International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Subscribe to IJBC
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - FBF3AD756278

Vol.10(4), pp. 154-160 , April 2018
ISSN: 2141-243X

 Total Views: 0
 Downloaded: 0


Mammalwatching: A new source of support for science and conservation

Vladimir Dinets
  • Vladimir Dinets
  • Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology, 1919-1 Tancha, Onna-son, Kunigami-gun, Okinawa, 904-0495, Japan.
  • Google Scholar
Jon Hall
  • Jon Hall
  • Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.
  • Google Scholar

 Received: 27 October 2017  Accepted: 18 February 2018  Published: 30 April 2018

Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

During the 20th century, birding evolved from a little-known hobby into a global phenomenon important for ornithology and bird conservation. More recently a similar change has begun for mammalwatching, which is rapidly gaining popularity and is already providing financial support, observational data, diagnostic information, and a volunteer base for mammalogy and mammalian conservation. The study data suggest that mammalwatching has the potential to end decades of neglect of small mammals in dire need of conservation, to improve our knowledge of mammalian status and distribution, and to increase public support for conservation measures, especially for species not seen as particularly charismatic by the general public. Professional mammologists and conservation workers can benefit from this new trend, but they can also help it. We offer a number of suggestions as to how professionals mammalogists and the amateur community can better work together to promote conservation and science.
Key words: Amateur naturalists, biodiversity, citizen science, ecotourism, mammalogy, mammals, volunteering.

Andrew D (2016). The Complete Guide to Finding the Mammals of Australia. Clayton, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.


Balmford A (2013). Balmford trip report: Australia and Singapore 9 July-11 Sept. 2013. URL: 



Balmford A, Beresford J, Green J, Naidoo R, Walpole M, Manica A (2009). A global perspective on trends in nature-based tourism. PLoS Biology 7(6):e1000144.


Bechky A (1997). Adventuring in Southern Africa: The Great Safaris and Wildlife Parks of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Namibia, South Africa, Malawi, Lesotho, and Swaziland. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.


Ben-Yehuda T (2018). Records of mountain weasel in Ladakh, India. In press, Small Carnivore Conservation.


Buckley R (2003). Case Studies in Ecotourism. Wallingford, UK: The Centre for Biosciences and Agriculture International.


Christie IT, Crompton DE (2001). Tourism in Africa. Washington, DC: World Bank.


Clarke R (2016). Some notes on mammal watching in SW Western Australia Oct-Nov 2016. URL: 



Cordell HK, Herbert NG (2012). The popularity of birding is still growing. Birding pp. 54-61.


Czeszczewik D, Walankiewicz W (2017). Effect of logging on birds and local economy in the Białowieza Forest, Poland. Proceedings of the 11th Conference of the European Ornithologists' Union, 18 – 22 August 2017, Turku, Finland.


De Silva GH, Reyes AE (2010). Breve historia de la observación de aves en México en el siglo XX y principios del siglo XXI. Huitzil 11:9-20.


Desai S (2016). The snow leopard's ascent. URL: 



Dinets V (2015). Peterson Guide to Finding Mammals in North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.


Dinets V (2016). Long-term cave roosting in the spectral bat (Vampyrum spectrum). Mammalia 81:529-531.


Dinets V (2017) Surface foraging in Scapanus moles. Mammalia 82:48-53.


Dinets V, de Beenhower M, Hall J (2015). Extralimital records of pallid and Rueppell's foxes from Afar Desert of Ethiopia. Canid Biol. Conservation 19:1-3.


Dunlap TR (2011). In the Field, Among the Feathered: A History of Birders & Their Guides. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.


Eaton JA, Wüst R, Wirth R, Shepherd CR, Semiadi G, Hall J, Duckworth JW (2010). Recent records of the Javan small-toothed palm civet Arctogalidia (trivirgata) trilineata. Small Carnivore Conservation 43:16-22.


Estes RD (1999). The Safari Companion: a Guide to Watching African Mammals. White River Junction, Vermont, USA: Chelsea Green Publishing.


Fletcher R (2013). Between the cattle and the deep blue sea. In: The Ecotourism-extraction Nexus: Political Economies and Rural Realities of (Un)comfortable Bedfellows, eds. B. Büscher, B & S. Davidov, London: Routledge. pp. 69-87.


Foley C (2005). A big mammal day. Birding pp. 61-62.


Greenwood JJD (2007). Citizens, science and bird conservation. J. Ornithol. 148:77-124.


Higginbottom K (2004). Wildlife Tourism. Altona, Victoria: Common Ground.


Hirschfeld E, Swash A, Still R (2013). The World's Rarest Birds. Princeton, USA: Princeton University Press.


Hosner PA, Boggess NC, Alviola P, Sanchez-Gonzalez LA, Oliveros CH, Urriza R, Moyle RG (2013). Phylogeography of the Robsonius ground-warblers (Passeriformes: Locustellidae) reveals an undescribed species from northeastern Luzon, Philippines. The Condor 115:630-639.


International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) (2014). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. URL: 

View (Accessed July 2017).


Kylie P, Quinn MS, Huijser MP, Graham J, Broberg L (2014). An evaluation of a citizen science data collection program for recording wildlife observations along a highway. J. Environ. Manag. 139:180-187.


La Rouche PG (2003). Birding in the United States: a demographic and economic analysis. Addendum to the 2001 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting and Wildlife-Associated Recreation. Report 2001-1. Arlington, Virginia: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.


Matson JO, Ordó-ez-Garza N, Bulmer W, Eckerlin RP (2012). Comunidades de peque-os mamíferos en la Sierra de los Cuchumatanes, Huehuetenango, Guatemala. Mastozoología Neotropical 19:71-84.


Moores R (2007). Where to Watch Mammals in Britain and Ireland. London: A & C Black.


Moss S (2004). A Bird in the Bush: A Social History of Birdwatching. London: Aurum Press.


Newell J (2015). The Russian Far East: a Reference Guide for Conservation and Development. McKinleyville, CA: Daniel & Daniel.


Newsome D, Dowling RK, Moore SA (2005). Wildlife Tourism. Bristol, UK: Channel View Publications.


Novacek MJ (2008). Engaging the public in biodiversity issues. Proceed. Natl. Acad. Sci. 105(S1):11571-11578.


Novacovic J, Das S (2006). In Search of the Pangolin: Eco-travel Tales. Sydney, Australia: New Holland Publishers.


Pitman RL, Deecke VB, Gabriele CM, Srinivasan M, Black N, Denkinger J, Durban JW, Mathews EA, Matkin DR, Neilson JL, Schulman‐Janiger A (2017). Humpback whales interfering when mammal‐eating killer whales attack other species: Mobbing behavior and interspecific altruism? Mar. Mamm. Sci. 33:7-58.


Racey PA (2013). Bat conservation: past, present and future. In: Bat Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation New York: Springer, pp. 517-532.


Sekercioglu CH (2002). Impacts of birdwatching on human and avian communities. Environ. Conserv. 29:282-289.


Scholes RJ, Biggs R (2004). Ecosystem Services in Southern Africa: a Regional Perspective. Pretoria, South Africa: Council for Scientific and Industrial Research.


Sullivan BL, Wood CL, Iliff MJ, Bonney RE, Fink D, Kelling S (2009). eBird: a citizen-based bird observation network in the biological sciences. Biol. Conserv. 142:2282-2292.


The Zambezi Society (2015). National Parks reinstates "unguided" public walking in Mana Pools. URL: 

View. (Accessed on July 6, 2017).


Thiel M, Penna-Díaz MA, Luna-Jorquera G, Salas S, Sellanes J, Stotz W (2014). Citizen scientists and marine research: volunteer participants, their contributions, and projection for the future. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 52:257-314.


Whitaker JO (1996). National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mammals. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.


Wilson DE, Mittermeier RA (2014). Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Vol. 4. Sea Mammals. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.


Woolgar J (2014). A confirmed sighting of Pousargues's mongoose Dologale dybowskii. Small Carnivore Conservation 51:1-3.


World Bank (2017). Sierra Leone. URL: 




APA Dinets, V., & Hall, J. (2018). Mammalwatching: A new source of support for science and conservation. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 10(4), 154-160.
Chicago Vladimir Dinets, and Jon Hall. "Mammalwatching: A new source of support for science and conservation." International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 10, no. 4 (2018): 154-160.
MLA Vladimir Dinets, and Jon Hall. "Mammalwatching: A new source of support for science and conservation." International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 10.4 (2018): 154-160.

Subscription Form