African Journal of Plant Science
Subscribe to AJPS
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - CF5B30A66450

Vol.11(11), pp. 385-393 , November 2017
ISSN: 1996-0824

 Total Views: 0
 Downloaded: 0

Full Length Research Paper

Correlation between seed characteristics and biomass production of Moringa oleifera provenances grown in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Madjelia Cangré Ebou Dao
  • Madjelia Cangré Ebou Dao
  • Institut de l'Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Denis Walsh
  • Denis Walsh
  • Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC), 555 Boul. de l’Université, Chicoutimi, Québec, Canada.
  • Google Scholar

 Received: 15 June 2017  Accepted: 13 October 2017  Published: 30 November 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

The correlation between seed size and biomass production of Moringa oleifera, was conducted in a field experiment at Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) in 2014. The experiment included eleven M. oleifera provenances from West Africa according to four agro-ecological characteristics (Sahelian, Sub Equatorial, South Sudanian and North Sudanian). Differences among provenances seed traits, leaf morphology, and dry mass (DM) were established by analyses of variance. Significant level was fixed at P < 0.05. Pearson’s correlation analysis was done to evaluate the relationships between seed traits, leaf morphology, and dry mass. The results showed that significant differences in seed traits  were observed among provenances. Provenances were significantly different in leaf morphology (length, width and number of pinnae/seedling). The provenance of National Forest Seed Center (CNSF) from the northern sudanese area of Burkina Faso produced the longest leaf. The mean shoot biomass accumulation per seedling differed significantly among provenances. Significant correlation coefficients were observed among seed traits but no important correlation were found between seed traits and other plant characteristics. No significantly correlation of seed size with either leaf morphology or dry mass were found. Plant grown from large seeds compared to those grown from small seeds was more vigorous and produces greater dry matter.


Key words: Moringa seedling, dry biomass, correlation, seed length, seed weight, seed width.

Arunachalam A, Khan ML, Singh ND (2003). Germination, growth and biomass accumulation as influenced by seed size in Mesua ferrea L. . Turk. J. Bot. 27:343-348.


Aslam M, Farooq A, Raziya N, Umer R, Kazi TG, Nadeem M (2005). Mineral composition of Moringa oleifera leaves and pods from different regions of Punjab, Pakistan. Asian J. Plant Sci. 4:417-421.


Ayana A, Bekele E (1999). Multivariate analysis of morphological variation in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) germplasm from Ethiopia and Eritrea. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 46(3):273-284.


Ayerza R (2011). Seed yield components, oil content, and fatty acid composition of two cultivars of moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) growing in the Arid Chaco of Argentina. Ind. Crops Prod. 33:389-394.


Baalbaki RZ, Copeland LO (1997). Seed size, density and protein content effects on field performance of wheat. Seed Sci. Technol. 25(3):511-521.


Dangasuk OG, Seurei P, Gudu S (1997). Genetic variation in seed and seedling traits in 12 African provenances of Faidherbia albida (del.) A. Chev. at Lodwar, Kenya. Agroforestry. Syst. 37:133-141.


Edward E, Shabani AOC, Yonika MN, Mathew AM (2014). Survival, growth and biomass production of Moringa oleifera provenances at Gairo inland plateau and Ruvu Coastal Region in Tanzania. Afr. J. Plant Sci. 8:54-64.


Farmer REJ (1997). Seed ecophysiology of temperate and boreal zone forest trees. St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, Fl.


Farris MA, Lechowicz MJ (1990). Functional iInteractions among Traits that Determine Reproductive Success in a Native Annual Plant. Ecology 71:548-557.


Förster N, Ulrichs C, Schreiner M, Arndt N, Schmidt R, Mewis I (2015). Ecotype Variability in Growth and Secondary Metabolite Profile in Moringa oleifera: Impact of Sulfur and Water Availability. J. Agric. Food Chem. 63:2852-2861.


Gamedze NP, Mupangwa JF, Bhebhe E, Dlamini BJ (2012). Growth performance and forage nutrient content of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam) provenances under Luyengo conditions, Swaziland conditions. UNISWA J. Agric. 16:41-48.


Hofmann M, Bütof A, Welk E, Bruelheide H (2013). Relationship between fundamental and realized niches with respect to frost and drought resistance. Preslia 85:1-17.


Ky-Dembele C, Tigabu M, Bayala J, Odén P (2014). Inter- and intra-provenances variations in seed size and seedling characteristics of Khaya senegalensis A. Juss in Burkina Faso. Agroforestry Syst. 88:311-320.


Mendieta-Araica B, Spörndly E, Reyes-Sánchez N, Salmerón-Miranda F, Halling M (2013). Biomass production and chemical composition of Moringa oleifera under different planting densities and levels of nitrogen fertilization. Agroforest. Syst. 87:81-92.


Nyoka B, Roshetko J, Jamnadass R, Muriuki J, Kalinganire A, Lillesø JP, Beedy T, Cornelius J (2015). Tree Seed and Seedling Supply Systems: A Review of the Asia, Africa and Latin America Models. Small-scale Forest. 14:171-191.


Pallo FJP, Zombré NP, Sedogo MP (2009). Statut de la matière organique des sols de la zone nord soudanienne au Burkina Faso. Biotech. Agron. Soc. Environ. 13:139-142.


Pellis A, Laureysens I, Ceulemans R (2004). Growth and production of a short rotation coppice culture of poplar I. Clonal differences in leaf characteristics in relation to biomass production. Biomass Bioenergy 27:9-19.


Popoola JO, Obembe OO (2013). Local knowledge, use pattern and geographical distribution of Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae) in Nigeria. J. Ethnopharmacol. 150:682-691.


Quinn GP, Keough MJ (2002). Experimental design and data analysis for biologists. University Press, Cambridge, UK.


Roxas AU, Zizzo GV, Agnello S, Sciortino A, Iapichino G (1994). Effect of seed storage and seed size on germination, emergence and bulblet production of Amaryllis belladonna L. Acta Hortic. (ISHS) 362:281-288.


SAS Institute Inc. (2012). Clustering data - using the cluster platform. JM® 10 Modeling and multivariate methods. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. Pp. 467-488.


Shahzad UM, Khan A, Jaskani M, Khan I, Korban S (2013). Genetic diversity and population structure of Moringa oleifera. Conserv. Genet. 14:1161-1172.


Singh B, Bhatt BP, Prasad P (2006). Variation in Seed and Seedling Traits of Celtis australis, a Multipurpose Tree, in Central Himalaya, India. Agroforest. Syst. 67:115-122.


Weih M, Nordh NE (2005). Determinants of biomass production in hybrid willows and prediction of field performance from pot studies. Tree Physiol. 25:1197-1206.


Wolde-Mieskel E, Sinclair FL (2000). Growth variability in a Senegalese provenance of Acacia nilotica ssp. tomentosa. Agroforest. Syst. 48:207-213.



APA Dao, M. C. E., & Walsh, D. (2017). Correlation between seed characteristics and biomass production of Moringa oleifera provenances grown in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. African Journal of Plant Science, 11(11), 385-393.
Chicago Madjelia Cangr&e Ebou Dao and Denis Walsh. "Correlation between seed characteristics and biomass production of Moringa oleifera provenances grown in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso." African Journal of Plant Science 11, no. 11 (2017): 385-393.
MLA Madjelia Cangr&e Ebou Dao and Denis Walsh. "Correlation between seed characteristics and biomass production of Moringa oleifera provenances grown in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso." African Journal of Plant Science 11.11 (2017): 385-393.

Subscription Form