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Article Number - 8E8B2BA65873


Vol.16(36), pp. 1819-1825 , September 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.15967
ISSN: 1684-5315



Full Length Research Paper

Production, optimization and characterization of silver oxide nanoparticles using Artocarpus heterophyllus rind extract and their antifungal activity



Velu Manikandan
  • Velu Manikandan
  • Division of Biotechnology, Advanced Institute of Environment and Bioscience, College of Environmental and Bioresource Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Iksan, Jeonbuk 54596, South Korea
  • Google Scholar
Pyong-In Yi
  • Pyong-In Yi
  • Department of Bioenvironmental Energy, College of Natural Resource and Life Science, Pusan National University, Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, 627-706, Republic of Korea.
  • Google Scholar
Palanivel Velmurugan
  • Palanivel Velmurugan
  • Division of Biotechnology, Advanced Institute of Environment and Bioscience, College of Environmental and Bioresource Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Iksan, Jeonbuk 54596, South Korea.
  • Google Scholar
Palaniyappan Jayanthi
  • Palaniyappan Jayanthi
  • Department of Bioenvironmental Energy, College of Natural Resource and Life Science, Pusan National University, Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, 627-706, Republic of Korea.
  • Google Scholar
Sung-Chul Hong
  • Sung-Chul Hong
  • Department of Bioenvironmental Energy, College of Natural Resource and Life Science, Pusan National University, Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, 627-706, Republic of Korea.
  • Google Scholar
Seong-Ho Jang
  • Seong-Ho Jang
  • Department of Bioenvironmental Energy, College of Natural Resource and Life Science, Pusan National University, Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, 627-706, Republic of Korea.
  • Google Scholar
Jeong-Min Suh
  • Jeong-Min Suh
  • Department of Bioenvironmental Energy, College of Natural Resource and Life Science, Pusan National University, Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, 627-706, Republic of Korea.
  • Google Scholar
Subpiramaniyam Sivakumar
  • Subpiramaniyam Sivakumar
  • Department of Bioenvironmental Energy, College of Natural Resource and Life Science, Pusan National University, Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, 627-706, Republic of Korea.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 01 March 2017  Accepted: 16 May 2017  Published: 06 September 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


For the first time, the phytochemical fabrication of noble silver oxide nanoparticles was reported using Artocarpus heterophyllus rind extract as well as their characterization. The UV-vis absorption spectrum of the phytochemical-mediated reduced reaction mixture showed a surface plasmon peak at 428 nm, which confirmed the presence of silver nanoparticles. The silver nanoparticle production was ideal at pH 9 with 2.0 mL jackfruit rind extract, Ag+ 1.0 mM and 180 min of reaction time. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis indicated the presence of acids, esters, alcohols, pyrazine, etc. which can act as capping agents around the nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the face-centered cubic crystalline and the oxygen structure of metallic silver nanoparticles. The average diameter of silver nanoparticles is ~17 nm via high resolution transmission electron microscopy, which agrees with the average crystallite size (24.2 nm) calculated from X-ray diffraction analysis and selected area electron diffraction pattern. Of the five tested phytopathogens, the pathogens Phytophthora capsici, Colletotrichum acutatum and Cladosporium fulvum showed 8, 11 and 16 mm zones of inhibition against synthesized silver oxide nanoparticles at 200 μg/well, respectively.  

 

Key words: Silver oxide, nanoparticle, antifungal, plant pathogen, optimization.

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APA Manikandan, V., Yi, P., Velmurugan, P., Jayanthi, P., Hong, S., Jang, S., Suh, J., & Sivakumar, S. (2017). Production, optimization and characterization of silver oxide nanoparticles using Artocarpus heterophyllus rind extract and their antifungal activity. African Journal of Biotechnology , 16(36), 1819-1825.
Chicago Velu Manikandan, Pyong-In Yi, Palanivel Velmurugan, Palaniyappan Jayanthi, Sung-Chul Hong, Seong-Ho Jang, Jeong-Min Suh and Subpiramaniyam Sivakumar. "Production, optimization and characterization of silver oxide nanoparticles using Artocarpus heterophyllus rind extract and their antifungal activity." African Journal of Biotechnology 16, no. 36 (2017): 1819-1825.
MLA Velu Manik, et al. "Production, optimization and characterization of silver oxide nanoparticles using Artocarpus heterophyllus rind extract and their antifungal activity." African Journal of Biotechnology 16.36 (2017): 1819-1825.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJB2017.15967
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/AJB/article-abstract/8E8B2BA65873

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