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Article Number - AA0247265921


Vol.11(10), pp. 499-508 , October 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJEST2017.2360
ISSN: 1996-0786



Full Length Research Paper

Pig faeces digestion as compared to anaerobic co-digestion using waste waters sludge or bovine ruminal gastric content treatments



Jose Ramon Laines Canepa
  • Jose Ramon Laines Canepa
  • División Académica de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Carretera Villahermosa-Cárdenas km 0.5 entronque con Bosques de Saloya, 86150, Centro, Tabasco, México.
  • Google Scholar
Shayla Montejo Olan
  • Shayla Montejo Olan
  • División Académica de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Carretera Villahermosa-Cárdenas km 0.5 entronque con Bosques de Saloya, 86150, Centro, Tabasco, México.
  • Google Scholar
Jose Aurelio Sosa Olivier
  • Jose Aurelio Sosa Olivier
  • División Académica de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Carretera Villahermosa-Cárdenas km 0.5 entronque con Bosques de Saloya, 86150, Centro, Tabasco, México.
  • Google Scholar
Israel Avila Lazaro
  • Israel Avila Lazaro
  • División Académica de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Carretera Villahermosa-Cárdenas km 0.5 entronque con Bosques de Saloya, 86150, Centro, Tabasco, México.
  • Google Scholar
Gabriel Nunez Nogueira
  • Gabriel Nunez Nogueira
  • División Académica de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Carretera Villahermosa-Cárdenas km 0.5 entronque con Bosques de Saloya, 86150, Centro, Tabasco, México.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 03 June 2017  Accepted: 17 August 2017  Published: 31 October 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Anaerobic co-digestion improves the pig faeces digestion process. This work presents anaerobic digestion of pig faeces (C) as compared to 2 co-substrates: Sludge (L) from waste waters and bovine ruminal gastric content (R). Pig faeces used were generated in a local farm at the Juarez Autonomous University of Tabasco (UJAT), with a total population of 148 animals. Analytical determinations were made on the substrate and co-substrates. Each treatment was performed in triplicate (9 experimental units), for 18 weeks. C+R co-digestion had the highest removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) with 90%. Biogas production (0.012 L day-1) was quantified for C and C+R, with concentrations of 70.87±8.65 and 71.89 ± 7.60% of methane (CH4), respectively. For C+L, it was 0.009 L day-1, with 77.89±6.74% of CH4. Results obtained showed that co-digestion of C+L was better with regards to the quality of biogas from low hydrogen sulfide (H2S) concentrations (70.33±6.36 ppm). The use of anaerobic co-digestion systems represents an alternative treatment for faeces generated in pig farms and other kinds of wastes to reduce the potential source of infection produced by these types of waste.

 

Key words: Biogas, digester, manure, pig faeces, rumen.

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APA Canepa, J. R. L., Olán, S. M., Olivier, J. A. S., Lázaro, I. Á., & Nogueira, G. N. (2017). Pig faeces digestion as compared to anaerobic co-digestion using waste waters sludge or bovine ruminal gastric content treatments. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology , 11(10), 499-508.
Chicago Jos&e Ram&on Laines Canepa, Shayla Montejo Ol&an, Jos&e Aurelio Sosa Olivier, Israel &Avila L&azaro and Gabriel N&uñez Nogueira. "Pig faeces digestion as compared to anaerobic co-digestion using waste waters sludge or bovine ruminal gastric content treatments." African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 11, no. 10 (2017): 499-508.
MLA Joseacute; Ramoacute;n Laines Canepa, et al. "Pig faeces digestion as compared to anaerobic co-digestion using waste waters sludge or bovine ruminal gastric content treatments." African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 11.10 (2017): 499-508.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJEST2017.2360
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/AJEST/article-abstract/AA0247265921

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34SELECT `Journal`.`id`, `Journal`.`journal_category_id`, `Journal`.`name`, `Journal`.`issn`, `Journal`.`abbrev`, `Journal`.`pub_abbrev`, `Journal`.`banner`, `Journal`.`colour`, `Journal`.`email`, `Journal`.`password`, `Journal`.`instruction_for_author_file`, `Journal`.`reviewers_guide_file`, `Journal`.`about_text`, `Journal`.`submit_manuscript`, `Journal`.`instructions_for_authors`, `Journal`.`pub_ethics`, `Journal`.`abstracting`, `Journal`.`call_for_papers`, `Journal`.`faculty_1000`, `Journal`.`editors`, `Journal`.`journal_issue_count`, `Journal`.`journ_handling_fee`, `Journal`.`founding_editor`, `Journal`.`founding_editor_address`, `Journal`.`created`, `Journal`.`modified`, `Journal`.`subdomain` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journals` AS `Journal` WHERE `Journal`.`id` = 88 LIMIT 1110