Curtoviruses are transmitted by the beet leafhopper Circulifer tenellus, in a circulative (non-propagative) manner. Curtoviruses are phloem-limited and are acquired by the vector during feeding. Sap-feeding insects harbor endosymbionts which can help provide essential nutrients required for the insects’ survival. Candidatus Sulcia muelleri is an endosymbiont present in the beet leafhopper identified during this... Read more.
Extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) have been increasingly reported worldwide. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of these multidrug-resistant strains in a major university teaching hospital in Dakar, Senegal. A total of 1205 Enterobacteriaceae stains were tested for ESBL and carbapenemase production. Antibiotics susceptibility test was... Read more.
This study determines prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus from bovine mastitis in dairy cows from October 2012 to June 2013 in Bishoftu town, Ethiopia. In this cross-sectional study, 16 dairy farms were included and 384 lactating cows sampled. Clinical examination and California mastitis test (CMT) were performed to diagnose clinical and subclinical mastitis, respectively. Milk samples were obtained from the... Read more.