Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
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Article Number - D4FFA0166117


Vol.9(10), pp. 284-289 , October 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH2017.0574
ISSN: 2141-2529



Full Length Research Paper

Aerobic and anaerobic bacterial isolates from the respiratory tract of sheep slaughtered at Addis Ababa Abattoirs Enterprises, Central Ethiopia



Addisu Awukew Yegoraw
  • Addisu Awukew Yegoraw
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel
  • Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Tesfaye Sisay Tesema
  • Tesfaye Sisay Tesema
  • Unit of Health Biotechnology, Institute of Biotechnology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Biruk Tesfaye Birhanu
  • Biruk Tesfaye Birhanu
  • College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, Debrezeit, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 16 March 2017  Accepted: 25 July 2017  Published: 31 October 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The present study was an endeavor to isolate and identify the various bacteria localizing pneumonic lungs and the associated tracheas of sheep slaughtered at Addis Ababa Abattoirs Enterprise, Central Ethiopia, in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. A total of 60 pneumonic lungs and 60 tracheal swabs were examined bacteriologically. From all the samples collected, a total of 440 bacterial isolates (239 from the aerobic culture and 201 from the anaerobic culture) were obtained. The result of aerobic isolates include: Staphylococcus species (31.38%), Pasteurella hemolytica (29.71%), Bacillus species (10.04%), Bibersteinia trehalosi (6.69%), Micrococcus (3.77%), Escherichia coli (3.35%), Streptococcus species (2.51%), Rhodococcus equi (2.93%), Pseudomonas species (2.09%), Klebsiella pnuemonea (0.84%), Actinobacillus species and Bordetella species (1, 29%); whereas Staphylococcus species  (26.87%), P. hemolytica (37.81%), Bacillus species (3.98%), B. trehalosi (10.45%), Micrococcus (3.48), E. coli (6.97%), Streptococcus species (0.5%), Rhodococcus equi (0.5%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (2.99%) and Actinobacillus species (1.49%) were among anaerobic isolates. Thus, isolation of multiple bacterial species from the respiratory tracts of pneumonic sheep in this study signifies their possible role in the involvement of respiratory diseases. Appropriate prevention and control methods should be established along with identification of the most pathogenic species by future studies.

Key words: Bacteria, lung, pneumonia, sheep, trachea.

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APA Yegoraw, A. A., Gebremeskel, A. K., Tesema, T. S., & Birhanu, B. T. (2017). Aerobic and anaerobic bacterial isolates from the respiratory tract of sheep slaughtered at Addis Ababa Abattoirs Enterprises, Central Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, 9(10), 284-289.
Chicago Addisu Awukew Yegoraw, Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel, Tesfaye Sisay Tesema and Biruk Tesfaye Birhanu. "Aerobic and anaerobic bacterial isolates from the respiratory tract of sheep slaughtered at Addis Ababa Abattoirs Enterprises, Central Ethiopia." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9, no. 10 (2017): 284-289.
MLA Addisu Awukew Yegoraw, et al. "Aerobic and anaerobic bacterial isolates from the respiratory tract of sheep slaughtered at Addis Ababa Abattoirs Enterprises, Central Ethiopia." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9.10 (2017): 284-289.
   
DOI 10.5897/JVMAH2017.0574
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JVMAH/article-abstract/D4FFA0166117

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