Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Subscribe to JAERD
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 3EDE73C67061


Vol.10(1), pp. 1-10 , January 2018
https://doi.org/10.5897/JAERD2017.0907
ISSN: 2141-2170


 Total Views: 0
 Downloaded: 0

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of on-farm storage of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) and roselle grains (Hibiscus sabdariffa) in Niger



B. MOUSSA
  • B. MOUSSA
  • PICS Project, INRAN Maradi, Niger.
  • Google Scholar
J. LOWENBERG-DEBOER
  • J. LOWENBERG-DEBOER
  • Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, 610 Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.
  • Google Scholar
S. BOUREIMA
  • S. BOUREIMA
  • Department of Crop Production, Faculty of Agronomy and Environmental Sciences, University of Maradi, BP 465 Maradi, Niger.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 10 August 2017  Accepted: 24 November 2017  Published: 31 January 2018

Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The objective of this study was an assessment of on-farm storage practices for Bambara groundnut and roselle grains in Niger. It is based on a random sample of 164 farmers producing both crops in the Dosso and Maradi regions using a semi-structured questionnaire. Analysis of the data used Probit regression and budgeting. Fifty four percent of respondents use some type of potentially hermetic container for storage of Bambara groundnut and 46% use that type of container for roselle. Potentially, hermetic containers include metal drums, plastic jugs, and single, double and triple layer plastic bags. About 67% of the quantity of Bambara groundnut stored was in potentially hermetic containers and 58% of roselle. Triple layer Purdue Improved Crop Storage (PICS) bags were used mainly by Bambara groundnut farmers storing larger quantities. While only about 10% of the respondents reported storing Bambara groundnuts in PICS bags. The quantity stored by those respondents is quite large, so about 39% of the total quantity of Bambara groundnut stored by the respondents was stored in PICS bags. For roselle, PICS bags were used by 4% of respondents for only 3% of quantity stored. Profitability of using PICS bags for one or two years is comparable to that achieved with the common practice of storing in woven bags with insecticide. While PICS bags use does not increase profitability substantially compared to insecticide use, it does allow the producer to reduce pesticide exposure and the associated health risks.

Key words: Adoption, Bambara groundnut, hermetic storage, profitability, roselle.

Amuti K, Larbi M (1981). Postharvest losses in the Bambara and geocarpa groundnut seeds stored under traditional conditions in Ghana. Trop. Grain Legume Bull. 23:20-22.

 

Ayamdoo AJ, Demuyakor B, Badii KB, Sowley ENK (2013). Storage Systems for Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranean) and Their Implications for Bruchid Pest Management in Talensi-Nabdam District, Upper East Region, Ghana. Int. J. Sci. Technol. Res. 2(2):181-186.

 
 

Ajayi FA, Lale NES (2001). Susceptibility of unprotected seeds and seeds from local Bambara groundnut cultivars protected with insecticidal essential oils to infestation by Callosobruchus maculatus (F.). J. Stored Prod. Res. 39:47-62.

 
 

Baoua IB, Amadou L, Abdourhamane M, Baributsa D, Murdock LL (2015). Grain Storage Insect Pests and Associated Losses in Rural Niger. J. Stored Prod. Res. 64:8-12.
Crossref

 
 

Bediako JA (2000). The economics of post-harvest handling and marketing of legumes in Ghana: the case of cowpea, groundnuts and Bambara beans. PhD Thesis Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana.

 
 

Berchie JN, Adu-Dapaah HK, Dankyi AA, Plahar WA, Nelson-Quartey F, Haleegoar J, Asafu-Agyei JN, Addo JK (2010). Practices and Constraints of Bambara groundnut Production, Marketing and Consumption in the Brong-Ahafo and Upper East Regions of Ghana. Int. J. Agron. 9(3):111-118.
Crossref

 
 

Boureima S, Moussa B, Lowenberg-DeBoer J (2015a). Analysis of the profitability of PICS bags for the storage of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) in three regions of Niger" Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, Staff Paper #15-32.

 
 

Chougourou DC, Alavo TBC (2011). Systèmes de stockage et méthodes endogènes de lutte contre les insectes ravageurs des légumineuses à grains entreposées au Centre Bénin. Rev. CAMES - Série A 12(2):137-141.

 
 

Dick KM, Credland PF (1984). Egg production and development of three strams of Callosobruchus maculates (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). J. Stored Prod. Res. 20:221-227.
Crossref

 
 

DSA/MA (2012). Rapport provisoire de la campagne agricole 2012/2013. Direction de la statistique, Ministère de l'Agriculture, Niamey, Niger. 42p.

 
 

FAO (1990). Utilisation des aliments tropicaux : fruits et feuilles. Rome. 66p.

 
 

FAO (2009). Insect pests of stored grains in hot climates. http://www.fao.org/giews/.

 
 

Feder G, Umali DL (1993). The Adoption of Agricultural Innovations: A Review. Technol. Forecasting Soc. Change 43:215-239.
Crossref

 
 

Golob P, Stongfellow R, Asante EO (1996). A review of the storage and marketing systems of major food grains in Northern Ghana. Report of the Natural Resource Institute, Chathan Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, UK.

 
 

Golob P, Andean, HF, Atangrya Ran BMD (1998). On-farm storage losses of cowpea and Bambara groundnut in Northern Ghana. Proceedings of the 7th International Working Conference on Stored-product Protection - 14-19th October, 1998, Beijing, China. 2:1367-1375.

 
 

Greene WH (2012). 7th Ed. Econometric Analysis. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ., USA.

 
 

Hampson KJ, Azam-Ali SH, Sesay A, Mukwaya S, Azam-Ali SN (2000). Assessing Opportunities for Increased Utilisation of Bambara groundnut in Southern Africa. Tropical Crops Research Unit, University of Nottingham. Internal Report. 52p.

 
 

Ibro G, Sorgho MC, Idris AA, Moussa B, Baributsa D, Lowenberg-DeBoer J (2014). Adoption of cowpea hermetic storage by women in Nigeria, Niger and Burkina Faso. J. Stored Prod. Res. 58:87-96.
Crossref

 
 

Jones M, Alexander C, Lowenberg-DeBoer J (2014). A simple methodology for measuring profitability of on-farm storage pest management in developing countries. J. Stored Prod. Res. 58:67-76.
Crossref

 
 

Jones M, Alexander C, Lowenberg-DeBoer J (2011a). An Initial investigation of the potential for hermetic Purdue Improved Crop Storage (PICS) bags to improve incomes for maize producers in sub-saharan Africa. Staff Paper #11-3, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University. 44p.

 
 

Jones M, Alexander C, Lowenberg-DeBoer J (2011b). Profitability of hermetic Purdue Improved Crop Storage (PICS) bags for African common bean producers. Staff Paper #11-6, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University. 29p.

 
 

Maina YT, Degri MM, Sharah HA (2011). Effects of population density and storage duration on the development of callosobruchus subinnotatus in stored Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt). J. Environ. Issues Ag. Dev. Countries 3(3):70-75.

 
 

Mercer DE (2004). Adoption of Agroforestry Innovations in the Tropics: A Review. Agrofor. Syst. 61-62(1-3):311-328.
Crossref

 
 

Moussa B, Abdoulaye T, Coulibaly O, Baributsa D, Lowenberg-DeBoer J (2014). Adoption of on-farm hermetic storage for cowpea in West and Central Africa in 2012. J. Stored Prod. Res. 58:77-86.
Crossref

 
 

StataCorp (2015). STATA: Statistics/Data Analysis, College Station, TX, USA.

 
 

Stephens EC, Barrett CB (2009). Incomplete credit markets and commodity marketing behavior. J. Agric. Econ. 62(1):1-24.
Crossref

 
 

Tinkeu LSN, Madou C, Djakissam W, Goudoum A, Ndjouenkeu R (2016). Post-harvest storage systems and insect pests occuring on Bambara groundnuts (Vigna subterranean (L.) Verde) in the Sudano-Guinean savannah of Cameroon. J. Entomol. Zool. Stud. 4(2):167-173.

 
 

White NDG (2001). Protection des céréales, des oléagineux et des légumineuses à grain entreposés à la ferme contre les insectes, les acariens et les moisissures. Agriculture et Agroalimentaires Canada.

View.

 
 

Zellner A (1962). An efficient method of estimating seemingly unrelated regression equations and tests for aggregation bias. J. Am. Stat. Ass. 57:348-368.
Crossref

 

 


APA MOUSSA, B., LOWENBERG-DEBOER, J., & BOUREIMA, S. (2018). Assessment of on-farm storage of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) and roselle grains (Hibiscus sabdariffa) in Niger. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 10(1), 1-10.
Chicago B. MOUSSA, J. LOWENBERG-DEBOER and S. BOUREIMA. "Assessment of on-farm storage of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) and roselle grains (Hibiscus sabdariffa) in Niger." Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 10, no. 1 (2018): 1-10.
MLA B. MOUSSA, J. LOWENBERG-DEBOER and S. BOUREIMA. "Assessment of on-farm storage of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) and roselle grains (Hibiscus sabdariffa) in Niger." Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 10.1 (2018): 1-10.
   
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/JAERD2017.0907
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JAERD/article-abstract/3EDE73C67061

Subscription Form