Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007

JMPR Articles in press

Article in Press

Comparison of several hydrophilic extracts of Polypodium leucotomos reveals differential photoprotective effects and antioxidant moieties

Oral photoprotection can be used to prevent photocarcinogenesis and photoaging. It is mainly based on the presence of antioxidant moieties in phytochemical extracts. The appearance of different botanical formulations endowed with apparently similar properties requires their side-by-side examination using an unbiased approach. PURPOSE: To determine the antioxidant properties of several extracts of the fern Polypodium...

Author(s):Salvador González, Silvia Lucena, Pablo Delgado, Angeles Juarranz

Article in Press

Malaria parasite clearance rate of crude methanol extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta in Mice infected with Chloroquine sensitive strain of Plasmodium berghi

Objective: The objective of this study is to determine the malaria parasite clearance rate of crude methanol extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta in mice infected with chloroquine sensitive strain of Plasmodium berghi. Methods: Plasmodium berghi was injected in mice and left for 3 days for establishment. Blood sample collected and diluted with Phosphate buffer saline was used for infection. Five (5) groups of animals...

Author(s):Eze, Chinelo C., Attama, Anthony A., Ibezim, Emmanuel C and Berebon, Dinebari P.

Article in Press

Evaluation of the wound healing properties of methanolic bark extract of Samadera indica Gaertner in vivo

In the present study, bark samples of Samadera indica were collected, allowed to shade dry for a week, then coarsely powdered and was extracted with methanol by soxhlation process. The extract was used for wound healing experiment. In the wound healing study using excision wound model, 18 healthy Albino rats of four each with average body weight of 150-200 g was selected randomly for the study, which will be divided into...

Author(s):Rama Bhat, P.

Article in Press

Anti-oxidant and anti-microbial study of Adiantum capillus veneris and Pteris quadriureta L

Every day, human beings are affected by various diseases due to lifestyle, environmental or genetic agents, etc. To avoid side effects associated with synthetic drugs, researchers are now mainly focusing to investigate the pharmacological activities of various medicinal plants. This study was designed to analyze the presence of various phytochemicals in the Adiantum capillus veneris (ACV) and Pteris quadriureta (PQ)...

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Article in Press

Medicinal plants used for the management of hepatic ailments in Katsina State, Nigeria

People in Katsina State, Nigeria have been using medicinal plants to cure several ailments associated with liver since time immemorial; however the use of such plants was never documented. In this study, an ethnobotanical survey was conducted to document the medicinal plants used for the management of hepatic ailments in Katsina State, Nigeria. A semi-structured questionnaire method was adopted to interview 150 respondents...

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Article in Press

A Review on the Phytochemical contents, medicinal uses and antimicrobial activities of Warburgia ugandensis

Warburgia ugandensis Sprague (Family Canellaceae); commonly known as Ugandan greenheart or pepper bark tree, is a highly valued medicinal plant in traditional medicine with a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity whose parts especially the leaves and stem bark have for long been used in the treatment and management of many diseases and health conditions such as stomachache, cough, toothache, fever, malaria, oral thrush,...

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Article in Press

Effects of Four Herbal Plants on Histomorphology of Adrenal Gland in STZ-induced Diabetic Wistar Rats

This study was investigated the effect of four herbal extract and their efficacy on the histomorphometry of the adrenal gland in STZ induced diabetic rats with a view to understanding their antidiabetic properties. Forty- two healthy adult Wistar rats (Rattus novergicus) with an average weight of 153.4 g were randomly divided into seven groups (n=6). STZ (65 mg/kg) dissolved in citrate buffer was administered...

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Article in Press

Evaluation of Anti-mycobacterium Tuberculosis Activity of Fractions from Selected Medicinal Plants Used Traditionally for Treating Cough and Respiratory Disorders in South West of Nigeria

Tuberculosis is a contagious airborne infection that mostly affects the lungs. The causative agent of tuberculosis in human is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The emergence and dissemination of M. tuberculosis isolates that are resistant to multiple antimicrobial drugs represent a growing public health threat. . Fractions from Alafia barteri, Chasmanthera dependence, Chrysophyllum albidum, Emilia coccinea, Mezoneuron...

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Article in Press

Selenium-enriched polysaccharides from Pyracantha fortuneana (Se-PFPs) augment docetaxel-induced tumor suppression in human ovarian cancer

Background: Pyracantha fortuneana (Maxim.)(P. fortuneana) is a natural plant containing many healthy ingredients, including selenium-enriched polysaccharides. Selenium-enriched polysaccharides from Pyracantha fortuneana (Se-PFPs) have been proved to have antimutation and anti-oxidation activities. For instance, our previous research also found that Se-PFPs displayed anti-tumor activity in both ovarian cancer and breast...

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Article in Press

ANTIVIRAL EFFECT OF SEAWEED Osmundaria obtusiloba AGAINST THE ZIKA VIRUS

Zika Virus (ZIKV), mosquito-borne members of the family Flaviviridae, is a human pathogen of global significance. Recently, ZIKV, a mosquito-borne flavivirus, has become a public health problem with increases in numbers of cases and a strong association between ZIKV outbreaks and the spread of cases of Guillain-Barré Syndrome and microcephaly. In this study, we evaluated extract of seaweed Osmundaria obtusiloba (native to...

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Article in Press

JMPR/26.07.15/5907

A significant percentage of the developing countries are living in malaria-endemic communities and are prone to contacting the disease. The fight against malaria is faced with the occurrence of widespread resistance of plasmodium falciparum to the available anti-malarial drugs. Thus, this study evaluates the anti-malarial activity of extracts of Aloe barbadensis and Allium sativum in Plasmodium berghei infected mice. To...

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Article in Press

OPTIMIZATION OF EXTRACTION, CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OIL FROM BLACK CUMIN ( NIGELLA SATIVA L.) SEEDS BY USING CLEVENGER DISTILLATION

Essential oils are secondary metabolities that are highly concentrated substances extracted from flowers, leaves, stems, roots, seeds, barks, resins, or fruit rinds. Essential oils have been recognized as some of the most promising compounds in the development of novel products particularly in the pharmaceutical, agricultural, food and perfumery industries. Black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) belonging to family Rannunculaceae...

Author(s):Demis

Article in Press

The Triaga the Garrafada: use popular in the current days

Using plants to treat health problems is an ancient practice that is still practiced today. One way that plants are used to improve health is through garrafadas. An garrafada is a homemade mixture of medicinal plants added to a solvent. Garrafadas are medicinal mixtures that have been widely used, especially by residents of rural areas. Therefore, the goal of this study was to determine the plant species and contents used...

Author(s):Miguéis Graciela

Article in Press

Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants used by Local People in Menz Gera Midir District, North Shewa Zone, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

This study was conducted in Menz Gera Midir (Ethiopia) to document medicinal plants and related indigenous knowledge of local people. Data were collected from 72 (12 of them key) informants using semi-structured interview, group discussion and guided field walk. Priority ranking, paired comparison and direct matrix ranking were used in data analysis. Total of 155 medicinal plant species, 104 (67.1%) from natural vegetation...

Author(s):Seble W/Yohannis a, Zemede Asfaw b, Ensermu Kelbessac

Article in Press

Antifungal efficacy of crude extracts of Azadirachta indica and Vernonia amygdalina against Pathogenic Aspergillus niger (ATCC 16404)

This research work was conducted to assess the potency of ethanolic and hot water extract of Azadirachta indica and Vernonia amygdalina against pathogenic Aspergillus niger (ATCC 16404). Potato Dextrose Agar was the medium under which the antimicrobial sensitivity test was carried out. Streptomycin solution was also added to the medium to selectively inhibit the growth of bacterial cell. The results showed that, higher...

Author(s):Ninkuu, V, Adetunde, L.A, Sackey I and Diedong P

Article in Press

Evaluation of the phytochemical composition, antimicrobial and anti-radical activities of Mitracarpus scaber, (Rubiaceae)

Mitracarpus scaber is a medicinal plant used in traditional practices for the treatment of dermatoses and liver diseases. The objective of this study was to quantify the content of phenolic compounds and to evaluate the anti-radical and antimicrobial activities of four types of its total extracts on ten microbial strains. The Folin-Ciocalteu method was used to determine total phenol content, condensed tannin content by the...

Author(s):OUADJA B., ANANI K., DJERI B.., AMEYAPOH Y, KAROU D..S.

Article in Press

Ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants used by indigenous people in Tenta District, South Wollo, Ethiopia

Ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants was conducted in Tenta District, South Wollo, Ethiopia from December 2016 to May 2017. Data were collected using guided field walk, semi-structured interview, group discussion and direct field observation. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and response compared with chi-square test. The results documented 121 species of medicinal plants under 98 genera and 53 families...

Author(s):Tibebu Tefera and Mesele Yihune

Article in Press

An Evaluation of the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Allium ampeloprasum var Iranicum, Echinophora platyloba L and Pistacia atlantica kurdica

The main aims of this study have been finding out the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities and preliminary phytochemical screening of three traditional plants of Iran namely, Allium ampeloprasum var. iranicum, Echinophora platyloba L and Pistacia atlantica kurdica were studied. In this experimental study, the maceration technique was used to prepare alcoholic extract. The effect of extract was analyzed based on disk...

Author(s):Avin Aghemiri, Asrin Aghemiri and Alireza Massiha

Article in Press

Ethnomedicinal importance of Gandrayan (Angelica glauca Edgew.) in the North-Western Indian Himalayan Region

Gandrayan (Angelica glauca Edgew., Family Apiaceae) is a high value medicinal herb and it is native and endemic to the Indian Himalayan Region. Its aromatic roots are used as spice and beside this the industrial demand of its essential oil is increasing for modern herbal medicines and aromatherapy. The present study was carried out to document its ethno-medicinal importance among local inhabitants of three Indian Himalayan...

Author(s):J. S. Butola, R. K. Vashistha, C. P. Kuniyal, A. R. Malik, S. S. Koranga and M. S. Rawat

Article in Press

Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of different cultivars of Zingiber officinale Roscoe grown in Sikkim Himalaya

Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of different solvent extracts of five cultivars of Zingiber officinale were investigated. Out of the test organisms, Staphylococcus aureus was found most susceptible to chloroform extract of majhauley cultivar (26±0.1mm), while there was no activity recorded against Escherichia coli. The highest total phenol and flavonoid contents were recorded in the chloroform extract of...

Author(s):Sushen Pradhan, Arvind Kumar Goyal , Shiva Kumar Sharma and Pratap J. Handique

Article in Press

Effects of methanolic calyx extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa on body weight, blood cholesterol and liver marker enzymes in Wistar rats

Eighty male albino rats were used to investigate the effects of methanolic calyx extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa on body weight, blood cholesterol and liver enzymes markers. Twenty-eight days oral administration of 100, 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg body weight of the extract showed a significant (p

Author(s):Emmanuel I. Nnamonu , Vincent C. Ejere , Edmund C. Mbegbu , Chiemekam S. Ezechukwu and Anthony O. Ejim

Article in Press

An investigation on environmental factors affecting the distribution of medicinal plants in North East Iran

The objective of this research was to investigate the effect of environmental factors on distribution of medicinal plants in Chaharbagh rangelands in North East Iran. Sampling of vegetation was performed in quadrats positioned in the study area using a randomized-systematic method. Vegetation data including medicinal plants and their density were estimated quantitatively within each quadrat. The topographic conditions...

Author(s):Behmanesh, B , Heshmati, G. A. and Mahiny, A. S.

Article in Press

Chemical composition and phytotoxcity of Juniperus phoenicea needles

Leachate (100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 g/l), aqueous (10, 20, 30 and 40 g/l) and organic (petroleum ether, chloroform and acetone, at 2000, 4000 and 6000 ppm) extracts of Juniperus phoenicea needles were tested on radish, lettuce, barley and tomato, to evaluate their phytotoxicity. Pot cultures were conducted by incorporation needles powder (50 and 100 g/kg) in soil and by irrigation with their leachate and aqueous...

Author(s):Kmar M'barek, and Rabiaa Haouala

Article in Press

Antimicrobial potential of parasitic plant Cuscuta reflexa with Nerium oleander host plant successive extract against selected test microbes

Cuscuta reflexa is a parasitic plant having many medicinal properties and used as traditional medicine in Ayurveda for the treatment of various disorders. In the present research work, researchers have investigated antimicrobial ability of C. reflexa with Nerium oleander host plant successive extracts against selected human pathogenic bacteria. Escherichia coli (MTCC 730), Proteus vulgaris (MTCC 1771), Staphylococcus...

Author(s):Pooja Saini , Ekta Menghani and Rekha Mithal

Article in Press

Evaluation of the aqueous and methanolic fresh leaf extracts of Cnidoscolous aconitifolius for anxiolytic activity

Cnidoscolous aconitifolius promotes anxiolysis in humans. Fresh leaf extracts are claimed to possess greater anxiolytic activity as compared to dry leaf extracts. This study investigated the anxiety alleviating activity of two fresh leaf extracts {aqueous fresh leaf extract (AFLE) and methanolic fresh leaf extract (MFLE)} and a dry leaf extract {methanolic dry leaf extract (MFLE)} of C. acontifolius. Swiss albino mice...

Author(s):Adebiyi O. A. , Adebiyi O. O. and Adu T. S.

Article in Press

Antioxidant, DNA protective and antibacterial activities of Terminalia bellerica extracts

Terminalia bellerica Roxb., commonly known as Beleric myrobalan, is a well-known large deciduous tree with various pharmaceutical properties. However, scientific information on T. bellerica, growing in India, as regards to its phytochemical constituents and pharmacological properties is very limited. With this in view, this study investigated the antioxidant, DNA protective and antibacterial activities of different parts...

Author(s):Rasna Gupta and Ram Lakhan Singh

Article in Press

Effect of aqueous leaf extracts of Leptadenia hastata Pers (Decne) on spermiogram and testicular histology in albino rats (Wistar strain)

This study was designed to determine the effects of prolonged oral administration of aqueous leaf extract of Leptadenia hastata Pers (Decne) on sperm concentration, sperm motility and testicular histology in Wistar rats. Rats were given graded doses (200, 400, 600 and 800 mg kg-1) of aqueous leaf extract of L. hastata orally for 28 days. Weekly changes in sperm concentration and motility as well as testicular weight and...

Author(s):Victoria Adam Maina, Innocent Damudu Peter, Dauda Yahi, Umar Kyari Sandabe and Godwin Onyeamaechi Egwu

Article in Press

Isolation, characterization and biological activity of organic extractives from Calodendrum capense (L.f.) Thunb.(Rutaceae)

A novel prenylfuroquinoline alkaloid capensenin (1), an alkaloid confusameline (2), two furanocoumarins psolaren (3) and bergapten (4), were isolated from hexane and dichloromethane crude extracts of stem bark, leaves and fruit pericarp of Calodendrum capense. Limonin (5) was also isolated from the stem bark, while limonin diosphenol (6) was isolated from the seeds. Capensenin (1) showed weak antimicrobial activity against...

Author(s):Okwemba R. I., Tarus P. K., Machocho A. K., Wanyonyi A. W., Waweru, I. M., Onyancha J. M., Onani M. O. and Amuka O.

Article in Press

Comparative quantification of Baicalein and heavy metal in various aerial parts of Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz from Jharkhand and Uttrakhand states of India

Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz (Shyonak, Indian trumpet tree, Midnight horror) belongs to the family Bignoniaceae and has been used as a single drug or as a component of certain poly-herbal drug preparations in Indian Ayurvedic system of medicine. Oroxylum indicum is reported to contain flavonoids, namely, chrysin, oroxylin-A, scutellarin, and baicalein. Baicalein is reported to have anti-cancerous activity and inhibits...

Author(s):Swati Sinha, Tapan K Nailwal and Anupam Pandey

Article in Press

Pharmaceutical topical gel containing proanthocyanidin polymers-rich fraction from Stryphnodendron adstringens

The stem bark of Stryphnodendron adstringens, popularly known in Brazil as "barbatimão", has many biological activities, including antifungal activity. Considering the increasing interest of using "barbatimão" extract in the treatment of vaginal candidiasis, the aim of this study was to propose a pharmaceutical topical gel containing a proanthocyanidin polymers-rich fraction for use as a pharmacological agent in vaginal...

Author(s):Marco Antonio Costa, Andressa Blainski, Vanessa Kaplum, Marli Miriam de Souza Lima, Tânia Ueda-Nakamura, Benedito Prado Dias Filho, João Carlos Palazzo de Mello and Celso Vataru Nakamura

Article in Press

In vitro antiviral activity of Brazilian Cerrado plant extracts against animal and human herpesviruses

The Brazilian savanna known as “Cerrado” is very rich in medicinal plants that are used by the local population for treatment of several illnesses. The herpesvirus is a serious problem worldwide, and affects both animal and human health. This work aimed to study the antiviral activity of eight extracts from plants natives of “Cerrado” region against human (HSV-1), equine (EqHV-1) and swine herpesviruses (SuHV-1). The...

Author(s):Marina A. Padilla, Isabela C. Simoni, Verônica Moreira H. Hoe, Maria J. Bittencourt Fernandes, Clarice W. Arns, Juliana R. Brito and João Henrique G. Lago

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