African Journal of Microbiology Research
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Article Number - C6C0AFA65173


Vol.11(26), pp. 1069-1074 , July 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8571
ISSN: 1996-0808



Full Length Research Paper

Bacteriological quality of drinking water from source to point of use among rural communities of Farta Woreda in North West, Ethiopia



Genet Gedamu Kassie
  • Genet Gedamu Kassie
  • College of Medicine and Health Science, Arba Minch University, Posta: 21 Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Desta Haftu Hayelom
  • Desta Haftu Hayelom
  • College of Medicine and Health Science, Arba Minch University, Posta: 21 Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 26 April 2017  Accepted: 22 May 2017  Published: 14 July 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Access to safe water is a universal need. However, many of the world’s population lack access to adequate and safe water. Consumption of contaminated water with viruses, bacteria and parasites causes health risk to the public and the situation is serious in rural areas. So this study is aimed at assessing the bacteriological quality of drinking water at source and point of use among rural Communities of Farta Woreda, North Western, Ethiopia. A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted from February 15th to February 30th 2016 in 41 rural Kebeles of Farta Woreda. A total of 120 water samples were obtained from protected water sources and household water storage containers and tested for Escherichia coli by using membrane filter methods. The contaminant risk of water sources and household storage containers were assessed by sanitary inspection checklist of World health Organization. Descriptive statistics (proportion and percentage) were used to count the E. coli load and the results were interpreted using World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for drinking water quality. All household water storage containers and majority 22(91.7%)  of the protected wells and 5(83.3%) springs in the study area were not in compliance with WHO recommended values (0 CFU/100 ml of drinking water) for drinking water. Majority 10(41.7%) of protected well, 5(83.3%) protected spring and 42(46.7%) household storage containers had high sanitary risk score for E. coli. The water sources and also household water storage containers were heavily contaminated with E. coli. Source protection strategies, awareness creation on safe water handling practices as well as monitoring are necessary to enhance good drinking water quality.

Key words: Drinking water, E-coli, bacteriological quality, rural community, storage container.

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APA Kassie, G. G., & Hayelom, D. H. (2017). Bacteriological quality of drinking water from source to point of use among rural communities of Farta Woreda in North West, Ethiopia. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 11(26), 1069-1074.
Chicago Genet Gedamu Kassie and Desta Haftu  Hayelom. "Bacteriological quality of drinking water from source to point of use among rural communities of Farta Woreda in North West, Ethiopia." African Journal of Microbiology Research 11, no. 26 (2017): 1069-1074.
MLA Genet Gedamu Kassie and Desta Haftu  Hayelom. "Bacteriological quality of drinking water from source to point of use among rural communities of Farta Woreda in North West, Ethiopia." African Journal of Microbiology Research 11.26 (2017): 1069-1074.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJMR2017.8571
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/AJMR/article-abstract/C6C0AFA65173

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