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Article Number - 28E0EDF65743


Vol.11(32), pp. 507-512 , August 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2017.6413
ISSN: 1996-0875



Full Length Research Paper

In vitro anti-infective and antioxidant activities of Garcinia cola Heckel and Morinda lucida Benth



John Antwi Apenteng
  • John Antwi Apenteng
  • Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Central University, Accra, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
David Ntinagyei Mintah
  • David Ntinagyei Mintah
  • Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Central University, Accra, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Michael Worlako Klu
  • Michael Worlako Klu
  • Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Central University, Accra, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Anna Kwarley Quartey
  • Anna Kwarley Quartey
  • Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Central University, Accra, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Akosua Bemah Oppong
  • Akosua Bemah Oppong
  • Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Central University, Accra, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Elizabeth Harrison
  • Elizabeth Harrison
  • Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Central University, Accra, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Millicent Awurama Antwi
  • Millicent Awurama Antwi
  • Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Central University, Accra, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 04 May 2017  Accepted: 08 August 2017  Published: 25 August 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Garcinia cola also known as “bitter cola” (Guttiferae) is a plant with a wide usage of its parts for various medicinal purposes. The seeds are chewed as aphrodisiac and for the treatment of coughs, dysentery and liver inflammation. Morinda lucida (Rubiaceae) commonly called “great morinda” has been shown to have antimalarial and anti-pyretic activities. This study aimed at evaluating the anti-infective and antioxidant properties of G. cola and M. lucida and to justify their folkloric uses. Ethanol extracts of the stem barks of G. cola (GCB) and M. lucida (MLB) were evaluated for their antimicrobial, anthelmintic and antioxidant activities. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated by determining the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) using the micro broth dilution method against strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi and Candida albicans. Anthelmintic activity was evaluated by determining the effects of the extracts on the paralytic and death times of Pheretima posthuma at concentrations of 50, 20 and 10 mg/mL using piperazine citrate (PZN) (15 mg/mL) and albendazole (ABZ) (20 mg/mL) as references. Antioxidant activity was determined by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity using ascorbic acid (ASA) as reference standard. The results reveal that the extracts from both plants demonstrated antimicrobial activity with MIC values ranging from 50 to 80 mg/mL and 10 to 30 mg/mL for GCB and MLB, respectively. Both extracts also demonstrated a concentration dependent anthelmintic activity with decrease in paralytic and death times upon an increase in extract concentrations. GCB and MLB extract showed antioxidant activities with IC50 values, 6.830 and 342.1 µg/mL, respectively. Phytochemical screening of both extracts revealed the presence of tannins, glycosides, alkaloids and flavonoids. These findings may justify the folkloric uses of these plants.

Key words: Garcinia cola, antioxidant, Morinda lucida, antimicrobial, anthelmintic.

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APA Apenteng, J. A., Mintah, D. N., Klu, M. W., Quartey, A. K., Oppong, A. B., Harrison, E., & Antwi, M. A. (2017). In vitro anti-infective and antioxidant activities of Garcinia cola Heckel and Morinda lucida Benth. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 11(32), 507-512.
Chicago John Antwi Apenteng, David Ntinagyei Mintah, Michael Worlako Klu, Anna Kwarley Quartey, Akosua Bemah Oppong, Elizabeth Harrison and Millicent Awurama Antwi. "In vitro anti-infective and antioxidant activities of Garcinia cola Heckel and Morinda lucida Benth." Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 11, no. 32 (2017): 507-512.
MLA John Antwi Apenteng, et al. "In vitro anti-infective and antioxidant activities of Garcinia cola Heckel and Morinda lucida Benth." Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 11.32 (2017): 507-512.
   
DOI 10.5897/JMPR2017.6413
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JMPR/article-abstract/28E0EDF65743

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34SELECT `Journal`.`id`, `Journal`.`journal_category_id`, `Journal`.`name`, `Journal`.`issn`, `Journal`.`abbrev`, `Journal`.`pub_abbrev`, `Journal`.`banner`, `Journal`.`colour`, `Journal`.`email`, `Journal`.`password`, `Journal`.`instruction_for_author_file`, `Journal`.`reviewers_guide_file`, `Journal`.`about_text`, `Journal`.`submit_manuscript`, `Journal`.`instructions_for_authors`, `Journal`.`pub_ethics`, `Journal`.`abstracting`, `Journal`.`call_for_papers`, `Journal`.`faculty_1000`, `Journal`.`editors`, `Journal`.`journal_issue_count`, `Journal`.`journ_handling_fee`, `Journal`.`founding_editor`, `Journal`.`founding_editor_address`, `Journal`.`created`, `Journal`.`modified`, `Journal`.`subdomain` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journals` AS `Journal` WHERE `Journal`.`id` = 7 LIMIT 1110