Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology
Subscribe to JCECT
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 354BC8242145


Vol.4(9), pp. 275-284 , December 2013
DOI: 10.5897/JCECT2013.0286
ISSN: 2141-2634
 Total Views: 1160
 Downloaded: 712


Full Length Research Paper

Strength properties of groundnut shell ash (GSA) blended concrete



Raheem, S. B.
  • Raheem, S. B.
  • Civil Engineering Department, the Polytechnic, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Oladiran, G. F.
  • Oladiran, G. F.
  • Civil Engineering Department, the Polytechnic, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Olutoge, F. A
  • Olutoge, F. A
  • Civil Engineering Department, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Odewumi, T. O.
  • Odewumi, T. O.
  • Civil Engineering Department, the Polytechnic, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Accepted: 06 November 2013  Published: 04 December 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This research work detailed the report of an experimental study into the strength of modified concrete produced from mixes containing partial replacements of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) with groundnut shell ash (GSA). The experiments were designed to include two main mixes (with variations in the water/cement ratios) with different percentages by weight of OPC to GSA in the order of 100:0, 95:5, 90:10, 85:15 and 100:0, 90:10, 80:20 for mixes 1:2:4 and 1:2.3:2.6 respectively. For the ratio 1:2:4 mix, a total of 32 concrete cubes of sizes 150 × 150 × 150 mm and 32 cylindrical concrete specimens (100 mm diameter and 200 mm long) were cast and tested. Also, for the 1:2.3:2.6 mix, 24 concrete cubes and 24 cylindrical concrete specimens, with the same sizes as above, were cast and tested at 7, 14, 21, 28 days of curing. Compressive and splitting tensile tests were conducted to assess the strength of concrete. Generally, strengths of modified concrete increased with curing period but decreased with increased GSA percentage. For mix ratio 1:2:4, the highest compressive and tensile strengths were 24.06 (2.67) and 21.34 (2.11 N/mm2) at 28 days for 0 and 10% GSA respectively. While mix ratio of 1:2.3:2.6 gave the highest compressive and tensile strengths of 35.11 (4.21) and 27.33 (4.01 N/mm2) at 28 days for 0 and 10% GSA respectively. It was observed that 10% GSA replacement was appropriate for both mixes. GSA therefore seems to be a promising and local partial replacement material for cement in concrete making.

Key words: Concrete, pozzolana, partial replacement, groundnut shell ash (GSA), concrete strength.

ASTM C618 (2007). Standard Specification for Portland Cement", American Society for Testing and Materials.
 
Alabadan BA, Olutoye MA, Abolarin, MS, Zakariya M (2005). Partial Replacement of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) with Bambara Groundnut Shell Ash in Concrete", Leonardo Electronic J. Pract. Technol. (LEJPT) 6:43-48.
 
BS 8110: Part 2, (1997), Structural use of concrete. British Standards Institution, her majesty stationary office, London.
 
BS 812, Part 110 (1990), Methods for determination of aggregate crushing value. British Standards Institution, her majesty stationary office, London.
 
BS 812: Part 112 (1990). Methods for determination of aggregate Impact value. British Standards Institution, her majesty stationary office, London.
 
Shetty MS (2005). Concrete Technology, Theory and Practice, S. Chand and Company LTD. 7361, RAM \AGAR, NEW DELHI-1 10 055.
 
Malhotra VM, Mehta PK (1996). "Pozzolanic and Cementitious Materials" Gordon and Breach Publishers, 1996 SA.

 


APA (2013). Strength properties of groundnut shell ash (GSA) blended concrete. Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology, 4(9), 275-284.
Chicago Raheem, S. B., Oladiran, G. F., Olutoge, F. A. and Odewumi, T. O.. "Strength properties of groundnut shell ash (GSA) blended concrete." Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology 4, no. 9 (2013): 275-284.
MLA Raheem, et al. "Strength properties of groundnut shell ash (GSA) blended concrete." Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology 4.9 (2013): 275-284.
   
DOI 10.5897/JCECT2013.0286
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JCECT/article-abstract/354BC8242145

Subscription Form