Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
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Article Number - F5080FC55651


Vol.10(2), pp. 33-40 , February 2018
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPBCS2017.0696
ISSN: 2006-9758


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Full Length Research Paper

Phenological, morphological and agronomic characterization of sixteen genotypes of cotton plant (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in rainfed condition in Benin



Emmanuel SEKLOKA
  • Emmanuel SEKLOKA
  • Laboratory of Phytotechny, Plant Breeding and Plant Protection Department of Plant Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Parakou, , P. O. Box 123 Parakou, Republic of Benin.
  • Google Scholar
Albert Kora SABI
  • Albert Kora SABI
  • Laboratory of Phytotechny, Plant Breeding and Plant Protection Department of Plant Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Parakou, , P. O. Box 123 Parakou, Republic of Benin.
  • Google Scholar
Valerien Amegnikin ZINSOU
  • Valerien Amegnikin ZINSOU
  • Laboratory of Phytotechny, Plant Breeding and Plant Protection Department of Plant Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Parakou, , P. O. Box 123 Parakou, Republic of Benin.
  • Google Scholar
Abib ABOUDOU
  • Abib ABOUDOU
  • Laboratory of Phytotechny, Plant Breeding and Plant Protection Department of Plant Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Parakou, , P. O. Box 123 Parakou, Republic of Benin.
  • Google Scholar
Cyrille Kanli NDOGBE
  • Cyrille Kanli NDOGBE
  • Laboratory of Phytotechny, Plant Breeding and Plant Protection Department of Plant Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Parakou, , P. O. Box 123 Parakou, Republic of Benin.
  • Google Scholar
Leonard AFOUDA
  • Leonard AFOUDA
  • Laboratory of Phytotechny, Plant Breeding and Plant Protection Department of Plant Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Parakou, , P. O. Box 123 Parakou, Republic of Benin.
  • Google Scholar
Lamine BABA-MOUSSA
  • Lamine BABA-MOUSSA
  • Laboratory of Biology and Molecular Typing in Microbiology, Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Technologies, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Republic of Benin.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 06 October 2017  Accepted: 22 December 2017  Published: 28 February 2018

Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


In Benin, cotton cultivation is rain fed. There is a need to develop varieties adapted to the current diversity of growing conditions caused by climate disruptions. To identify types of varieties that may be used in crossing to adapt varietal offer to climatic disturbances, sixteen genotypes of diverse origins were characterized with a randomized complete block design with four replications. Fifteen agro-morphological variables allowed to describe the genetic variability using descriptive statistics and multivariate analyses. Results showed high genetic variability and a structuration into three groups of genotypes tested. Plant height, length of fruiting branches, height to node ratio, flowering date and opening date of first bolls are the main distinguishing characteristics between groups (p<0.01). The first group consists of compact genotypes with stems, fruiting branches and internodes relatively short. These genotypes were early to flowering and opening bolls. The second group is composed of more vegetative genotypes, with medium size stems with long fruiting branches and long internodes; they are late to flowering and opening bolls. The third group consists of a tall genotype with short fruiting branches and long internodes; it is early to flowering and opening bolls. Compact and early genotypes could be used in crossbreeding to produce varieties adapted to the current climate disruptions.

 

Key words: Republic of Benin, genetic variability, crop maturity, growth habit, cotton breeding.

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APA SEKLOKA, E., SABI, A. K., ZINSOU, V. A., ABOUDOU, A., NDOGBE, C. K., AFOUDA, L., & BABA-MOUSSA, L. (2018). Phenological, morphological and agronomic characterization of sixteen genotypes of cotton plant (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in rainfed condition in Benin. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, 10(2), 33-40.
Chicago Emmanuel SEKLOKA, Albert Kora SABI, Val&erien Am&egnikin ZINSOU, Abib ABOUDOU, Cyrille Kanli NDOGBE, L&eonard AFOUDA and Lamine BABA-MOUSSA. "Phenological, morphological and agronomic characterization of sixteen genotypes of cotton plant (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in rainfed condition in Benin." Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 10, no. 2 (2018): 33-40.
MLA Emmanuel SEKLOKA, et al. "Phenological, morphological and agronomic characterization of sixteen genotypes of cotton plant (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in rainfed condition in Benin." Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 10.2 (2018): 33-40.
   
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/JPBCS2017.0696
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JPBCS/article-abstract/F5080FC55651

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