International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
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Article Number - C4B92DA10581


Vol.3(13), pp. 219-232 , November 2011

ISSN: 2141-2162


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Full Length Research Paper

Physiological responses of Chenopodium quinoa to salt stress


A. Jason Morales1, 2, Prabin Bajgain1, Zackary Garver1, Peter J. Maughan1, Joshua A. Udall1*




1Department of Plant and Wildlife Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, 84602.

2Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907


Email: [email protected]






 Accepted: 29 August 2011  Published: 30 November 2011

Copyright © 2011 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Physiological responses to salt stress were measured in Chenopodium quinoa, a regionally important halophytic staple crop of Andean South America.  In a greenhouse experiment, salt (NaCl) was applied to quinoa varieties, Chipaya and KU-2, and to the model halophyte Thellungiella halophila to assess their relative responses to salt stress. Height and weight data from a seven-week time course demonstrated that both C. quinoa cultivars exhibited greater tolerance to salt stress than the model plant T. halophila in these specific conditions.  In a separate growth chamber experiment, two quinoa cultivars (chipaya and ollague) adapted to saline soils and one quinoa cultivar (CICA-17) adapted to a lower elevation were grown hydroponically and evaluated for physiological responses to four salt stress treatments.  Tissues collected from the growth chamber experiments were used to obtain leaf water content, tissue ion concentrations, compatible solute concentrations, and RNA for real-time PCR. High levels of trigonelline, a known osmoprotectant, were found to accumulate in the high salt treatment suggesting a key role in salt tolerance of quinoa. The expression profiles of genes involved in salt stress, showed constitutive expression in leaf tissue and up-regulation in root tissue in response to salt stress. These data suggest that quinoa tolerates salt through a combination of salt exclusion and accumulation mechanisms.

 

Key words: Salt stress, quinoa, Thellungiella halophila, trigonelline, osmoprotectant.


APA (2011). Physiological responses of Chenopodium quinoa to salt stress. International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 3(13), 219-232.
Chicago A. Jason Morales, , Prabin Bajgain, Zackary Garver, Peter J. Maughan, Joshua A. Udall. "Physiological responses of Chenopodium quinoa to salt stress." International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 3, no. 13 (2011): 219-232.
MLA A. Jason Morales, et al. "Physiological responses of Chenopodium quinoa to salt stress." International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 3.13 (2011): 219-232.
   
DOI https://doi.org/
URL https://www.academicjournals.org/journal/IJPPB/article-abstract/C4B92DA10581

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