Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research
Subscribe to JMER
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 4634A313685


Vol.2(1), pp. 001-009 , February 2010

ISSN: 2141-2383



Full Length Research Paper

Fractography of compression failed carbon fiber reinforced plastic composite laminates


 

M. S. Vinod1, 4*, Sunil B. J1, Vinay Nayaka1, Raghavendra Shenoy1,4,

M. S. Murali2 and A. Nafidi3

 

 

 

 




 

1Mechanical Engineering Department, RV College of Engineering, Bangalore – 560 059, India.

2Principal, Auden Technology and Management Academy, Bangalore – 560 017, India.

3Group of Condensed Matter Physics, University of Ibn Zohr, Agadir 80000, Morocco.

4Larsen & Toubro Ltd., Vadodara, Gujarat, India.


Email: vinod.srinivasa@gmail.com






 Accepted: 27 November 2009  Published: 28 February 2010

Copyright © 2010 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Widespread usage of composites in the advanced technologies, has led to the study of the failure modes by which these composites fail, as identification and hence the interpretation of these characteristic fracture features is necessary to provide valuable information in understanding of the failure behavior of composites. Hence, in this paper, our effort has been in the study of the fractographic features in the carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) composite laminates under compression loading. Microscopic study with the aid of scanning electron microscope (SEM) has been performed on failed composite fracture surfaces to identify the principal features due to compression loading. This research has led to the knowledge of the nature and origin of fracture, as well as understanding of how the fracture occurs, with an insight into the various characteristic features and its effect of these on the failure modes with the definition of overall crack propagation direction in case of compression loaded CFRP laminates. Also, a model explaining the damage zone leading to kink band formation has been discussed.

Key words: CFRP, compression loading, fractography, SEM, damage zone model, kinking.


APA (2010). Fractography of compression failed carbon fiber reinforced plastic composite laminates. Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, 2(1), 001-009.
Chicago   M. S. Vinod, , Sunil B. J, Vinay Nayaka, Raghavendra Shenoy, M. S. Murali and A. Nafidi        . "Fractography of compression failed carbon fiber reinforced plastic composite laminates." Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research 2, no. 1 (2010): 001-009.
MLA M. S. Vinod, et al. "Fractography of compression failed carbon fiber reinforced plastic composite laminates." Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research 2.1 (2010): 001-009.
   
DOI
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JMER/article-abstract/4634A313685

Subscription Form

(default) 34 queries took 7423 ms
NrQueryErrorAffectedNum. rowsTook (ms)
1SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
2SELECT `Journal`.`id`, `Journal`.`journal_category_id`, `Journal`.`name`, `Journal`.`issn`, `Journal`.`abbrev`, `Journal`.`pub_abbrev`, `Journal`.`banner`, `Journal`.`colour`, `Journal`.`email`, `Journal`.`password`, `Journal`.`instruction_for_author_file`, `Journal`.`reviewers_guide_file`, `Journal`.`about_text`, `Journal`.`submit_manuscript`, `Journal`.`instructions_for_authors`, `Journal`.`pub_ethics`, `Journal`.`abstracting`, `Journal`.`call_for_papers`, `Journal`.`faculty_1000`, `Journal`.`editors`, `Journal`.`journal_issue_count`, `Journal`.`journ_handling_fee`, `Journal`.`founding_editor`, `Journal`.`founding_editor_address`, `Journal`.`created`, `Journal`.`modified`, `Journal`.`subdomain`, `JournalCategory`.`id`, `JournalCategory`.`name`, `JournalCategory`.`journal_count`, `JournalCategory`.`description`, `JournalCategory`.`created`, `JournalCategory`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journals` AS `Journal` LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_categories` AS `JournalCategory` ON (`Journal`.`journal_category_id` = `JournalCategory`.`id`) WHERE `Journal`.`abbrev` = 'JMER' LIMIT 1110
3SELECT `JournalIssue`.`id`, `JournalIssue`.`journal_id`, `JournalIssue`.`archive_id`, `JournalIssue`.`volume_number`, `JournalIssue`.`issue_number`, `JournalIssue`.`page_range`, `JournalIssue`.`edition`, `JournalIssue`.`month`, `JournalIssue`.`picture`, `JournalIssue`.`home_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`current_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`articles_count`, `JournalIssue`.`e-book`, `JournalIssue`.`issuu_embed`, `JournalIssue`.`subject`, `JournalIssue`.`created`, `JournalIssue`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` WHERE `JournalIssue`.`journal_id` = (53)43430
4SELECT `JournalStat`.`id`, `JournalStat`.`journal_id`, `JournalStat`.`name`, `JournalStat`.`value`, `JournalStat`.`ref_link`, `JournalStat`.`description`, `JournalStat`.`created`, `JournalStat`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_stats` AS `JournalStat` WHERE `JournalStat`.`journal_id` = (53)000
5SELECT `JournalSection`.`id`, `JournalSection`.`name`, `JournalSection`.`journal_id`, `JournalSection`.`description`, `JournalSection`.`created`, `JournalSection`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_sections` AS `JournalSection` WHERE `JournalSection`.`journal_id` = (53)000
6SELECT `JournalStat`.`id`, `JournalStat`.`journal_id`, `JournalStat`.`name`, `JournalStat`.`value`, `JournalStat`.`ref_link`, `JournalStat`.`description`, `JournalStat`.`created`, `JournalStat`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_stats` AS `JournalStat` WHERE `JournalStat`.`journal_id` = 53 AND `JournalStat`.`value` <> ''000
7SELECT `JournalIssue`.`id`, `JournalIssue`.`journal_id`, `JournalIssue`.`archive_id`, `JournalIssue`.`volume_number`, `JournalIssue`.`issue_number`, `JournalIssue`.`page_range`, `JournalIssue`.`edition`, `JournalIssue`.`month`, `JournalIssue`.`picture`, `JournalIssue`.`home_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`current_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`articles_count`, `JournalIssue`.`e-book`, `JournalIssue`.`issuu_embed`, `JournalIssue`.`subject`, `JournalIssue`.`created`, `JournalIssue`.`modified`, `Journal`.`id`, `Journal`.`journal_category_id`, `Journal`.`name`, `Journal`.`issn`, `Journal`.`abbrev`, `Journal`.`pub_abbrev`, `Journal`.`banner`, `Journal`.`colour`, `Journal`.`email`, `Journal`.`password`, `Journal`.`instruction_for_author_file`, `Journal`.`reviewers_guide_file`, `Journal`.`about_text`, `Journal`.`submit_manuscript`, `Journal`.`instructions_for_authors`, `Journal`.`pub_ethics`, `Journal`.`abstracting`, `Journal`.`call_for_papers`, `Journal`.`faculty_1000`, `Journal`.`editors`, `Journal`.`journal_issue_count`, `Journal`.`journ_handling_fee`, `Journal`.`founding_editor`, `Journal`.`founding_editor_address`, `Journal`.`created`, `Journal`.`modified`, `Journal`.`subdomain`, `Archive`.`id`, `Archive`.`month`, `Archive`.`year`, `Archive`.`created`, `Archive`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`journals` AS `Journal` ON (`JournalIssue`.`journal_id` = `Journal`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`archives` AS `Archive` ON (`JournalIssue`.`archive_id` = `Archive`.`id`) WHERE `JournalIssue`.`journal_id` = 53 AND `JournalIssue`.`current_issue` = '1' ORDER BY `JournalIssue`.`created` DESC, `JournalIssue`.`month` DESC LIMIT 1110
8SELECT `Article`.`id`, `Article`.`journal_section_id`, `Article`.`journal_issue_id`, `Article`.`article_number`, `Article`.`article_type`, `Article`.`title`, `Article`.`accepted_date`, `Article`.`received_date`, `Article`.`abstract`, `Article`.`abbrev`, `Article`.`full_text`, `Article`.`pages`, `Article`.`doi`, `Article`.`authors_for_citation`, `Article`.`authors`, `Article`.`email`, `Article`.`phone`, `Article`.`address`, `Article`.`has_full_text`, `Article`.`has_reference`, `Article`.`pdf_file`, `Article`.`published`, `Article`.`published_date`, `Article`.`status`, `Article`.`author_id`, `Article`.`created`, `Article`.`modified`, `Article`.`read_count`, `Article`.`shared_count`, `Article`.`download_count`, `Article`.`other_links`, `Article`.`references` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`articles` AS `Article` WHERE `Article`.`journal_issue_id` = (8987)110
9SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`articles` AS `Article` LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` ON (`Article`.`journal_issue_id` = `JournalIssue`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_sections` AS `JournalSection` ON (`Article`.`journal_section_id` = `JournalSection`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`authors` AS `Author` ON (`Article`.`author_id` = `Author`.`id`) WHERE `JournalIssue`.`journal_id` =53 AND `Article`.`published` = 1110
10SELECT `Article`.`id`, `Article`.`journal_section_id`, `Article`.`journal_issue_id`, `Article`.`article_number`, `Article`.`article_type`, `Article`.`title`, `Article`.`accepted_date`, `Article`.`received_date`, `Article`.`abstract`, `Article`.`abbrev`, `Article`.`full_text`, `Article`.`pages`, `Article`.`doi`, `Article`.`authors_for_citation`, `Article`.`authors`, `Article`.`email`, `Article`.`phone`, `Article`.`address`, `Article`.`has_full_text`, `Article`.`has_reference`, `Article`.`pdf_file`, `Article`.`published`, `Article`.`published_date`, `Article`.`status`, `Article`.`author_id`, `Article`.`created`, `Article`.`modified`, `Article`.`read_count`, `Article`.`shared_count`, `Article`.`download_count`, `Article`.`other_links`, `Article`.`references`, `JournalIssue`.`id`, `JournalIssue`.`journal_id`, `JournalIssue`.`archive_id`, `JournalIssue`.`volume_number`, `JournalIssue`.`issue_number`, `JournalIssue`.`page_range`, `JournalIssue`.`edition`, `JournalIssue`.`month`, `JournalIssue`.`picture`, `JournalIssue`.`home_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`current_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`articles_count`, `JournalIssue`.`e-book`, `JournalIssue`.`issuu_embed`, `JournalIssue`.`subject`, `JournalIssue`.`created`, `JournalIssue`.`modified`, `JournalSection`.`id`, `JournalSection`.`name`, `JournalSection`.`journal_id`, `JournalSection`.`description`, `JournalSection`.`created`, `JournalSection`.`modified`, `Author`.`id`, `Author`.`surname`, `Author`.`other_names`, `Author`.`email`, `Author`.`phone`, `Author`.`sex`, `Author`.`institution`, `Author`.`address`, `Author`.`specialization`, `Author`.`country`, `Author`.`password`, `Author`.`last_login`, `Author`.`created`, `Author`.`title`, `Author`.`affiliation`, `Author`.`blacklist_id` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`articles` AS `Article` LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` ON (`Article`.`journal_issue_id` = `JournalIssue`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_sections` AS `JournalSection` ON (`Article`.`journal_section_id` = `JournalSection`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`authors` AS `Author` ON (`Article`.`author_id` = `Author`.`id`) WHERE `Article`.`article_number` = '4634A313685' LIMIT 1115
11SELECT `AbstractTranslation`.`id`, `AbstractTranslation`.`article_id`, `AbstractTranslation`.`language`, `AbstractTranslation`.`abstract`, `AbstractTranslation`.`published`, `AbstractTranslation`.`created`, `AbstractTranslation`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`abstract_translations` AS `AbstractTranslation` WHERE `AbstractTranslation`.`article_id` = (3726)000
12SELECT `ArticleTranslation`.`id`, `ArticleTranslation`.`article_id`, `ArticleTranslation`.`name`, `ArticleTranslation`.`url`, `ArticleTranslation`.`translator`, `ArticleTranslation`.`translator_url`, `ArticleTranslation`.`created`, `ArticleTranslation`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`article_translations` AS `ArticleTranslation` WHERE `ArticleTranslation`.`article_id` = (3726)000
13SELECT `ArticleAuthor`.`id`, `ArticleAuthor`.`name`, `ArticleAuthor`.`article_id`, `ArticleAuthor`.`email`, `ArticleAuthor`.`phone`, `ArticleAuthor`.`department`, `ArticleAuthor`.`affiliation`, `ArticleAuthor`.`country`, `ArticleAuthor`.`created`, `ArticleAuthor`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`article_authors` AS `ArticleAuthor` WHERE `ArticleAuthor`.`article_id` = (3726)000
14SELECT `ArticleReference`.`id`, `ArticleReference`.`title`, `ArticleReference`.`article_id`, `ArticleReference`.`authors`, `ArticleReference`.`year`, `ArticleReference`.`volume`, `ArticleReference`.`pages`, `ArticleReference`.`journal_title`, `ArticleReference`.`google_scholar`, `ArticleReference`.`pub_med`, `ArticleReference`.`url`, `ArticleReference`.`created`, `ArticleReference`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`article_references` AS `ArticleReference` WHERE `ArticleReference`.`article_id` = (3726)000
15SELECT `JournalIssue`.`id`, `JournalIssue`.`journal_id`, `JournalIssue`.`archive_id`, `JournalIssue`.`volume_number`, `JournalIssue`.`issue_number`, `JournalIssue`.`page_range`, `JournalIssue`.`edition`, `JournalIssue`.`month`, `JournalIssue`.`picture`, `JournalIssue`.`home_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`current_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`articles_count`, `JournalIssue`.`e-book`, `JournalIssue`.`issuu_embed`, `JournalIssue`.`subject`, `JournalIssue`.`created`, `JournalIssue`.`modified`, `Journal`.`id`, `Journal`.`journal_category_id`, `Journal`.`name`, `Journal`.`issn`, `Journal`.`abbrev`, `Journal`.`pub_abbrev`, `Journal`.`banner`, `Journal`.`colour`, `Journal`.`email`, `Journal`.`password`, `Journal`.`instruction_for_author_file`, `Journal`.`reviewers_guide_file`, `Journal`.`about_text`, `Journal`.`submit_manuscript`, `Journal`.`instructions_for_authors`, `Journal`.`pub_ethics`, `Journal`.`abstracting`, `Journal`.`call_for_papers`, `Journal`.`faculty_1000`, `Journal`.`editors`, `Journal`.`journal_issue_count`, `Journal`.`journ_handling_fee`, `Journal`.`founding_editor`, `Journal`.`founding_editor_address`, `Journal`.`created`, `Journal`.`modified`, `Journal`.`subdomain`, `Archive`.`id`, `Archive`.`month`, `Archive`.`year`, `Archive`.`created`, `Archive`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`journals` AS `Journal` ON (`JournalIssue`.`journal_id` = `Journal`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`archives` AS `Archive` ON (`JournalIssue`.`archive_id` = `Archive`.`id`) WHERE `JournalIssue`.`id` = 1267 LIMIT 1110
16SELECT `Article`.`id`, `Article`.`journal_section_id`, `Article`.`journal_issue_id`, `Article`.`article_number`, `Article`.`article_type`, `Article`.`title`, `Article`.`accepted_date`, `Article`.`received_date`, `Article`.`abstract`, `Article`.`abbrev`, `Article`.`full_text`, `Article`.`pages`, `Article`.`doi`, `Article`.`authors_for_citation`, `Article`.`authors`, `Article`.`email`, `Article`.`phone`, `Article`.`address`, `Article`.`has_full_text`, `Article`.`has_reference`, `Article`.`pdf_file`, `Article`.`published`, `Article`.`published_date`, `Article`.`status`, `Article`.`author_id`, `Article`.`created`, `Article`.`modified`, `Article`.`read_count`, `Article`.`shared_count`, `Article`.`download_count`, `Article`.`other_links`, `Article`.`references` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`articles` AS `Article` WHERE `Article`.`journal_issue_id` = (1267)220
17SELECT `ArticleMetric`.`id`, `ArticleMetric`.`article_id`, `ArticleMetric`.`ip`, `ArticleMetric`.`read_t`, `ArticleMetric`.`count`, `ArticleMetric`.`country`, `ArticleMetric`.`region`, `ArticleMetric`.`continent`, `ArticleMetric`.`created`, `ArticleMetric`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`article_metrics` AS `ArticleMetric` WHERE `ArticleMetric`.`article_id` = 3726 AND `ArticleMetric`.`read_t` = 'article-abstract' AND `ArticleMetric`.`ip` = '54.159.113.182' AND DATE_FORMAT(`ArticleMetric`.`created`, '%Y-%m-%d') = '2017-09-20' LIMIT 1003709
18BEGIN003709
19INSERT INTO `admin_academic_journals`.`article_metrics` (`read_t`, `count`, `article_id`, `ip`, `country`, `region`, `continent`, `modified`, `created`) VALUES ('article-abstract', 1, 3726, '54.159.113.182', 'United States', 'Virginia', 'North America', '2017-09-20 01:34:02', '2017-09-20 01:34:02')110
20COMMIT110
21SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
22SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
23SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
24SELECT `JournalIssue`.`id`, `JournalIssue`.`journal_id`, `JournalIssue`.`archive_id`, `JournalIssue`.`volume_number`, `JournalIssue`.`issue_number`, `JournalIssue`.`page_range`, `JournalIssue`.`edition`, `JournalIssue`.`month`, `JournalIssue`.`picture`, `JournalIssue`.`home_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`current_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`articles_count`, `JournalIssue`.`e-book`, `JournalIssue`.`issuu_embed`, `JournalIssue`.`subject`, `JournalIssue`.`created`, `JournalIssue`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` WHERE `JournalIssue`.`id` = 1267 LIMIT 1110
25SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
26SELECT `JournalIssue`.`id`, `JournalIssue`.`journal_id`, `JournalIssue`.`archive_id`, `JournalIssue`.`volume_number`, `JournalIssue`.`issue_number`, `JournalIssue`.`page_range`, `JournalIssue`.`edition`, `JournalIssue`.`month`, `JournalIssue`.`picture`, `JournalIssue`.`home_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`current_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`articles_count`, `JournalIssue`.`e-book`, `JournalIssue`.`issuu_embed`, `JournalIssue`.`subject`, `JournalIssue`.`created`, `JournalIssue`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` WHERE `JournalIssue`.`id` = 1267 LIMIT 1110
27SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
28SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
29SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
30SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
31SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
32SELECT `Logo`.`id`, `Logo`.`name`, `Logo`.`banner`, `Logo`.`description`, `Logo`.`created`, `Logo`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`logos` AS `Logo` WHERE `Logo`.`id` = 1 LIMIT 1110
33SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
34SELECT `Journal`.`id`, `Journal`.`journal_category_id`, `Journal`.`name`, `Journal`.`issn`, `Journal`.`abbrev`, `Journal`.`pub_abbrev`, `Journal`.`banner`, `Journal`.`colour`, `Journal`.`email`, `Journal`.`password`, `Journal`.`instruction_for_author_file`, `Journal`.`reviewers_guide_file`, `Journal`.`about_text`, `Journal`.`submit_manuscript`, `Journal`.`instructions_for_authors`, `Journal`.`pub_ethics`, `Journal`.`abstracting`, `Journal`.`call_for_papers`, `Journal`.`faculty_1000`, `Journal`.`editors`, `Journal`.`journal_issue_count`, `Journal`.`journ_handling_fee`, `Journal`.`founding_editor`, `Journal`.`founding_editor_address`, `Journal`.`created`, `Journal`.`modified`, `Journal`.`subdomain` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journals` AS `Journal` WHERE `Journal`.`id` = 53 LIMIT 1110