Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
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Article Number - 4C7023B65573


Vol.10(9), pp. 254-265 , September 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JGRP2017.0643
ISSN: 2070-1845



Full Length Research Paper

Low cost geothermal energy indicators and exploration methods in Kenya



Mary Wandia Macharia
  • Mary Wandia Macharia
  • Dedan Kimathi University of Technology P. O. Box 657 – 10100, Nyeri, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Moses Karoki Gachari
  • Moses Karoki Gachari
  • Dedan Kimathi University of Technology P. O. Box 657 – 10100, Nyeri, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
David Ndegwa Kuria
  • David Ndegwa Kuria
  • Dedan Kimathi University of Technology P. O. Box 657 – 10100, Nyeri, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Nicholas Obuya Mariita
  • Nicholas Obuya Mariita
  • Dedan Kimathi University of Technology P. O. Box 657 – 10100, Nyeri, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 05 May 2017  Accepted: 21 June 2017  Published: 30 September 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Geothermal power is one of the safest and environment friendly energy worldwide. It has been harvested in Kenya since 1956 with most potential sites being along the Rift Valley. There are surface manifestations such as hot springs and mudpools that are visible. Different methods of exploration are usually applied, including geophysical, geochemical and geological methods. This paper highlights different geothermal exploration techniques with emphasis on low cost methods that can be used in developing countries to map geothermal potential areas highlighting methods used in Kenya. A comparable cost analysis is done for Olkaria field in Kenya which has been explored using different methodologies and the results show that ground survey methods are more expensive than remote sensing though the two methods have unique advantages. Ground data collection method is three times expensive as compared to the remote sensing methodology. It also reviews the geothermal indicators that can be mapped by remote sensing techniques, and especially those using satellite imagery.

Key words: Geothermal indicators, exploration, geographical information systems (GIS), remote sensing.

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APA Macharia, M. W., Gachari, M. K., Kuria, D. N., & Mariita, N. O. (2017). Low cost geothermal energy indicators and exploration methods in Kenya. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, 10(9), 254-265.
Chicago Mary Wandia Macharia, Moses Karoki Gachari, David Ndegwa Kuria and Nicholas Obuya Mariita. "Low cost geothermal energy indicators and exploration methods in Kenya." Journal of Geography and Regional Planning 10, no. 9 (2017): 254-265.
MLA Mary W, et al. "Low cost geothermal energy indicators and exploration methods in Kenya." Journal of Geography and Regional Planning 10.9 (2017): 254-265.
   
DOI 10.5897/JGRP2017.0643
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JGRP/article-abstract/4C7023B65573

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