Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Subscribe to JVMAH
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 74D55C855561


Vol.10(2), pp. 55-59 , February 2018
https://doi.org/10.5897/JVMAH2017.0603
ISSN: 2141-2529


 Total Views: 0
 Downloaded: 0

Full Length Research Paper

Study on veterinary antibiotic drugs handling and utilization in and around Holeta



Seblewongel Ayichew Megerrsa
  • Seblewongel Ayichew Megerrsa
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Taddesa Bezu Ashine
  • Taddesa Bezu Ashine
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 08 June 2017  Accepted: 13 July 2017  Published: 28 February 2018

Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the antibiotics drug handling and utilization practices of the animal owners from November 2016 to April 2017. A total of 384 randomly selected animal owners in and around Holeta were interviewed using semi-structured questionnaires. Most of the respondents (animal owners) were educated (59.4%), whereas less than half of them (40.6%) were uneducated. The prevalence on the challenges faced by their animals was 25, 42.2, and 32.8% due to disease, feed shortage and both disease and feed shortage, respectively. A total of 6.5% of the respondents purchased antibiotics from private pharmacy and brought to their house by carrying them in pockets, while 3.9 and 2.9% of the respondents store drugs on the shelf and floor up to three months, respectively. Drug administration activity was performed by non-professional personnel simply by guessing. 66.1% of the respondents knew about withdrawal period of antibiotics whereas 33.9% of them did not know about withdrawal period of antibiotic drugs. At the time of drug administration, 12.8% sold the milk, 86.7% gave the milk for calf and 0.5% of them used the milk for home consumption without maintaining its withdrawal period. A few number of animal owners (2.6%) injected their animals below normal dosage resulting to resistance of the disease to the antibiotics. Majority of the animal owners (93.5%) used veterinary professional service to their diseased animals for treatment whereas a few number of the respondents (6.5%) purchased antibiotics from private pharmacy without prescription of the veterinarian for self-treatment of their animals. In conclusion, this study result revealed that there is improper handling and utilization practice of veterinary antibiotic drugs in the study area. It is recommended that training should be given for the animal owners on the appropriate handling and utilization practice of veterinary drugs and continuous follow up by the stake holders should be undertaken.

Key words: Antibiotics drug, animal owners, Holeta, veterinary.

Abbreviation:

NSAID, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; MICs, minimum inhibitory concentrations; MBCs, minimum bactericidal concentrations; CAFOs, concentrated animal food operations; HARC, Holeta Agriculture Research Center.


Acar JF (1997). Consequence of bacterial resistance to antibiotics in medical practice. Clin. Infect. Dis. 24(Supplement_1):S17-S18.

 

Addah W, Baah J, Tia S, Okine E (2009). Knowledge and practices of smallholder farmers and herdsmen in the use of acaricides and gastrointestinal anthelminthes in Ghana. Livest. Res. Rural Dev. 21:11.

 
 

Flynn WT (2012). The Judicious Use of Medically Important Antimicrobial Drugs in Food-Producing animal's center for Veterinary Medicine (HFV-1). Food and Drug Administration. Department Of Health and Human Services. guidance for industry/ucm.21:6-9.

 
 

Gyssens IC (2009). Quality measures of antimicrobial drug use. Int. J. Antimicrobial Agents 17(1):9-19.
Crossref

 
 

Hirsh DC, Zee YC (1999). Veterinary microbiology.1st ed. Blackwell Publishing Company. Colifornia. pp. 48-57.

 
 

Laxminarayan R, Duse A, Wattal C (2013). Antibiotic resistance-the need for global solutions. Lancet Infect. Dis. 13(12):1057-1098.
Crossref

 
 

Okeke N, Lamikanra A, Edelman R (1999). Socioeconomic and behavioral factors leading to acquired bacterial resistance to antibiotics in developing countries. Emerging Infect. Dis. 5(1):18-27.
Crossref

 
 

Pang Y, Brown BA, Steingrube VA, Wallacer RJ, Roberts MC (1994). Tetracycline resistance determinants in Mycobacterium and Streptomyces species. Antimicrobial Agents Chemother. 38(6):1408-1412.
Crossref

 
 

Sanford JC, Mackie RI, Koikeetal S (2009). Fate and transport of antibiotic residues and antibiotic resistance genes following land application of manure waste. J. Environ. Qual. 38(3):1086-1108.
Crossref

 
 

Silbergeld EK, Graham J, Price BL (2008). Industrial food animal production. antimicrobial resistance and human health. Ann. Rev. Public Health. 29:151-69.
Crossref

 
 

Teuber M (2001). Veterinary use and antibiotic resistance. Curr. Opinion Microbiol. 4(5):493-499.
Crossref

 
 

Thawani V (2010). Rational use of medicine achievements and challenges. Indian J. Pharmacol. 42:63-64.
Crossref

 
 

Thrusfield M (2005). Veterinary Epidemiology, 3rd ed. Blackwell Science Ltd. Edinburgh, UK. pp. 228-247.

 

 


APA Megerrsa, S. A., & Ashine, T. B. (2018). Study on veterinary antibiotic drugs handling and utilization in and around Holeta. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, 10(2), 55-59.
Chicago Seblewongel Ayichew Megerrsa and Taddesa Bezu Ashine. "Study on veterinary antibiotic drugs handling and utilization in and around Holeta." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 10, no. 2 (2018): 55-59.
MLA Seblewongel Ayichew Megerrsa and Taddesa Bezu Ashine. "Study on veterinary antibiotic drugs handling and utilization in and around Holeta." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 10.2 (2018): 55-59.
   
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/JVMAH2017.0603
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JVMAH/article-abstract/74D55C855561

Subscription Form