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Article Number - 759207F65911


Vol.9(10), pp. 255-263 , October 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH2017.0611
ISSN: 2141-2529



Full Length Research Paper

Performance, immunology and biochemical parameters of Moringa oleifera and/or Cichorium intybus addition to broiler chicken ration



M. A. Mousa
  • M. A. Mousa
  • Nutrition and Clinical Nutrition Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt.
  • Google Scholar
A. S. Osman
  • A. S. Osman
  • Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt.
  • Google Scholar
H. A. M. Abdel Hady
  • H. A. M. Abdel Hady
  • Bacteriology Department, Animal Health Research Institute, Egypt.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 21 June 2017  Accepted: 17 August 2017  Published: 31 October 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This study was aimed to evaluate the influence of Moringa Oleifera and/or Cichorium Intybus powder supplementation on performance, biochemical parameters, immunology and carcass quality of broiler chicks. Two hundred one-day-old chicks (Ross, 308 hybrid) were randomly allotted into four groups. Each group contained 50 chicks with five replicates. Feed was offered ad libitum to all groups. Group C were fed basal control diet. Chicks in the group M were fed basal diet supplemented with 1.5% M. oleifera and chicks in group CI were fed basal diet supplemented with 1.5% C. Intybus, while the chicks of group MC were fed basal diet supplemented with 0.75% M. oleifera plus 0.75% C. Intybus during experiment time. Body weight and feed amount were recorded every 15 days. Carcass yields were evaluated at the end of the experiment. The results revealed that supplements improved significantly bird weights, whereas the group C has the least mean value among the treatments. Group MC had better weight (239 3±80 g) than other groups (2180±48, 2020.5±97 1893±54 g, respectively for groups CI, M and C). Feed conversion ratio (FCR) was estimated 1.45, 1.48, 1.54 and 1.58 for MC, CI, M and C groups, respectively. Supplements group have lower total cholesterol than control. Finally, the use of a combination of C. Intybus and M. oleifera was recommended as good feed additives to improve productivity and enhance immunity.

Key words: Broiler, performance, Moringa Oleifera, Cichorium Intybus, biochemical parameters, immunology, carcass yields.

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APA Mousa, M. A., Osman, A. S., & Hady, H. A. M. A. (2017). Performance, immunology and biochemical parameters of Moringa oleifera and/or Cichorium intybus addition to broiler chicken ration. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, 9(10), 255-263.
Chicago M. A. Mousa, A. S. Osman and H. A. M. Abdel Hady. "Performance, immunology and biochemical parameters of Moringa oleifera and/or Cichorium intybus addition to broiler chicken ration." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9, no. 10 (2017): 255-263.
MLA M. A. Mousa, A. S. Osman and H. A. M. Abdel Hady. "Performance, immunology and biochemical parameters of Moringa oleifera and/or Cichorium intybus addition to broiler chicken ration." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9.10 (2017): 255-263.
   
DOI 10.5897/JVMAH2017.0611
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JVMAH/article-abstract/759207F65911

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9SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`articles` AS `Article` LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` ON (`Article`.`journal_issue_id` = `JournalIssue`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_sections` AS `JournalSection` ON (`Article`.`journal_section_id` = `JournalSection`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`authors` AS `Author` ON (`Article`.`author_id` = `Author`.`id`) WHERE `JournalIssue`.`journal_id` =13 AND `Article`.`published` = 1110
10SELECT `Article`.`id`, `Article`.`journal_section_id`, `Article`.`journal_issue_id`, `Article`.`article_number`, `Article`.`article_type`, `Article`.`title`, `Article`.`accepted_date`, `Article`.`received_date`, `Article`.`abstract`, `Article`.`abbrev`, `Article`.`full_text`, `Article`.`pages`, `Article`.`doi`, `Article`.`authors_for_citation`, `Article`.`authors`, `Article`.`email`, `Article`.`phone`, `Article`.`address`, `Article`.`has_full_text`, `Article`.`has_reference`, `Article`.`pdf_file`, `Article`.`published`, `Article`.`published_date`, `Article`.`status`, `Article`.`author_id`, `Article`.`created`, `Article`.`modified`, `Article`.`read_count`, `Article`.`shared_count`, `Article`.`download_count`, `Article`.`other_links`, `Article`.`references`, `JournalIssue`.`id`, `JournalIssue`.`journal_id`, `JournalIssue`.`archive_id`, `JournalIssue`.`volume_number`, `JournalIssue`.`issue_number`, `JournalIssue`.`page_range`, `JournalIssue`.`edition`, `JournalIssue`.`month`, `JournalIssue`.`picture`, `JournalIssue`.`home_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`current_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`articles_count`, `JournalIssue`.`e-book`, `JournalIssue`.`issuu_embed`, `JournalIssue`.`subject`, `JournalIssue`.`created`, `JournalIssue`.`modified`, `JournalSection`.`id`, `JournalSection`.`name`, `JournalSection`.`journal_id`, `JournalSection`.`description`, `JournalSection`.`created`, `JournalSection`.`modified`, `Author`.`id`, `Author`.`surname`, `Author`.`other_names`, `Author`.`email`, `Author`.`phone`, `Author`.`sex`, `Author`.`institution`, `Author`.`address`, `Author`.`specialization`, `Author`.`country`, `Author`.`password`, `Author`.`last_login`, `Author`.`created`, `Author`.`title`, `Author`.`affiliation`, `Author`.`blacklist_id` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`articles` AS `Article` LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` ON (`Article`.`journal_issue_id` = `JournalIssue`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_sections` AS `JournalSection` ON (`Article`.`journal_section_id` = `JournalSection`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`authors` AS `Author` ON (`Article`.`author_id` = `Author`.`id`) WHERE `Article`.`article_number` = '759207F65911' LIMIT 111102
11SELECT `AbstractTranslation`.`id`, `AbstractTranslation`.`article_id`, `AbstractTranslation`.`language`, `AbstractTranslation`.`abstract`, `AbstractTranslation`.`published`, `AbstractTranslation`.`created`, `AbstractTranslation`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`abstract_translations` AS `AbstractTranslation` WHERE `AbstractTranslation`.`article_id` = (1009960243)000
12SELECT `ArticleTranslation`.`id`, `ArticleTranslation`.`article_id`, `ArticleTranslation`.`name`, `ArticleTranslation`.`url`, `ArticleTranslation`.`translator`, `ArticleTranslation`.`translator_url`, `ArticleTranslation`.`created`, `ArticleTranslation`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`article_translations` AS `ArticleTranslation` WHERE `ArticleTranslation`.`article_id` = (1009960243)000
13SELECT `ArticleAuthor`.`id`, `ArticleAuthor`.`name`, `ArticleAuthor`.`article_id`, `ArticleAuthor`.`email`, `ArticleAuthor`.`phone`, `ArticleAuthor`.`department`, `ArticleAuthor`.`affiliation`, `ArticleAuthor`.`country`, `ArticleAuthor`.`created`, `ArticleAuthor`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`article_authors` AS `ArticleAuthor` WHERE `ArticleAuthor`.`article_id` = (1009960243)330
14SELECT `ArticleReference`.`id`, `ArticleReference`.`title`, `ArticleReference`.`article_id`, `ArticleReference`.`authors`, `ArticleReference`.`year`, `ArticleReference`.`volume`, `ArticleReference`.`pages`, `ArticleReference`.`journal_title`, `ArticleReference`.`google_scholar`, `ArticleReference`.`pub_med`, `ArticleReference`.`url`, `ArticleReference`.`created`, `ArticleReference`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`article_references` AS `ArticleReference` WHERE `ArticleReference`.`article_id` = (1009960243)000
15SELECT `JournalIssue`.`id`, `JournalIssue`.`journal_id`, `JournalIssue`.`archive_id`, `JournalIssue`.`volume_number`, `JournalIssue`.`issue_number`, `JournalIssue`.`page_range`, `JournalIssue`.`edition`, `JournalIssue`.`month`, `JournalIssue`.`picture`, `JournalIssue`.`home_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`current_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`articles_count`, `JournalIssue`.`e-book`, `JournalIssue`.`issuu_embed`, `JournalIssue`.`subject`, `JournalIssue`.`created`, `JournalIssue`.`modified`, `Journal`.`id`, `Journal`.`journal_category_id`, `Journal`.`name`, `Journal`.`issn`, `Journal`.`abbrev`, `Journal`.`pub_abbrev`, `Journal`.`banner`, `Journal`.`colour`, `Journal`.`email`, `Journal`.`password`, `Journal`.`instruction_for_author_file`, `Journal`.`reviewers_guide_file`, `Journal`.`about_text`, `Journal`.`submit_manuscript`, `Journal`.`instructions_for_authors`, `Journal`.`pub_ethics`, `Journal`.`abstracting`, `Journal`.`call_for_papers`, `Journal`.`faculty_1000`, `Journal`.`editors`, `Journal`.`journal_issue_count`, `Journal`.`journ_handling_fee`, `Journal`.`founding_editor`, `Journal`.`founding_editor_address`, `Journal`.`created`, `Journal`.`modified`, `Journal`.`subdomain`, `Archive`.`id`, `Archive`.`month`, `Archive`.`year`, `Archive`.`created`, `Archive`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`journals` AS `Journal` ON (`JournalIssue`.`journal_id` = `Journal`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`archives` AS `Archive` ON (`JournalIssue`.`archive_id` = `Archive`.`id`) WHERE `JournalIssue`.`id` = 9122 LIMIT 1110
16SELECT `Article`.`id`, `Article`.`journal_section_id`, `Article`.`journal_issue_id`, `Article`.`article_number`, `Article`.`article_type`, `Article`.`title`, `Article`.`accepted_date`, `Article`.`received_date`, `Article`.`abstract`, `Article`.`abbrev`, `Article`.`full_text`, `Article`.`pages`, `Article`.`doi`, `Article`.`authors_for_citation`, `Article`.`authors`, `Article`.`email`, `Article`.`phone`, `Article`.`address`, `Article`.`has_full_text`, `Article`.`has_reference`, `Article`.`pdf_file`, `Article`.`published`, `Article`.`published_date`, `Article`.`status`, `Article`.`author_id`, `Article`.`created`, `Article`.`modified`, `Article`.`read_count`, `Article`.`shared_count`, `Article`.`download_count`, `Article`.`other_links`, `Article`.`references` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`articles` AS `Article` WHERE `Article`.`journal_issue_id` = (9122)330
17SELECT `ArticleMetric`.`id`, `ArticleMetric`.`article_id`, `ArticleMetric`.`ip`, `ArticleMetric`.`read_t`, `ArticleMetric`.`count`, `ArticleMetric`.`country`, `ArticleMetric`.`region`, `ArticleMetric`.`continent`, `ArticleMetric`.`created`, `ArticleMetric`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`article_metrics` AS `ArticleMetric` WHERE `ArticleMetric`.`article_id` = 1009960243 AND `ArticleMetric`.`read_t` = 'article-abstract' AND `ArticleMetric`.`ip` = '54.225.39.142' AND DATE_FORMAT(`ArticleMetric`.`created`, '%Y-%m-%d') = '2017-09-20' LIMIT 1003631
18BEGIN003631
19INSERT INTO `admin_academic_journals`.`article_metrics` (`read_t`, `count`, `article_id`, `ip`, `country`, `region`, `continent`, `modified`, `created`) VALUES ('article-abstract', 1, 1009960243, '54.225.39.142', 'United States', 'Virginia', 'North America', '2017-09-20 05:09:19', '2017-09-20 05:09:19')110
20COMMIT110
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22SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
23SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
24SELECT `JournalIssue`.`id`, `JournalIssue`.`journal_id`, `JournalIssue`.`archive_id`, `JournalIssue`.`volume_number`, `JournalIssue`.`issue_number`, `JournalIssue`.`page_range`, `JournalIssue`.`edition`, `JournalIssue`.`month`, `JournalIssue`.`picture`, `JournalIssue`.`home_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`current_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`articles_count`, `JournalIssue`.`e-book`, `JournalIssue`.`issuu_embed`, `JournalIssue`.`subject`, `JournalIssue`.`created`, `JournalIssue`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` WHERE `JournalIssue`.`id` = 9122 LIMIT 1110
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27SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
28SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
29SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
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