodium parasites or by Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) to detect the malaria antigens. In the last five years malaria data...

Author(s): Mitiku Bonsa Debela, Alemayehu Bayray Kahsay, and Taklu Marama Mokonnon

July 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Physicochemical properties of starches extracted from local cassava varieties with the aid of crude pectolytic enzymes from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ATCC 52712)

Starches extracted from root mashes of the Nkabom, Esam Bankye, Bankyehemaa, Doku Duade and Afisiafi cassava varieties, with the aid of (crude) pectolytic enzymes from Saccharomyces cerevisiae pectolytic were analysed to compare effects of (pectolytic) enzyme technology on the physicochemical properties of the extracted starches. This was to help establish the extent to which varietal differences affect application of...

Author(s): Japheth Kwame Agyepong and John Barimah  

July 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Enhancing the retention of β-carotene and vitamin C in dried mango using alternative blanching processes

The effects of microwave (MW) dry blanching of mango in comparison with conventional water blanching and blanching in closed plastic bags prior to hot air drying (70°C) were evaluated on the retention of vitamin C and β-carotene and on the activity of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and ascorbic acid oxidase (AAO) enzymes. Blanching conditions for MW and water blanching were 2 min at 90°C high temperature and...

Author(s): Isabel I. R. Guiamba, Lilia Ahrné and Ulf Svanberg

July 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Evaluation of thigh muscles of 3 breeds of cattle (White Fulani, Sokoto Gudali and Red Bororo)

If different breeds or muscles of animal have same composition is a food for thought. Do muscles from animals eaten as food, have different chemical composition? This study evaluates composition of thigh muscles from three breeds of cattle and the different muscles in the thigh. Nine 1-year male cattle, comprising of 3 Sokoto Gudali (SG), 3 White Fulani (WF) and 3 Red Bororo (RB) breeds were reared semi-intensively, fed...

Author(s): Fakolade P. O., Aluko O. P. and Omiwole J. O.  

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Limitations and strategies to enhance biological nitrogen fixation in sub-humid tropics of Western Ethiopia

Currently, inorganic nitrogen fertilizer becomes a serious threat to the environment and human health. Thus, finding of alternate source of nitrogen is a viable option in assuring of sustainable agricultural system. Biological nitrogen fixation is a critical and key process in sustainable agricultural systems in tropical soils, which are frequently deficient in N and susceptible to leaching of plant nutrients. This...

Author(s): Alemayehu Dabessa, Zerihun Abebe and Solomon Bekele

July 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic variability in a quality protein maize (QPM) population under double viral infections

The type of gene action conferring combined resistance to maize streak virus (MSV) and maize stripe virus (MStV) was investigated in a Quality Protein Maize (QPM) population, ART/98/SW6-OB. Full-sib and half-sib progenies generated using North Carolina Design I mating scheme were evaluated in 2015 and 2016 in two locations endemic to the viral diseases in Nigeria. Serological study was also conducted on the progenies to...

Author(s): Qudrah Olaitan Oloyede-Kamiyo, Kehinde Titilope Kareem and Amos Oluwaseun Ajagbe

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Genetic analysis for grain yield and yield related traits in maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines in line × tester mating design

Maize is one of the most important cereal crop widely grown in the world. Maize crosses along with similar maturing checks were evaluated at Hawassa in 2015-2016 cropping season to understand the nature of gene action governing yield and its attributes through line × tester analysis and to study genetic contribution of line, tester and the interaction of line × tester to total variation. The experiment was...

Author(s): Natol Bakala, Berhanu Abate and Mandefero Nigusie

July 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Incidence of seed borne fungi in farm saved rice seeds, quality declared seed and certified seed in Morogoro Region in Tanzania

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the second most important food crop after maize in Tanzania. It faces many challenges like diseases, pests and physical damages, which reduce the seed quality. This article identified microorganisms and the district where they occurred. 13 fungal species comprising of 11 pathogenic and 2 saprophytic fungi were detected and the incidence level varied among sample. Mvomero District showed the...

Author(s): A. D. Kwaloe, , D. G. Msuya, S. Nchimbi-Msolla, D. P. Tokpah and Z. Luther  

July 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Phenotypic and serological evaluation of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.Walp) genotypes for resistance to viral infection under field conditions

Viral infections are a major challenge to sustainable cowpea production in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Nine cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) genotypes were evaluated for resistance against viral infection in a field trial involving randomized complete block design with 4 replications. Viral disease severity was assessed at 2, 4 and 6 weeks after planting (WAP) based on disease symptoms. Double antibody sandwich-enzyme...

Author(s): Elvis Asare-Bediako, Vera Essandoh A. and Aaron Asare T.

July 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Influence of land use practices on water physicochemical parameters and nutrients loading along the Mara River of East Africa

Mara River originates from the Mau Forest and traverses through landscapes with varying activities. Over the years, Mara River Basin has witnessed population increase, accompanied with conversion of forestlands into agricultural farms, human settlements, industrial and tourist activities and development of urban centres. Land uses along riverine areas have influence on water quality and may affect health of surrounding...

Author(s): Martin S. M. Wafula, Philip. O. Owuor, Fredrick O. Kengara, Ayub V. O. Ofula# and Said-Ally Matano

July 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Comparative analysis of climate change impact on livestock in relation to biomass base feed availability using standardized precipitation index in south-western Ethiopia

The standardized precipitation index and normalized difference vegetation index on event incidences (at different time scale) and biomass feed dry matter production, were used to assess climate change influences on feed availability. A significant decline (p<0.05) in feed dry matter availability indices across years was observed. The deviation from normality shows that the biomass feed production could vary...

Author(s): Asrat Guja Amejo, Yoseph Mekasha Gebere, Habtemariam Kassa and Tamado Tana  

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Prospects and challenges of management of smallholders' Wovwe Rice Irrigation Scheme in Malawi through participatory approach

The concept of participatory approach in irrigation management was adopted in Malawi in the mid 1990s, but fully implemented in early 2000. This research was designed to analyze the challenges and benefits which Water User Associations (WUAs) encountered during implementation of irrigation projects using Wovwe Water User Association (WWUA) as a case study. The study thus examined the legal framework of WUAs in Malawi,...

Author(s): Douglas J. B. Gondwe and Aloyce W. Mayo

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Technology tracking: Understanding decisions to adopt, not to adopt, and dis-adopt household greywater filtration systems

Jordan is one of the world’s water-poorest countries. The demand for potable and productive water is ever increasing due to population growth, climate change, increasing numbers of refugees hosted by the country, as well as heightened demand from a growing economy and its different sectors. Household greywater filtration systems (HGWFS) are ideal for repurposing greywater, from wastewater into productive use for...

Author(s): Dessalegn Bezaiet, Shinan Kassam, Nargiza Ludgate and Ahmad Al Ulayyan

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Adaptability evaluation of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes at Western Ethiopia

Fifteen common bean genotypes were tested at four locations with two management regimes of lime treated and lime untreated acidic soils. The experiment was laid out in split plot design with three replications during 2016/17 cropping season. The combined analysis of variance over environments showed significant differences among environments, genotypes, genotype x environment interaction (GEI), management, genotype by...

Author(s): Habtamu Alemu Keba  

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Micro-propagation of Colocasia esculenta (cv. Bolosso I) from corm and sprout tip explants

Taro (Colocasia esculenta L.) is a perennial, aquatic and semi-aquatic species, member of the family Araceae grown for its edible tuberous root. The application of conventional propagation techniques for taro could not produce the high demand and quality planting materials due to its low productive capacity and diseases transmission. Therefore, this study was carried out to develop micro-propagation protocol for...

Author(s): Adelegn Bogale  

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Combining ability and gene action of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes in Southern Ethiopia

This work identifies the combining ability of 10 hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) parents and 45F1 hybrids obtained from 10 x 10 half diallel. The work aims to identify the parents with the best general combining ability (gca) and crosses with high specific combining ability (sca) for yield, quality and nature of gene action involved. The study was conducted during 2015-2016 at six environments in Southern Ethiopia using...

Author(s): Abrham Shumbulo, Mandefiro Nigussie and Sentayehu Alamerew  

July 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence of the major ectoparasites of poultry in extensive and intensive farms in Jimma, southwestern Ethiopia

Ectoparasites pose a serious health threat and constitute major impediments in poultry production in many countries of the world including Ethiopia. However, they are paid less attention as endoparasites and infectious diseases; the huge economic burden of the parasites need a comprehensive study encompassing both intensive and free range poultry in order to generate accurate information about the disease. The current...

Author(s): Wario Mata, Wako Galgalo and Kula Jilo  

July 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Influence of anthropogenic activities and seasons on heavy metals in spring water along Amala and Nyangores tributaries of the Mara River Basin

Anthropogenic activities, including replacing natural forests with human settlements and increased agricultural activities have environmental impacts. The activities can contaminate aquatic ecosystems including spring waters that are sources of major rivers like the Amala and Nyangores, tributaries of Mara River in Mau Complex. In the complex, forestlands have been converted to human settlements and agricultural lands....

Author(s): James J. Owuor, Philip O. Owuor, Fredrick O. Kengara, Ayub V. O. Ofula and Ally-Said Matano

July 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Genotypic variation, demographic characteristics and risk factors of hepatitis C virus in Scotland

Knowledge on the epidemiology of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has implicit significance for the diagnosis, duration and treatment response of infected patients, as some genotypes are more responsive to therapy than others. In this paper, an examination of the possible association of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes with demographic and risk factors for transmission was described. The study utilized routinely collected data...

Author(s): Iveren Winifred Nyinoh

July 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence and associated factors of undernutrition among school adolescents in Gobu Seyo District, East Wollega Zone, Oromia regional state of West Ethiopia, 2016

Adolescence is the transitional period between childhood and adulthood. During this, nutrient needs are greatest. There is so little data on adolescents' nutrition and research needs are immense. The objective of the study was to assess prevalence and associated factors of undernutrition in school adolescents aged 10 to 19 years. A cross-sectional study was conducted at GobuSeyo district in December, 2016. Using...

Author(s): Kassahun Tegegne Bidu, TsedekeWolde Hailemariam, Elias Legesse Negeri and Zalalem Kaba Babure  

July 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Determinants of late booking for antenatal care among pregnant women in selected hospitals in South East Nigeria

Late booking for antenatal care is a frequent occurrence among pregnant women in Nigeria unlike in most developed countries. The objective of the study was to determine the maternal, socio-cultural, religious, and institutional/systemic factors that determine late booking for antenatal care among pregnant women in Enugu, Nigeria. Descriptive, cross-sectional questionnaire based method was employed in the study. A...

Author(s): Ada Carol Nwaneri, Ifeoma Ndubuisi, Ijeoma Lewechi Okoronkwo, Okwudili Ezike and Umebuani Nkiruka  

July 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices among pregnant women who attend antenatal care at public hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

During pregnancy, maternal nutrition requires considerable attention; however, pregnant women’s nutritional knowledge, attitudes, and practices are less understood. The objective of this study was to assess nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practices among pregnant women who attend antenatal care at public hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted to collect...

Author(s): Zelalem Tenaw, Mikyas Arega and Erdaw Tachbele

July 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth parasites and identification of major nematodes of cattle in and around Bishoftu, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Although, many studies have been conducted to estimate the prevalence of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) helminths of cattle in Ethiopia, most of them were conducted using simple fecal egg examination rather than larval identification to identify the nematodes. A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 with the aim of estimating the prevalence of GIT helminths and identifying nematode genera in...

Author(s): Yonas Gizaw Habtemichael, Meron Dejene and Solomon Mosu Eniyew  

July 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Dog breeds acquisition and owners’ awareness of associated surgical conditions in Nigeria

The study evaluated dog owners’ awareness of breed-associated surgical conditions in Nigeria as indices for breed choice with structured pre-tested questionnaires administered to dog owners in 17 states of Nigeria.  Alsatians (36.8%) and Rottweiler (13%) breeds were mostly possessed by owners. The majority of the respondents were females (60.4%) owners. Lagos (53.4%) and Oyo (52.1%) states had the highest...

Author(s): Oghenemega David Eyarefe and Aderonke Gloria Adetunji  

July 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Anaesthetic and cardiopulmonary parameters of dogs administered propofol-acepromazine-butorphanol or propofol-acepromazine-buprenorphine anaesthesia

The efficacy and safety of premedication with acepromazine-butorphanol or acepromazine-buprenorphine combination were compared in dogs anaesthetized with propofol using total intravenous anaesthesia. Six mature Nigerian indigenous dogs were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 premedication groups: Group 1 (acepromazine, 0.03 mg/kg, IM; butorphanol, 0.4 mg/kg, IM), or 2 (acepromazine, 0.03 mg/kg, IM; buprenorphine, 0.02 mg/kg,...

Author(s): Foluso B. Bolaji-Alabi and Adeniran Adetunji  

July 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
On farm demonstration of improved lettuce variety (Lactuca Sativa) in Southeastern zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

Improved slow bolting lettuce variety is one of the important traits of lettuce for farmers in the study area to increase their production and income. Therefore a field experiment was conducted in Enderta district of South eastern zone of Tigray with the objective to evaluate and demonstrate the slow bolting lettuce variety, enhance the income of farmers by increasing production and productivity, and participate farmers...

Author(s): Luchia Tekle, Niguse Abebe and Mehari Asfaw

Page 1 of 1128, showing 50 records out of 56379 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50