Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
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Article Number - A406D8966624

Vol.9(12), pp. 328-340 , December 2017
ISSN: 2006-9774

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Full Length Research Paper

Dynamics and determinants of rural-urban migration in Southern Ethiopia

Fassil Eshetu
  • Fassil Eshetu
  • Department of Economics, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Mohammed Beshir
  • Mohammed Beshir
  • Department of Economics, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

 Received: 12 June 2017  Accepted: 21 September 2017  Published: 31 December 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

This study examined the central characteristics of migrants and determinants of rural-urban migration in Southern Ethiopia based on snow ball sampling and a survey of 665 sample migrants using descriptive and econometric analysis. The results of this study showed that 76.2% of the migrants left their home at age ranges between 15 and 25 years. Similarly, it was found that 48% of the migrants were attending junior education level, while 28 and 13% of the migrants were attending secondary and primary education levels, respectively. Moreover, 80% of migrants in the study area were not married as at the time of their migration. In addition, the study found that the main reasons for rural-urban migration in the study areas were better jobs opportunities in the urban areas (44%), rural poverty (26%), search for further education (10%), starting new business (8%), to be free from restrictive culture (8%) and better urban services (4%). The regression analysis of the Probit model indicated that age, years of schooling, relatives at receiving areas, monthly income at sending areas and family size significantly affect rural-urban migration. Policies aimed at reducing rural-urban migration should focus on creating viable farm and non-farm activities for rural unbanked youth.


Key words: Rural-urban migration, push and pull factors, probit model, Ethiopia.

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APA Eshetu, F., & Beshir, M. (2017). Dynamics and determinants of rural-urban migration in Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 9(12), 328-340.
Chicago Fassil Eshetu and Mohammed Beshir. "Dynamics and determinants of rural-urban migration in Southern Ethiopia." Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 9, no. 12 (2017): 328-340.
MLA Fassil Eshetu and Mohammed Beshir. "Dynamics and determinants of rural-urban migration in Southern Ethiopia." Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 9.12 (2017): 328-340.

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