International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009

IJWREE Articles in press

Article in Press

TOWARDS EQUITY IN WATER PRICING IN SMALL WATER SYSTEMS: AN ALBERTA CASE STUDY

Small water systems have water technology that has a higher cost structure than those of large cities. Consequently they cannot enjoy “comparable” consumption patterns. It is shown that full cost pricing is not compatible with achieving equity for small system residents, and marginal cost pricing would not cover the capital costs. Therefore provinces could seek legal recourse for higher Federal transfers, based on section...

Author(s):Gopal Achari, Mohammed H. I. Dore, Aaron Janzen

Article in Press

Quantifying the impact of integrated watershed management on groundwater availability in Gerduba watershed, Yabello district, Ethiopia

Integrated watershed management have a positive impact on groundwater balance. However, most of the study area particularly, Borana is the one which is suffering from severe rangeland degradation. Among others, heavy grazing, bush encroachment, gully expansion topsoil fertility loss, sedimentation and less adequate water availability account for the greatest noticeable rangeland degradation phenomena. Due these water...

Author(s):Demisachew Tadele, Mihret Dananto

Article in Press

The Effect of Variation of Dimensions of Solar Reflectors in Solar Enhanced Model Pond

Waste water stabilization pond is a simple way of treating waste water but one of its limitations is that it requires large area of land to be efficient. This study employs the use of solar reflectors to improve the efficiency of waste water stabilization pond by investigating the effect of variation of solar reflectors on the physical, chemical and biological properties of the pond. To achieve this, three model ponds were...

Author(s): Onuchukwu O.J.C., Agunwamba J.C and Shimbayev M. A.

Article in Press

Effect of climate variability on the yield of crops in Ondo State, Nigeria

Climate change influences crop yield vis-à-vis crop production to a greater extent in countries like Nigeria where agriculture depends largely on natural circumstances. This study assesses the effect of observed climatic variables (rainfall, temperature and relative humidity) on yield of major crops which are divided into two groups, tuber crops (Cassava and Yam) and fruits (Pepper and Tomatoes) in Ondo State Nigeria. Crop...

Author(s):Obafemi .O. Olubanjoand Adebolu .E. Alade

Article in Press

Efficiency of empirical methods for reference evapotranspiration estimation in the district of Vilankulo, Mozambique

Precise quantification of reference evapotranspiration (ETo) is crucial for calculating crop water demand. Eight empirical methods based on temperature and six on solar radiation were evaluated against Penman-Monteith FAO 56 method based on: Mean Bias Error (MBE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Willmott coefficient (“d”), determination coefficient (R2) and the Student’s t-test. The meteorological data of Vilankulo district...

Author(s):Bartolomeu Félix Tangune and Catine António Chimene

Article in Press

Determination of crop evapotranspiration, single and dual crop coefficients for Calendula officinalis L. in an arid climate

Crop coefficients for Calendula officinalis L. have not been determined yet, although crop coefficients of many plants have been provided by the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). C. officinalis L. is a medicinal plant used for manufacturing skin and beauty medication products. This study aimed to determine crop evapotranspiration (ETc) and single and dual crop coefficients (Kc) for C. officinalis L., in the...

Author(s):Farideh S. Hasheminasab-khabisi, Mohammad Mousavi-Baygi and Bahram Bakhtiari

Article in Press

Surface water distribution among the provinces of Pakistan

The water resources sector is both the lifeline and the gear of development in Pakistan. The main source of water in Pakistan is the ‘Indus River System’. Under the ‘1960 Indus Basin Treaty’ with India, Pakistan was entitled to the flow of three western rivers (Indus, Jhelum and Chenab), with occasional spills from the eastern Rivers Sutlej and Ravi diverted upstream by India. The average annual inflows of the western and...

Author(s):Shaukat Ali Khan, Qazi Tallat M. Siddiqui and Abdul Hannan

Article in Press

Rural water supply sources, systems and systems performance in Nigeria

Access to potable water in rural communities in Nigeria is failing rather than rising. In this context, this paper investigates the landscape of rural water supply in Nigeria using reliable data collected across the six geo-political zones in the country. The data used were obtained through questionnaire surveys, field observations and from records in the national and states agencies responsible for public water supplies....

Author(s):Obeta Michael Chukwuma

Article in Press

Ground water potential mapping for Suryanagara Watershed, Bangalore District, Karnataka State, India

The present work is an attempt to geographic information system (GIS)-based analysis in ground water potential zone identification in hard rock terrains. It is necessary to understand different types of landforms and their characteristics, igneous rock types, geological structures and how they evolved with respect to each other .hydrological characteristics and slope in order to demonstrate the integrated remote sensing...

Author(s):Nanjundi P., Chalapathi K. and Inayathulla M.

Article in Press

Mapping conductive zones using very low frequency electromagnetic (VLF-EM) method around Capitol Landfill Dumpsite in Benin City, Nigeria

In this paper the main results from the implementation and interpretation of the geophysical survey using very low frequency electromagnetic (VLF-EM) method carried out in Capitol solid waste disposal site (Southern Nigeria) are presented. The objective of the study was to monitor the effect of suspected leachate contamination in Capitol solid waste disposal site. The survey comprised ten VLF-EM traverses in North-South...

Author(s):I. Ikhifa, M. N. Umego and G. N. Egwuonwu

Article in Press

Surface water quality assessment of Guangua Badiya and Chelenka Rivers for irrigation purposes in Abaya district, Borena zone, Ethiopia

Water in agricultural activities is important for satisfying increasing food demands of the ever-increasing population through irrigation practices which was considered as the main alternative for a sustainable agricultural production. A good quality of surface water has a positive effect on soil and agriculture. However, before using surface water for agricultural purpose, its quality should be tested and analyzed to...

Author(s):Temesgen Kebede and Yonas Ademe

Article in Press

Kullu hydro clustor development in Himachal Pradesh: A vibrant development platform

Small hydro project development activity started in the hilly state in 1900's during the British Raj, while the Ruler Kings were responsible for wellbeing of their small kingdom. The young king of Chamba (HH Bhuri Singh) while returning from overseas study in UK returned with a hydro turbine of 630 KW for the hydroelectric power station. The transport facility and other disadvantages could not stop his entrepreneurial zeal...

Author(s):H. S. Rauth, S. Mukhopadhyaya and M. Gupta

Article in Press

The removal of benzene toluene, ethyl benzene and p-xylene (BTEX) from aqueous solution by granular activated carbon

The removal of benzene toluene, ethyl benzene and p-Xylene (BTEX) from aqueous solution using granular activated carbon (GAC) was investigated in the study. To determine the efficiency of GAC, the removal of BTEX by GAC was carried out in relation to contact time, adsorption dosage and pH. Comparative studies of batch and column setup and adsorption/desorption were done to determine its efficiency in respect to its...

Author(s):Juliet, O. Ikem

Article in Press

Quantification of water balance using a lysimeter in Mexico

Under conditions of high pressure on water resources, it is essential to quantify the water balance. There are tools to perform the water balance, but unfortunately, they are expensive and hardly accessible in developing countries. The objective of this study was to quantify the water balance using a low-cost lysimeter (LCL). Rainfall was measured using rain gauge. Soil water content (SWC) and infiltration were measured...

Author(s):Hipólito Muñoz-Nava, José Adrián René Grada-Yautentzi, Jorge Batlle-Sales, Elizabeth García-Gallegos and Rafael Valencia-Quintana

Article in Press

Water supply and demand analysis for Chuko Town, Sidama Zone, Southern Nations Nationalities People Regional State (SNNPR), Ethiopia

The provision of adequate and good water quality in developing country is a major concern due to urbanization and rapid population growth. The study town Chuko is facing the problem of inadequate water supply and poor quality. The study was conducted with the objective to assess the information gap on the water supply and demand. To see the gap between supply and demand, basically population growth estimation and water...

Author(s):Abiy Getachew

Article in Press

Mathematical expression for the parameters affecting electromagnetic removal of suspended solids from wastewater

In this research the effect of the electromagnetic field on the efficiency of the removal of the suspended solids from wastewater resulting from the biological treatment in Al-Rustamia treatment plant (Baghdad/ Iraq) was studied. Different parameters (flow rate, contact time, exposure distance, pH, temperature and electromagnetic field) were investigated that have an impact on the removal efficiency of the suspended solids...

Author(s):Hayder Mohamed Abdul-Hameed and Safa Hameed Fadhil

Article in Press

Spatially distributed mapping of rainfall and evapotranspiration across Southeastern Nigeria

Spatial trends of rainfall and reference evapotranspiration (ETo) are crucial for crop water management and sustainable water resources management. Twenty-one years of climatic data were used to estimate ETo using FAO Penman Monteith method in Southeast Nigeria. Two spatial interpolation techniques, inverse distance weighting (IDW) and Kriging (K) in ArcGis were employed to distribute spatial monthly annual and seasonal...

Author(s):Michael Emeka Okechukwu and Constantine Crowner Mbajiorgu

Article in Press

Floodplain delineation in Dongola City-Northern Sudan using digital elevation model

Better understanding of the flood hazard phenomenon and its potential consequences in our society is crucial for the development of flood control polices, risk reduction projects, and other types of flood management strategies. This study focuses on how two different ArcHydro models used to predict the floodplain extent and assess the vulnerability of Dongola city that may affect the estimation of potential flood damage....

Author(s):S. M. Elnour, M. Y. Mohamed and T. S. Ganawa

Article in Press

Performance evaluation and economic analysis of solar photo-voltaic water pumping systems: Case of Abakore borehole water supply system in Kenya

A solar photovoltaic (PV) water pumping system was investigated to determine performance and economic viability. An in-built data logger was used to collect real time data on key performance parameters. Performance indicators were defined and determined, while economic viability was analyzed using life-cycle cost (LCC) method and these costs were compared with a diesel generator pumping system. Solar irradiance varied from...

Author(s):James Origa Otieno, Christian Thine Omuto and Antony Ayub Gitau

Article in Press

Hydrological model performance across altitudes, climates and catchment scales

Water resources management decisions are made based on information from predictive models that are capable of simulating the behaviour of hydrological systems. More of these models are in use today and it is becoming increasingly difficult to choose which model to use for particular space and time scales as well as climate. In addition, as a result of climate change there is an increase in the degree of randomness in...

Author(s):Hesbon Otieno

Article in Press

Suitability of silica sand from Bukkuyum (Zamfara State) of Nigeria for waste water treatment

Industrial sand is used in filtration of drinking water, processing of wastewater and production of water from wells. Uniform grain shapes and grain size distributions produce efficient filtration bed operation to remove contaminants in both potable water and wastewater. This paper is aimed at finding out the suitability of silica sand from Bukkuyum Local Government Area of Zamfara State of Nigeria, as filtration sand for...

Author(s):A. G. Salisu, J. Saudatu and M. S. Rukaiyat

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