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Article Number - 5B235B065662


Vol.9(9), pp. 240-245 , September 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH2014.0343
ISSN: 2141-2529



Full Length Research Paper

Acetylcholinesterase, glucose and total protein concentration in the brain regions of West African dwarf goats fed dietary aflatoxin



Ewuola, E. O.
  • Ewuola, E. O.
  • Animal Physiology and Bioclimatology Unit, Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Bolarinwa, O. A.
  • Bolarinwa, O. A.
  • Animal Physiology and Bioclimatology Unit, Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 29 October 2014  Accepted: 28 June 2016  Published: 30 September 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


A study was carried out on the effect of varied levels of dietary aflatoxin on acetylcholinesterase, glucose and total protein concentration in the brain regions of West African Dwarf goats. 20 West African Dwarf goats of about 5-6 months old were used for the trial and they were randomly allotted to four dietary treatments containing 0 (control), 50, 100 and 150 µg aflatoxin/kg diet. The animals were housed individually for the feeding trial in a completely randomised designed and the experiment lasted 12 weeks. At the end of the feeding trial, the animals were sacrificed and brain dissected into different regions. The different regions of the brain studied were medulla oblongata, amygdala, hippocampus, cerebral cortex, mid-brain, cerebellum, pons varoli and hypothalamus. Samples were collected from these regions and homogenised to determine acetylcholinesterase, glucose and total protein concentrations. Result showed that the acetylcholinesterase activity in the brain regions was not significantly influenced by the dietary aflatoxin among the treatments. Glucose concentration was significantly (p<0.05) higher in the hypothalamus of animals fed 50 µg aflatoxin/kg and control diet than those fed 100 and 150 µg aflatoxin/kg. Total protein concentration in the medullar oblongata and the hypothalamic regions of the brain in animals fed 150 ppb was significantly (p<0.05) higher than those on the control diet. The pH of the medulla oblongata, amygdala, hippocampus, cerebral cortex were significantly (p<0.05) higher in goats fed 150 mg/kg than those fed the control diet. However, pH was not significant in the mid brain, cerebellum, pons varoli and hypothalamus among the treatments. This study suggests that dietary aflatoxin up to 100 ppb reduced glucose concentration in the hypothalamus and total protein in the medulla oblongata region of the brain with tendency to impair brain function.

Key words: Aflatoxin, WAD goat brain, acetylcholinesterase, total protein.

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APA Ewuola, E. O., & Bolarinwa, O. A. (2017). Acetylcholinesterase, glucose and total protein concentration in the brain regions of West African dwarf goats fed dietary aflatoxin. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, 9(9), 240-245.
Chicago Ewuola, E. O. and Bolarinwa, O. A.. "Acetylcholinesterase, glucose and total protein concentration in the brain regions of West African dwarf goats fed dietary aflatoxin." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9, no. 9 (2017): 240-245.
MLA Ewuola, et al. "Acetylcholinesterase, glucose and total protein concentration in the brain regions of West African dwarf goats fed dietary aflatoxin." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9.9 (2017): 240-245.
   
DOI 10.5897/JVMAH2014.0343
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JVMAH/article-abstract/5B235B065662

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