Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
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Article Number - 8C111DE66003


Vol.9(10), pp. 223-229 , October 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JAERD2017.0895
ISSN: 2141-2170



Full Length Research Paper

Utilization of climate change adaptation strategies among rice farmers in three states of Nigeria



Onyegbula C. B.
  • Onyegbula C. B.
  • Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Oladeji J. O.
  • Oladeji J. O.
  • Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 05 July 2017  Accepted: 03 August 2017  Published: 31 October 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The phenomenon of climate change has negative impacts on rice production in Nigeria as it lowers its output and reduces farmers’ income with a resultant depreciation in their livelihood. This accentuates the need for adaptation to climate change in order to reduce the growing dependency on rice importation, ensure food security as well as achieve a sustainable rice production system in Nigeria. The study therefore investigated the utilization of climate change adaptation strategies among rice farmers in three states of Nigeria. Data were collected from 298 rice farmers using interview schedule in Ebonyi, Ekiti and Niger States on their socio-economic and farm enterprise characteristics, knowledge and utilization of Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (CCAS). Data analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Knowledge of CCAS was high (55.7%) among respondents while utilization of CCAS was low (65.4%). A non-significant difference existed in the use of CCAS across the states (F = 43.15; p-value>0.05). However, continuous and frequent weeding, appropriate use of fertilizer, and early harvesting of crops were major CCAS used by respondents. The result implies that rice farmers are not totally ignorant of CCAS, but have been using one form of adaptation strategy or the other irrespective of the agro-ecology. Also, the study revealed that CCAS is ecology specific thus effective utilization should be ensured.

 

Key words: Climate change, adaptation strategies, utilization, rice farmers.

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APA Onyegbula, C. B., & Oladeji, J. O. (2017). Utilization of climate change adaptation strategies among rice farmers in three states of Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 9(10), 223-229.
Chicago Onyegbula C. B. and Oladeji J. O.. "Utilization of climate change adaptation strategies among rice farmers in three states of Nigeria." Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 9, no. 10 (2017): 223-229.
MLA Onyegbula C. B. and Oladeji J. O.. "Utilization of climate change adaptation strategies among rice farmers in three states of Nigeria." Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 9.10 (2017): 223-229.
   
DOI 10.5897/JAERD2017.0895
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JAERD/article-abstract/8C111DE66003

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