Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 15, showing 20 records out of 292 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0628[Article Number: BD9CA1064940]
Cowpea aphid-born mosaic virus disease (CABMV) is one of the reasons for rejection of cowpea seed by seed inspectors in Burkina Faso. With regard to this, this study was undertaken to analyze the genetic components underlying the resistance of cowpea lines to the cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus (CABMV) and to determine the mechanism of transmission of the resistance from parents to offspring. Therefore, crosses were... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2017.0641[Article Number: BC79E9964942]
Rice blast caused by Magnaporthe grisea is an economically important disease which distributed in most rice growing areas of the world. Yield losses up to 100% are attributed to the blast disease in different rice growing regions of Uganda. In order to combat this disease screening of forty-six introduced Korean rice accessions and two checks IR-64 (resistant) and NERICA-1 (susceptible) were done in a 6 by 8 alpha... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0598[Article Number: B7EC76E65047]
Cocoa midges [Forcipomyia sp (Diptera: Cerato-pogonidae)] are major pollinators of cocoa and it is assumed that the number of fertilized pods and the increase in bean numbers may be the approach to enhancing cocoa yield. An insect survey using suction traps was employed to estimate the midge population dynamics in three Caribbean territories. Separate studies were conducted on the cocoa floral and reproductive phenology... Read more.
DOI: JPBCS2017.0644[Article Number: 7C9F2CB64526]
Common bacterial blight (CBB) is the most serious bacterial disease of common bean in Uganda. It causes severe yield losses of up to 62%. Genetic resistance is the most effective option for controlling CBB in smallholder common bean production systems. This study was carried out to determine the inheritance pattern of CBB resistance in leaf and pod of four new resistance sources. The four resistant and four susceptible... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2017.0650[Article Number: F96D88664529]
A total of 21 okra (Abelmoschus escuentus L. Moench) genotypes were screened for their reactions against okra mosaic disease (OMD) and flea beetles (Podagrica species) infestations in field trials which were conducted from May to October, 2015 (wet season) and November 2015 to March 2016 (dry season), in order to identify sources of resistance and or tolerance. The trials were laid out in a randomised complete block... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0620[Article Number: 5475E0863929]
Jatropha curcas is a plant with several attributes, multiples uses and considerable potentials. To mitigate the effects of climatic change, it is necessary to alleviate fossil power energy and increase biofuel energy. Plant-based fuels are among the best renewable sources, and their use can lead to a better balance of CO2 and other greenhouse gases responsible for global warming. The aim of this work was to study the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0630[Article Number: 2D5501463933]
The objective of this study was to use molecular diagnostic tools to detect the agents of groundnut rosette disease (GRD) to guide in varietal development and disease management. Samples were collected from both GRD infected and healthy plants and sites geo-referenced. RNA extraction, cDNA synthesis, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, electrophoresis, staining and visualization were performed according to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0613[Article Number: CDD8AFE63644]
Brown spot disease caused by Bipolaris oryzae [Breda de Haan (Shoem.)] is one of the most important diseases affecting rice (Oryza sativa L.) worldwide. Host plant resistance is considered an effective, cheap and environment friendly means of managing this disease. Nine rice genotypes with varying resistance levels were crossed in a full diallel mating design including reciprocals and parents. Parents, reciprocals and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2017.0647[Article Number: 0312D1663646]
High oil content of peanut is a crucial trait for the processing industry, especially in developing countries where most peanuts are for a major source of cooking oil. Twelve peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties were evaluated at three northern Cameroon locations for two consecutive seasons in order to estimate variability and stability of performance for seed oil content. A randomized complete block design replicated... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0618[Article Number: E62047563238]
Sugarcane variety development programmes primarily envisage breeding of varieties with high cane yields and high sugar content in specific environmental conditions. Key components associated with sugar yields are tonnes of cane per hectare and sucrose content. A study was undertaken to evaluate 22 introduced sugarcane genotypes with three checks (KEN 83-737, EAK73-335 and D8484) for sucrose content in western Kenya. The... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0609[Article Number: D371A0462826]
Cowpea is an important source of food and income for small scale farmers in Uganda. Production is, however, affected by both biotic and abiotic stresses. Drought stress has recently emerged as a serious concern due to the effects of climate change. This study was therefore undertaken to estimate the general and specific combining ability effects of parents and crosses as well as estimate the heritability of delayed leaf... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0617[Article Number: 98B4DEA62828]
Flowering in cassava is related to branching. Erect plant architecture is usually preferred by farmers but results in late and scarce flowering, which slows down breeding and genetic studies. The objective of this study was to induce earlier and more abundant flowering, which have become key research needs for cassava. Six non- or late-flowering genotypes were selected for grafting on a profuse, early flowering... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0619[Article Number: 91EBF7462330]
A better approach to assess plant genetic diversity is the agro-morphological characterization. The main objective of this study was to investigate the morphological variability of 87 maize (Zea mays L.) accessions collected in different agro-ecological zones of southern Benin. Thus, 16 agro-morphological characters (seven quantitative and nine qualitative) were selected from the maize descriptors. The experimental... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0607[Article Number: 6C78D3162218]
Molecular-assisted backcrossing (MABC) was used to introgress drought tolerance, Striga and root-knot nematode resistance QTLs into a farmer-preferred widely grown cowpea landrace adapted for intercropping in Burkina Faso. Two backcross populations were developed using two drought tolerant donor lines IT93K-503-1 (nematode resistant) and IT97K-499-35 (Striga resistant) and the drought sensitive landrace Moussa Local as... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0602[Article Number: 3E70E4E61314]
The technique of pollen irradiation for mutation induction technique has been successfully demonstrated in many crop species. Therefore, the mutagenic effects of UV irradiated pollen on cowpea accessions were investigated. Pollen grains of eight cowpea accessions were irradiated with 30,000µWs/cm2 UV for 60, 120, 180, 240, 300 and 360 minutes. Emasculated flowers of each accession were self-pollinated with... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0568[Article Number: 5F1CA7B61317]
The experiment was conducted in Northern Ethiopia from 2011-2013 under rain fed conditions in a total of seven environments vis. E1, E2, E3, E4, E5, E6 and E7. The objective of the study was to evaluate the adaptability and stability of sesame genotypes across environments. 13 sesame genotypes were evaluated and the experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The average... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0586[Article Number: D33659B61320]
An 8 x 8 diallel cross mating design with the parents and F1s was used to estimate gene action and combining ability for yield and yield characters in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). The experiment was conducted at the National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute (NaSARRI), Serere, Uganda during the second season of 2013. The traits involved: days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, height to first branch, height to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0614[Article Number: B93F9CF61326]
Heritability is a basic genetic parameter for quantitative traits that may determine their selection generation and intensity as well as predict their selection response and efficiency in plant breeding. Estimation of heritability varies based on experimental design. The type 2 modified augmented design (MAD2) as an unbalanced experimental design, has been proposed for evaluating numerous unreplicated test genotypes... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0583[Article Number: 6FEDA8660415]
The performance of cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta L. Schott) to varying levels of cow dung and potassium fertilizer was investigated in 2012 and 2013 cropping seasons under field conditions at National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Imo State, Nigeria. The experiment was a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The treatments were four levels of cow... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0584[Article Number: CE52DD960417]
Thirty-two faba bean genotypes were evaluated for their yield and yield components in verstisol areas of Hashenge and Aiba in 2015. Alpha lattice design with two replications was used for the experiment. The Analysis of Variance showed highly significant differences (P<0.01) for thousand seed weight over locations. Based on this, genotype EH 06007-2 scored highest 1000 seed weight (1111 g) followed by EH 06088-6... Read more.
Page 1 of 15, showing 20 records out of 292 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20