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Article Number - 58D1EE065745


Vol.11(32), pp. 513-517 , August 2017
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2015.5874
ISSN: 1996-0875


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Full Length Research Paper

Chemical composition of the essential oil of Viola serpens from Bageshwar (Shama), Uttarakhad, India



Deepak Chandra
  • Deepak Chandra
  • Department of Chemistry, D.S.B. Campus Nainital 263002, Uttarakhand India.
  • Google Scholar
Gunjan Kohli
  • Gunjan Kohli
  • Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research (DIBER) Pithoragarh, Uttrakhand-262501, India.
  • Google Scholar
Kundan Prasad
  • Kundan Prasad
  • Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research (DIBER) Pithoragarh, Uttrakhand-262501, India.
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G. Bisht
  • G. Bisht
  • Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research (DIBER) Pithoragarh, Uttrakhand-262501, India.
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Vinay Deep Punetha
  • Vinay Deep Punetha
  • Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research (DIBER) Pithoragarh, Uttrakhand-262501, India.
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H. K. Pandey
  • H. K. Pandey
  • Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research (DIBER) Pithoragarh, Uttrakhand-262501, India.
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 Received: 22 June 2015  Accepted: 27 August 2015  Published: 25 August 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The families Violaceae (alternatively known as Alsodeiace or Leoniaceae or Retrosepalaceae) comprise twenty genera and about 800 species. Viola serpens belongs to family Violaceae and commonly known as “Banafsa”. It is a small glabrous, perennial herb, which is found throughout India in moist woods and hilly districts. The essential oil of aerial parts of V. serpens, were extracted by steam distillation. The quantitative and qualitative analysis of volatile essential oil constituents of the plant was done by Gas Chromatography (GC) and GC-Mass Spectrometry. A total of 50 components of the essential oil of V. serpens were identified, accounting for 81.38% of the total oil. The main compounds found were Bis (2- ethylhexyl) maleate (15.62%), 2, 4, 4, 6-Tetramethyl-2-heptene (11.52%), Hexen-3-ol (6.56%), and Cis Verbeno (l 4.77%). The chemical constituents in the essential oil from V. serpens were identified in the following classes or groups of chemical compounds, such as monoterpens, sesquiterpenes volatile organic compounds and their oxygenated hydrocarbons. Therefore, the essential constituents could be used as antioxidant, antifungal or antimicrobial agent in new drugs preparation for therapy of infectious diseases.

Key words: Viola serpens, essential oil, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry.

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APA Chandra, D., Kohli, G., Prasad, K., Bisht, G., Punetha, V. D., & Pandey, H. K. (2017). Chemical composition of the essential oil of Viola serpens from Bageshwar (Shama), Uttarakhad, India. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 11(32), 513-517.
Chicago Deepak Chandra, Gunjan Kohli, Kundan Prasad, G. Bisht, Vinay Deep Punetha and H. K. Pandey. "Chemical composition of the essential oil of Viola serpens from Bageshwar (Shama), Uttarakhad, India." Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 11, no. 32 (2017): 513-517.
MLA Deepak Ch, et al. "Chemical composition of the essential oil of Viola serpens from Bageshwar (Shama), Uttarakhad, India." Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 11.32 (2017): 513-517.
   
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2015.5874
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JMPR/article-abstract/58D1EE065745

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