Abbreviation: J. Gen. Mol. Virol.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 2, showing 20 records out of 31 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JGMV2014.0062[Article Number: 50671A948774]
African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating viral disease of pigs and is among the major hindrances to pig industry in sub-Saharan Africa including Uganda. The aim of this study was to compare immunoperoxidase monolayer assay (IPMA) to PCR in detection of ASF virus in infected macrophage cultures and to categorize ASF viral isolates in Uganda by haemadsorption assay. Field strains of ASF virus were isolated from infected... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JGMV2014.0058[Article Number: CD64F5F47278]
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cannot be transmitted by causal contact, air, food and water. People with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome have human immunodeficiency virus in their blood and body fluids that can enter the blood stream of an uninfected person upon contact with infected body fluids or sexual contact with an infected person. Primary data was collected by using structured questionnaire,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JGMV2014.0056[Article Number: 92A90B945293]
Cassava mosaic disease (CMD), caused by cassava mosaic geminivirus (CMG) is the most-important disease threatening production of cassava (Manihot esculenta) in Ghana. The disease is best managed through host-plant resistance. The study was conducted to assess resistance of 38 cassava genotypes to CMD, determine the associated resistance gene, and to identify the strains of CMG infecting cassava in Ghana. Both... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JGMV2014.0057[Article Number: 1D5662345295]
H7N9 is an avian strain of the species Influenza virus that circulates among avian populations. Occasionally, some variants of this strain were known to infect humans. On March 30, 2013, a novel avian influenza A H7N9 virus that infects human beings was identified in China. In February 2014, the first case of H7N9 infection outside China was reported in Malaysia involving a Chinese tourist. This study was aimed to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JGMV2013.0054[Article Number: 0CC94B144464]
Human enterovirus71 (HEV71) is responsible for hand, foot and mouth diseases (HFMD). Several outbreaks of HFMD were associated with severe neurological disease and deaths. In Malaysia, outbreaks normally occur periodically every two to three years but HEV71 were isolated throughout the year from HFMD cases. From 2010 to 2012, HEV71 strains were isolated from 37 children presented with typical HFMD. All isolates were... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JGMV2013.0052[Article Number: F7271F711071]
Human Adenoviruses (HAdVs) are human pathogens that normally are associated with acute respiratory disease (ARD). Here, in this study, we characterized human adenovirus isolated from respiratory specimens collected from 2003 to 2011. Positive adenovirus were confirmed by cell culture and indirect immunoflourescence (IF) techniques. The isolates and positive clinical samples were subjected to adenovirus... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JGMV2012.0050[Article Number: 8C61C9511084]
A study on house flies was carried out to establish whether house flies can transmit the H1N1 virus mechanically due to their abundance, ability to transport pathogens and their behavioral traits of regurgitation and defecation. The objectives of this study were to examine the efficiency of house fly legs in picking up the influenza H1N1 virus particles, persistency of the virus particles on the legs at... Read more.
[Article Number: 5044F6611061]
Gene sequence diversity plays an important function in determining survival of micro-organisms. Pathogenicity of HIV is correlated to host as well as viral factors. We aimed to identify sequence variations in tat, nef and the membrane-proximal gp41. These genes regulate important viral functions: tat for trans-activation, nef for enhancing infectivity and the... Read more.
[Article Number: 69E46EC11072]
This study evaluated the seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus among blood donors attending blood transfusion Center of Suez Canal University Hospital from March to September, 2010. Four hundred eighty eight (488) subjects which consisted of 137 Anti- Hepatitis C virus positive donors, 35 Hepatitis B surface antigens positive donors and 316 blood donors who were negative Hepatitis B surface antigen, Anti-... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JGMV11.023[Article Number: 87F967B11046]
This study evaluated the degree of liver damage during an extensive Dengue Virusepidemic in Port Sudan, Sudan, extending from July to December 2009. In 633 confirmed Dengue cases, the degree of hepatic injury was assessed as follows: Grade 0 - normal levels of liver enzymes; Grade 1 - mild elevation in the liver enzymes, not exceeding the double of the reference value; Grade 2 - elevated liver enzymes,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JGMV12.003[Article Number: 42C2DA311052]
The prevalence of Hepatitis B and C infection varies between different regions of Sudan according to several published reports. The present study is a descriptive hospital-based study aimed to estimate prevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen and anti-Hepatitis C virus antibodies among 3172 patients undergoing surgery at Al-Shaab Teaching Hospital in Khartoum from April 2008 to April 2011. All patients were... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JGMV11.021[Article Number: 98B591611016]
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) is a deltaretrovirus linked causally to adult T-cell leukemia or lymphoma (ATL), and HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). The aim of this study was to detect HTLV-1 infection in patients with malignant hematological diseases and also determining the prevalence of HTLV-1 in these patient groups. Sixty patients with malignant... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JGMV11.019[Article Number: E94BED611025]
Rabies disease is one of the most important public health problems in some countries of the world such as those in the Eastern Mediterranean region. According to the world health organization reports, more than 10 million people who are bitten by animals are annually treated by prophylactic treatment regimen of rabies in the world. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence and other information’s... Read more.
[Article Number: 7C44F8610983]
Genetic variability of rotaviruses circulating in Pune, India at the two time points was determined by characterizing VP4 genes in 131 rotavirus strains detected in adolescent and adult cases of acute gastroenteritis. The multiplex RT-PCR classified the VP4 genes in 73 P (43.2%), 69P (40.8%) and 27 P (16.0%) genotypes. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis revealed increase in the... Read more.
[Article Number: 76F9B8811001]
The recent debate regarding the possible involvement of xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in humans has been intense due to the conflicting results from different studies and the unclear origin of the XMRV virus. In this study, we have addressed this issue by screening 47 pairs of monozygotic twins discordant for CFS using a sensitive PCR... Read more.
[Article Number: 4B0CC9510928]
Quantitative detection of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA in serum by real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay emerged as a gold standard in guided anti viral therapy. HBV, due to its quasispecies nature, whether evade detection by the commercially used diagnostic PCR assays have not been elucidated so far. In this study, an in house nested PCR assay employing mismatched primer was found to detect HBV... Read more.
[Article Number: A541F6B10969]
A possible new potyvirus infecting eggplants (Solanum melongena L.) was characterized from Iraq. The virus caused characteristic mottling, crinkling, blistering and stunting accompanied by severe abnormalities on new leaves and fruits. The virus was mechanically transmitted to Gomphrena globosa and Zinnia elegans producing necrotic local lesions (NLL) within 5 days of inoculation. The... Read more.
[Article Number: E6FA0F810903]
The study evaluated the incidence of norovirus associated gastroenteritis in India. During the year 2005 to 2006, stool samples from communicable disease hospital were collected from subjects suspected for non – bacterial gastroenteritis and were examined for norovirus. Samples were analyzed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and further confirmed by hybridisation and... Read more.
[Article Number: 2E92D8810910]
The 2008 to 2009 outbreak of chikungunya was considered as the huge and worst outbreak of CHIKV (Chikungunya virus) infections in history of the country affecting all states in both Peninsular and East Malaysia. This was unlike the first outbreak in late 1998, which was only restricted to Klang district in Selangor and six years later the second outbreak which only involved the state of Perak. The objective... Read more.
[Article Number: 83EC86310868]
Information on virus diseases of maize still remains scanty in several maize growing countries. Therefore it is hoped that this description will stimulate more research, which will lead to better understanding of viruses infecting maize in Africa. Plant viruses are a major yield-reducing factor for field and horticultural crops. The losses caused by plant viruses are greater in the tropics and subtropics,... Read more.
Page 1 of 2, showing 20 records out of 31 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20