International Journal of
English and Literature

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. English Lit.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2626
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJEL
  • Start Year: 2010

IJEL Articles

May 2018

Sacrificing the bull: Conceptualisations of fanā (spiritual death) in Rumi’s Mathnavi

This study examined conceptualisations of FANĀ, the case of ‘the cave’ and ‘the bull’, in Masnavi (complete six books) using the theoretical and analytical frameworks of Cultural Linguistics. The study was motivated by an increasing number of Rumi readers all over the world, and specifically in Western contexts. Furthermore, the dearth of empirical research that addresses conceptual metaphors and...

Author(s): Sepideh Hozhabrossadat

April 2018

Sri Aurobindo’s discovery of the ‘Kingdom of Subtle Matter’ in Savitri and Albert Einstein’s discovery of the Four-Dimensional Plane of Existence

Sri Aurobindo is a yogi of a very high plane of consciousness. His works like Savitri, The Life Divine, Letters on Poetry, Literature and Art etc. reveal that he is the Soul who has descended from the unknown eternal heights. It is from these eternal heights that he has discovered the existence of the plane of the Subtle Matter. In his epic Savitri which he has written from the plane of, to use his terminology,...

Author(s): Nikhil Kumar

November 2017

Gender identities and the search for new spaces: Abdulrazak Gurnah’s Paradise

There is growing ambivalence in the concept of gender in our societies today principally because its definition has moved from biological to social, implying that gender categories are not simply limited to male corresponding to man and female corresponding to woman, as it was traditionally, but man can now pass for woman and vice versa depending on the individual. These new constructions have contributed to reshaping...

Author(s): Eleanor Anneh Dasi

October 2017

Assessment of the qualities of academic writing in senior essays of English graduates: The case of Dire Dawa University

The main objective of this study was to assess the qualities of academic writing in senior essays of English graduates, the case of Dire Dawa University. In this study, qualitative method was employed to conduct the research. The participants of the study were all English Language instructors (advisors) who were involved in advising English graduates. The reason for taking merely advisors is that the researcher thought...

Author(s): Yelay Birhan

September 2017

The politics of educational exclusion in the selected plays of Athol Fugard and August Wilson

The South African regime during Apartheid spent more time educating white children than black children. As a result, millions of black South Africans did not go to school. Similarly, in the United States of America, during slavery, blacks were not allowed to read and write, although they did it secretly in underground prisons. The education they received in the 17th century was given to them by benevolent slave masters....

Author(s): Joseph Ngong Sam

August 2017

Needs analysis of the writing skills of HND Business Studies students at Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi Edo State

This study, using Business Studies Students in the Departments of Accounting, Business Administration, Management, Banking and Finance, Marketing at Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi in Edo State, as subjects was carried out to determine the writing skill needs of the Higher National Diploma (HND) students. The population of the study comprised 731 students. Using the University of Ibadan Modified Needs Analysis Questionnaire...

Author(s): Balogun Femi Unueshotse

June 2017

Semiotics in the Whatsapp conversations of undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

Semioticians study signs not in isolation but as part of semiotic ‘sign systems’ (such as a medium or genre). They study of how meanings are made: as such, being concerned not only with communication but also with the construction and maintenance of reality. Structuralists seek to describe the overall organization of sign systems as 'languages'. However, for this study, we want to consider the...

Author(s): Otemuyiwa Abosede Adebola

June 2017

Depiction of human society through epic literary genres: A comparative perspective of the function of two African heroic epics

This study attempts to compare two main literary works. One is Niane’s Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali. Another is Kunene’s Emperor Shaka the Great, a Zulu Epic. The study aims at showing how Literature mirrors society through a comparison between the protagonists in the above mentioned epics basing on their heroic characteristics each. This is a qualitative study and is basically concerned with a particular...

Author(s): BAZIMAZIKI Gabriel

May 2017

Combining transformative generative grammar and systemic functional grammar: Linguistic competence, syntax and second language acquisition

Transformational generative grammar (TGG) and systemic functional grammar (SFG) are two of the most influential theoretical linguistic schools. Previous literature has mostly taken the two approaches as two contrastive perspectives to language. In the present study, the author focused on the non-contradictory side of the two approaches to see how they could be bound together to supplement each other in terms of...

Author(s): Rong Xiao

April 2017

Silent pauses in the oral reading task: Pausing patterns and reasons for pauses

This study investigated the occurrence of silent pauses, duration, frequency, distribution and the reasons for inappropriate pausing patterns in L2 reading tasks. The oral reading pauses of 44 Chinese learners of English as a Foreign Language were measured using two subtests of a proficiency speaking test, and the reasons for the measured pausing patterns were identified through a semistructured interview. In the oral...

Author(s): Chen I-Ju

February 2017

Age variation in the use of Nigerian Pidgin (NP): A case of Sapele, Delta State, Nigeria

Nigeria is a multilingual nation with over 450 indigenous languages, the English language and Nigerian English-based Pidgin competing over the linguistic space. Many of the indigenous languages have gone into extinction for lack of users of such languages; English is the second language, occupying official status and Pidgin is widely used especially in the South- South region of Nigeria as the language of their...

Author(s): Umera-Okeke Nneka and Mercy Okitikpi

January 2017

Postmodernsim in O’Tam Pulto’s novel ‘Elan Filega/Ye’azo Collej’,

This research was aimed at contributing to the effort of narrowing down the knowledge gap that exists in Ethiopia regarding postmodernism as an avant-garde style in literary studies. The core objective of the study was to identify the major stylistic features of postmodernism in the selected Amharic novel ኤላን ፍለጋ/የኣዞ ኮሌጅ (Elan Filega/Ye’azo Collej) which was used as a primary source of data. The design of research...

Author(s): Zewde Jagre

December 2016

A Study of Wole Soyinka's play The Lion and the Jewel in the light of cultures in conflict

The present study examines the conflict between cultures in Nigeria and western society as represented in Wole Soyinka’s play The Lion and the Jewel. The study shows the relationships between the different cultures. Soyinka is the first African who won the Nobel Prize in 1986 for his accomplishment in the field of literature for his country Nigeria. He likes traditional cultures so; he came out from all...

Author(s): Nadia Maher Ibrahim Moawad

November 2016

The Imapct of muwshah and zajal on troubadours poetry

The Spanish culture has been exposed to European and Arabic culture. The Arabs ruled Spain from the eighth to the fifteenth centuries. The Arab civilization has left a significant impact on Europe in general and in Spain in particular. This paper aims to examine the impact of the muwashah and zajal of Hispano-Arabic on the troubadours’ poetry in structure and themes, language and rhyme. In the field of poetry, the...

Author(s): Ziad Ali Alharthi and Abdulhafeth Ali Khrisat

November 2016

Taoism as ethics, science as background: On the left hand of darkness by Ursula K. Le Guin

The Left Hand of Darkness by the modern American fiction writer Ursula K. Le Guin is acknowledged as a classical work of science fiction literature. Although, it belongs to the science fiction genre, the essence of the novel lies in that it tries to interpret and understand the world from the perspective of Chinese Taoist ethics, while such scientific elements as the far-future setting, interplanetary travel and...

Author(s): Qian Li

October 2016

Dare you rocking it: Contemporary women and the trap of the glass ceiling in chick lit

This paper argues that multiple truths can coexist, and beyond the romance and the pink flowery cover, Chick lit examines new areas in the modern women’s lives that feminists have not touched yet such as the impact of female in power on the advancement of female subordinate’s employees, and the reason that keeps contemporary women away from the glass ceiling. It demonstrates how Chick lit authors by bringing...

Author(s): Nour Elhoda A. E. Sabra

September 2016

A question of the body: Colonial legacies and postcolonial imaginaries of power in African literary texts

This study examines the representation of corporeal difference as one of the fundamental ideologies on which the power dynamics of colonial and postcolonial polities are based. The analyses in this study are anchored on postcolonial theory with regard to issues such as power, race, centre/margin and decolonisation while the various notions of corporeality discussed here are informed by the works of theorists like...

Author(s): Ndi Gilbert Shang

September 2016

Socio-political satire in Femi Osofisan’s Many Colours Make the Thunder-King

Oral literature is a vital tool that is sometimes deployed by African writers for criticizing the social and political situations in their countries with the aim of challenging and proffering solutions to unpleasant and oppressive practices by its leaders. Femi Osofisan’s Many Colours Make the Thunder-King exemplifies this situation. It is observed that oral literature is not usually considered as a possible means...

Author(s): Olushola Ayodeji Akanmode

August 2016

"Moments of infinite joy within a limited time": The concept of time in John Green's The Fault in our Stars

Time is a major theme in John Green's young adult and romantic novel, The Fault in our Stars (2012). Green spent ten years trying to write the book. Even though Hazel and Gus experience typical teenage problems, as well as extreme physical hardships and psychological conflicts due to their cancer disease, they still manage to have a great time together. They fall in love with one another, meet their favorite author,...

Author(s): Gehan M. Anwar Deeb

August 2016

‘You have no past, no history’ : Philosophy, literature and the re-invention of Africa

Africa has been a victim of misrepresentation since the advent of colonialism. This paper, which is largely based on textual analysis, examines how African philosophy and literature intersect in an attempt to bring about a better understanding of Africa in both the West and Africa itself. The study argues that the intersection of literature and philosophy in African literary discourse we witness is an inevitable...

Author(s): Michael Andindilile

August 2016

Globalisation and African women’s bodies: Some fictional representations

Gender as an important resonance in the transnational dynamics of globalisation significantly compels African women to transgress orthodox boundaries and traditional spaces which often limit them to domestic spheres. Particularly in the global south, for instance, the gendered forces of globalisation, complexly restructures people and spaces such that African women’s identities and sexualities are profoundly...

Author(s): Omolola A. Ladele

July 2016

The Poetry of Bruce Meyer: The inaugural poet laureate of the city of Barrie

Juan de Dios Torralbo-Caballero (Professor at the University of Cordoba) studies in depth the poetic work of the Canadian poet Bruce Meyer. The book is published in the prestigious Publishing House Comares, within the "Interlingua" collection, which includes hundreds of specialized studies in the fields of philology and translation. The book begins with a preface summarizing the contents of each of the six...

Author(s): Juan de Dios Torralbo-Caballero

July 2016

The Necessity of idiomatic expressions to English Language learners

Non-native speakers of English are found in different parts of the world. The usage of Idiomatic expressions by those speakers is considered as an important issue and is regarded as an essential part of the English Language competence. It is a necessity that all speakers of the English Language become aware and proficient in using English idiomatic expressions. It is essential and is considered a big part of English...

Author(s): Rana Abid Thyab

June 2016

Masculinity and cultural conflict in Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart

The African people have varying behaviours, mannerisms, beliefs, thought patterns and way of interaction and all of these differences formed their culture and impacted their way of life. However, with the coming of the Europeans to Africa came cultural infiltration, pollution as well as alteration. This research analyses Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart (1958) from the angle of masculinity and culture clash...

Author(s): Tobalase Adegbite O.

June 2016

And the word echoes: A taxonomy of repetitions in the sense of an ending

‘Repetition’, as a literary technique, was effectively applied in Julian Barnes’ The Sense of an Ending. It was used to explain the imperfection and subjectivity of both memory and history, and to show the richness of human emotions that cannot be generalized by any universal philosophy. However, this particular technique has not been sufficiently explored by researchers. Regarding this, the study...

Author(s): Zhang Yanting

June 2016

Representation of gendered art through gendered memories in Ahlam Mosteghanemi’s Memory in the Flesh and Chaos of the Senses

This essay considers the way that Ahlam Mosteghanemi makes use of gendered memory in her two novels Memory in the Flesh (2008) first published in 1985 and Chaos of the Senses (2007), first published in 1998. In order to make it clear which text is being referred to, the references to these main texts will include author name, abbreviated titles MIF and COS respectively and page number for quotations. Here, it is argued...

Author(s): Baaqeel Nuha,

May 2016

Identities in The Tempest, Tempests in Identities

This study aims to analyze the identity formation of the characters in Shakespeare’s play The Tempest in terms of psychoanalytic theories of identity.  It also aims to portray the patriarchal dominance over the marginalized characters and the shifting process of identification through the interpellation of the society. Since this process carries the potential to reveal the universal effects of the elements...

Author(s): Begüm Tuğlu

May 2016

Oralture on twin rituals among Jopadhola of Uganda

The purpose of this study was to identify and critically analyze the oralture products associated with rituals concerning twins among the Jopadhola of Uganda. The study had the following objectives: to establish the successive stages in the life of twins among the Jopadhola and the rituals which accompany them; establish the nature or categories and functions of the oralture produced around these rituals; and establish...

Author(s): Joseph Jakisa Owor and Mary Naula

April 2016

“To thee the harmless snake I bring”: The Non-Cavalier Erotics of Marvell’s Mower Poems

The fusion of eroticism and misogyny is perhaps one of the most prominent characteristics of Cavalier poetry. Women are generally idealized, having their bodies figuratively dismembered, listed from the head down, and compared to pure and beautiful objects through the use of simile and exaggeration (Scott-Baumann, 2008). Furthermore, it is common for women to be portrayed as physically, emotionally and intellectually...

Author(s): Mona Hamed

April 2016

Pragmatism, prostitution and morality in Philip Chidavaenzi’s the haunted trail (2012) and Virginia Phiri’s Highway Queen (2010)

The article utilises Philip Chidavaenzi’s The Haunted Trail and Virginia Phiri’s Highway Queen to argue that female characters pragmatically turn to prostitution when the society, which should nurture morality in humanity, turns immoral against them. The moral principle is apparently premised on the notion that, when human beings behave altruistically they distinguish themselves from animals and bring order...

Author(s): Mdlongwa Theresia

April 2016

Enslavement and freedom in Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World

This research paper focuses on the subject of enslavement and freedom in Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World. It compares between two contrasting worlds: the primitive world, where John the Savage lives and the utopian world, where Bernard Marx, Helmholtz Watson, and their fellow-citizens inhabit. The primitive world, in this connection, symbolizes freedom, whereas the utopian world represents enslavement. The story...

Author(s): Ahmed Ahmed Abdelaziz Farag

March 2016

Divergent perspectives: The representation of the maternal subject in American postwar novels about the rejection of motherhood

The article examines the nuanced representation of the rejection of motherhood in three postwar American novels to highlight the perspectives on maternal subjectivity. A close reading of the texts is utilized to analyze patterns of the rejection of motherhood displayed in abortion and infanticide or rejecting the traditional model of motherhood that is limited to females. This close analysis reveals the nuances in the...

Author(s): Hanan Alazaz

March 2016

Tamburlaine The Great of Marlowe as the hero of Machiavelli

The subject of the tragic plays may be extremely tragic, like Trojan War, and other wars fought by people like Alexander and Tamburlaine but they have a moral purpose as well. There are certain tragedies which are centered around a single character like Faustus, and other have many characters like hamlet. One of the the purpose of writing these dramas is to gain monetary benefits. But the people who wrote about...

Author(s): Mubasher Mehdi

February 2016

Canonical colonial approaches in Shakespeare’s The tempest

Colonialism is the single most powerful force shaping the world we dwell in. It is a policy of supremacy, which involves the subjugation of a superior country to another inferior country. Colonizing nations by and large are primary concerned with usurping the resources, labor, and markets of the colonial territory, and may, in the long run, impose socio-cultural, religious and linguistic structures on the indigenous...

Author(s): Ali Abdullah Mohammed Alzuhairi and Luo Yimin

February 2016

Metaphors in political discourse: A review of selected studies

The use of metaphors in political discourse is a linguistic strategy that has been used all over the world. Studies on metaphor have therefore been done in various parts of the world. This paper reviewed studies on metaphor in political discourse to assess the role metaphor played in political discourse. It aimed to contribute to the field of metaphor in political discourse by reviewing studies done in this field. The...

Author(s): Raphael Francis Otieno, Francis Rew Owino and Judith Miguda Attyang&#;

January 2016

Nineteenth century American metaphysical women poets

This study is an attempt to contest the assumption that nineteen century American women poets were sentimental. Accordingly, the main intuition is otherwise; some of these women are highly intellectual and their poetry is not of less vigor and complexity as that of the poetry written by the English metaphysical poets in the second half of seventeenth century England. In order to account for this intuition, the study has...

Author(s): Akram Habeeb

January 2016

The effectiveness of using multi devices technique on testing grammar of university students

The present study was an attempt to determine the effectiveness of using multi- devices technique to develop students' grammatical ability. Participants were 40 Preparatory Year Treatment students from Qassim Private Colleges in Saudi Arabia. The experimental group (N 20) used multi devices technique for testing grammar; online testing, mobile testing, machine testing (auto test) and pen and paper testing technique...

Author(s): Said Fathy Abdul Fatta

October 2015

Colonial administration extortion in the African novel

From all the colonial systems French, British, Belgium, German and Portuguese, the French one was the object of severe criticisms by the pioneers of the African literature of the Sixties through their works.  The example of the Nigerienne Mahamadou Halilou Sabbo’s Caprices du Destin [Destiny's Whims] (1981), the Cameroonian Ferdinand Oyono’s Houseboy (1956) and The Old Man and the Medal (1956) was...

Author(s): Labo Bouché Abdou

October 2015

The Undoing of the Black Race: Transgression of Traditional Religion by Money in Ayi Kwei Armah's Fragment

In the context of Ayi Kwei Armah’s Fragment (1969), the undoing of the black race means the falling apart of ancestral rites. By taking the Ghanaian traditional religious beliefs as a sample, the author depicts the disintegration of the black race’s social, political and economic system. He skilfully develops the impact of money and colonization on the Ashanti community. Armah shows how corruption and...

Author(s): Labo Bouche Abdou

October 2015

The role of orature in African socio-cultural space

The spoken words are more natural and perhaps better understood than the written letters, which are invented to capture and to re-enact human mind, intention, emotion, opinion, view, experience and prediction among other things. Oral narratives, all over the world, set the pace for the written literature. It is an integral part of every human culture. However, the sophistication of the modern world, particularly the...

Author(s): Sikiru Adeyemi OGUNDOKUN

September 2015

The Senecan Tragedy and its Adaptation for the Elizabethan Stage: A Study of Thomas Kyd’s The Spanish Tragedy

There is no doubt that the rise of the Greek drama, as evident in the classical writings of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, had left a predominant impact on the Elizabethan writings of comedies. However, it was the tragedies that stood supreme. Yet, their appeal to the mass Elizabethan audience for their brutal images displayed on stage would not have been emotionally captivating had it not been for the Roman...

Author(s): Tarek A. Alkhaleefah

September 2015

The animal turn in fiction: An animal-centric analysis of a dog’s purpose and anthill

Animals have held an important place in written literature for thousands of years; hence animal fiction comes to mean a fictional work where an animal plays an integral part of the story to make it complete. In most works of literature throughout the ages, animals function only in service to humans. They represent their human counterpart symbolically in order to teach lessons or correct human weakness. This tendency of...

Author(s): Maha Mohamed Hosny Mostafa

August 2015

Wordsworth’s linguistic simplicity over Pope: A text analytic study

Conventionally, the judgment of the degree of linguistic complexity in a text relies much on the subjective interpretation of the readers. Besides being less generalizable across readers, the subjective approach has to remain limited to only a limited number of texts that human eyes can scan through. This study investigated the issue of linguistic simplicity of the poetical works of William Wordsworth over the ones of...

Author(s): Md. Jahurul Islam

July 2015

Elucidating idioms through idioms: A metalinguistic contemplation of some issues on “Befogging Idioms”

An idiom is a phrase which you cannot understand by putting together the meanings of the words in it. For example, pull your socks up has nothing to do with socks or pulling them up, but means "try your best". There are more than 5500 common idioms suitable for intermediate learners, yet the total number of English idioms is far greater. Idioms (McCaig and Manser, 1986) are a very important part of the English...

Author(s): Barzegar, Kazem and Askari, Ja&#;far

July 2015

A comparative study of the effectiveness of direct feedback and indirect feedback methods for Urdu EFL learners’ writings

The current study is designed to find the comparative effects of direct feedback method and indirect feedback method of error treatment on Urdu EFL learners’ writings at intermediate level. To find out the comparative results about these two treatment methods, 46 students having Urdu as their mother tongue were divided into two groups. Errors in writings of one group were treated by direct feedback method while...

Author(s): Saeed Ahmad, Mehmood Ul Hassan, Muhammad Babar Qureshi and Maryam Imtiaz Qurashi

July 2015

A case study in Code-Mixing among Jahangirnagar University Students

English is, no doubt, a widely spoken language all over the world, which substantially influences its development. Bangladesh is no exception, and here English is taught at all levels of education and recently, it has been seen that in most of the universities of Bangladesh, students most of the time, when they speak with other students, use English in their speaking extensively, and many times, they mix English with...

Author(s): Didar Hossain and Kapil Bar

June 2015

The main themes in Lord of the Flies

This research deals with the main themes in the novel Lord of the Flies written by the British novelist William Golding. It shows how the theme plays an important role in every literary work; it reflects the central idea of the writer or author. This research shows how Golding displays his characters to present different themes and ideas in order to show his readers the experience and performance of each character to...

Author(s): Alaa Lateef Alnajm

June 2015

English language prepositions: An Albatross for English Language learners In Nigeria

The acquisition and learning of a language involve understanding and mastery of what constitutes its grammar. This paper assessed the performance of second language undergraduate students in the use of English prepositions and determined the likely sources of challenges in its correct use.  One hundred and ninety eight undergraduate students were randomly selected from the Department of English Language of a...

Author(s): Bosede Sinmisola Sotiloye, Helen Bodunde and Oluwakemi Olayemi

May 2015

The efficacy of a peer teaching programme in a literary novel course: A case study

This study aimed at describing a peer-taught program in teaching the English novel course for third-year students at University College of Educational Sciences in Palestine. Through sharing the role of teacher with the students, students were able, with support, to learn and share their learning with their classmates. The major aims of the study were to find out whether the adoption of peer-teaching strategy can enhance...

Author(s): Osama Abu Baha

April 2015

Life of Pi: Into the Divine, the Hard Way, or: Why the Tiger Didn’t Bite

This analysis of Yann Martel’s Life of Pi examines extraordinary elements of this famed novel; it examines it as an avant-garde montage, a new fable, A tableau of the weird and fantastic—in other words, a book outside the realm of normal novelistic portrayal and exposition. In one important sense, this novel is a combination of the fictional and the factual, which can be understood as transacting...

Author(s): David Pendery

Page 1 of 5, showing 50 records out of 242 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50