African Journal of Microbiology Research
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Article Number - E77FEDB40564


Vol.7(43), pp. 5051-5056 , October 2013
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2013.6202
ISSN: 1996-0808



Full Length Research Paper

Study on prevalence of bovine mastitis in lactating cows and associated risk factors in and around Areka town, Southern of Ethiopia


Lidet G/Michael1, Benti Deressa1, Feyissa Begna1 and Abebe Mekuria2*




1College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Ethiopia.

2College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, Ethiopia.


Email: abebemekuria28@yahoo.com






 Accepted: 24 September 2013  Published: 25 October 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2011 to March 2012 on a total of 384 lactating (Zebu 183, Jersey103 and Holstein 93) dairy cows randomly selected from 29 rural kebele in which three small scale dairy farms were included. The study was designed with the objective to determine the prevalence of mastitis and isolate the major bacteria that causes mastitis involved in areka woreda and its surrounding wolayta zone.  Milk samples was collected and bacteriological culture was done and further confirmation was done by BIOLOG identification system. The overall prevalence of mastitis in the area was 52.9% (n = 203), out of which 9.4% (n = 36) were clinical and 43.5% (n =167) were sub-clinical cases. Among the isolated bacterial genera, the isolate were Staphylococcus(14.8%), Streptococcus (7.5%), Corynebacterium (0.52%) and coliform (0.25%). Characterization was also under taken and the species recovered were Staphylococcus aureus 136 (54.4%) dominating followed by Streptococcus dysagalactiae 62 (24.8%),Staphylococcus intermidius (8.4%) Streptococcus.uberis 13 (5.2%) Staphylococcus epidermides (4.4%) Streptococcus agalactia 4 (1.6%), Corynebacterium pyogens 2 (0.8%) and Escherichia coli 1 (0.4%). There was no statically significant variation (P>0.05) between breeds and the parity number of the cow, but the prevalence of mastitis was found to be statistically significantly among different age groups and lactation stages (p<0.05). The study shows that mastitis is significant problem of dairy cows in the study area and the major isolated bacteria were contagious pathogens. Therefore, hygienic milking practice, culling of chronically infected cows and hygienic practice in the environment should be followed.

 

Key words: Bovine, mastitis, prevalence, Areka Woreda, SNNPR, Ethiopia.


APA (2013). Study on prevalence of bovine mastitis in lactating cows and associated risk factors in and around Areka town, Southern of Ethiopia. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 7(43), 5051-5056.
Chicago Lidet G/Michael, Benti Deressa, Feyissa Begna and Abebe Mekuria. "Study on prevalence of bovine mastitis in lactating cows and associated risk factors in and around Areka town, Southern of Ethiopia." African Journal of Microbiology Research 7, no. 43 (2013): 5051-5056.
MLA Lidet G/Michael, et al. "Study on prevalence of bovine mastitis in lactating cows and associated risk factors in and around Areka town, Southern of Ethiopia." African Journal of Microbiology Research 7.43 (2013): 5051-5056.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJMR2013.6202
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/AJMR/article-abstract/E77FEDB40564

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