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Article Number - AD057D515397

Vol.7(19), pp. 1927-1937 , May 2013
DOI: 10.5897/AJBM2013.1633
ISSN: 1993-8233

Full Length Research Paper

The effect of entrepreneurial orientation on the internationalization of SMEs in developing countries

Paul Taylor

University of the West Indies, Jamaica


 Accepted: 08 May 2013  Published: 21 May 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

The increasing globalization of markets and businesses is playing a major role on the pace at which small and medium enterprises (SMEs) internationalize. Within this context, the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and the internationalization of SMEs in developing countries is an important area of academic research. This paper reviews the literature in an effort to provide an understanding of this relation. It proposes a conceptual model of the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and the internationalization activity of exporting, and advances a number of propositions for additional research. The paper concludes by presenting areas for future research regarding the entrepreneurial orientation–internationalization (export performance) relationship.


Key words: Developing countries, entrepreneurial orientation, export performance, internationalization, innovativeness, pro-activeness, risk taking and SMEs

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APA (2013). The effect of entrepreneurial orientation on the internationalization of SMEs in developing countries. African Journal of Business Management, 7(19), 1927-1937.
Chicago Paul Taylor. "The effect of entrepreneurial orientation on the internationalization of SMEs in developing countries." African Journal of Business Management 7, no. 19 (2013): 1927-1937.
MLA Paul Taylor. "The effect of entrepreneurial orientation on the internationalization of SMEs in developing countries." African Journal of Business Management 7.19 (2013): 1927-1937.
DOI 10.5897/AJBM2013.1633

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15SELECT `JournalIssue`.`id`, `JournalIssue`.`journal_id`, `JournalIssue`.`archive_id`, `JournalIssue`.`volume_number`, `JournalIssue`.`issue_number`, `JournalIssue`.`page_range`, `JournalIssue`.`edition`, `JournalIssue`.`month`, `JournalIssue`.`picture`, `JournalIssue`.`home_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`current_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`articles_count`, `JournalIssue`.`e-book`, `JournalIssue`.`issuu_embed`, `JournalIssue`.`subject`, `JournalIssue`.`created`, `JournalIssue`.`modified`, `Journal`.`id`, `Journal`.`journal_category_id`, `Journal`.`name`, `Journal`.`issn`, `Journal`.`abbrev`, `Journal`.`pub_abbrev`, `Journal`.`banner`, `Journal`.`colour`, `Journal`.`email`, `Journal`.`password`, `Journal`.`instruction_for_author_file`, `Journal`.`reviewers_guide_file`, `Journal`.`about_text`, `Journal`.`submit_manuscript`, `Journal`.`instructions_for_authors`, `Journal`.`pub_ethics`, `Journal`.`abstracting`, `Journal`.`call_for_papers`, `Journal`.`faculty_1000`, `Journal`.`editors`, `Journal`.`journal_issue_count`, `Journal`.`journ_handling_fee`, `Journal`.`founding_editor`, `Journal`.`founding_editor_address`, `Journal`.`created`, `Journal`.`modified`, `Journal`.`subdomain`, `Archive`.`id`, `Archive`.`month`, `Archive`.`year`, `Archive`.`created`, `Archive`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`journals` AS `Journal` ON (`JournalIssue`.`journal_id` = `Journal`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `admin_academic_journals`.`archives` AS `Archive` ON (`JournalIssue`.`archive_id` = `Archive`.`id`) WHERE `JournalIssue`.`id` = 3415 LIMIT 1110
16SELECT `Article`.`id`, `Article`.`journal_section_id`, `Article`.`journal_issue_id`, `Article`.`article_number`, `Article`.`article_type`, `Article`.`title`, `Article`.`accepted_date`, `Article`.`received_date`, `Article`.`abstract`, `Article`.`abbrev`, `Article`.`full_text`, `Article`.`pages`, `Article`.`doi`, `Article`.`authors_for_citation`, `Article`.`authors`, `Article`.`email`, `Article`.`phone`, `Article`.`address`, `Article`.`has_full_text`, `Article`.`has_reference`, `Article`.`pdf_file`, `Article`.`published`, `Article`.`published_date`, `Article`.`status`, `Article`.`author_id`, `Article`.`created`, `Article`.`modified`, `Article`.`read_count`, `Article`.`shared_count`, `Article`.`download_count`, `Article`.`other_links`, `Article`.`references` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`articles` AS `Article` WHERE `Article`.`journal_issue_id` = (3415)550
17SELECT `ArticleMetric`.`id`, `ArticleMetric`.`article_id`, `ArticleMetric`.`ip`, `ArticleMetric`.`read_t`, `ArticleMetric`.`count`, `ArticleMetric`.`country`, `ArticleMetric`.`region`, `ArticleMetric`.`continent`, `ArticleMetric`.`created`, `ArticleMetric`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`article_metrics` AS `ArticleMetric` WHERE `ArticleMetric`.`article_id` = 1009905428 AND `ArticleMetric`.`read_t` = 'article-abstract' AND `ArticleMetric`.`ip` = '' AND DATE_FORMAT(`ArticleMetric`.`created`, '%Y-%m-%d') = '2017-09-20' LIMIT 1004353
19INSERT INTO `admin_academic_journals`.`article_metrics` (`read_t`, `count`, `article_id`, `ip`, `country`, `region`, `continent`, `modified`, `created`) VALUES ('article-abstract', 1, 1009905428, '', 'United States', 'Virginia', 'North America', '2017-09-20 01:24:12', '2017-09-20 01:24:12')110
21SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
22SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
23SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
24SELECT `JournalIssue`.`id`, `JournalIssue`.`journal_id`, `JournalIssue`.`archive_id`, `JournalIssue`.`volume_number`, `JournalIssue`.`issue_number`, `JournalIssue`.`page_range`, `JournalIssue`.`edition`, `JournalIssue`.`month`, `JournalIssue`.`picture`, `JournalIssue`.`home_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`current_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`articles_count`, `JournalIssue`.`e-book`, `JournalIssue`.`issuu_embed`, `JournalIssue`.`subject`, `JournalIssue`.`created`, `JournalIssue`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` WHERE `JournalIssue`.`id` = 3415 LIMIT 1110
25SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
26SELECT `JournalIssue`.`id`, `JournalIssue`.`journal_id`, `JournalIssue`.`archive_id`, `JournalIssue`.`volume_number`, `JournalIssue`.`issue_number`, `JournalIssue`.`page_range`, `JournalIssue`.`edition`, `JournalIssue`.`month`, `JournalIssue`.`picture`, `JournalIssue`.`home_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`current_issue`, `JournalIssue`.`articles_count`, `JournalIssue`.`e-book`, `JournalIssue`.`issuu_embed`, `JournalIssue`.`subject`, `JournalIssue`.`created`, `JournalIssue`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journal_issues` AS `JournalIssue` WHERE `JournalIssue`.`id` = 3415 LIMIT 1110
27SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
28SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
29SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
30SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
31SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
32SELECT `Logo`.`id`, `Logo`.`name`, `Logo`.`banner`, `Logo`.`description`, `Logo`.`created`, `Logo`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`logos` AS `Logo` WHERE `Logo`.`id` = 1 LIMIT 1110
33SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`key`, `Setting`.`value`, `Setting`.`description`, `Setting`.`created`, `Setting`.`modified` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`settings` AS `Setting` WHERE 1 = 1660
34SELECT `Journal`.`id`, `Journal`.`journal_category_id`, `Journal`.`name`, `Journal`.`issn`, `Journal`.`abbrev`, `Journal`.`pub_abbrev`, `Journal`.`banner`, `Journal`.`colour`, `Journal`.`email`, `Journal`.`password`, `Journal`.`instruction_for_author_file`, `Journal`.`reviewers_guide_file`, `Journal`.`about_text`, `Journal`.`submit_manuscript`, `Journal`.`instructions_for_authors`, `Journal`.`pub_ethics`, `Journal`.`abstracting`, `Journal`.`call_for_papers`, `Journal`.`faculty_1000`, `Journal`.`editors`, `Journal`.`journal_issue_count`, `Journal`.`journ_handling_fee`, `Journal`.`founding_editor`, `Journal`.`founding_editor_address`, `Journal`.`created`, `Journal`.`modified`, `Journal`.`subdomain` FROM `admin_academic_journals`.`journals` AS `Journal` WHERE `Journal`.`id` = 41 LIMIT 1110