Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Subscribe to JDAE
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - A50593849830


Vol.7(2), pp. 55-60 , February 2015
DOI: 10.5897/JDAE2014.0579
ISSN: 2006-9774



Full Length Research Paper

Technical efficiency of maize production in Ogun State, Nigeria



Idris Akanbi Ayinde
  • Idris Akanbi Ayinde
  • Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Raheem Olatunji Aminu*
  • Raheem Olatunji Aminu*
  • Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Shakirat Bolatito Ibrahim
  • Shakirat Bolatito Ibrahim
  • Agricultural and Food Economics Department School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, United Kingdom.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 09 May 2014  Accepted: 12 January 2015  Published: 28 February 2015

Copyright © 2015 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This study examined the technical efficiency of maize production in Ogun State, Nigeria. Primary data were collected for this study using a multistage sampling technique to select 100 maize farmers from the study area. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, gross margin analysis and stochastic production frontier. The socio-economic characteristics of respondents as evident from the data analysis revealed that 73% were males with an average age of 50.1 years. Most (85%) of them were married with average household size of 6 people. Also, 89.0% had below secondary school education and 84.8% were full time farmers while 55.0% were engaged in inter-cropping activities. The mean total variable cost per hectare was estimated as ₦109,599.17 per year while the mean total revenue per hectare was ₦111,436.00. The gross margin per hectare was estimated as ₦1, 836.83. The significant variables affecting maize production were seeds (α0.05), herbicide (α0.10), labour (α0.01), and farm size (α0.05), while the factors affecting inefficiency were household size (α0.05) and educational level (α0.01). The study recommended that provision should be made by governments and other stakeholders in the agricultural sector to provide farmers with access to affordable inputs such as seed, herbicides as well as making provision for alternative source of family labour.  
 
Key words: Technical efficiency, maize production, Ogun State, Nigeria.
 

Aigner DJ, Knox Lovell C, Schmidt P (1997). Formulation and estimating of stochastic function models. J. Econ. 6:21-23.
Crossref
 
Ajibefun AI (2002). "Analysis of policy issues on technical efficiency of small scale farmers using the stochastic frontier production function: With application to Nigerian farmers". Paper prepared for presentation at the International farm management association congress. Wageningen, Netherland.
 
Anupama J, Singh RP, Ranjit K (2005). Technical efficiency in maize production in Madhya Pradesh: Estimation and implications. Agric. Econ. Res. Rev. 18:305-315.
 
Battese GE, Coelli TJ (1995). "A model for technical inefficiency effects in a stochastic frontier production function for panel data". Empir. Econ. 20:325–332.
Crossref
 
Bravo-Ureta BE, Evenson R (1994). Efficiency in Agricultural Production: The Case of Peasant Farmers in Eastern Paraguay. Agric. Econ. 10:27-37.
Crossref
 
Dhawan R, Jochumen P (2012). Stochastic Frontier Production with Error in Variables. Internet resource downloaded, pp. 1-2.
 
FAO (2013). FAO STAT. Retrieved July 7, from FAO Statistics Division 2013: http://faostat3.fao.org/home/index.html#DOWNLOAD
 
Meeusen W, Broeck J (1977). Efficiency estimation from cobb-douglas production function with composed error. Int. Econ. Rev. 18:435-444.
Crossref
 
Ojo SO (2004). Improving labour productivity and technical efficiency in food crop production. A panacea for poverty reduction in Nigeria. J. Food Agric. Environ. 2(2):227- 231.
 
Oladipo FO, Ayandiji A, Akande M (2008). The roles of Youths in Maize production in Surulere Local Government Area, Oyo. Int. J. Agric. Econ. Rural Dev. 1:1.
 
Oyewo IO (2011). "Technical efficiency of maize production in Oyo state". J. Econ. Int. Fin. 3(4):211-216.
 
Shehu JF, Mshelia SI, Tashikalma AK (2007). "Analysis of technical efficiency of small-scale rain-fed upland rice farmers in North-west Agricultural Zone of Adamawa State". Niger. J. Agric. Soc. Sci. 3:4.
 
Zalkuwi JW, Dia YZ, Dia RZ (2010). "Analysis of Economic Efficiency of Maize Production in Ganye local Government Area Adamawa state, Nigeria". Nassarawa: www.sciencepub.net/report

 


APA Idris, A. A., Raheem O. A. & Shakirat, B. I. (2015). Technical efficiency of maize production in Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 7(2), 55-60.
Chicago Idris Akanbi Ayinde, Raheem Olatunji Aminu and Shakirat Bolatito Ibrahim. "Technical efficiency of maize production in Ogun State, Nigeria." Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 7, no. 2 (2015): 55-60.
MLA Idris Akanbi Ayinde, Raheem Olatunji Aminu and Shakirat Bolatito Ibrahim. "Technical efficiency of maize production in Ogun State, Nigeria." Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 7.2 (2015): 55-60.
   
DOI 10.5897/JDAE2014.0579
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JDAE/article-abstract/A50593849830

Subscription Form