African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12011

AJB - Instructions for Authors

Introduction
Authors should read the editorial policy and publication ethics before submitting their manuscripts.
 
Research Ethics
Studies involving human subjects should be conducted according to the World Medical Association (WMA) Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects.
 
 
Publication Ethics
The journal requires authors to adhere to the ethical standards required of researchers and scientific writing. Specifically, the journal requires all authors to adhere to the ethical standards as prescribed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), and International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers (STM).
 
Authorship
Inclusions of a person who do not meet authorship requirement as specified by the editorial policy or the exclusion of a person who meets the requirement is a violation of ethical requirements of the journal.
 
Plagiarism
The journal considers plagiarism a serious offense. Submitted manuscripts should be the original works of the author(s). AJB will follow COPE guideline in suspected cases of plagiarism.
The Merriam Webster Online dictionary defines plagiarizing as:
  • to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own
  • use (another's production) without crediting the source
  • to commit literary theft
  • present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source
The journal is committed to eliminating manuscripts with possible cases of plagiarism from its review and publication process. The journal uses the iThenticate plagiarism detection application to check each manuscript for possible cases of plagiarism. Plagiarism check is the first step in the manuscript review process. Manuscripts that are found to contain unacceptable level of similarity with other published works are immediately rejected. See Peer Review Policy.
 
Duplicate manuscripts
It is unethical for authors to submit a manuscript to the African Journal of Biotechnology and at the same time, submit the same manuscript to another journal either within Academic Journals or any other publisher. This includes the submission of manuscripts derived from the same data in such a manner that there are no substantial differences in the manuscripts. Duplicate submission also includes the submission of the same/similar manuscript in different languages to different journals.
 
Fabrication and falsification of data
Fabrication, manipulation or falsification of data is a violation of this publication ethics. The journal shall employ the COPE guidelines in suspected cases of fabrication and falsification of data.
 
Citations manipulation
Authors should use only citations that are relevant to their manuscripts.  Addition of references which are not relevant to the work is strongly discouraged. Similarly, irrelevant self-citation to increase one’s citation is unethical.
 
Types of Articles
Regular articles: These should describe new and carefully confirmed findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe and interpret the work clearly.
 
Short Communications: A Short Communication is suitable for recording the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, gene isolation and identification, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus.
 
Minireview: Submissions of mini-reviews and perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and encouraged. Mini-reviews are also peer-reviewed.
 
Peer Review Policy
The rigour of a peer review system ensures the quality of a research article. The African Journal of Biotechnology employs a rigorous peer review system. All submitted manuscripts undergo a peer review process before publication.
 
The review process is an important aspect of the publication process of an article. It enables authors to improve their manuscripts and aids editors in making decision on manuscripts. The journal employs a double-blind peer review system.
 
A double-blind peer review system is an anonymous review system whereby the identity of the author(s) of a manuscript is concealed from the selected reviewers. All details that may enable a reviewer to identify the author(s) of a manuscript are removed from the manuscript before the manuscript is sent to the reviewer. Similarly, the reviewers’ identities are also concealed from the author(s) when sending the reviewers’ comments to the author(s).
 
The journal considers the double-blind peer system as a more effective review system because it limits possible bias from either the selected reviewers or from authors. See Peer Review Policy
 
Preparing your manuscript
The type of article should determine the manuscript structure. However, the general structure for articles should follow the IMRAD format.
 
Title
The title phrase should be brief.
List authors’ full names (first-name, middle-name, and last-name).
Affiliations of authors (department and institution).
Emails and phone numbers.
 
Abstract
The abstract should be 100 to 200 words in length. The keywords should be less than 10.
 
Abbreviations
Standard abbreviations should be used all through the manuscript. The use of non-standard abbreviations should be kept to a minimum and must be well-defined in the text following their first use.
 
The Introduction
The statement of the problem should be stated in the introduction in a clear and concise manner.
 
Materials and methods
Materials and methods should be clearly presented to allow the reproduction of the experiments.
 
Results and discussion
Results and discussion maybe combined into a single section. Results and discussion may also be presented separately if necessary.
 
Tables and figures
Tables should be kept to a minimum.
Tables should have a short descriptive title.
The unit of measurement used in a table should be stated.
Tables should be numbered consecutively.
Tables should be organized in Microsoft Word or Excel spreadsheet.
Figures/Graphics should be prepared in GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint.
Tables and Figures should be appropriately cited in the manuscript.
 
Disclosure of conflict of interest
Authors should disclose all financial/relevant interest that may have influenced the study.
 
Acknowledgments
Acknowledgement of people, funds etc should be brief.
 
References
References should be listed in an alphabetical order at the end of the paper. DOIs links to referenced articles should be stated wherever available.
Examples:
 
Saharan, P., Duhan, J. S., & Gahlawat, S. K. (2015). Detection of Pseudomonas fluorescens from broth, water and infected tissues by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method. African Journal of Biotechnology, 14(14), 1181-1185. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB2014.14360
 
Ubah, S. A., Ogwu, D., Rekwot, P. I., & Rwuaan, J. S. (2017). Specific sperm abnormalities observed in rams (Ovis aries) following cypermethrin treatment. Journal of Cell and Animal Biology, 11(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.5897/JCAB2017.0450
 
Nsofor, C. A. (2014). DNA microarrays and their applications in medical microbiology. Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews, 9(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.5897/BMBR2013.0216
 
Acceptance Certificate
Authors are issued an Acceptance Certificate for manuscripts that have been reviewed and accepted for publication by an editor.
 
Payment of manuscript handling fee
Once a manuscript has been accepted, the corresponding author will be contacted to make the necessary payment of the manuscript handling fee. Kindly note that on the manuscript management system, the payment option is only enabled for manuscripts that have been accepted for publication.
 
Proofs
Prior to publication, a proof is sent to the corresponding author. Authors are advised to read the proof and correct minor typographical or grammatical errors. Authors should promptly return proofs to the editorial office.
 
Publication
Once proofs are received by the editorial office, the manuscripts are usually included in the next issue of the journal. The article will thereafter be published on the journal’s website
 
Publication Notification
After the article is made available on the journal’s website, a publication notice is sent to the corresponding author with links to the issue and article.
 
Contacts AJB
Editorial Office: [email protected]
Helpdesk:        [email protected]