Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Subscribe to JVMAH
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 2ED101966629


Vol.9(12), pp. 342-348 , December 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH2016.0527
ISSN: 2141-2529



Full Length Research Paper

Clinical survey on major ruminant diseases in Kola Tembein and Tanqua Abergelle Districts, Central Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia



Guash Abay
  • Guash Abay
  • Abergelle Agricultural Research Center, Abyi-Adi, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Mulalem Zenebe
  • Mulalem Zenebe
  • Shire-Mytsebri Agricultural Research Center, Shire, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Daniel Desta
  • Daniel Desta
  • Shire-Mytsebri Agricultural Research Center, Shire, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Hailai Hagos
  • Hailai Hagos
  • Abergelle Agricultural Research Center, Abyi-Adi, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Minister Berhanie
  • Minister Berhanie
  • Abergelle Agricultural Research Center, Abyi-Adi, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Tsegay Teame
  • Tsegay Teame
  • Abergelle Agricultural Research Center, Abyi-Adi, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 15 October 2016  Accepted: 23 January 2017  Published: 31 December 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Diseases are the major detriment in ruminant production and productivity in the study districts. A cross sectional study was conducted to assess the major animal health constraints of ruminants. 461 species of sick ruminants were examined and diagnosed tentatively. Similarly, samples were collected and identified in the laboratory for confirmation of the cases. Of the clinically identified ruminant diseases, sheep and goat pox (11.93%), abortion (8.24%), pasteurellosis (8.46%), lice infestation (9.98%), tick infestation (5.86%), and flea infestation (5.21%) accounted for higher values. The proportion of infectious, non-infectious, ectoparasitic infestation, and reproductive diseases among clinically sick ruminants was 51.63, 9.97, 26.25, and 12.15%, respectively. The higher ectoparasitic infestation in the study district was lice infestation (38.02%) followed by tick (22.31%), flea (19.83%), mange mite (11.57%), and leech infestation (8.26%). The reproductive problems encountered were abortion (67.86%), retained placenta (25%), and dystocia (7.14%). The most prevalent infectious diseases encountered were sheep and goat pox (23.11), pastuerellosis (16.39), gastrointestinal tract parasitism (13.03), and anthrax (6.30). The most encountered non-infectious diseases were abscess (28.26) and bloat (17.39). In conclusion, infectious diseases and external parasites cause serious economic loss in the study districts. So, regular surveillance of animal disease coupled with vaccination of animals with available vaccines, regular spraying of acaricides and more importantly, public awareness in prevention and control of major livestock diseases in the districts is recommended.

Key words: Clinical survey, Kola Tembien, ruminants, Tanqua Abergelle.

Abraha GG (2007). Major animal health problems of market oriented livestock development in Atsbi Womberta woreda, Tigray Regional State (Doctoral dissertation, Addis Ababa University).

 

Amsalu K (2007). Major animal health problems of market oriented livestock development in Fogera woreda (Doctoral dissertation, Addis Ababa University) Ethiopia.

 
 

Berhanu A (2002, June). Welcome address: Animal health and poverty reduction strategies. In Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Veterinary Association (EVA), held. 56:117-137.

 
 

Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2015). Central statistics for livestock population in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 
 

Feleke A (2008).Major animal health problems of market oriented livestock development in Bure woreda (Doctoral dissertation, Haramaya University).

 
 

Fentahun T, Fresebehat A (2012). Listeriosis in Small Ruminants: A Review. Adv. Biol. Res. 6(6):202-209.

 
 

Fentahun T, Woldemariam F, Chanie M, Berhan M (2012). Prevalence of ectoparasites on small ruminants in and around Gondar Town. American-Eurasian J. Sci. Res. 7(3):106-111.

 
 

Gizaw S, Abegaz S, Gojam Y (1995). Factors affecting preweaning survival of Horro lambs at Bako Research Center. In 3. National Conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production, Addis Abeba (Ethiopia), 27-29 Apr 1995. ESAP.

 
 

Gojam Y, Gizaw S, Thwaites CJ, Awgichew K (1995). Influence of birth weight and postpartum age on lamb mortality in Ethiopian Horro sheep. In 3. National Conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production, Addis Abeba (Ethiopia), 27-29 Apr 1995. ESAP.

 
 

Haffize M (2001). Study on skin diseases of small ruminants in central Ethiopia. DVM Thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, DebrezeZeit, Ethiopia.

 
 

Haftu B, Asresie A, Haylom M (2014). Assessment on Major Health Constraints of Livestock Development in Eastern Zone of Tigray: The Case of "Gantaafeshum Woreda" Northern Ethiopia. J. Vet. Sci. Technol. 5:174.

 
 

Juyal PD, Bal MS, Singla LD (2011) Economic impact, diagnostic investigations and management of protozoal abortions in farm animals. In: All India SMVS' Dairy Business Directory 11:39-46.

 
 

Leta S, Mesele F (2014). Spatial analysis of cattle and shoat population in Ethiopia: growth trend, distribution and market access. Springer plus. 3(1): 310.
Crossref

 
 

Mekonnen K (2007). Major animal health problems of market oriented livestock development in Alaba woreda, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region (Doctoral dissertation, Addis Ababa University), Ethiopia.

 
 

Negash E, Shimelis, Desta B (2012). Seroprevalence of small ruminant brucellosis and its public health awareness in selected sites of Dire Dawa region, Eastern Ethiopia. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health 4(4):61-66.

 
 

Negassa A, Rashid S, Gebremedhin B (2011). Livestock Production and Marketing. ESSP II Working Paper 26. International Food Policy Research Institute/ Ethiopia Strategy Support Program II, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 
 

Radostits OM, Gay CC, Hinchcliff KW, Constable PD (Eds.) (2006). Veterinary Medicine E-Book: A textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats. Elsevier Health Sciences.

 
 

Singh AP, Singla LD, Singh A (2000) A study on the effects of macroclimatic factors on the seasonal population dynamics of Boophilus micropus (Canes, 1888) infesting the cross-bred cattle of Ludhiana district. Int. J. Anim. Sci. 15(1):29-31.

 
 

Singla LD (1995) A note on sub-clinical gastro-intestinal parasitism in sheep and goats in Ludhiana and Faridkot districts of Punjab. Indian Vet. Med. J. 19:61-62.

 
 

Solomon A, Gemeda D (2000). Genetic and phenotypic parameters of growth, reproductive and survival performance of Horro sheep at Bako Research Center. Research fellowship report. International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 
 

Tibbo M (2006). Productivity and health of indigenous sheep breeds and crossbreds in the central Ethiopian highlands. P 51.

 
 

Urgessa D, Duguma B, Demeka S, Tolamariam T (2012). A survey of sheep and goat diseases in Ilu Abba Bora Zone of Oromia Regional State, Southwestern Ethiopia. Glob. Vet. 9 (5):552-556.

 
 

Yohannes T (2007). Major animal health problems of market oriented livestock development in Alamata Woreda. DVM thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa Universty, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia.

 

 


APA Abay, G., Zenebe, M., Desta, D., Hagos, H., Berhanie, M., & Teame, T. (2017). Clinical survey on major ruminant diseases in Kola Tembein and Tanqua Abergelle Districts, Central Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, 9(12), 342-348.
Chicago Guash Abay, Mulalem Zenebe, Daniel Desta, Hailai Hagos, Minister Berhanie and Tsegay Teame. "Clinical survey on major ruminant diseases in Kola Tembein and Tanqua Abergelle Districts, Central Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9, no. 12 (2017): 342-348.
MLA Guash Abay, et al. "Clinical survey on major ruminant diseases in Kola Tembein and Tanqua Abergelle Districts, Central Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9.12 (2017): 342-348.
   
DOI 10.5897/JVMAH2016.0527
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JVMAH/article-abstract/2ED101966629

Subscription Form