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Article Number - 6600B2240067


Vol.5(7), pp. 123-127 , October 2013
DOI: 10.5897/JMER2013.0284
ISSN: 2141-2383



Review

Review on effect of flux composition on its behavior and bead geometry in submerged arc welding (SAW)



Brijpal Singh
  • Brijpal Singh
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Maharaja Surajmal Institute of Technology, C-4, Janakpuri, New Delhi, 110058, India.
  • Google Scholar
Zahid Akthar Khan
  • Zahid Akthar Khan
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia University, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, 110025, India.
  • Google Scholar
Arshad Noor Siddiquee
  • Arshad Noor Siddiquee
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia University, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, 110025, India.
  • Google Scholar







 Accepted: 13 September 2013  Published: 31 October 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Performance of a welding flux is decided by the physical and chemical properties of its constituents. The flux selected should show a good welding behavior and the required weld bead geometry. The mechanical properties of a joint are not only decided by its composition but these also depends on bead geometry, dimensions and physico-chemical properties of fluxes. These properties include surface tension, viscosity, heat capacity, thermal coefficients of expansion, grain size etc. These properties of fluxes primarily affect the flux behavior, bead shape and size, welding speed, current carrying capacity, protection of molten metal, arc stability, slag detachability, capillarity, surface tension and viscosity. Various constituents of a welding flux have major influence on the performance of welding processes and weld bead dimensions. We need to understand the physical properties and behavior of fluxes during submerged arc welding. The influence of specific flux additions on arc stability, viscosity, capillarity, slag detachability and weld bead shape need to be better characterized. It can be inferred that we cannot obtain the weld of desired geometry and composition until we consider the physico-chemical characteristics of flux like slag viscosity, surface tension, arc stability and slag detachability, capillarity and weld penetration. So, while designing the flux or during selection of welding process parameters the above characteristics should be carefully controlled or selected.

 

Key words: Submerged arc welding, bead width, reinforcement, weld penetration, bead morphology.

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APA (2013). Review on effect of flux composition on its behavior and bead geometry in submerged arc welding (SAW). Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, 5(7), 123-127 .
Chicago Brijpal Singh, Zahid Akthar Khan and Arshad Noor Siddiquee      . "Review on effect of flux composition on its behavior and bead geometry in submerged arc welding (SAW)." Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research 5, no. 7 (2013): 123-127 .
MLA Brijpal Singh, Zahid Akthar Khan and Arshad Noor Siddiquee      . "Review on effect of flux composition on its behavior and bead geometry in submerged arc welding (SAW)." Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research 5.7 (2013): 123-127 .
   
DOI 10.5897/JMER2013.0284
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JMER/article-abstract/6600B2240067

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