Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
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Article Number - 8CDF95623504


Vol.7(16), pp. 1070-1080 , April 2013
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR12.1088
ISSN: 1996-0875
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Full Length Research Paper

Chemical composition, bio-herbicidal and antifungal activities of essential oils isolated from Tunisian common cypress (Cupressus sempervirens L.)


Amri Ismail1*, Hamrouni Lamia1, 2, Hanana Mohsen3, Gargouri Samia4 and Jamoussi Bassem5

 

 




1Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences de Bizerte. Zarzouna, 7021 Bizerte, Tunisie.

2Laboratoire d’Ecologie Forestière, Institut National de Recherches en Génie Rural, Eaux et Forêts. BP 10, 2080 Ariana, Tunisie.

3Laboratoire de Physiologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Centre de Biotechnologie de Borj-Cédria. BP 901, 2050 Hammam-lif, Tunisie.

4Laboratoire de Protection des Végétaux, Institut National de la Recherche  Agronomique de Tunisie. Rue Hédi Karray, 2080 Ariana, Tunisie.

5Institut Supérieur d’Education  et de Formation Continue. Tunis, Tunisie.

 

 


Email: amri_amri@live.fr






 Accepted: 11 January 2013  Published: 25 April 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The chemical composition of essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from leaves, branches and female cones of Tunisian Cupressus sempervirens L. was determined by gas chromatography (GC) and CG-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis, 52 compounds were identified; qualitative and quantitative differences between oils were observed. All oils were rich in monoterpene hydrocarbons, and the major constituents were α-pinene (27.5 to 35.8%), α-cedrol (7.7 to 19.3%), δ-3-carene (5.8 to 13.2%) and germacrene D (3.9 to 12.1%). Essential oils of C. sempervirens have shown a significant phytotoxic effect against the germination and seedling growth of four weeds: Sinapis arvensis L.Trifolium campestre Schreb (dicots), Lolium rigidum Gaud and Phalaris canariensis L. (monocots). Tested oils strongly inhibited the germination and seedling growth of all weeds, in a dose dependent manner. The in vitro antifungal activity of the essential oil samples of C. sempervirens were evaluated against 10 cultivated crop fungi, and all samples have shown a significant antifungal activity against all tested fungi and it can be suggested to have the potential to be used as a bio-herbicide and alternatives fungicide.

 

Key words: Cupressus sempervirens, essential oils, bio-herbicidal activity, antifungal potential, weeds, allelopathy.


APA (2013). Chemical composition, bio-herbicidal and antifungal activities of essential oils isolated from Tunisian common cypress (Cupressus sempervirens L.). Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 7(16), 1070-1080.
Chicago Amri Ismail, Hamrouni Lamia, , Hanana Mohsen, Gargouri Samia and Jamoussi Bassem    . "Chemical composition, bio-herbicidal and antifungal activities of essential oils isolated from Tunisian common cypress (Cupressus sempervirens L.)." Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 7, no. 16 (2013): 1070-1080.
MLA Amri Ismail, et al. "Chemical composition, bio-herbicidal and antifungal activities of essential oils isolated from Tunisian common cypress (Cupressus sempervirens L.)." Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 7.16 (2013): 1070-1080.
   
DOI 10.5897/JMPR12.1088
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JMPR/article-abstract/8CDF95623504

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