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Article Number - 5DC9E2F65553


Vol.9(9), pp. 132-136 , September 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0226
ISSN: 2141-2510



Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis in Dara District Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia



Migbaru Keffale Bezabih
  • Migbaru Keffale Bezabih
  • Department of Biomedical Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 301, Haramaya, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Zerihun Shabula
  • Zerihun Shabula
  • Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region, Sidama zone, Dara District Agricultural Office, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Nateneal Tamerat Beyene
  • Nateneal Tamerat Beyene
  • Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region, Sidama zone, Dara District Agricultural Office, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 30 September 2015  Accepted: 11 December 2015  Published: 30 September 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


A cross sectional study was conducted in five selected peasant Associations of Dara Woreda of Southern Ethiopia from October, 2013 to June, 2014 to estimate the prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis and to identify the prevalent trypanosome species, and the risk factors of the disease. Blood samples were collected from the ear vein of randomly selected 384 cattle. Thin blood smear and buffy coat techniques are employed to detect the presence of the parasite and the PCV was measured to evaluate the anemic condition of the animals. Out of the total number of cattle examined, 57 were found to be positive for Trypanosomiasis giving the overall prevalence of 14.8%, out of which 47.6% Trypanosoma congolense, 33.3% Trypanosoma vivax, 9.5% Trypanosoma brucei and 9.5% mixed infection (Trypanosoma congolense and Trypanosoma vivax) were identified. The maximum prevalence 28.4% was observed in Safa followed by Adame, Odola, Machisho and Kumato with the prevalence of 19.8, 11.5, 10.1 and 4.9%, respectively. Animals were grouped into three age categories, calves < 1 year, young 1 to 3 years, Adult >3 years with the prevalence of  4.2, 8.5 and 20.5% respectively. Based on the body condition score, the prevalence of 8, 13 and 25.2% was recorded in good, medium and poor conditioned animals, and it was higher in females 15.7% than males 12.4%. The statistical analysis showed a significant association in the variation of age categories, body condition and among peasant associations (p<0.05). The result also showed a significant difference in packed cell volume (PCV) values between infected and non-infected cattle. In conclusion, the study showed that disease was higher in the area and had significant effect on the body condition and development of anemia. Therefore, the responsible organizations and the community should work on the control and prevention activities of the disease in environmental friendly manner.

Key words: Cattle, Dara, prevalence, trypanosoma, trypanosomiasis

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APA Bezabih, M. K., Shabula, Z., & Beyene, N. T. (2017). Prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis in Dara District Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology, 9(9), 132-136.
Chicago Migbaru Keffale Bezabih, Zerihun Shabula and Nateneal Tamerat Beyene. "Prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis in Dara District Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia." Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology 9, no. 9 (2017): 132-136.
MLA Migbaru Keffale Bezabih, Zerihun Shabula and Nateneal Tamerat Beyene. "Prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis in Dara District Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia." Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology 9.9 (2017): 132-136.
   
DOI 10.5897/JPVB2015.0226
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JPVB/article-abstract/5DC9E2F65553

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