Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
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Article Number - 36FC49853940


Vol.7(6), pp. 160-167 , June 2015
DOI: 10.5897/JHF2015.0394
ISSN: 2006-9782



Full Length Research Paper

Phenotypic traits of Carapa procera fruits from riparian forests of Burkina Faso, West Africa



Benjamin Lankoande
  • Benjamin Lankoande
  • Laboratory of Plant Biology and Ecology, UFR/SVT, University of Ouagadougou, 03 B.P. 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Amade Ouedraogo
  • Amade Ouedraogo
  • Laboratory of Plant Biology and Ecology, UFR/SVT, University of Ouagadougou, 03 B.P. 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Joseph Issaka Boussim
  • Joseph Issaka Boussim
  • Laboratory of Plant Biology and Ecology, UFR/SVT, University of Ouagadougou, 03 B.P. 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Anne Mette Lykke
  • Anne Mette Lykke
  • Aarhus University, Department of Bioscience, Aarhus, Denmark.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 11 April 2015  Accepted: 24 June 2015  Published: 30 June 2015

Copyright © 2015 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Investigating phenotypic variation in fruit traits constitute an important base for biodiversity assessment and domestication. The present study was carried out in order to assess the diversity of phenotypic traits of Carapa procera fruits. A total of 430 fruits were collected on 43 trees, and their surface aspect, length, width, weight, number of carpels and number and weight of seeds were recorded. Hierarchical clustering and principal component analysis were used firstly on the fruit variables to determine morphotypes and secondly on the morphotypes variables to relate their traits to tree characteristics. Analyses of variance were performed to test for differences in phenotypic traits between morphotypes. Three morphotypes of C. procera fruits were identified: Morphotype 1, morphotype 2 and morphotype 3 including crested fruits, goffering fruits and smooth fruits, respectively. Morphotype 1 and 2 grouped the largest and heaviest fruits, while the morphotype 3 grouped the smallest and lightest ones. The highest number of seeds per fruit was found in morphotype 2, whereas morphotype 3 had the lowest number. Morphotypes were not related to the tree size. Morphotype 2 provides the highest value traits and represents the best choice for plantation purposes.
 
Key words: Biological diversity, morphological traits, wild fruits, Carapa procera, oil tree, Burkina Faso.
 

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APA Lankoande, B., Ouedraogo, A., Boussim, J.I., Lykke, A.M. (2015). Phenotypic traits of Carapa procera fruits from riparian forests of Burkina Faso, West Africa. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry, 7(6), 160-167.
Chicago Benjamin Lankoand&e, Amad&e Ou&edraogo, Joseph Issaka Boussim and Anne Mette Lykke. "Phenotypic traits of Carapa procera fruits from riparian forests of Burkina Faso, West Africa." Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 7, no. 6 (2015): 160-167.
MLA Benjamin Lanko, et al. "Phenotypic traits of Carapa procera fruits from riparian forests of Burkina Faso, West Africa." Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 7.6 (2015): 160-167.
   
DOI 10.5897/JHF2015.0394
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JHF/article-abstract/36FC49853940

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