International NGO Journal
Vol.9(2) , pp. 17-25 , February 2014
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Determinants of household-level vulnerability to poverty in Mohales Hoek District, Lesotho
Accepted: 19 November 2013 Published: 28 February 2014
Poverty is widespread in the Southern District of Lesotho which includes, Mohales Hoek, Quthing and Qachas Nek. This study investigated household vulnerability to poverty and the factors affecting vulnerability of the households at Maphutseng Area Development Programme in Lesotho. Primary data were collected through personal interviews from 2753 households in 2009 and 325 randomly sampled households in 2013. The Household Vulnerability Index developed by the Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) was used to establish household vulnerability and an ordinal logistic regression model was used to identify the factors affecting household vulnerability. The results indicate that the proportion of households with a high vulnerability have increased by 7.8 percent between 2009 and 2013. Parameter estimates of the ordinal regression model show that increase in age of household head, death or permanent migration of male household head and the diversity food products eaten by the household increase the level of vulnerability of the household. However, increase in the number of meals per day consumed by the household and the size of the household decrease the level of vulnerability of a household. As a result policies on increasing food security through climate smart agriculture are needed at Maphutseng since access of the household to land and crop production extension services also decreases the household’s level of vulnerability.
Key words: Vulnerability, food security, climate smart agriculture, livelihoods.