Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3553

Full Length Research Paper

Characterization and antioxidant properties of crude water soluble polysaccharides from three edible mushrooms

Ashfaque Ahmed Khaskheli
  • Ashfaque Ahmed Khaskheli
  • College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.
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Shahzor Gul Khaskheli
  • Shahzor Gul Khaskheli
  • College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.
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Ying Liu
  • Ying Liu
  • College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.
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Saghir Ahmed Sheikh
  • Saghir Ahmed Sheikh
  • Institute of Food Sciences and Technology, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan.
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Yan-Feng Wang
  • Yan-Feng Wang
  • Mudanjiang Sub-academy, Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Mudanjiang, China.
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Si Hu
  • Si Hu
  • College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.
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Mamoun A. Homaida
  • Mamoun A. Homaida
  • College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.
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Aijaz Hussain Soomro
  • Aijaz Hussain Soomro
  • Institute of Food Sciences and Technology, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan.
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Dong Xiao bo
  • Dong Xiao bo
  • College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.
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Abdul Ghani Dars
  • Abdul Ghani Dars
  • College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.
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Javaid Ahmed Lakho
  • Javaid Ahmed Lakho
  • College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.
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Wen Huang
  • Wen Huang
  • College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.
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  •  Received: 26 June 2017
  •  Accepted: 20 February 2018
  •  Published: 30 March 2018

Abstract

In the present study three species of mushrooms, Auricularia auricula (AAP), Lentinus edodes (LDP, Shiitake mushroom) and Poria cocos (PCP) were isolated water soluble polysaccharides, and their antioxidant properties and chemical characteristics were evaluated. Fourier Transform-infrared analysis demonstrated that three polysaccharides were composed of β-glycoside linkages 3304 to 1000 cm-1, and continued until 658 to 1000 cm-1. FTIR analyses recommend that there were no significant differences between chemical compositions of polysaccharides. The main monosaccharide compositions were D-galactose, D-glucose, L-rhamnose, arabinose, and D-mannose for A. auricular (AAP) and L. edodes (LDP) while P. cocos (PCP) were found to consist of D-mannose and D-galactose. Though, the antioxidant activity of A. auricular (AAP) confirmed a significant result in scavenging free radicals than P. cocos (PCP).

Key words: Polysaccharides, total antioxidants, monosaccharide.