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Article Number - C9E170D65702


Vol.11(31), pp. 480-500 , August 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6274
ISSN: 1996-0875



Full Length Research Paper

Diversity, knowledge and use of medicinal plants in Abay Chomen District, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Region of Ethiopia



Mulugeta Kebebew
  • Mulugeta Kebebew
  • Department of Biology, Arba Minch University, P. O. Box 21, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 14 October 2016  Accepted: 03 November 2016  Published: 17 August 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants was conducted in Abay Chomen District, Western Ethiopia from September 2014 to August 2015. This study documents indigenous medicinal plant utilization, management and the threats affecting them. Ethnobotanical data were collected using semi structured interviews, field observations, preference and direct matrix ranking with traditional medicine practitioners. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics; informant consensus factor and fidelity level using MS-Excel 2010. The ethno-medicinal use of 93 plant species belonging to 85 genera and 52 families were documented in the study area. The highest family in terms of species number is Fabaceae. Herbs were dominant (31.3%) flora followed by shrubs (30.1%). Most of the medicinal species (52.7%) were collected from the wild. Most of the plants (60.2%) were reportedly used to treat human diseases. The most frequently used plant parts were leaves (34.68%), followed by roots (23.39%). Fresh plant parts were used mostly (53.3%) followed by dried (29.3%) and the remaining (17.4%) either in fresh or dried. Among the preparations, pounding was the dominant (34.1%) form followed by powdering (13.29%). The remedial administration was mostly oral (54.91%) followed by dermal (30.64%). The highest (88.89%) informant consensus factor was associated with Ocimum urticfoluim followed by Allium sativum (86.67%). The fidelity level of Allium sativum was calculated irrespective of malaria treatment. Direct matrix analysis showed that Carissa spinarum was the most important species followed by Syzygium guineense indicating high utility value of these species for the local community. The principal threatening factors reported were deforestation followed by agricultural expansion.

 

Key words: Ethno-medicine, ethnobotany, Abay Chomen District, medicinal plants, traditional healers.

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APA Kebebew, M. (2017). Diversity, knowledge and use of medicinal plants in Abay Chomen District, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Region of Ethiopia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 11(31), 480-500.
Chicago Mulugeta Kebebew. "Diversity, knowledge and use of medicinal plants in Abay Chomen District, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Region of Ethiopia." Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 11, no. 31 (2017): 480-500.
MLA Mulugeta Kebebew. "Diversity, knowledge and use of medicinal plants in Abay Chomen District, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Region of Ethiopia." Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 11.31 (2017): 480-500.
   
DOI 10.5897/JMPR2016.6274
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JMPR/article-abstract/C9E170D65702

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34SELECT `Journal`.`id`, `Journal`.`journal_category_id`, `Journal`.`name`, `Journal`.`issn`, `Journal`.`abbrev`, `Journal`.`pub_abbrev`, `Journal`.`banner`, `Journal`.`colour`, `Journal`.`email`, `Journal`.`password`, `Journal`.`instruction_for_author_file`, `Journal`.`reviewers_guide_file`, `Journal`.`about_text`, `Journal`.`submit_manuscript`, `Journal`.`instructions_for_authors`, `Journal`.`pub_ethics`, `Journal`.`abstracting`, `Journal`.`call_for_papers`, `Journal`.`faculty_1000`, `Journal`.`editors`, `Journal`.`journal_issue_count`, `Journal`.`journ_handling_fee`, `Journal`.`founding_editor`, `Journal`.`founding_editor_address`, `Journal`.`created`, `Journal`.`modified`, `Journal`.`subdomain` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journals` AS `Journal` WHERE `Journal`.`id` = 7 LIMIT 1110