In this study, 1926 official legislation document was analyzed taking the role and duties of inspectors at that time in mind. These roles and duties were explained based on the authorization, investigation, interrogation methodology, and employment of inspectors. This study was carried out by implementing documentary research methods. Like other early Republican legislations, the inspectorate document was prepared at first in Arabic using the grammatical rules of Ottoman language. After 1928, because of alphabetical change in Turkey, official documents were prepared in Latin using Turkish rules. Since the document was done in 1926, it was first transcribed into Latin, and then translated where necessary. It can be understood from this document that inspection was more about control and guidance in the early years of Turkish Republic period. It is also understood that cultural and educational activities were not separated at that time. The main duties of inspectors include improving of education, investigation, and interrogation. Finally, differences in inspection between early Republican era and contemporary Turkey were compared.
Key words: Educational inspectors, legislation, authorization, inspection history, inspection, employment of inspector.