Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Subscribe to JVMAH
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 18E85EF66115


Vol.9(10), pp. 280-283 , October 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH2017.0608
ISSN: 2141-2529



Full Length Research Paper

Serological evidence of African horse sickness virus infection of donkeys in Karamoja sub-region, North-eastern Uganda



Jesca Nakayima
  • Jesca Nakayima
  • National Livestock Resources Research Institute (NaLIRRI), P. O. Box 96 Tororo, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Mary L. Nanfuka
  • Mary L. Nanfuka
  • National Animal Disease Diagnostics and Epidemiology Centre (NADDEC), P. O. Box 513, Entebbe, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Daniel Aleper
  • Daniel Aleper
  • National Livestock Resources Research Institute (NaLIRRI), P. O. Box 96 Tororo, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Duke Okidi
  • Duke Okidi
  • National Livestock Resources Research Institute (NaLIRRI), P. O. Box 96 Tororo, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 12 June 2017  Accepted: 17 August 2017  Published: 31 October 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


African horse sickness virus (AHSV) causes a non-contagious, infectious insect-borne disease of equids and it is endemic in many areas of sub-Saharan Africa but extends beyond its endemic zones to the Arabian Peninsula, Asia and Europe. The usual mode of transmission is by biting midge, a biological vector and Culicoides imicola appears to be the principal vector. Serum samples were screened from camels and donkeys for AHSV antibodies using competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA). Results revealed that 16/22 (73%) donkeys had been exposed to AHSV. All 85 camels screened in the study tested negative to AHSV. This was the first study of AHSV in Uganda and it was geared at creating awareness for the veterinary service needs of these animal species which is non-existent so far.

Key words: African horse sickness virus (AHSV), Culicoides spp., camels, donkeys, Uganda.

Awad FI, Amin MM, Salama SA, Aly MM (1981).The incidence of African horse sickness in animals of various species in Egypt. Bull. Anim. Health Prod. Afr. 29:285-287.

 

Barnard JH (1998). Epidemiology of African horse sickness and the role of the zebra in South Africa. Arch. Virol. Suppl. 14:13-19.
Crossref

 

Bevan LEW (1911). The transmission of African horse sickness to the dog by feeding. Vet. J. 67:402-408.
Crossref

 

Boorman J, Mellor PS, Penn M, Jennings M (1975).The growth of African horse sickness virus in embryonated hen eggs and the transmission of virus by Culicoides variipennis Coquillett (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Arch. Virol. 47:343-349.
Crossref

 

Coetzer JAW, Erasmus BJ (1994). African horse sickness, in: Coetzer JAW, Thomson GR, Tustin RC. (Eds.), Infectious diseases of livestock with special reference to southern Africa, Oxford University Press, Cape Town. 1:460-475.

 

Costa S, Sastre P, Pérez T, Tapia I, Barrandeguy M, Sánchez-Vizcaíno JM, Sánchez-Matamoros A, Wigdorovitz A, Sanz A, Rueda P (2016). Development and evaluation of a new lateral flow assay for simultaneous detection of antibodies against african horse sickness and equine infectious anemia viruses. J. Virol. Methods 237:127-131.
Crossref

 

de Waal T, Liebenberg D, Venter GJ, Mienie CM, van Hamburg H (2016). Detection of African horse sickness virus in Culicoides imicola pools using RT-qPCR. J. Vector Ecol. 41(1):179-185.
Crossref

 

Du Toit RM (1944). The transmission of bluetongue and horse sickness by Culicoides. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Sci. Anim. Ind. 19:7-16.

 

Fowler VL, Howson EL, Flannery J, Romito M, Lubisi A, Agüero M, Mertens P, Batten CA, Warren HR, Castillo-Olivares J (2016). Development of a novel reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for the rapid detection of african horse sickness virus. Transbound. Emerg. Dis. 

View

 

Howell PG (1962). The isolation and identification of further antigenic types of African horse sickness virus. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res. 29:139-149.

 

Howell PG (1963). African horse sickness, in: Emerging diseases of animals, FAO, Rome FAO Agricultural Studies. 61:71-108.

 

Liebenberg D, Piketh S, Labuschagne K, Venter G, Greyling T, Mienie C, de Waal T, van Hamburg H (2016). Culicoides species composition and environmental factors influencing African horse sickness distribution at three sites in Namibia. Acta. Trop. 163:70-79.
Crossref

 

Lubroth J (1988). African horse sickness and the epizootic in Spain 1987. Equine Pract. 10:26-33.

 

Maurer FD, McCully RM (1963). African horse sickness with emphasis on pathology. Am. J. Vet. Res. 26:235-266.

 

Mayo C, Venter E, Steyn J, Coetzee P, van Vuuren M, Crafford J, Schütte C, Venter G (2016). The prevalence of Culicoides spp. in 3 geographic areas of South Africa. Vet. Ital. 52(3-4):281-289.

 

McIntosh BM (1955). Horse sickness antibodies in the sera of dogs in enzootic areas. J. South Afr. Vet. Med. Assoc.26:269-272.

 

McIntosh BM (1958). Immunological types of horse sickness virus and their significance in immunization. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res. 27:465-539.

 

Mellor PS (2000). Replication of arboviruses in insect vectors. J. Comp. Pathol. 124:231-247.
Crossref

 

Mellor PS, Boorman J (1995). The transmission and geographical spread of African horse sickness and bluetongue viruses. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 89:1-15.
Crossref

 

Mellor PS, Boorman J, Jennings M (1975). The multiplication of African horse sickness virus in two species of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Arch. Virol. 47:351-356.
Crossref

 

Mellor PS, Hamblin C (2004). African horse sickness. Vet Res. 35:445-466.
Crossref

 

M'Fadyean J (1900). African horse-sickness. J. Comp Pathol. 13:1-20.
Crossref

 

Mornet P, Gilbert Y (1968). La pesteéquine. In Les maladies animales à virus. L'Expansion. 476:195.

 

Moule L (1896). Histoire de la MédecineVétérinaire, Maulde, Paris. P 38.

 

Nakayima J, Kabasa W, Aleper D, Okidi D (2017a). Prevalence of endo-parasites in donkeys and camels in Karamoja sub-region, North-eastern Uganda. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health 9(1):11-15.
Crossref

 

Nakayima J, Nanfuka LM, Aleper D, Okidi D (2017b). Serological prevalence of Babesia caballi and Theileria equi in camels and donkeys from Karamoja sub-region, North-eastern Uganda. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health 9(6):137-142.
Crossref

 

Newsholme O, Bedford GAH, Du Toit RM (1983). A morphological study of the lesions of African horse sickness. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res. 50:7-24.

 

OIE: World Organization for Animal Health (2009). 

View

 

Piercy SE (1951). Some observations on African horse-sickness including an account of an outbreak among dogs. East Afr. Agric. J. 17:62-64.

 

Probst C, Gethmann JM, Kampen H, Werner D, Conraths FJ (2015). A comparison of four light traps for collecting Culicoides biting midges. Parasitol. Res. 114(12):4717-4724.
Crossref

 

Sailleau C, Hamblin C, Paweska JY, Zientara S (2000). Identification and differentiation of the nine African horse sickness virus serotypes by RT-PCR amplification of the sero type specific genome segment 2. J. Gen. Virol. 81:831-837.
Crossref

 

Sánchez-Matamoros A, Nieto-Pelegrín E, Beck C, Rivera-Arroyo B, Lecollinet S, Sailleau C, Zientara S, Sánchez-Vizcaíno JM (2016). Development of a luminex-based DIVA assay for serological detection of african horse sickness virus in horses. Transbound. Emerg. Dis. 63(4):353-359.
Crossref

 

Sellers RF, Mellor PS (1993). Temperature and the persistence of viruses in Culicoides spp. during adverse conditions. Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epizoot. 12:733-755.
Crossref

 

Singh G, Soodan JS, Singla LD, Khajuria JK (2012). Epidemiological studies on gastrointestinal helminths in horses and mules. Vet. Practitioner 13(01):23-27.

 

Singla LD, Sumbria D (2017). Equine piroplasmosis: Belles-lettres update with special reference to Indian scenario. In: An Update on Diagnosis and Control of Parasitic Diseases, Ananda KJ, Pradeep BS, Rakesh RL and Malatesh DS (Eds), Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Veterinary College, Shimoga, KVAFSU, Bidar, Karnataka, India. pp. 372-400.

 

Sumbria D, Singla LD, Kumar S, Sharma A, Dhayia R, Setia RK (2016). Spatial distribution, risk factors and haematobiochemical alterations associated with Theileria equi infected equines of Punjab diagnosed by indirect ELISA and nested PCR. Acta Trop. 155:104-112.
Crossref

 

Theal GM (1900). Records of South-Eastern Africa collected in various libraries and archive departments in Europe. Government of the Cape Colony. P 6.

 

Theiler A (1921). African horse sickness (Pestisequorum), Union S. Africa Dept. Agric. Pretoria, Sci. Bull. P 19.

 

Venter GJ, Graham SD, Hamblin C (2000). African horse sickness epidemiology: vector competence of South African Culicoides species for virus serotypes 3, 5 and 8. Med. Vet. Entomol. 14:245-250.
Crossref

 

Wellby MP, Baylis M, Rawlings P, Mellor PS (1996). Effects of temperature on the rate of virogenesis of African horse sickness virus in Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) and its significance in relation to the epidemiology of the disease. Med. Vet. Entomol. 86:715-720.
Crossref

 

Wetzel H, Nevill EM, Erasmus BJ (1970). Studies on the transmission of African horse sickness. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res. 37:165-168.

 

Weyer CT, Joone C, Lourens CW, Monyai MS, Koekemoer O, Grewar JD, van Schalkwyk A, Majiwa PO, MacLachlan NJ, Guthrie AJ (2015). Development of three triplex real-time reverse transcription PCR assays for the qualitative molecular typing of the nine serotypes of African horse sickness virus. J. Virol. Methods 223:69-74.
Crossref

 


APA Nakayima, J., Nanfuka, M. L., Aleper, D., & Okidi, D. (2017). Serological evidence of African horse sickness virus infection of donkeys in Karamoja sub-region, North-eastern Uganda. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, 9(10), 280-283.
Chicago Jesca Nakayima, Mary L. Nanfuka, Daniel Aleper and Duke Okidi. "Serological evidence of African horse sickness virus infection of donkeys in Karamoja sub-region, North-eastern Uganda." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9, no. 10 (2017): 280-283.
MLA Jesca Nakayima, et al. "Serological evidence of African horse sickness virus infection of donkeys in Karamoja sub-region, North-eastern Uganda." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9.10 (2017): 280-283.
   
DOI 10.5897/JVMAH2017.0608
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JVMAH/article-abstract/18E85EF66115

Subscription Form