Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 258

Full Length Research Paper

AIDS and epilepsy

Abbashar Hussein
  • Abbashar Hussein
  • Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, P. O. Box 102 Khartoum, Sudan.
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Amira Sidig
  • Amira Sidig
  • Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, P. O. Box 102 Khartoum, Sudan.
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Mohmad Malk Aldar
  • Mohmad Malk Aldar
  • Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, P. O. Box 102 Khartoum, Sudan.
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  • Article Number - 5EB8DE1787
  • Vol.1(1), pp. 018-022, October 2009
  •  Accepted: 19 September 2009
  •  Published: 31 October 2009

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of epilepsy among Sudanese AIDS patients and to study the underlying causes and types of epilepsy. About 700 AIDS patients where included in this cross sectional hospital based study. Almost 5.71% of the patients had epilepsy and 50% of them had generalized convulsion. Encephalitis was found to be the commonest cause of epilepsy followed by meningitis, brain abscess, CNS lymphoma and toxoplasmosis. The EEGs showed abnormal discharge in 28 patients (70%). AIDS is a great mimicker. It can be present in almost any neurological manifestation. Epilepsy is not an uncommon neurological manifestation associated with AIDS.                                         

 

Key words: AIDS, epilepsy, Sudanese patients.