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April 2011

A study on hand clasping traits in an African population

Polygenetic mode of inheritance. This study was conducted amongst unrelated volunteer Nigerian students of Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria. It included 234 female and 189 male, whose age ranged from 18 years and over. a Standard methods were applied in recording hand clasping. The incidence and distribution of hand Variations in phenotypic traits occurring in humans have been described to be a result of several...

Author(s): Odokuma E. I., Otuaga P. O., Obaseki D. E. and Ejebe D.

  • Article Number: BE0515120484

August 2013

Anti-ulcer activity of aqueous leaf extract of Nauclea latifolia (rubiaceae) on indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in rats

  Nauclea latifolia is known to possess various therapeutic properties. The present study was designed to evaluate the anti-ulcer activity of aqueous leaf extract of N.latifolia against indomethacin-induced gastric ulcers in rats. Five groups of albino rats were pre-treated orally with: vehicle, distilled water (ulcer control), cimetidine (100 mg/kg, reference control), and 170, 340 and 510...

Author(s):   Balogun M. E., Oji J.O., Besong E. E., Ajah A. A. and Michael E. M.      

April 2008

Nguni cattle marketing constraints and opportunities in the communal areas of South Africa: Review

Cattle production is the most important livestock sub-sector in South Africa. It contributes about 25 - 30% to the total agricultural output per annum. However,cattle productivity is declining due to diseases and parasites prevalence, lack of feed resources, and poor breeding and marketing management. To increase sustainability and contribution of cattle in eradicating hunger and poverty in communal areas,...

Author(s): L. Musemwa, A. Mushunje, M. Chimonyo, G. Fraser, C. Mapiye and V. Muchenje

  • Article Number: 72DBB8520180

October 2008

Extraction performances of polar and non-polar solvents on the physical and chemical indices of African breadfruit (Treculia africana) seed oil

  The physical and chemical indices of African breadfruit (Treculia Africana) seed oil extracted with polar (isopropanol, Hexane and butanol) and non polar (Acetone) solvents were investigated. The oil (19.85%) and energy contents 452.35 (Kcal) suggest that African breadfruit seeds are a high-energy food. The yields were significantly (P ≤ 0.05) different with hexane extracted (non-polar solvent) oil...

Author(s): Titus Ugochukwu Nwabueze  and  Kalu Sunday Okocha

  • Article Number: 206269E17156

January 2012

Understanding resistance to cell phone banking adoption through the application of the technology acceptance model (TAM)

The resistance to the adoption of cell phone banking poses a challenge to managers in banks. Previous research on the adoption of cell phone banking did not examine how the barriers to the adoption of technology influence the behaviour of clients. This article observes how the barriers of technology adoption influence perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use. The population of the study reported in this article...

Author(s): N. Rammile and J. Nel

June 2012

Analysis of the codon use frequency of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) family genes from different species

In mammals, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) play essential roles in the regulation of cellular differentiation, development, and metabolism (carbohydrate, lipid, protein), and tumorigenesis of higher organisms. In this paper, the relative synonymous codon use frequency of 32 PPAR family genes from seven mammal species (Homo sapiens, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus, Bos...

Author(s): Wenzong Lu, Guangfeng Jia, Xiangyan Meng, Chen Zhao, Liang Zhang, Haixian Pan, Yumiao Ren and Yuan Ni

May 2009

Diversity of aphids in the central rift valley of Ethiopia and their potential as vectors for Ethiopian Pepper Mottle Virus (EPMV)

  Pepper mottling is an endemic and important disease of pepper in Ethiopia. It is caused by non-persistently aphid transmitted Ethiopian Pepper Mottle Virus(EPMV) (Potyvirus, Potyviridae). The disease occurs at epidemic level in the region. The exact roles of aphid vectors in the field epidemiology of the virus are not known. Identifying the roles of aphid vectors is useful in forecasting the epidemics of...

Author(s): Simon Atsebeha, Tameru Alemu and Ferdu Azerefgne

  • Article Number: 224FA50582

August 2012

Isolation of alkaline protease from Bacillus subtilis AKRS3

  This research study was mainly focused on phenotypic, biochemical characterization, 16s rRNA sequence based species level identification of isolate and determination of the higher production of alkaline protease through optimization study (carbon, nitrogen, incubation period, temperature, pH and sodium chloride concentration), production by submerged fermentation and analytical studies (protease assay,...

Author(s):   Krishnan Ravishankar, Muthusamy Ashok kumar and K. Saravanan    

April 2010

Influence of stocking rate on growth and reproductive performance of breeding snails (Archachatina marginata)

It has been established that performance of livestock is affected by stocking density. Overcrowding has been found to have negative effects on growth and reproductive performance hence, this study was conducted to establish appropriate stocking density for breeding snails. A total of two hundred and twenty-five breeding African giant land snails (Archachatina marginata) without shell damage were selected for this trial...

Author(s): A. J. Omole, O. O. Obi, K. O. Soetan and T. O. Olaseinde

  • Article Number: 3FE737A13093

November 2015

Effect of Ginkgo biloba extract on F1 generation of male Wistar rats during fetogenesis

Incidence of endocrine disruptors on gonadal development is the cause of many anomalies in the male reproductive system (MRS). Ginkgo biloba is an endocrine disruptor with affinity for β estrogen receptors, which exert an important role in the development of MRS. This study evaluated the effects of G. biloba on the reproductive system of F1 males born to mothers exposed to G. biloba during fetogenesis. Pregnant...

Author(s): Jessica Corrêa Bezerra, Emília Raquel da Serva Rocha, José Reinaldo Paranaíba Vilela Alves Teixeira, Pedro Martins Bellei, Rita de Cássia da Silveira e Sá, João Evangelista Reis, Vera Maria Peters and Martha de Oliveira Guerra

May 2013

Growth of Pleurotus ostreatus in culture media based on formulated straw or grass

Mycelial growth strains of POS 98/38, POS 09/100, POS 09/101, and POS 09/102 of Pleurotus ostreatus were evaluated in culture media with various compositions based on extracts of substrates formulated with sugar cane bagasse together with straws and grasses, and with or without nitrogen supplementation. The evaluation was performed during incubation regularly with a ruler graduated in millimeters until total...

Author(s): Fabrício Rocha Vieira, Meire Cristina Nogueira de Andrade and Marli Teixeira de Almeida Minhoni

December 2013

Limiting the rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) damage on guava (Psidium guajava) and mango (Mangifera indica) with an ultrasonic sound player in a farmland of Faislabad, Pakistan

This paper provides information regarding the damage of rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri: Scopoli) on guava (Psidium guajava L.) and mango (Mangifera indica L.) with an ultrasonic sound player in an urban garden of Faisalabad. The rose-ringed parakeet, with the status of a serious vertebrate pest throughout the region of Central Punjab, Pakistan, with the availability of suitable roosts and nests on various...

Author(s): Hammad Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Javed, Ammara Tahir and Madeeha Kanwal

September 2011

Igbo cultural and religious worldview: An insider’s perspective

  Although it can easily be contended that there is no dearth of ethnographic reports and writings on the Igbo people of Nigeria, yet it can equally be argued that most of such reports, particularly those arising from the works of Christian missionaries and British colonial ethnographers had largely been concerned with giving a general picture of the mores, customs and traditions of the Igbo. The core of such...

Author(s): Chinwe M. A. Nwoye

  • Article Number: 35A0C542887

January 2012

Identification of quantitative trait locus (QTLs) for g-aminobutyric acid content in grain of barley

  r-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) has not only some physiological functions in plants and animals, but also has been used extensively in pharmaceuticals and functional foods for human health. To realize its genetic basis, in this study, a 192 plants F2 population derived from the cross between Ziguang manluoerling (ZGMLEL) and Schooner was used for quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping for GABA content in...

Author(s):   Yawen Zeng, Chunyan Zhao, Xiaoying Pu, Tao Yang, Juan Du and Shuming Yang  

January 2017

Engineered microbial consortium for the efficient conversion of biomass to biofuels: A preliminary study

This work showed ethanol production by a microbial consortium of Clostridium cellulolyticum and a recombinant Zymomonas mobilis (ZM4 pAA1). The ZM4 pAA1 and wild type ZM4 (ZM4 WT) were first tested on RM medium (ATCC 1341) containing 2% cellobiose as the carbon source. Ethanol production from ZM4 pAA1 was three times higher than that observed from the ZM4 WT. Concomitant with ethanol production was the reduction in OD...

Author(s): Ugochukwu Anieto

December 2011

Profitability analysis of small scale aquaculture enterprises in Central Uganda

  The study had three overriding objectives. Firstly, to assess the profitability of small-scale aquaculture production enterprises in central Uganda; secondly, to ascertain the factors affecting profitability; and thirdly, to identify the constraints to fish farming in the region.The data were collected through a survey questionnaire administered to a random sample of 200 small scale fish farmers in the three...

Author(s): Theodora S. Hyuha, James O. Bukenya, Julius Twinamasiko and Joseph Molnar

April 2010

Quantitative evaluation of third year medical students’ perception and satisfaction from problem based learning in anatomy: A pilot study of the introduction of problem based learning into the traditional didactic medical curriculum in Nigeria

  Problem-based learning (PBL) is a method of teaching that uses hypothetical clinical cases, individual investigation and group process. In recent years, in medical education, problem-based learning (PBL) has increasingly been adopted as the preferred pedagogy in many countries around the world. Controversy, however, still exists as the potential benefits and overall outcome of PBL over traditional...

Author(s): L. C. Saalu, A. A. Abraham and W.O. Aina

April 2009

Effect of various amino acids on shoot regeneration of sugarcane (Sacchrum officinarum L.)

  An efficient regeneration protocol from sugarcane callus has been developed through inclusion of amino acids in regeneration medium. Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) SP-241 callus was induced from meristematic explants cultured on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with B5 vitamins containing 13.6 µM 2-4, dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 0.05% (w/v) casein hydrolysate, 10% (v/v) coconut water...

Author(s): Shaheen Asad, Muhammad Arshad, Shahid Mansoor and Yusuf Zafar

March 2013

Decolorization of indigo dye and indigo dye-containing textile effluent by Ganoderma weberianum

Many natural and synthetic dyes present in industrial effluents are resistant to degradation by conventional treatments. The decolorization of indigo dye and indigo dye-containing textile wastewater was carried out using the newly isolated ligninolytic fungus strainGanoderma weberianum TZC1. This strain was shown to decolorize both indigo dye and its effluents efficiently; the optimal pH and temperature ranges...

Author(s): Chang-en Tian, Ruicai Tian, Yuping Zhou, Qionghua Chen and Huizhen Cheng  

December 2009

Bayesian dissection for genetic architecture of traits associated with nitrogen utilization efficiency in rice

  Nitrogen is one of the key important nutrients in rice production. High rice grain yield is greatly dependent upon economic nitrogen input and genetic factors. In order to locate quantitative loci for traits associated with nitrogen utilization efficiency in rice, F9 recombinant inbred lines derived from a Korean tongil type Dasanbyeo and a Chinese japonica variety TR22183 was genetically designed. The six...

Author(s): Zhongze Piao, Maobai Li, Peide Li, Jianming Zhang, Chunmei Zhu, Hui Wang, Zhixiang Luo, Jungro Lee and Runqing Yang 

May 2013

Investigation of corrosion properties of uncoated and hot dip galvanised dual phase steel (DP450) welded using spot welding

  DP450 dual phase steel has attracted an increasing attention as a material with commercial value for certain applications in automotive industry, nowadays. The purpose of this study was to investigate microstructure, micro-hardness, tensile shear tests, and corrosion properties of DP450 dual phase steel sheet welded using spot welding under both uncoated and hot dip galvanised conditions. Experimental results...

Author(s): Mustafa ACARER, Hayrettin AHLATCI and Fatih HAYAT

December 2009

Fake heroines and the falsification of history in Zimbabwe 1980 - 2009

  The ideology of femocracy is so entrenched in Zimbabwean politics that it has become a tradition. It started as a tendency during the liberation struggle of making room and integrating a few women into politics. After independence, it developed into a habit of promoting the same women who had been exposed during the liberation struggle into political offices. Finally, at independence it became a tradition...

Author(s):   Dorothy Goredema and Percyslage Chigora  

  • Article Number: 99285E940995

March 2012

Effect of dietary betaine supplementation on mRNA level of lipogenesis genes and on promoter CpG methylation of fatty acid synthase (FAS) gene in laying hens

  Our aims are to determine the effects of dietary betaine supplementation on growth performance, percentage of abdominal fat, ratio of liver to body weight, mRNA expression levels of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), fat acid synthase (FAS) and adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP) genes in the abdominal fat of hens. In addition, promoter DNA methylation patterns of FAS gene were also analyzed...

Author(s):   Jinyi Xing and Yunliang Jiang        

February 2015

Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L. P. Queiroz: A review of the biological activities and phytochemical composition

Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L. P. Queiroz is a medicinal plant widely known in Brazil as “jucá” or “pauferro” that belongs to the Fabaceae family. The species is native to Brazil and is mainly found in the North and Northeastern regions. It has been studied for its biological activities and chemical composition. Scientific literature has reported that this species contains different...

Author(s): Magda Rhayanny Assunção Ferreira, and Luiz Alberto Lira Soares,  

September 2011

Pre-service mathematics teachers’ views on the use of portfolios in their education as an alternative assessment method

  The purpose of this study was to ascertain the views of pre-service mathematics (PSM) teachers on the use of portfolios as an alternative assessment method. This study was conducted with 146 Turkish PSM teachers participating in a semester-long portfolio assessment application. Data were collected with a questionnaire comprising 34 items on a 5-point Likert-type scale. Data were analyzed using SPSS 15.0...

Author(s): Osman Birgin

  • Article Number: A5661C86882

August 2011

Effects of selective medium on lipid accumulation of chlorellas and screening of high lipid mutants through ultraviolet mutagenesis

Two micro-algae Y019 and Y041 were isolated from tropical fresh water in Hainan, China. Throughphylogenetic analysis of 18S rDNA sequences, they had been identified as Chlorella vulgaris and Chlorella pyrenoidosa. Subsequently, both of them and C. vulgaris FACHB-31 were cultured respectively in four selective medium (SE, BG11, HSM1, DS) at 25°C, 230...

Author(s): Xiaodong Deng, Yajun Li and Xiaowen Fei,  

November 2012

Dynamics of government decision-making process on the policy level towards Thai State owned enterprises (SOEs)

  This research study on the government decision-making process on the policy level towards Thai State owned enterprises (SOE) offers some ideas that may provide a useful interpretation of the government decision-making process on the policy level of public administration. The researcher aims to propose a better understanding of government policy formulation and implementation towards Thai SOE through two case...

Author(s):   Sutada Mekrungruengkul

May 2009

Strategies for effective loan delivery to small – scale enterprises in rural Nigeria

Economic growth and development cannot be achieved without putting in place well-focused programmes to reduce poverty through empowering the rural entrepreneurs with credit. In noting this, government has initiated many programmes to enhance adequate loan to rural entrepreneurs. However, these programmes have achieved mixed successes. This paper therefore examines the determinants of loan acquisition to rural enterprise...

Author(s): Benjamin Okpukpara

  • Article Number: DC2EECE3643

May 2008

Studies on the vegetative growth requirements of Psathyrella atroumbonata, pegler, an edible mushroom in Nigeria

  Growth requirements of Psathyrella atroumbonata Pegler, a Nigeria edible mushroom were studied. Glucose was the best carbon source. This was followed by maltose, starch and manitol in that order. The least growth was observed in lactose and cellulose. Yeast extract which is organic nitrogen proved to be the best nitrogen source. P. atroumbonata utilizes organic nitrogen better than...

Author(s): S. M. Ayodele

  • Article Number: 9FFE1812487

December 2005

The relationship between drug abuse and microbial infections

Drugs of abuse such as cocaine, opiates, alcohol, and marijuana among others alter the neuropsychological, pathophysiological responses as well as the immune functions. Studies have shown that there are correlative observations between the use of these drugs and increased levels of microbial infections among drug users. These correlations appears to have effects on the immune system and are receptor mediated, directly...

Author(s): INABO, H. I.

April 2010

Antimicrobial activities of Garcinia kola on oral Fusobacterium nucleatum and biofilm

  The extracts from the root, bark and seed of Garcinia kola are currently used in traditional medicine in Nigeria. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inhibitory activity of crude extracts of G. kola on Fusobacterium nucleatum isolated from the oral cavity. Methanol and aqueous extracts were prepared from the seed and the minimal inhibitory concentration was evaluated by the...

Author(s):   Francisca Nwaokorie, Akitoye Coker, Folasade Ogunsola, Elerson Gaetti-Jardim Jr., Oyedele Gabriel, Ayanbadejo Patricia, Abdurrazaq Taiwoand Umezudike Adesola

  • Article Number: 7AAC46512162

April 2014

Biological control of citrus green mould, Penicillium digitatum, by antifungal activities of Streptomyces isolates from agricultural soils

Streptomyces strains can control postharvest citrus fruit diseases caused by Penicillium digitatum. One hundred and ten (110) Streptomyces strains were isolated from agricultural soils and screened against P. digitatum. The antagonistic activities of the isolates were determined through dual culture technique. In the 110 isolates, only strain 328 showed strong antifungal inhibitory effects. Streptomyces strain 328...

Author(s): Shojaee Najmeh, Shahidi Bonjar Gholam Hosein, Shahdaei Sareh and Leyla Shahidi Bonjar

March 2010

Irrigation influence by treated domestic wastewater instead of agronomical water on essential oil yield of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.)

  In this experiment, we have used the soil profile as a biological filter that can to absorb pollution and microbes in the domestic wastewater at Iran during 2009. In this experiment, we had 15 lysimeters, that were planted canola (Brassica napus L.) in 1 to 5 lysimeters and were irrigated by domestic wastewater with BOD5 about 150 mg/lit and primary drainage...

Author(s): Hossein Hassanpour Darvishi, Mohammad Manshouri, Hossein Sedghi and Sayed Habib Mousavi Jahromi

  • Article Number: 2C0266B12104

November 2011

A simple double-layered chrome azurol S agar (SD-CASA) plate assay to optimize the production of siderophores by a potential biocontrol agent Bacillus

  Siderophores, a high-affinity chelating agents for ferric iron, is one of the mechanisms by which biocontrol agents’ act in inhibiting the growth of phytopathogens. Bacillus subtilisQM3, a siderophore producer, is a potential biocontrol agent. In this study, a simple double-layered chrome azurol S agar (SD-CASA) plate assay was developed. We further studied optimal conditions for...

Author(s): Qing-Ping Hu and Jian-Guo Xu

October 2007

Covariance transformations for flame-propagation modeling

The covariance transformation used in earlier theoretical studies of turbulent-flame and isothermal-front propagation is defined and mathematically derived. This transformation provides the covariance associated with fluctuations of a turbulent scalar or vector-component variable in terms of the statistical properties of another fluctuating scalar or vector-component variable when the Fourier transforms of the two...

Author(s): R. C. Aldredge

  • Article Number: DC444BE13291

February 2013

Gender discrimination in Agricultural land access: Implications for food security in Ondo State, Nigeria

  This study assessed gender discrimination in agricultural land access: Implications for food security in Ondo State Nigeria. Specifically, it analysed men and female accessibility to forms of land holding and the factors affecting agricultural land accessibility in the study area. Multistage sampling technique was used in selecting 240 respondents used for this study. Data collected were summarized using...

Author(s): A. G. Adekola, F. O. Adereti, G. F. Koledoye and P. T. Owombo

July 2007

Phytochemical screening and antibacterial evaluation of stem bark of Mallotus philippinensis var. Tomentosus

  Mallotus philippinensis var. Tomentosus is a medicinal plant, which was tested againstEscherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi and Bacillus subtilis. Phytochemi-cal screening of the stem bark of M. philippinensis indicates the presence of secondary metabolites. From the results obtained, eluted fractions of chloroform and...

Author(s): K. Moorthy, K. Srinivasan, C. Subramanian, C. Mohanasundari and M. Palaniswamy

March 2009

A study on antimicrobial effect of extracts of Cassia arereh (Del.) on some clinical isolates

Results of preliminary phytochemical analysis showed that the stem and root barks of Cassia arereh (Del.) possess phenols, tannins, cardiac glycosides, phlobatanin and anthraquinone. The acetone extract of the root bark produced the highest antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli (16 mm), Klebsiella pneumoniae (11 mm) and Staphylococcus aureus (9 mm) compared to the other...

Author(s): N. De, L. Maori and H. Ardo

  • Article Number: ADAF71814826

May 2009

Effect of direct-fed microbials plus enzyme supplementation on the fattening performance of Holstein young bulls at two different initial body weights

The study was designated to determine the effects of direct-fed microbials (DFM) plus enzyme supplement and initial body weights on the finishing performance, feed intake and feed efficiency ratio characteristics of Holstein Friesian young bulls. Eighteen male Holstein Friesian from two weight groups [light body weight (LBW) group = 178.3 kg and heavy body weight (HBW) group = 278.3 kg] were fed concentrate and...

Author(s): Recep Aydin, Mete Yanar, Ridvan Kocyigit, Abdulkerim Diler and Tugca Zeynep Ozkilicci      

  • Article Number: 49BC39038636

April 2015

The challenges of qualitative research: Can it be used to strengthen decision making for health care in Uganda?

The growing need to integrate qualitative research findings in health care is a result of its ability to provide more credence to empirical data from the Uganda Health Management Information System (HMIS) in Uganda. This paper based on literature review identifies some of the main challenges encountered in use of qualitative research findings to inform the policy decision making process. While opportunities abound to...

Author(s): Hizaamu Ramadhan

November 2015

Comaparative study of the antidiabetic and biochemical effects of metformin, glibenclamide and repaglinide in alloxan- induced diabetic rats

Diabetes mellitus is one of the major global health burden affecting both developed and developing countries. This study examined the antidiabetic effects of metformin (MET), glibenclamide (GLI) and repaglinide (REP) on biochemical parameters in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. The study will assess the efficacy of these standard drugs in managing the complications arising from diabetes mellitus. Alloxan (130 mg/kg BW)...

Author(s): Bonaventure Chukwunonso Obi, Theophine Chinwuba Okoye, Elijah Parker Joshua, Collins Azubuike Onyeto and Edwin Olisah Alumanah

September 2016

Importance of biofilm in medical sciences: With special reference to uropathogens

Biofilm formation is a well organised, genetically-driven process, well characterized for numerous bacterial species which plays important role in urinary tract infections (UTIs). Adherence is a key event initiating each step in UTI pathogenesis. Such UTIs are difficult to treat owing to increased drug resistance within the biofilm cells. The review is mainly focused on biofilm-growing microorganisms because this form...

Author(s): Ghanwate Niraj A., Tiwari Anjali A. and Thakare P. V.

January 2012

Evaluation of five bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) landraces to heat and drought stress at Tono-Navrongo, Upper East Region of Ghana

  The need to obtain crop varieties that are tolerant to heat and drought cannot be overemphasised especially with the threat of climate change to agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa. Bambara groundnut has been identified as a drought tolerant crop; however, variations exist among landraces with respect to drought tolerance. An experiment was therefore conducted to evaluate the performance of five...

Author(s):   J. N. Berchie, M. Opoku, H. Adu-Dapaah, A. Agyemang, J. Sarkodie-Addo, E. Asare, J. Addo and H. Akuffo

May 2010

Response of ginsenoside Rb1 production in Panax ginseng cells to Amaranthus tricolor cells

Ginsenoside Rb1 is one of the principal pharmacological ingredients of ginseng. The effects of Amaranthus tricolor suspension cells, containing high level of squalene, on ginsenoside Rb1 production by Panax ginseng suspension cells were investigated. The maximum Rb1 content (51.5 ± 3.1 mg/L) reached during the next 4 d after A. tricolor cells (16 g...

Author(s): Cai-Jun Yue, Yan-Ping He, Zhong-Jing Zang and Yu-Dong Cui

June 2010

Sensory and nutritional quality characteristics of powdered ‘Kunun-zaki’: A Nigerian fermented cereal beverage

  Four types of ‘kunun-zaki’ produced in this study (millet + malted rice, millet + malted rice + starter culture, millet + wheat + malted rice, millet + wheat + malted rice + starter culture) were freeze-dried and evaluated for chemical (pH, titratable acidity); nutritional and sensory quality attributes and compared with the freshly prepared one. Changes in chemical and sensory...

Author(s): I. Nkama, O. O. Agarry and O. Akoma

  • Article Number: EEFE14324713

August 2009

Reexamination of the role of hematopoietic organs on the hematopoiesis in the silkworm, Bombyx mori

Larval hematopoietic organs (HPO) are thought as the only source of circulating hemocytes in most insects. In this paper, we re-checked the importance of hematopoietic organs to hematopoiesis in the silkworm through surgical operation to remove the organs from silkworm larvae at 12 h after 5th ecdysis. We observed that there was no significant decrease of hemocyte density but higher ratio of cell division...

Author(s): Qing-zhi Ling, Chenglong Wang, Michael M. Kariuki, Kenji Kiguchi and Erjun Ling

September 2011

Proximal algorithms for solving mixed bifunction variational inequalities

In this paper, we suggest and analyze some proximal methods for solving mixed bifunction variational inequalities using the auxiliary principle technique. Convergence of these methods is considered under some mild suitable conditions on the bifunction and the operators. Several cases are also discussed. Results in this paper include some new and known results as special cases.   Key...

Author(s): Muhammad Aslam Noor, Khalida Inayat Noor, Saira Zainab and Eisa Al-Said    

March 2014

Instrumental and chemical characterization of Moringa oleifera Lam root starch as an industrial biomaterial

Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae family) is a deciduous plant with tuber-like root at the earlier stage. Starch was isolated from the young tuber of the plant and examined instrumentally for its functional groups, X-ray diffractometer (XRD) profile, elemental analysis and antioxidant activities. The  Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis shows that peaks at 3465.23 to 3577.11 cm−1  represent...

Author(s): Fagbohun Adebisi, Adebiyi Adedayo, Adedirin Oluwaseye,Fatokun Adekunle, Afolayan Michael, Olajide Olutayo, Ayegba Clement, Pius Ikokoh, Kolawole Rasheed and Aiyesanmi Ademola

November 2011

Do creative marketing strategy and its effective execution promote business performance? An empirical assessment

  The present study aimed at investigating the impact of creative marketing strategy and marketing strategy implementation effectiveness on business performance across diversified industries of Pakistan. Structured questionnaire was personally administered to collect the data from marketing and sales managers of business units from eleven corporate sectors of Pakistan. Bivariate regression analyses...

Author(s):   Basharat Naeem, Muhammad Musarrat Nawaz, Asghar Ali Rana and Muhammad Ishtiaq Ishaq      

December 2010

Enhancement of maturation and germination of somatic embryos in Persian walnut (Juglans regia l.) using osmolites, hormones and cold treatments

  Maturation of somatic embryos of Persian walnut (Juglans regia L.) was evaluated on media containing various concentrations of Gelrite® (0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5%) and polyethylene glycol (0.0, 3.0, 5.0 and 7.5%) in the presence of 7.56 µmol abscisic acid and 3.0% sucrose. The highest rate of cotyledonary (70.0%) and normal (50.0%) somatic embryos was obtained using 0.3% Gelrite® without...

Author(s): Sheikh Beig Goharrizi Mohammad Ali, Vahdati Kourosh, Bahrami Sirmandi Hassan, Kalantari Siamak and Leslie Charles

  • Article Number: C31169926218

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