International Journal of Livestock Production
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Article Number - CD4C83667186


Vol.9(1), pp. 1-8 , January 2018
https://doi.org/10.5897/IJLP2017.0405
ISSN: 2141-2448


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Full Length Research Paper

Appetibility and effect of neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf foods on weight performance and viability of pre-weaning rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus).



Delphin Sévérin Vidjannagni
  • Delphin Sévérin Vidjannagni
  • Ecole des Sciences et Techniques de Production Animale, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques de l’Université d’Abomey-Calavi (ESTPA/FSA/UAC), Bénin.
  • Google Scholar
Soumanou Séibou Toleba
  • Soumanou Séibou Toleba
  • Ecole des Sciences et Techniques de Production Animale, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques de l’Université d’Abomey-Calavi (ESTPA/FSA/UAC), Bénin.
  • Google Scholar
Haziz Sina
  • Haziz Sina
  • Laboratoire de Biologie et de Typage Moléculaire en Microbiologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi (LBTMM/FAST/UAC), Bénin.
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Dahouda Mahamadou
  • Dahouda Mahamadou
  • Ecole des Sciences et Techniques de Production Animale, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques de l’Université d’Abomey-Calavi (ESTPA/FSA/UAC), Bénin.
  • Google Scholar
Adam Adenile
  • Adam Adenile
  • Ecole des Sciences et Techniques de Production Animale, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques de l’Université d’Abomey-Calavi (ESTPA/FSA/UAC), Bénin.
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Ulrich Natonnagnon
  • Ulrich Natonnagnon
  • Ecole des Sciences et Techniques de Production Animale, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques de l’Université d’Abomey-Calavi (ESTPA/FSA/UAC), Bénin.
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Florian Dadjo Daga
  • Florian Dadjo Daga
  • Ecole des Sciences et Techniques de Production Animale, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques de l’Université d’Abomey-Calavi (ESTPA/FSA/UAC), Bénin.
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Aminatou Harouna
  • Aminatou Harouna
  • Centre Technique d’Aviculture et d’élevage des petits animaux (CeTAVi-Bénin).
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Lamine Baba-Moussa
  • Lamine Baba-Moussa
  • Laboratoire de Biologie et de Typage Moléculaire en Microbiologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi (LBTMM/FAST/UAC), Bénin.
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 Received: 03 September 2017  Accepted: 06 November 2017  Published: 31 January 2018

Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of using neem (Azadirachta indica) leaves in the feeding of lactating rabbits. For 35 days, food consumption, weight performance and mortality were recorded in 96 mother cages of four batches of lactating rabbits subjected to four diets, including a control diet without neem leaves (lot 0) and three diets (lot 5: 5% leaves; lot 10: 10% leaves, and lot 15: 15% leaves) containing dried leaves of neem  at different concentrations. The mean dietary intake of the animals of lot 15 (167.20 g/day/cage) was significantly lower than that of lot 0 (206.29 g/day/cage). Ingestions recorded in C3 litter class (7 to 9 rabbits) were higher (P<0.05) than those in C1 (1 to 3 rabbits) and C2 (4 to 6 rabbits). The initial mean weights of the young rabbits from lot 15 were significantly higher (P<0.05) than those of lot 5. No difference was observed between the birth-weaning of the four lots. The growth rate of young rabbits from females belonging to the C1 litter class (17.30 g/day) was higher (P˂0.01) than that of young rabbits whose litters were higher than 7 rabbits (8.82 g/day). The birth-weaning mortality rates of lot 0 (12.50%) and 5 (18.30%) were similar (P˃0.05). It was the same (P˃0.05) for batches 10 (37.60%) and 15 (34.30%). The incorporation of the neem leaves can be considered to increase the cost-efficacy during breeding rabbits.

Key words: Oryctolagus cuniculus, Azadirachta indica, ingestion, growth rate, mortality.

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APA Vidjannagni, D. S., Toleba, S. S., Sina, H., Mahamadou, D., Adenile, A., Natonnagnon, U., F. Daga, D., Harouna, A., & Baba-Moussa, L. (2018). Appetibility and effect of neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf foods on weight performance and viability of pre-weaning rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus).. International Journal of Livestock Production, 9(1), 1-8.
Chicago Delphin S&ev&erin Vidjannagni, Soumanou S&eibou Toleba, Haziz Sina, Dahouda Mahamadou, Adam Adenile, Ulrich Natonnagnon,, Florian Dadjo Daga, Aminatou Harouna, and Lamine Baba-Moussa. "Appetibility and effect of neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf foods on weight performance and viability of pre-weaning rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus).." International Journal of Livestock Production 9, no. 1 (2018): 1-8.
MLA Delphin Seacute;veacute;rin Vidjannagni, et al. "Appetibility and effect of neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf foods on weight performance and viability of pre-weaning rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus).." International Journal of Livestock Production 9.1 (2018): 1-8.
   
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/IJLP2017.0405
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/IJLP/article-abstract/CD4C83667186

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