African Journal of Microbiology Research
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Article Number - 9E112A863291


Vol.11(11), pp. 458-465 , March 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017-8462
ISSN: 1996-0808



Full Length Research Paper

Mycoflora associated with the goat’s hair and sheep wool in Taif, Saudi Arabia



Mohamed Fadl Awad
  • Mohamed Fadl Awad
  • Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-azhar University, Assuit Branch, Egypt
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 24 January 2017  Accepted: 14 February 2017  Published: 21 March 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The objective of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of mycoflora in 30 samples of healthy goat’s hair and sheep wool collected from different localities in Taif, Saudi Arabia, and the ability of some fungal isolates for keratinase activities. Sixty four species belonging to 28 genera were collected from the two substrates. The wool of sheep was polluted with fungi than goat hairs, and contained high total counts and number of fungal genera and species. Nine species of true dermatophytes isolated belonged to Microsporum (3 species) and Trichophyton (6 species). Several keratinophilic species were isolated of which, Chrysosporium indicum, Chrysosporium keratinophilum and Chrysosporium tropicum were the most prevalent. The commonest saprophytes in order of frequency were members of the genera, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Alternaria and Cochliobolus. In addition, the other genera found included Acremonium, Chaetomum, Cladosporium, Cochliobolus, Fusarium, Mucor, Paecilomyces, Phoma, Rhizopus, Scopulariopsis, Stachybotrys, Trichoderma and others. Five species from 20 tested isolates (Aspergillus niger, C. keratinophilum, C. tropicum, Microsporum gypseum and Trichoderma viride) had high keratinase activity. The results of this study indicate that both goat hair and sheep wool provide a suitable habitat for dermatophytes and other keratinophilic fungi. Most of these fungi play an important role in the degradation of keratin substrates, so that they can help preserve the environment and reduce pollution.

 

Key words: Mycoflora, goat’s hair, sheep wool, keratinase activities, Saudi Arabia.

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APA Awad, M. F. (2017). Mycoflora associated with the goat’s hair and sheep wool in Taif, Saudi Arabia. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 11(11), 458-465.
Chicago Mohamed Fadl Awad,. "Mycoflora associated with the goat’s hair and sheep wool in Taif, Saudi Arabia." African Journal of Microbiology Research 11, no. 11 (2017): 458-465.
MLA Mohamed Fadl Awad,. "Mycoflora associated with the goat’s hair and sheep wool in Taif, Saudi Arabia." African Journal of Microbiology Research 11.11 (2017): 458-465.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJMR2017-8462
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/AJMR/article-abstract/9E112A863291

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