Journal of
Geology and Mining Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Geol. Min. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9766
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGMR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 150

Full Length Research Paper

Investigation of magnetic anomalies of Abakaliki area, Southeastern Nigeria, using high resolution aeromagnetic data

Daniel N. Obiora
  • Daniel N. Obiora
  • Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.
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Julius I. Idike
  • Julius I. Idike
  • Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.
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Andrew I. Oha
  • Andrew I. Oha
  • Department of Geology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.
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Chijioke G. Soronnadi-Ononiwu
  • Chijioke G. Soronnadi-Ononiwu
  • Department of Geology, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
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Ngozi A. Okwesili
  • Ngozi A. Okwesili
  • Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.
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Mirianrita N. Ossai
  • Mirianrita N. Ossai
  • Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 26 February 2018
  •  Accepted: 26 March 2018
  •  Published: 31 August 2018

Abstract

Aeromagnetic data over Abakaliki area of lower Benue trough, Nigeria was interpreted qualitatively and quantitatively using Oasis montaj software. The qualitative interpretation unveiled basic intrusive bodies like dykes, laccolites and batholitic bodies in the area. It also revealed fault zone which trends southeastern part of the study area. Quantitative interpretation was carried out by forward and inverse modeling, source parameter imaging and Euler deconvolution methods. Depth obtained by source parameter imaging (SPI) ranged from 99.50 to 5930.78 m. Results from this study indicate that deep seated bodies are predominant in the southwestern part of the area, while shallow bodies are predominant in the southeastern part of the area. The anomalies over the area were modeled by bodies in the form of sphere and ellipsoid by varying the total magnetic intensity parameters. Depth obtained by model A is 546 m with susceptibility value of 0.0180 signifying limestone. The height of Model B is 50 m signifying outcrop, likely to be the outcrop near college of Agricultural Sciences of Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, with susceptibility value of -0.0017 signifying calcite. Depth obtained for models C, D and E are 956, 6366 and 477 m respectively, with respective susceptibility values of -0.0134, -0.009 and -0.006 signifying rock salt, quartz and Calcite. Maximum depth obtained by forward and inverse modeling is 6366m while that obtained by source parameter imaging is 5930.78 m.

Key words: Abakaliki area, aeromagnetic anomalies, qualitative and quantitative interpretation, intrusive bodies, hydrocarbon accumulation.