Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009

JVMAH Articles in press

Article in Press

Challenges with the implementation and adoption of assisted reproductive technologies under communal farming system

The objective of this study was to assess the perception of cattle farmers regarding the challenges affecting the implementation and adoption of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) such as oestrous synchronisation and artificial insemination under communal and emerging farming systems in South Africa. The study was conducted in Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal provinces. A total of 27 cattle farmers who...

Author(s):Thinawanga Joseph Mugwabana, Voster Muchenje, Nkhanedzeni Baldwin Nengovhela, Khathutshelo Agree Nephawe and Tshimangadzo Lucky Nedambale

Article in Press

Multidrug-resistant enterobacteria colonizes commercial day-old broiler chicks in Nigeria

Day-old chicks are important source of introduction of multidrug-resistant enterobacteria in broiler production chain. This study was conducted to isolate generic enterobacteria from day-old broiler chicks in Nigeria, and to determine the antibacterial resistance profile. The birds were sourced from 5 purposively-selected hatcheries identified as “A”, “B”, “C”, “D” and “E” in Southwest Nigeria. Non-duplicate cloacal swabs...

Author(s):Obianuju Nkiruka Okoroafora, Madubuike Umunna Anyanwub, Emmanuel Onyeka Nwafora, George Nnamdi Anosaa, Rita Ijeoma Udegbunamc

Article in Press

WELFARE PROBLEMS OF WORKING DONKEYS IN ARBAMINCH AND SODO TOWNS, SOUTHERN-WESTERN ETHIOPIA

A cross-sectional study was conducted out from November 2017 to April 2018 with the objectives of assessing welfare problems and determining risk factors on cart pulling donkeys in Arbaminch and Sodo towns, Southern Ethiopia. Both direct methods, based on observation of animals, and indirect methods, interviews of the owners which indicates the resource bases, were used to collect data. A total of 384 randomly selected...

Author(s):Bereket Molla Tanga, Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel, Yebelayhun Mulugeta

Article in Press

Assessment on Major Reproductive Health Problems of Dairy Cattle in Boloso Sore, Southern Ethiopia

The ultimate goal integrated herd health management is to lower calving interval, decrease the number of services per conception thereby increasing reproduction and production. But reproductive health disorders affect the reproductive performance of the dairy cows, the number of potential replacement needed to maintain a constant herd size and the longevity of the cow in the herd. And there was insufficiency on the...

Author(s):Filmon Misebo, Tadele Gashaw and Melese Yilma

Article in Press

ASSOCIATION OF BODY WEIGHT, SCROTAL CIRCUMFERENCE, HEART GIRTH AND PENILE DEVELOPMENT WITH SPERMATOGENESIS IN THE NUBIAN BUCKS

Objective: This study was designed to monitor the morphological development of the reproductive tract of the Nubian bucks in relation to puberty. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two Nubian male kids were used in this study. Their ages ranged between 1 day and 24 weeks. The study was undertaken to correlate the body weight (BW), heart girth circumference (HG), scrotal circumference (SC), testicular descent into the scrotum...

Author(s):Shaaeldin Sara Abdelrahman , Makawi Sharaf Eldin, Abdalla, Tingari Muddathir, Darderi and Eltayeb Ahmed Eltayeb Ali

Article in Press

Major Causes of Organ and Carcass Condemnation in Cattle Slaughtered at Bahir Dar Municipality Abattoir, North West Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2010 to March 2011 in Bahir Dar municipality abattoir, Northwest Ethiopia to identify the major causes of organ and carcass condemnations and to estimate the direct economic losses. A total of 413 cattle were taken for antemortem and postmortem examination. During the antemortem examination of 413 cattle destined for slaughter, rough hair coat (2%) and tick infestation...

Author(s):Chemere Ayenew, AregaTafere, Ayichew Teshale

Article in Press

Prevalence and Risk a Analysis of Bovine Brucellosis in Asella Organized Dairy Farm, Oromia Regional State, South East Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted on organized Dairy Farm at Asella,Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia to determine seroprevalence and risk analysis of bovine brucellosis in May, 2016. A total of 304 samples were collected; all were tested and confirmed serologically using Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) and complement fixation test (CFT). Out of 304 samples tested, overall seroprevalenceof RBPT and CFT results was12.48%...

Author(s):Eyob Eticha, Hani Solomon, Diriba lemma and Birhanu Abera

Article in Press

Morpho-histogenesis of midbrain of the grey breasted helmeted guinea fowl (Numida meleagris galeata) at post-hatch

The study was carried out to investigate the development of the midbrain in the grey breasted helmeted guinea fowl, Numida meleagris galeata, at post-hatch. Domestication of this species of bird is in an increase, but scanty documentation on the development of midbrain (mesencephalon) and how it relates to the neurobiology of this bird is lacking. In our findings, there was a steady increase in the midbrain mean weights...

Author(s):Wanmi Nathaniel Nzalak James Oliver, Samuel Oluwale Micheal and Pindar David

Article in Press

A COMPARISON ON AND PROGRESSION OF DENTAL DISEASE IN THREE AGE GROUPS OF CAPTIVE AND FREE GRAZING CEPHALOPHUS NIGER IN WET AND DRY SEASONS- CONTRIBUTORY IMPACTS OF DEFICIENT DIET AND EXTREME WEATHER

Purpose-The study aims to assess the contributory and predisposing effects of prolonged drought and climate phenomenon on occurrence of dental abnormalities among three age group categories of Cephalophus niger. Methods- This inquiry utilized a population cohort study comprising of 18 females and males for a period of three years in a continuum. Each group consisted of (eight) 0-10 months old kids (4 males and females),...

Author(s):Samuel O.M, Femi-Akinlosotu O.M, Usende, L.I

Article in Press

Study on ruminal and reticular foreign body in slaughtered cattle at Dessie municipal abattoir, Ethiopia

Cross-sectional study was conducted from October, 2016 to April, 2017 on 396 cattle at Dessie Municipal Abattoir, with the objectives to determine the prevalence and type of indigestible foreign body in rumen and reticulum of cattle in association with hypothetical risk factors. Simple random sampling technique was used for selecting the study animals which were ruminants brought from various localities to abattoir. 59...

Author(s):Tarekegn Tintagu Gizaw, Huzeyifa Shawol, Bethelehem Alemu Minalu, Yalew Tefera and Ali Selamawi Fantahun

Article in Press

Health and welfare problems of pack donkeys and cart horses in and around Holeta town, Walmara district, Central Ethiopia

This study was conducted from October, 2013 to May, 2014 to identify and compare common health and welfare problems of pack donkeys and cart horses in and around Holeta town, central Ethiopia. The presence of the problems was directly assessed on 301 pack donkeys and 84 cart horses, and indirectly assessed in the areas where the study animals were living, grazing and working. Indirect assessments of the problems were also...

Author(s):Chala Chaburte, Bojia Endabu, Feleke Getahun, Alemayehu Fanta, Zerihun Asefa, and Kassaye Aragaw

Article in Press

A comparative study on prevalence of major reproductive health problems of indigenous and cross breed dairy cattle in Jimma zone, south western Ethiopia

The objective of the current study was to assess the major reproductive health problems and associated risk factors of dairy cattle in and around Jimma town, South–Western Ethiopia in the current study, out of 343 cows investigated (28%) were found to be positive for at least one reproductive health problems. The major reproductive health problems identified in the current study were retained fetal membrane (8.75%),...

Author(s):Galana Abaya and Assefa Kebede

Article in Press

Prevalence of poultry coccidiosis in and around Guder town, West Shewa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Western Ethiopia

Coccidiosis is an important protozoal disease of chickens, which causes high economic losses in the poultry industry. A cross sectional study was conducted in and around Guder town, West Shewa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Western Ethiopia from November 2016 to March 2017 in order to determine the prevalence of coccidiosis and its associated risk factors in local and exotic breed chicken that were kept under free-range and...

Author(s):Getu Moti, Amare Eshetu, Endale Teshome, Solomon Shiferaw and Befikadu Seyoum

Article in Press

Prevalence and economic impact of bovine fasciolosis in Wolaita Sodo Municipal Abattoir, Southern Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2015 to April 2016 with the objectives of determining the prevalence of fasciolosis and predominant species, identifying the associated risk factors and their association with severity of liver lesions and economic significance due to liver condemnation in cattle slaughtered in Wolaita Sodo Municipal Abattoir, Southern Ethiopia. All cattle brought for slaughter to Wolaita...

Author(s):Bakalo Basa, Ayichew Teshale, Tamirat Herago and Abebe Agonafir

Article in Press

Some macro and micro-minerals content in milk of desert sheep and goats in South Darfur State, Sudan

This study was aimed to determine the content of some macro-minerals (Ca, P, Na and K) and micro-minerals (Zn, Cu and Mn) in the milk of desert sheep and goat as well as the effect of stage of lactation on mineral composition. Samples were collected from South Darfur State during dry season (November-February) 2011. Two hundred and five milk samples were collected from lactating desert sheep and 250 samples from desert...

Author(s):Ishraga G. Ibrahim, Hajer I. Ishag, Osman H., Amna E. Khallafalla and Sahar M. Nasar

Article in Press

Prevalence of Bovine Trypanosomosis in Gawo-Dalle district of Kellem Wollega zone, Oromia State, Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was carried out from October, 2007 to March, 2008 to determine the prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis and tsetse apparent density using parasitological, entomological and questionnaire survey in Birbir valley Gawo-Dalle district. The overall prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis was 13.4%. Trypanosoma congolense was identified as the dominant species (71.8%) followed by Trypanosoma brucei (14.1%),...

Author(s):Waktole Terfa, Dinka Ayana, Yacob Hailu, Fufa Abunna

Article in Press

Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants in and around Ambo Town of West Shoa, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

The gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants are one of the important parasitic diseases that obviously result in reduced productivity. A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2015 to April 2016 to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with gastrointestinal nematode infestation by faecal examination of 384 small ruminants selected from five different sites in and around Ambo Town of...

Author(s):Gutu Terfassa, Lama Yimer and Chala Mohammed

Article in Press

Prevalence and risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle in Adama city, Central Ethiopia

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a serious infectious disease of cattle with significant economic impact and public health risk. It is particularly important in Ethiopia where effective control programs are lacking. This cross-sectional study was carried out between April and July 2016 on 1038 cattle selected from 206 dairy farms in Adama city located in central Ethiopia to estimate the prevalence of bTB and assess the...

Author(s):Tefera Woldemariam, Gezahegne Mamo, Rahmeto Abebe and Gobena Ameni

Article in Press

Prevalence and clinical pathology caused by infectious bronchitis virus in poultry birds at Sindh, Pakistan

Poultry is a major meat and eggs producing sector that generates high income throughout the world. Despite worldwide growth of poultry, it is influenced by various infectious pathogens especially infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). As a result of heavy economic losses through high morbidity, mortality, deficient performance, low weight gain, abnormal colour and misshapen eggs, this study is designed on identification and...

Author(s):Benazir Kanwal, Amjad Ali Channo, Nazeer Hussain Kalhoro, Hidayatullah Soomro, Nazar Ali Korejo and Saima Tauseef

Article in Press

Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium bovis in Jalisco, Mexico: Tracing back sources of infection

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a disease of cattle that presents risk to public health, causing severe economic losses to the livestock industry and difficulty in eradication because of its complex epidemiology. The aim of this study was to identify relationships between Mycobacterium bovis strains from cattle in the State of Jalisco, and those of other States of México. Molecular fingerprints of 337 M. bovis isolates from...

Author(s):Sara González Ruiz, Susana L. Sosa Gallegos, Elba Rodríguez Hernández, Susana Flores Villalba, Sergio I. Román Ponce, Isabel Bárcenas Reyes, Germinal J. Cantó Alarcón and Feliciano Milián Suazo

Article in Press

Prevalence of bovine of schistosomosis in and around Nekemte, East Wollega zone, Western Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2016 to May 2016 at Guto Gida District, Nekemte, Ethiopia to determine the prevalence of bovine schistosomosis. Simple random sampling method was used to select the study animals and sedimentation technique was applied for finding Schistosoma eggs from fresh fecal samples. Out of 384 fecal samples examined, 22 were found positive indicating an overall prevalence of 5.7%...

Author(s):Abriham Kebede Jiregna Dugassa, Geremew Haile and Berhanu Wakjira

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