Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3547

Full Length Research Paper

Proximate analysis of the resins and leaves of Boswellia sacra

Ahmed Al-Harrasi*, Ahmed Al-Rawahi, Javid Hussain, Najeeb Ur Rehman, Liaqat Ali and Hidayat Hussain
Department of Biological Sciences and Chemistry, University of Nizwa, P. O. Box 33, Postal Code 616, Birkat Al Mauz, Nizwa, Sultanate of Oman.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 08 November 2011
  •  Published: 30 April 2012

Abstract

The analysis of the proximate composition of the leaves and various grades of resins obtained from Boswellia sacra was performed using standard methods of AOAC. The resins and leaves analyzed in this study were found to have the following ranges of the proximate composition: moisture (5.41 to 11.54%), dry matter (88.45 to 94.58%), alcohol soluble extractive (14.09 to 64.84%), ash (1.02 to 6.66%), crude fats (6.90 to 85.36%), nitrogen (0.04 to 0.18%), proteins (0.25 to 1.14%), carbohydrates (13.30 to 74.15%), and energy value (360.80 to 822.53 kcal/100 g). The leaves of B. sacra were found to have higher concentration of ash, fiber, and carbohydrates, but low in fats, energy value, and alcohol extractives as compared to the resins. Unlike leaves, all the resins were found to be excellent source of lipids and consequently higher in energy.

 

Key words: Frankincense, proximate analysis, Boswellia sacra, moisture analyzer, Kjeldahl.

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