Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 14, showing 20 records out of 280 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0619[Article Number: 91EBF7462330]
A better approach to assess plant genetic diversity is the agro-morphological characterization. The main objective of this study was to investigate the morphological variability of 87 maize (Zea mays L.) accessions collected in different agro-ecological zones of southern Benin. Thus, 16 agro-morphological characters (seven quantitative and nine qualitative) were selected from the maize descriptors. The experimental... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0607[Article Number: 6C78D3162218]
Molecular-assisted backcrossing (MABC) was used to introgress drought tolerance, Striga and root-knot nematode resistance QTLs into a farmer-preferred widely grown cowpea landrace adapted for intercropping in Burkina Faso. Two backcross populations were developed using two drought tolerant donor lines IT93K-503-1 (nematode resistant) and IT97K-499-35 (Striga resistant) and the drought sensitive landrace Moussa Local as... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0602[Article Number: 3E70E4E61314]
The technique of pollen irradiation for mutation induction technique has been successfully demonstrated in many crop species. Therefore, the mutagenic effects of UV irradiated pollen on cowpea accessions were investigated. Pollen grains of eight cowpea accessions were irradiated with 30,000µWs/cm2 UV for 60, 120, 180, 240, 300 and 360 minutes. Emasculated flowers of each accession were self-pollinated with... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0568[Article Number: 5F1CA7B61317]
The experiment was conducted in Northern Ethiopia from 2011-2013 under rain fed conditions in a total of seven environments vis. E1, E2, E3, E4, E5, E6 and E7. The objective of the study was to evaluate the adaptability and stability of sesame genotypes across environments. 13 sesame genotypes were evaluated and the experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The average... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0586[Article Number: D33659B61320]
An 8 x 8 diallel cross mating design with the parents and F1s was used to estimate gene action and combining ability for yield and yield characters in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). The experiment was conducted at the National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute (NaSARRI), Serere, Uganda during the second season of 2013. The traits involved: days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, height to first branch, height to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0614[Article Number: B93F9CF61326]
Heritability is a basic genetic parameter for quantitative traits that may determine their selection generation and intensity as well as predict their selection response and efficiency in plant breeding. Estimation of heritability varies based on experimental design. The type 2 modified augmented design (MAD2) as an unbalanced experimental design, has been proposed for evaluating numerous unreplicated test genotypes... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0583[Article Number: 6FEDA8660415]
The performance of cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta L. Schott) to varying levels of cow dung and potassium fertilizer was investigated in 2012 and 2013 cropping seasons under field conditions at National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Imo State, Nigeria. The experiment was a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The treatments were four levels of cow... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0584[Article Number: CE52DD960417]
Thirty-two faba bean genotypes were evaluated for their yield and yield components in verstisol areas of Hashenge and Aiba in 2015. Alpha lattice design with two replications was used for the experiment. The Analysis of Variance showed highly significant differences (P<0.01) for thousand seed weight over locations. Based on this, genotype EH 06007-2 scored highest 1000 seed weight (1111 g) followed by EH 06088-6... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2015.0501[Article Number: 305CFBB60419]
Allelopathic potential of Citharexylum spinosum L. (Verbenaceae) an exotic tree introduced in Tunisia many years ago was evaluated. Organic extracts using hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol solvents together with aqueous extracts at different concentrations were prepared from different parts of the plant (roots, stems, leaves and flowers). Yields in the 12 organic extracts together with their phenol contents were... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0582[Article Number: 039164B60421]
Two PCR-fingerprinting primers, (GACA)4 and M13, were tested across 22 pathotypes of Puccinia hordei Otth collected from Australasia over a 30 year period, to assess their usefulness in revealing genetic variability in this pathogen. Both primers revealed polymorphisms among the pathotypes, with (GACA)4 generating a higher level of polymorphism. Molecular analyses revealed evidence of clonality among the P. hordei... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2015.0543[Article Number: 4118C5C60782]
Tomato is one of the most important vegetable in Ethiopia as well as in the world in irrigated regions. It can be produced in a wide range of climatic conditions and many types of soils. Borana zone has potential to produce the crop, but not well done due to technical (production technology) and socio-economic problems. Among technical problem unavailability of seeds of adapted and improved tomato varieties is the most... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0605[Article Number: D33CEDB60786]
Fonio is a cereal food of great socio-economic and cultural importance in south Sahara African Countries. Unfortunately, it is practically absent from National Agricultural Research Programs. To characterize the agro-morphological diversity of fonio ecotypes grown in Benin, twenty accessions collected from Boukoumbé were evaluated in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replicates in Parakou.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2015.0535[Article Number: 05FE5B860915]
The major constraints in fulfilling the growing demand of malt barley in Ethiopia are limited as a result of the selection of a favourable production environment and long-time seed storage for market advantages among others are few to mention. Besides, few research findings are available on evaluation of the potential differences across sites and crop management practices to meet malting and brewery industry quality... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2015.0552[Article Number: E23FE4F59938]
Enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman) is a multipurpose crop used for food, fuel, housing materials, fencing and livestock feed. The major food types obtained from enset are kocho, bulla and amicho. Kocho is fermented starch obtained from decorticated (scraped) leaf sheaths and grated corms. Bulla is obtained by squeezing out the liquid containing starch from scraped leaf sheathes and grated corm and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0581[Article Number: C4AD7D659940]
Genetic enhancement of cassava aimed at increasing productivity through the provision of broad-based which improved germplasm and is also a major goal for cassava breeders. 10 genotypes (4 landraces and 6 developed lines) were evaluated at Fumesua, Ejura and Pokuase in 2 growing seasons in a randomized complete block design in 3 replicates to determine variability among genotypes for fresh root yield (FRY), root number... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0566[Article Number: 44B4E4C59942]
Three elite sugarcane varieties were used in this experiment to check the heritability parameters which consist of range, environmental variance, genetic variance, genetic advance and broad sense heritability. Four hundred and five soma clones were observed for phenotypic characters including number of tillers (plant-1), cane height (cm), number of internode (plant-1) and width of internode (cm). Variability range for... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0587[Article Number: 1BE1B8859479]
Barley nurseries comprising 820 lines with 479 unique pedigrees sourced from the International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) were screened for seedling and adult plant resistance (APR) against Australian isolates of barley leaf rust pathogen Puccinia hordei Otth. Ninety three percent of the lines were postulated to carry the seedling leaf rust resistance gene Rph3 based on their... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0580[Article Number: 742B8DA59481]
Efficacy of pollination bags made of new nonwoven fabrics was compared with the traditional paper bags in sorghum during 2015 using three cultivars comprising BR007B (red seeded), SC283 (white seeded) and 1167048 hybrid with tannin (brown seeded). The five pollination bag treatments were: no bagging, traditional paper bag, paper bag plus plastic screen bag for extra bird protection, duraweb® SG2 polypropylene bag... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2015.0555[Article Number: 682740559483]
Cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) is currently the major disease affecting cassava production in Eastern and Southern Africa. Breeding for resistance has been hampered by a lack of sources of resistance and the complexity of CBSD. This study was initiated to assess the possibility of exploiting inbreeding, as a strategy for generating new sources of resistance to CBSD. This was based on the premise that inbreeding... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2015.0553[Article Number: 171CD8659369]
Stem rust (Puccinia graminis f.sp.tritici) of wheat (Triticum aestivum) has caused wheat yield losses in Kenya for years and the trend shows the situation has worsened. The objective of the research was to identify elite genotypes for adult plant and seedling stage resistance. Adult plant resistance study was done under natural conditions in three locations. Scoring was done following the modified Cobbs scale. Seedling... Read more.
Page 1 of 14, showing 20 records out of 280 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20