Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 311

Full Length Research Paper

Antimicrobial resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from raw cow milk and fresh fruit juice in Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia

Haftay Abraha
  • Haftay Abraha
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, P. O. Box 2084, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
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Geberemedhin Hadish
  • Geberemedhin Hadish
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, P. O. Box 2084, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Belay Aligaz
  • Belay Aligaz
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, P. O. Box 2084, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Goytom Eyas
  • Goytom Eyas
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, P. O. Box 2084, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Kidane Workelule
  • Kidane Workelule
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, P. O. Box 2084, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 30 November 2017
  •  Accepted: 07 February 2018
  •  Published: 30 April 2018

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate drug resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus in raw milk, fresh fruit juice and dairy farms settings of Mekelle, Tigray. A cross-sectional study was conducted on the total 258 samples of raw cow milk and fresh fruit juice. Antimicrobial resistance status was also checked for identified S. aureus using various commonly used antimicrobial discs. The overall viable staphylococcal count mean and standard deviation of samples from milk shop, fruit juice and dairy milk were found to be 8.86±107, 7.2 × 107, 8.65±107 cfu/ml, 33.87±106, 6.68±106 and 22.0±106, respectively. Among the total 258 samples, 75 (29.07%) samples were found positive for S. aureus. Proportion of the isolation from milk shop, fruit juice and dairy milk samples were 20 (23.26%), 32 (37.21%) and 23 (26.74%), respectively. Antimicrobial test of the high resistance revealed vancomycin (100%), ampicillin (90.9%). ciprofloxacin (90.9%), ceftaroline (63.6%), penicillin-G (81.8%) and clindamycin (72.7%) whereas they are highly susceptible to some antibiotics like gentamicin (100%), streptomycin (81.8%), norfloxacin (63.6%), chloramphenicol (81.8%), sulfamethoxazole (96%), kanamycin (72.7%), polymixin B (72.7%), erythromycin (72.7%) and tetracycline (81.8); also, some S. aureus also showed multi-drug resistance pattern. The present study, we isolated and determined the drug Resistance profile of S. aruesu in Mekelle city, Northern Ethiopia alarmingly, the S. aureus isolates circulating in the raw cow milk, fresh fruit juice and dairy milk. High level of S. aureus isolation from personnel and equipment besides food samples reveals that the hygiene practice is substandard. Prudent drug use and improved hygienic practice is recommended in the raw cow milk of dairy farms and fresh fruit juice to safeguard the public from the risk of acquiring infections and multiple drug resistance (MDR) pathogenic S. aureus.

Key words: Antibiogram, bacterial load, multiple drug resistance (MDR), Mekelle, Milk, Staphylococcus aureus.

Abbreviation

AMP, Ampicillin; ANOVA, analysis of variance; CHL, Chloramphenicol; CIP, Ciprofloxacin; ERY, Erythromycin; I, Intermediate; MDR, multiple drug resistance; NSS, normal saline solution; R, resistant; S, Sensitive; SD, standard deviation, O, Observation; STR, Streptomycin; TCY, Tetracycline.